Semaphore回顾

用途

在多线程访问可变变量时,是非线程安全的。可能导致程序崩溃。此时,可以通过使用信号量(semaphore)技术,保证多线程处理某段代码时,后面线程等待前面线程执行,保证了多线程的安全性。使用方法记两个就行了,一个是wait(dispatch_semaphore_wait),一个是signal(dispatch_semaphore_signal)。根据dispatch_semaphore_wait的参数类型提示去创建信号量(dispatch_semaphore_t)即可。
感觉原理跟PV操作如出一辙。

不用semaphore时code:

#import <Foundation/Foundation.h>

int main(int argc, const char * argv[]) {
    @autoreleasepool {
        // insert code here...
        NSLog(@"Hello, World!");
        
        NSMutableArray *lArrM = [NSMutableArray array];
        for (int i = 0; i < 100; ++i) {
            dispatch_async(dispatch_get_global_queue(0, 0), ^{
                [lArrM addObject:@(i)];
            });
        }
    }
    return 0;
}

运行结果

 SemephoreTest[3665:130800] Hello, World!
SemephoreTest(3665,0x700001daa000) malloc: *** error for object 0x10077b2e0: pointer being freed was not allocated
SemephoreTest(3665,0x700001daa000) malloc: *** set a breakpoint in malloc_error_break to debug
SemephoreTest(3665,0x700001e2d000) malloc: *** error for object 0x102b00340: pointer being freed was not allocated
SemephoreTest(3665,0x700001e2d000) malloc: *** set a breakpoint in malloc_error_break to debug
SemephoreTest[3665:130800] lArrM.count:0
(lldb) 

用semaphore时code:

//
//  ViewController.m
//  SemophoreTest
//
//  Created by LongMa on 2019/8/22.
//  Copyright © 2019 . All rights reserved.
//

#import "ViewController.h"

@interface ViewController ()

@end

@implementation ViewController

- (void)viewDidLoad {
    [super viewDidLoad];
    
    NSMutableArray *lArrM = [NSMutableArray array];
    dispatch_semaphore_t lSema = dispatch_semaphore_create(1);//参数1,代表只能有1个线程同时访问被限制的代码。
    for (int i = 0; i < 1000; ++i) {
        dispatch_async(dispatch_get_global_queue(DISPATCH_QUEUE_PRIORITY_DEFAULT, 0), ^{
            dispatch_semaphore_wait(lSema, DISPATCH_TIME_FOREVER);//wait使信号量的值-1,如果结果为0,其他线程来访问时,需要等待。直到信号量的值大于0
            [lArrM addObject:@(i)];
            NSLog(@"lArrM.count:%zd",lArrM.count);
            dispatch_semaphore_signal(lSema);///wait使信号量的值+1,必须和dispatch_semaphore_wait配对使用。
        });
    }
    
    dispatch_after(dispatch_time(DISPATCH_TIME_NOW, (int64_t)(5 * NSEC_PER_SEC)), dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^{
        NSLog(@"final  delayed lArrM.count:%zd",lArrM.count);
    });
}


@end


运行结果(用commandlineTool运行代码时,log存在不完整问题):

...
 SemophoreTest[9092:877715] lArrM.count:999
 SemophoreTest[9092:877730] lArrM.count:1000
 SemophoreTest[9092:877696] final  delayed lArrM.count:1000
posted @ 2019-08-22 00:26  Dast1  阅读(219)  评论(0编辑  收藏