网页中嵌入swf文件的几种方法

1. object + embed       传统的方法

优点:浏览器兼容性好,是 Macromedia 一直以来的官方方法
缺点:
a.embed 标签是不符合 W3C 的规范的,无法通过验证。当然,如果你不在乎什么规范不规范,另当别论。
b.微软由于种种原因,在 sp2 后限制了 IE 的 ActiveX 的使用模式,就是在页面中的 ActiveX 有一个虚框,需要用户点击一次才能正常交互。Flash是作为一个 ActiveX 嵌入到网页中的,所以它也会受牵连,只有通过 JS 嵌入 Flash 才能解决这个问题。
c.没有 Flash 版本检测,如果版本浏览器的flash插件版本不够,或者不能正常显示你的 swf 文件,或者会弹出一个 ActiveX 的确认安装的框。

<object id="forfun" classid="clsid:d27cdb6e-ae6d-11cf-96b8-444553540000" width="400" height="300"
codebase
="http://fpdownload.macromedia.com/pub/shockwave/cabs/flash/swflash.cab#version=6,0,0,0">
<param name="movie" value="/seufld/seufld/flash/focus2.swf">
<param name="quality" value="high">
<param name="bgcolor" value="#F0F0F0">
<param name="menu" value="false">
<param name="wmode" value="opaque"><!--Window|Opaque|Transparent-->
<param name="FlashVars" value="">
<param name="allowScriptAccess" value="sameDomain">
<embed id="forfunex" src="/seufld/seufld/flash/focus2.swf"
width
="400"
height
="300"
align
="middle"
quality
="high"
bgcolor
="#f0fff8"
menu
="false"<!--添加后,ff下才正常-->
play="true"
loop="false"
FlashVars=""
allowScriptAccess="sameDomain"
type="application/x-shockwave-flash"
pluginspage="http://www.adobe.com/go/getflashplayer">
</embed>
</object>


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2. 单object

这种方法的名字叫做 Flash satay,最早是2002年由 Drew McLellan 发表在 A List Apart 上,后来又经过了几次完善:

<object type="application/x-shockwave-flash" data="c.swf?path=movie.swf"
width
="400" height="300">
<param name="movie" value="c.swf?path=movie.swf" />
<img src="http://xuguangzhi2003.blog.163.com/blog/noflash.gif" width="200" height="100" alt="" />
</object>


优点:这方法没有embed,可以通过验证,浏览器兼容性也不错
缺点:
a.需要一个 holder swf 来加载你的目标 swf 以保证 IE 中的 stream 能力,如果你需要通过 flashvars 来传参,或者和页面的 JS 交互,会很麻烦。
b.ActiveX的虚框问题。
c.没有版本检测。
d.还是有少数用户代理(比如一些版本的 safari 和一些屏幕阅读器)不认这种方式,有 bug。

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3. 双object

<object id="exercises" classid="clsid:D27CDB6E-AE6D-11cf-96B8-444553540000" width="214" height="144">
<param name="movie" value="${contextPath}/flex/photo.swf" />
<param name="wmode" value="window" />
<param name="flashvars" value=""/>
<!--[if !IE]><!-->
<object id="exercisesEx" type="application/x-shockwave-flash"
data
="${contextPath}/flex/photo.swf" width="214" height="144">
<param name="flashvars" value=""/>
<!--<![endif]-->
<!--[if gte IE 6]>
<![endif]
-->
<!--[if !IE]><!-->
<!--<![endif]-->
<a href="http://www.adobe.com/go/getflashplayer">
<img src="http://www.adobe.com/images/shared/download_buttons/get_flash_player.gif" alt="Get Adobe Flash player" />
</a>
<!--[if !IE]><!-->
</object>
<!--<![endif]-->
</object>


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4. flex提供的标准方法

<!-- BEGIN Browser History required section -->
<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="http://xuguangzhi2003.blog.163.com/blog/history/history.css" />
<!-- END Browser History required section -->

<script src="http://xuguangzhi2003.blog.163.com/blog/AC_OETags.js" language="javascript"></script>

<!-- BEGIN Browser History required section -->
<script src="http://xuguangzhi2003.blog.163.com/blog/history/history.js" language="javascript"></script>
<!-- END Browser History required section -->

<style>
body
{ margin: 0px; overflow:hidden }
</style>
<script language="JavaScript" type="text/javascript">
<!--
// -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
//
Globals
//
Major version of Flash required
var requiredMajorVersion = 9;
// Minor version of Flash required
var requiredMinorVersion = 0;
// Minor version of Flash required
var requiredRevision = 60;
// -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
//
-->
</script>
</head>

