Spark读取文本文件并转换为DataFrame

本文将介绍spark读取多列txt文件后转成DataFrame的两种方法。

数据是Spark中自带的:sample_movielens_ratings.txt

//形式如下面所示
0::2::3::1424380312
0::3::1::1424380312
0::5::2::1424380312
0::9::4::1424380312
0::11::1::1424380312
0::12::2::1424380312
0::15::1::1424380312
0::17::1::1424380312
0::19::1::1424380312
0::21::1::1424380312
0::23::1::1424380312

 

一、通过反射机制将RDD转为DataFrame

  Scala由于其具有隐式转换的特性,所以Spark SQL的Scala接口,是支持自动将包含了case class的RDD转换为DataFrame的。case class就定义了元数据。Spark SQL会通过反射读取传递给case class的参数的名称,然后将其作为列名。

import org.apache.spark.ml.linalg.Vectors
import spark.implicits._ 

case class Rating(userId: Int, movieId: Int, rating: Float, timestamp: Long)

val rdd = sc.textFile("/data/mllib/als/sample_movielens_ratings.txt")
def parseRating(str: String): Rating = {
  val fields = str.split("::")
  assert(fields.size == 4)
  Rating(fields(0).toInt, fields(1).toInt, fields(2).toFloat, fields(3).toLong)
}

val ratings = spark.read.textFile("/data/mllib/als/sample_movielens_ratings.txt")
  .map(parseRating)
  .toDF()
ratings.printSchema
ratings.show()

二、通过动态编程的方式将RDD转为DataFrame

import org.apache.spark.sql.types._
import org.apache.spark.sql.Row

val rdd = sc.textFile("/data/mllib/als/sample_movielens_ratings.txt")

 val schema = StructType(Array(
    StructField("userId", IntegerType, true),
    StructField("movieId", IntegerType, true),
    StructField("rating", FloatType, true),
    StructField("timestamp", LongType, true)
))

// 对每一行的数据进行处理
val rowRDD = rdd.map(_.split("::")).map(p => Row(p(0).toInt,p(1).toInt,p(2).toFloat,p(3).toLong))
val data = spark.createDataFrame(rowRDD, schema)
data.printSchema
data.createOrReplaceTempView("test")
spark.sql("select *from test").show()
posted @ 2022-03-18 10:22  干了这瓶老干妈  阅读(1996)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报
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