java通过sftp上传文件

第一步 引入依赖包

基于maven构建工程,pom.xml加入依赖。

<dependency>  
      <groupId>com.jcraft</groupId>  
      <artifactId>jsch</artifactId>  
      <version>0.1.53</version>  
</dependency>  

第二步 工具类

package com.guohuai.util;    
    
import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;    
import java.io.File;    
import java.io.FileInputStream;    
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;    
import java.io.FileOutputStream;    
import java.io.IOException;    
import java.io.InputStream;    
import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;    
import java.util.Properties;    
import java.util.Vector;  
import org.apache.commons.io.IOUtils;    
import org.slf4j.Logger;    
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;  
import com.jcraft.jsch.Channel;    
import com.jcraft.jsch.ChannelSftp;    
import com.jcraft.jsch.JSch;    
import com.jcraft.jsch.JSchException;    
import com.jcraft.jsch.Session;    
import com.jcraft.jsch.SftpException;  
  
/**  
 *   
 * @ClassName: SFTPUtil  
 * @Description: sftp连接工具类  
 * @date 2017年5月22日 下午11:17:21  
 * @version 1.0.0  
 */    
public class SFTPUtil {    
    private transient Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(this.getClass());    
        
    private ChannelSftp sftp;    
          
    private Session session;    
    /** FTP 登录用户名*/      
    private String username;    
    /** FTP 登录密码*/      
    private String password;    
    /** 私钥 */      
    private String privateKey;    
    /** FTP 服务器地址IP地址*/      
    private String host;    
    /** FTP 端口*/    
    private int port;    
          
    /**   
     * 构造基于密码认证的sftp对象   
     * @param userName   
     * @param password   
     * @param host   
     * @param port   
     */      
    public SFTPUtil(String username, String password, String host, int port) {    
        this.username = username;    
        this.password = password;    
        this.host = host;    
        this.port = port;    
    }    
      
    /**   
     * 构造基于秘钥认证的sftp对象  
     * @param userName  
     * @param host  
     * @param port  
     * @param privateKey  
     */    
    public SFTPUtil(String username, String host, int port, String privateKey) {    
        this.username = username;    
        this.host = host;    
        this.port = port;    
        this.privateKey = privateKey;    
    }    
      
    public SFTPUtil(){}    
      
    /**  
     * 连接sftp服务器 
     * @throws Exception   
     */    
    public void login(){    
        try {    
            JSch jsch = new JSch();    
            if (privateKey != null) {    
                jsch.addIdentity(privateKey);// 设置私钥    
                log.info("sftp connect,path of private key file:{}" , privateKey);    
            }    
            log.info("sftp connect by host:{} username:{}",host,username);    
      
            session = jsch.getSession(username, host, port);    
            log.info("Session is build");    
            if (password != null) {    
                session.setPassword(password);      
            }    
            Properties config = new Properties();    
            config.put("StrictHostKeyChecking", "no");    
                  
            session.setConfig(config);    
            session.connect();    
            log.info("Session is connected");    
                
            Channel channel = session.openChannel("sftp");    
            channel.connect();    
            log.info("channel is connected");    
      
            sftp = (ChannelSftp) channel;    
            log.info(String.format("sftp server host:[%s] port:[%s] is connect successfull", host, port));    
        } catch (JSchException e) {    
            log.error("Cannot connect to specified sftp server : {}:{} \n Exception message is: {}", new Object[]{host, port, e.getMessage()});      
        }    
    }      
      
    /**  
     * 关闭连接 server   
     */    
    public void logout(){    
        if (sftp != null) {    
            if (sftp.isConnected()) {    
                sftp.disconnect();    
                log.info("sftp is closed already");    
            }    
        }    
        if (session != null) {    
            if (session.isConnected()) {    
                session.disconnect();    
                log.info("sshSession is closed already");    
            }    
        }    
    }    
      
    /**   
     * 将输入流的数据上传到sftp作为文件 
     * @param directory 上传到该目录   
     * @param sftpFileName sftp端文件名   
     * @param in 输入流   
     * @throws SftpException    
     * @throws Exception   
     */      
    public void upload(String directory, String sftpFileName, InputStream input) throws SftpException{    
        try {      
            sftp.cd(directory);    
        } catch (SftpException e) {    
            log.warn("directory is not exist");    
            sftp.mkdir(directory);    
            sftp.cd(directory);    
        }    
        sftp.put(input, sftpFileName);    
        log.info("file:{} is upload successful" , sftpFileName);    
    }    
      
