MyBatis学习(一):简单的运行

1、准备工作

jar包:

  mybatis-3.4.4.jar,下载地址:https://github.com/mybatis/ignite-cache/releases

  mysql-connector-java-5.1.40-bin.jar,下载地址:https://dev.mysql.com/downloads/connector/j/

项目目录结构:

数据库建标语句

/*如果已经存在此数据库,先删除*/
drop database if exists sqltest  ;
/*创建并设置编码为UTF-8*/
create database sqltest default character set utf8 ;
/*选择数据库*/
use sqltest ;

/*删除已有的学生表*/
drop table if exists tb_student ;

/*创建学生表*/
CREATE TABLE `tb_student` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `stuId` varchar(45) DEFAULT NULL,
  `name` varchar(45) DEFAULT NULL,
  `clsId` varchar(45) DEFAULT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

/*插入学生的数据*/
insert into tb_student (stuId,name,clsId) value ('1001','张三','201') ;
insert into tb_student (stuId,name,clsId) value ('1002','李四','201') ;
insert into tb_student (stuId,name,clsId) value ('1003','王五','201') ;
insert into tb_student (stuId,name,clsId) value ('1004','赵六','202') ;
insert into tb_student (stuId,name,clsId) value ('1005','巩发财','202') ;
insert into tb_student (stuId,name,clsId) value ('1006','柏拉图','202') ;
insert into tb_student (stuId,name,clsId) value ('1007','钱老虎','203') ;
insert into tb_student (stuId,name,clsId) value ('1008','杨伟','203') ;
insert into tb_student (stuId,name,clsId) value ('1009','陈海','203') ;

 

二、代码编写

实体类Student:

package org.yoki.edu.main.vo;

public class Student {

    private Integer id;
    private String stuId;
    private String name;
    private String clsId;

    /*省略setter、getter方法*/

}

 

MyBatis的配置文件:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE configuration
  PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN"
  "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-config.dtd">
<configuration>

    <!-- typeAliases必须写在environments和mappers前面,不然报错,这是dtd格式限制的 -->
    <typeAliases>
        <!-- 用于在实体类的映射文件进行使用student,而不用每次使用类的全名 -->
        <typeAlias type="org.yoki.edu.main.vo.Student" alias="student" />
    </typeAliases>
    
    <environments default="development">
        <environment id="development">
            <transactionManager type="JDBC" />
            <!-- 数据库链接信息,注:分号改为&amp;转义符,防止报错 -->
            <dataSource type="POOLED">
                <property name="driver" value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver" />
                <property name="url" value="jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/sqltest?useUnicode=true&amp;characterEncoding=UTF-8&amp;useSSL=false" />
                <property name="username" value="root" />
                <property name="password" value="root" />
            </dataSource>
        </environment>
    </environments>
    
    <mappers>
        <!-- 实体类的映射文件 -->
        <mapper resource="org/yoki/edu/main/vo/StudentMapper.xml" />
    </mappers>
    
</configuration>

 

实体类Student配置文件:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper
  PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN"
  "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">
<!-- namespace随意内容 -->
<mapper namespace="this.is.student.mapper.namespace">

    <!-- 方法一 -->
    <!-- type属性对应与在MyBatis配置文件中typeAliases标签下定义的引用 -->
    <resultMap id="studentMapper" type="student">
    <!-- 属性名称<>列名 -->
        <id property="id" column="id" />
        <result property="stuId" column="stuId" />
        <result property="name" column="name" />
        <result property="clsId" column="clsId" />
    </resultMap>
    
    <!-- resultMap属性值对应 -->
    <select id="selectById" resultMap="studentMapper">
        select * from tb_student where id = #{id}
    </select>
    
    <!-- 方法二 -->
    <!-- resultType可以使用类的全名,也可以使用MyBatis配置文件中typeAliases标签下定义的引用 -->
<!--     <select id="selectById" resultType="org.yoki.edu.main.vo.Student"> -->
<!--         select * from tb_student where id = #{id} -->
<!--     </select> -->
    
</mapper>
SessionUtils(用于初始化SqlSessionFactory和提供获取SqlSession的接口):
package org.yoki.edu.utils;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;

import org.apache.ibatis.io.Resources;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSession;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSessionFactory;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSessionFactoryBuilder;

public class SessionUtils {
    
    private static SqlSessionFactory fa = null ;
    
    static{
        /*静态代码块,在类加载后执行*/
        String resource = "org/yoki/edu/utils/mybatis-config.xml" ;
        InputStream input;
        try {
            /*获取配置文件的输入流*/
            input = Resources.getResourceAsStream(resource);
            /*根据输入流生成SqlSessionFactory*/
            fa = new SqlSessionFactoryBuilder().build(input) ;
            int j = 0 ;
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
    
    public SqlSession getSqlSession(){
        if(null == fa)
            return null;
        SqlSession session = fa.openSession() ;
        return session ;
    }

}

StudentDao(这里偷懒没有使用接口):

package org.yoki.edu.main.dao;

import org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSession;
import org.yoki.edu.main.vo.Student;
import org.yoki.edu.utils.SessionUtils;

public class StudentDao {
    
    private SessionUtils utils = new SessionUtils() ;
    
    public Student getById(Integer id){
        SqlSession session = utils.getSqlSession() ;
        /*selectOne的第一个参数对应映射文件的namespace + '.' + (select、update、insert、delete)id*/
        Student st = session.selectOne("this.is.student.mapper.namespace" + ".selectById", id) ;
        return st ;
    }

}

 测试类:

package org.yoki.edu.main;

import org.yoki.edu.main.dao.StudentDao;
import org.yoki.edu.main.vo.Student;

public class MainRun {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        StudentDao dao = new StudentDao() ;
        Student st = dao.getById(2) ;
        System.out.println(st);
    }
    
}

结果:

 

posted @ 2017-05-29 16:07  睡猪遇上狼  阅读(199)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报