Azure Terraform(九)利用 Azure DevOps Pipeline 的审批来控制流程发布

一,引言

  Azure Pipeline 管道是一个自动化过程;但是往往我们由于某种原因,需要在多个阶段之前获得批准之后再继续下一步流程,所以我们可以向Azure Pipeline 管道添加审批!批准流程可帮助我们进一步控制自己的管道;我们可以控制管道内特定阶段的 Step 开始,通过审批,并决定 Azure Pipeline 管道何时完成。

而至于为什么要添加审批流程,是因为基础设施资源的部署是需要进行评估,慎重操作。有了审批,可以查看前一阶段以确认配置代码是否正确。

--------------------Azure Terraform 系列--------------------

1,Azure Terraform(一)入门简介

2,Azure Terraform(二)语法详解

3,Azure Terraform(三)部署 Web 应用程序

4,Azure Terraform(四)状态文件存储

5,Azure Terraform(五)利用Azure DevOps 实现自动化部署基础资源

6,Azure Terraform(六)Common Module

7,Azure Terraform(七)利用Azure DevOps 实现自动化部署基础资源(补充)

8,Azure Terraform(八)利用Azure DevOps 实现Infra资源和.NET CORE Web 应用程序的持续集成、持续部署

9,Azure Terraform(九)利用 Azure DevOps Pipeline 的审批来控制流程发布

二,正文

1,Azure DevOps 创建新的项目

登录 Azure DevOps 的地址:https://www.dev.azure.com ,点击 “+ New project” 创建新的项目

输入项目描述等信息

Project name:“Terraform_CnBateBlogWeb_AutoDeploy”

Visibility 选择:“Private” ----- (根据现有项目进行设置)

Version control 选择 “Git”

Work item process:“Agile”

确认完以上信息,点击 “Create” 进行创建。

2,配置Azure DevOps 审批

选择左侧菜单 ”Pipelines =》Environments“,点击 ”Create environment“ 创建环境

输入配置以下参数

Name:”Approve_AutoDeploy"

Resoure 选择:“None” (默认即可)

点击 “Create” 创建环境

接下来为当前 “Approve_AutoDeploy” 环境创建审批

点击红色箭头所指,选择 “Approve and checks” 添加审批请求

选择 "Approvals" ,并将自己设置为申请人

添加完成后,可看到类型为 “Approvals” 的记录,大家需要注意的是,审批的过期时间默认是 “30天”,大家可以根据实际情况更改。

3,配置 Azure DevOps Pipeline 

选择左侧菜单 “Pipelines”,点击 “Create Pipeline“ 创建 管道作业

今天不使用经典编辑器模式,而选择 GitHub (yaml)

选择对应的 TF Code 的代码仓库

选择 “Start Pipeline” 开启新的管道构建部署代码

Azure DevOps 会为我们自动在项目根目录生成一个名称叫 “azure-pipelines.yaml” 的文件,我们将定义好的管道步骤添加到该文件中

管道步骤审批 yaml 示例代码

jobs:
    - deployment: terraform_apply
      continueOnError: false
      environment: 'Approve_Production'
      timeoutInMinutes: 120
      strategy:
       runOnce:
        deploy:
            steps:

注意:我将在 terraform_apply 阶段之前添加一个申请请求

红色标记是需要改成自己Azure的订阅,

橙色标记是需要添加的变量:

  1,管道变量:tf_version

  2,秘密变量:terraform_rg,storage_account,storage_account_container,container_key,keyvault,keyvault_sc 

