单例模式的理解

参考:https://blog.csdn.net/yanbober/article/details/45312675

模式:根据实例化对象时机不同分为懒汉模式与饿汉模式

饿汉模式是单例类被加载时候就实例化一个对象交给自己的引用;懒汉模式时在调用取得实例方法的时候才会实例化对象。

 1 package yanbober.github.io;
 2 //饿汉模式
 3 class DBManager {
 4     private static DBManager mInstance = new DBManager();
 5 
 6     private DBManager() {}
 7 
 8     public static DBManager getInstance() {
 9         return mInstance;
10     }
11 
12     public boolean update() {
13         System.out.println("update dbase success!");
14         return true;
15     }
16 }
17 
18 public class Main {
19     public static void main(String[] args) {
20         DBManager dbManager = DBManager.getInstance();
21         dbManager.update();
22     }
23 }

 

package yanbober.github.io;
//懒汉模式(线程安全高并发低性能)
class DBManager {
    privatestatic DBManager mInstance;

    privateDBManager() {}

    publicstaticsynchronized DBManager getInstance() {
        if (null == mInstance) {
            mInstance = new DBManager();
        }
        return mInstance;
    }

    publicbooleanupdate() {
        System.out.println("update dbase success!");
        returntrue;
    }
}

publicclass Main {publicstaticvoidmain(String[] args) {
        DBManager dbManager = DBManager.getInstance();
        dbManager.update();
    }
}

 

 1 package yanbober.github.io;
 2 //懒汉模式(相对比较靠谱模式)
 3 class DBManager {
 4     private static volatile DBManager mInstance;
 5 
 6     private DBManager() {}
 7 
 8     public static DBManager getInstance() {
 9         if (null == mInstance) {
10             synchronized(DBManager.class) {
11                 if (null == mInstance) {
12                     mInstance = new DBManager();
13                 }
14             }
15         }
16         return mInstance;
17     }
18 
19     public boolean update() {
20         System.out.println("update dbase success!");
21         return true;
22     }
23 }
24 
25 public class Main {
26     public static void main(String[] args) {
27         DBManager dbManager = DBManager.getInstance();
28         dbManager.update();
29     }
30 }

 

 

//饿汉模式 class DBManager { privatestatic DBManager mInstance = new DBManager(); privateDBManager() {} publicstatic DBManager getInstance() { return mInstance; } publicbooleanupdate() { System.out.println("update dbase success!"); returntrue; } } publicclass Main {publicstaticvoidmain(String[] args) { DBManager dbManager = DBManager.getInstance(); dbManager.update(); } }

posted @ 2018-05-14 22:04  Blue_Keroro  阅读(96)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报