# LeetCode 2263. Make Array Non-decreasing or Non-increasing

You are given a 0-indexed integer array nums. In one operation, you can:

• Choose an index i in the range 0 <= i < nums.length
• Set nums[i] to nums[i] + 1 or nums[i] - 1

Return the minimum number of operations to make nums non-decreasing or non-increasing.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [3,2,4,5,0]
Output: 4
Explanation:
One possible way to turn nums into non-increasing order is to:
- Add 1 to nums[1] once so that it becomes 3.
- Subtract 1 from nums[2] once so it becomes 3.
- Subtract 1 from nums[3] twice so it becomes 3.
After doing the 4 operations, nums becomes [3,3,3,3,0] which is in non-increasing order.
Note that it is also possible to turn nums into [4,4,4,4,0] in 4 operations.
It can be proven that 4 is the minimum number of operations needed.


Example 2:

Input: nums = [2,2,3,4]
Output: 0
Explanation: nums is already in non-decreasing order, so no operations are needed and we return 0.


Example 3:

Input: nums = [0]
Output: 0
Explanation: nums is already in non-decreasing order, so no operations are needed and we return 0. 

Constraints:

• 1 <= nums.length <= 1000
• 0 <= nums[i] <= 1000

Follow up: Can you solve it in O(n*log(n)) time complexity?

For an array, e.g. 2, 6, 8, 5. We need minimum move 3 to make 8 and 5 equal. they could be [5, 5], [6, 6], [7, 7] or [8, 8]. Thus this bundle range is [5, 8] with 3 moves.

We choose lowest bound 5 as it is easy for the new number. But the previous number is 6. Actually that is a range, thus we know it is no charge to bump it.

Now array is 2, 6, 5, 5 with 3 moves.

If we have a new number 4, now we need to using the current maximum 6 to bundle with new 4. It takes at least 2 moves and move bundle range from 4 to 6.

We also keeps the minimum range 4 as bundle.
Now array is 2, 4, 5, 5, 4.

Eventually we get the minimum move is 5. The acutally array could be 2, 5, 5, 5, 5.

Time Complexity: O(n * logn). n = nums.length.

Space: O(n).

AC Java:

 1 class Solution {
2     public int convertArray(int[] nums) {
3         int res = minMove(nums);
4         reverse(nums);
5         res = Math.min(res, minMove(nums));
6         return res;
7     }
8
9     private int minMove(int[] nums){
10         PriorityQueue<Integer> maxHeap = new PriorityQueue<>(Collections.reverseOrder());
11         int res = 0;
12         for(int num : nums){
13             if(!maxHeap.isEmpty() && maxHeap.peek() > num){
14                 res += maxHeap.poll() - num;
16             }
17
19         }
20
21         return res;
22     }
23
24     private void reverse(int[] nums){
25         int l = 0;
26         int r = nums.length - 1;
27         while(l < r){
28             int temp = nums[l];
29             nums[l] = nums[r];
30             nums[r] = temp;
31             l++;
32             r--;
33         }
34     }
35 }

posted @ 2024-07-15 23:38  Dylan_Java_NYC  阅读(8)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报