  1 # Starter pipeline
  2 # Start with a minimal pipeline that you can customize to build and deploy your code.
  3 # Add steps that build, run tests, deploy, and more:
  4 # https://aka.ms/yaml
  5 
  6 trigger:
  7 - remote_stats
  8 
  9 pool:
 10   vmImage: ubuntu-latest
 11   
 12 variables:
 13   - name: tf_version
 14     value: 'latest'
 15 
 16 stages:
 17 - stage: script
 18   jobs:
 19    - job: azure_cli_script
 20      steps: 
 21       - task: AzureCLI@2
 22         displayName: 'Azure CLI :Create Storage Account,Key Vault And Set KeyVault Secret'
 23         inputs:
 24           azureSubscription: 'Microsoft Azure Subscription(XXXX-XXX-XX-XX-XXX)'
 25           scriptType: 'bash'
 26           scriptLocation: 'inlineScript'
 27           inlineScript: |
 28               # create azure resource group
 29               az group create --location eastasia --name $(terraform_rg)
 30       
 31               # create azure storage account
 32               az storage account create --name $(storage_account) --resource-group $(terraform_rg) --location eastasia --sku Standard_LRS
 33       
 34               # create storage account container for tf state 
 35               az storage container create --name $(storage_account_container) --account-name $(storage_account)
 36       
 37               # query storage key and set variable
 38               ACCOUNT_KEY=$(az storage account keys list --resource-group $(terraform_rg) --account-name $(storage_account) --query "[?keyName == 'key1'][value]" --output tsv)
 39       
 40               # create azure keyvault
 41               az keyvault create --name $(keyvault) --resource-group $(terraform_rg) --location eastasia --enable-soft-delete false
 42       
 43               # set keyvault secret,secret value is ACCOUNT_KEY
 44               az keyvault secret set --name $(keyvault_sc) --vault-name $(keyvault)  --value $ACCOUNT_KEY
 45        
 46       - task: AzureKeyVault@2
 47         displayName: 'Azure Key Vault :Get Storage Access Secret'
 48         inputs:
 49           azureSubscription: 'Microsoft Azure Subscription(XXXX-XXX-XX-XX-XXX)'
 50           KeyVaultName: '$(keyvault)'
 51           SecretsFilter: 'terraform-stste-storage-key'
 52           RunAsPreJob: false
 53 
 54 - stage: terraform_validate
 55   jobs:
 56   - job: terraform_validate
 57     steps:
 58     - task: TerraformInstaller@0
 59       inputs:
 60         terraformVersion: ${{variables.tf_version}}
 61     - task: TerraformTaskV2@2
 62       displayName: 'terraform init'
 63       inputs:
 64         provider: 'azurerm'
 65         command: 'init'
 66         # commandOptions: '-backend-config="access_key=$(terraform-stste-storage-key)"'
 67         backendServiceArm: 'Microsoft Azure Subscription(XXXX-XXX-XX-XX-XXX)'
 68         backendAzureRmResourceGroupName: $(terraform_rg)
 69         backendAzureRmStorageAccountName: $(storage_account)
 70         backendAzureRmContainerName: $(storage_account_container)
 71         backendAzureRmKey: $(container_key)
 72         workingDirectory: '$(System.DefaultWorkingDirectory)/src/model/'
 73     - task: TerraformTaskV2@2
 74       inputs:
 75         provider: 'azurerm'
 76         command: 'validate'
 77         workingDirectory: '$(System.DefaultWorkingDirectory)/src/model/'
 78 
 79 - stage: terraform_plan
 80   dependsOn: [terraform_validate]
 81   condition: succeeded('terraform_validate')
 82   jobs:
 83     - job: terraform_plan
 84       steps:
 85         - task: TerraformInstaller@0
 86           inputs:
 87             terraformVersion: ${{ variables.tf_version }}
 88         - task: TerraformTaskV2@2
 89           displayName: 'terraform init'
 90           inputs:
 91             provider: 'azurerm'
 92             command: 'init'
 93             # commandOptions: '-backend-config="access_key=$(terraform-stste-storage-key)"'
 94             backendServiceArm: 'Microsoft Azure Subscription(XXXX-XXX-XX-XX-XXX)'
 95             backendAzureRmResourceGroupName: $(terraform_rg)
 96             backendAzureRmStorageAccountName: $(storage_account)
 97             backendAzureRmContainerName: $(storage_account_container)
 98             backendAzureRmKey: $(container_key)
 99             workingDirectory: '$(System.DefaultWorkingDirectory)/src/model/'
100         - task: TerraformTaskV2@2
101           inputs:
102             provider: 'azurerm'
103             command: 'plan'
104             environmentServiceNameAzureRM: 'Microsoft Azure Subscription(XXXX-XXX-XX-XX-XXX)'
105             workingDirectory: '$(System.DefaultWorkingDirectory)/src/model/'
106 
107 - stage: terraform_apply