<body scroll="no">
<script language="JavaScript" type="text/javascript">
<!--
// Version check for the Flash Player that has the ability to start Player Product Install (6.0r65)
var hasProductInstall = DetectFlashVer(6, 0, 65);

// Version check based upon the values defined in globals
var hasRequestedVersion = DetectFlashVer(requiredMajorVersion, requiredMinorVersion, requiredRevision);

if ( hasProductInstall && !hasRequestedVersion ) {
// DO NOT MODIFY THE FOLLOWING FOUR LINES
// Location visited after installation is complete if installation is required
var MMPlayerType = (isIE == true) ? "ActiveX" : "PlugIn";
var MMredirectURL = window.location;
document.title
= document.title.slice(0, 47) + " - Flash Player Installation";
var MMdoctitle = document.title;

AC_FL_RunContent(
"src", "playerProductInstall",
"FlashVars", "MMredirectURL="+MMredirectURL+'&MMplayerType='+MMPlayerType+'&MMdoctitle='+MMdoctitle+"",
"width", "100%",
"height", "100%",
"align", "middle",
"id", "ManagePlatform",
"quality", "high",
"bgcolor", "#869ca7",
"name", "ManagePlatform",
"allowScriptAccess","sameDomain",
"type", "application/x-shockwave-flash",
"pluginspage", "http://www.adobe.com/go/getflashplayer"
);
}
else if (hasRequestedVersion) {
// if we've detected an acceptable version
// embed the Flash Content SWF when all tests are passed
AC_FL_RunContent(
"src", "ManagePlatform",
"width", "100%",
"height", "100%",
"align", "middle",
"id", "ManagePlatform",
"quality", "high",
"bgcolor", "#869ca7",
"name", "ManagePlatform",
"allowScriptAccess","sameDomain",
"type", "application/x-shockwave-flash",
"pluginspage", "http://www.adobe.com/go/getflashplayer"
);
}
else { // flash is too old or we can't detect the plugin
var alternateContent = 'Alternate HTML content should be placed here. '
+ 'This content requires the Adobe Flash Player. '
+ '<a href=http://www.adobe.com/go/getflash/>Get Flash</a>';
document.write(alternateContent);
// insert non-flash content
}
// -->
</script>
<noscript>
<object classid="clsid:D27CDB6E-AE6D-11cf-96B8-444553540000"
id
="ManagePlatform" width="100%" height="100%"
codebase
="http://fpdownload.macromedia.com/get/flashplayer/current/swflash.cab">
<param name="movie" value="ManagePlatform.swf" />
<param name="quality" value="high" />
<param name="bgcolor" value="#869ca7" />
<param name="allowScriptAccess" value="sameDomain" />
<embed src="http://xuguangzhi2003.blog.163.com/blog/ManagePlatform.swf" quality="high" bgcolor="#869ca7"
width
="100%" height="100%" name="ManagePlatform" align="middle"
play
="true"
loop
="false"
quality
="high"
allowScriptAccess
="sameDomain"
type
="application/x-shockwave-flash"
pluginspage
="http://www.adobe.com/go/getflashplayer">
</embed>
</object>
</noscript>


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5. swfobject

http://code.google.com/p/swfobject/

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" lang="en" xml:lang="en">
<head>
<title>SWFObject 2 dynamic publishing example page</title>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=iso-8859-1" />
<script type="text/javascript" src="swfobject.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
swfobject.embedSWF(
"test.swf", "myContent", "300", "120", "9.0.0", "expressInstall.swf");
</script>
</head>
<body>
<div id="myContent">
<h1>Alternative content</h1>
<p><a href="http://www.adobe.com/go/getflashplayer"><img src="http://www.adobe.com/images/shared/download_buttons/get_flash_player.gif"
            alt
="Get Adobe Flash player" /></a></p>
</div>
</body>
</html>


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6. 单embed显示 ie7和ff3下都能正常显示

<embed allowscriptaccess="never" allownetworking="internal" invokeurls="false" src="http://chabudai.sakura.ne.jp/blogparts/honehoneclock/honehone_clock_tr.swf" 
pluginspage
="http://www.macromedia.com/go/getflashplayer" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" quality="high" autostart="0" wmode="transparent" width="100%"
height
="300" align="middle">
posted @ 2012-01-03 10:22  Carpe_Diem  阅读(32493)  评论(0编辑  收藏