    /**   
     * 上传单个文件 
     * @param directory 上传到sftp目录   
     * @param uploadFile 要上传的文件,包括路径   
     * @throws FileNotFoundException  
     * @throws SftpException  
     * @throws Exception  
     */    
    public void upload(String directory, String uploadFile) throws FileNotFoundException, SftpException{    
        File file = new File(uploadFile);    
        upload(directory, file.getName(), new FileInputStream(file));    
    }    
      
    /**  
     * 将byte[]上传到sftp,作为文件。注意:从String生成byte[]是,要指定字符集。 
     * @param directory 上传到sftp目录  
     * @param sftpFileName 文件在sftp端的命名  
     * @param byteArr 要上传的字节数组  
     * @throws SftpException  
     * @throws Exception  
     */    
    public void upload(String directory, String sftpFileName, byte[] byteArr) throws SftpException{    
        upload(directory, sftpFileName, new ByteArrayInputStream(byteArr));    
    }    
      
    /**   
     * 将字符串按照指定的字符编码上传到sftp 
     * @param directory 上传到sftp目录  
     * @param sftpFileName 文件在sftp端的命名  
     * @param dataStr 待上传的数据  
     * @param charsetName sftp上的文件,按该字符编码保存  
     * @throws UnsupportedEncodingException  
     * @throws SftpException  
     * @throws Exception  
     */    
    public void upload(String directory, String sftpFileName, String dataStr, String charsetName) throws UnsupportedEncodingException, SftpException{      
        upload(directory, sftpFileName, new ByteArrayInputStream(dataStr.getBytes(charsetName)));      
    }    
      
    /**  
     * 下载文件   
     * @param directory 下载目录   
     * @param downloadFile 下载的文件  
     * @param saveFile 存在本地的路径  
     * @throws SftpException  
     * @throws FileNotFoundException  
     * @throws Exception  
     */      
    public void download(String directory, String downloadFile, String saveFile) throws SftpException, FileNotFoundException{    
        if (directory != null && !"".equals(directory)) {    
            sftp.cd(directory);    
        }    
        File file = new File(saveFile);    
        sftp.get(downloadFile, new FileOutputStream(file));    
        log.info("file:{} is download successful" , downloadFile);    
    }   
      
    /**   
     * 下载文件  
     * @param directory 下载目录  
     * @param downloadFile 下载的文件名  
     * @return 字节数组  
     * @throws SftpException  
     * @throws IOException  
     * @throws Exception  
     */    
    public byte[] download(String directory, String downloadFile) throws SftpException, IOException{    
        if (directory != null && !"".equals(directory)) {    
            sftp.cd(directory);    
        }    
        InputStream is = sftp.get(downloadFile);  
        byte[] fileData = IOUtils.toByteArray(is);  
        log.info("file:{} is download successful" , downloadFile);    
        return fileData;    
    }    
      
    /**  
     * 删除文件  
     * @param directory 要删除文件所在目录  
     * @param deleteFile 要删除的文件  
     * @throws SftpException  
     * @throws Exception  
     */    
    public void delete(String directory, String deleteFile) throws SftpException{    
        sftp.cd(directory);    
        sftp.rm(deleteFile);    
    }    
      
    /**  
     * 列出目录下的文件 
     * @param directory 要列出的目录  
     * @param sftp  
     * @return  
     * @throws SftpException  
     */    
    public Vector<?> listFiles(String directory) throws SftpException {    
        return sftp.ls(directory);    
    }    
        
    public static void main(String[] args) throws SftpException, IOException {    
        SFTPUtil sftp = new SFTPUtil("lanhuigu", "123456", "192.168.200.12", 22);    
        sftp.login();    
        //byte[] buff = sftp.download("/opt", "start.sh");    
        //System.out.println(Arrays.toString(buff));    
        File file = new File("D:\\upload\\index.html");    
        InputStream is = new FileInputStream(file);    
            
        sftp.upload("/data/work", "test_sftp_upload.csv", is);    
        sftp.logout();    
    }    
}

  转自:https://www.cnblogs.com/ceshi2016/p/7519762.html

posted @ 2019-08-09 16:16  Dream's  阅读(11377)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报