108   dependsOn: [terraform_plan]
109   condition: succeeded('terraform_plan')
110   jobs:
111     - deployment: terraform_apply
112       continueOnError: false
113       environment: 'Approve_Production'
114       timeoutInMinutes: 120
115       strategy:
116        runOnce:
117         deploy:
118           steps:
119             - checkout: self
120             - task: TerraformInstaller@0
121               inputs:
122                 terraformVersion: ${{ variables.tf_version }}
123             - task: TerraformTaskV2@2
124               displayName: 'terraform init'
125               inputs:
126                 provider: 'azurerm'
127                 command: 'init'
128                 # commandOptions: '-backend-config="access_key=$(terraform-stste-storage-key)"'
129                 backendServiceArm: 'Microsoft Azure Subscrription(XXXX-XXX-XX-XX-XXX)'
130                 backendAzureRmResourceGroupName: $(terraform_rg)
131                 backendAzureRmStorageAccountName: $(storage_account)
132                 backendAzureRmContainerName: $(storage_account_container)
133                 backendAzureRmKey: $(container_key)
134                 workingDirectory: '$(System.DefaultWorkingDirectory)/src/model/'
135             - task: TerraformTaskV2@2
136               inputs:
137                 provider: 'azurerm'
138                 command: 'plan'
139                 environmentServiceNameAzureRM: 'Microsoft Azure Subscription(XXXX-XXX-XX-XX-XXX)'
140                 workingDirectory: '$(System.DefaultWorkingDirectory)/src/model/'
141             - task: TerraformTaskV2@2
142               inputs:
143                 provider: 'azurerm'
144                 command: 'apply'
145                 commandOptions: '-auto-approve'
146                 environmentServiceNameAzureRM: 'Microsoft Azure Subscription(XXXX-XXX-XX-XX-XXX)'
147                 workingDirectory: '$(System.DefaultWorkingDirectory)/src/model/'
148 
149 # - stage: terraform_apply
150 #   dependsOn: [terraform_plan]
151 #   condition: succeeded('terraform_plan')
152 #   jobs:
153 #     - job: terraform_apply
154 #       steps:
155 #         - task: TerraformInstaller@0
156 #           inputs:
157 #             terraformVersion: ${{ variables.tf_version }}
158 #         - task: TerraformTaskV2@2
159 #           displayName: 'terraform init'
160 #           inputs:
161 #             provider: 'azurerm'
162 #             command: 'init'
163 #             # commandOptions: '-backend-config="access_key=$(terraform-stste-storage-key)"'
164 #             backendServiceArm: 'Microsoft Azure Subscription(XXXX-XXX-XX-XX-XXX)'
165 #             backendAzureRmResourceGroupName: $(terraform_rg)
166 #             backendAzureRmStorageAccountName: $(storage_account)
167 #             backendAzureRmContainerName: $(storage_account_container)
168 #             backendAzureRmKey: $(container_key)
169 #             workingDirectory: '$(System.DefaultWorkingDirectory)/src/model/'
170 #         - task: TerraformTaskV2@2
171 #           inputs:
172 #             provider: 'azurerm'
173 #             command: 'plan'
174 #             environmentServiceNameAzureRM: 'Microsoft Azure Subscription(XXXX-XXX-XX-XX-XXX)'
175 #             workingDirectory: '$(System.DefaultWorkingDirectory)/src/model/'
176 #         - task: TerraformTaskV2@2
177 #           inputs:
178 #             provider: 'azurerm'
179 #             command: 'apply'
180 #             commandOptions: '-auto-approve'
181 #             environmentServiceNameAzureRM: 'Microsoft Azure Subscription(XXXX-XXX-XX-XX-XXX)'
182 #             workingDirectory: '$(System.DefaultWorkingDirectory)/src/model/'
183 
184 - stage: terraform_destroy
185   dependsOn: [terraform_apply]
186   condition: succeeded('terraform_apply')
187   jobs:
188     - job: terraform_destroy
189       steps:
190         - task: TerraformInstaller@0
191           inputs:
192             terraformVersion: ${{ variables.tf_version }}
193         - task: TerraformTaskV2@2
194           displayName: 'terraform init'
195           inputs:
196             provider: 'azurerm'
197             command: 'init'
198             # commandOptions: '-backend-config="access_key=$(terraform-stste-storage-key)"'
199             backendServiceArm: 'Microsoft Azure Subscription(XXXX-XXX-XX-XX-XXX)'
200             backendAzureRmResourceGroupName: $(terraform_rg)
201             backendAzureRmStorageAccountName: $(storage_account)
202             backendAzureRmContainerName: $(storage_account_container)
203             backendAzureRmKey: $(container_key)
204             workingDirectory: '$(System.DefaultWorkingDirectory)/src/model/'
205         - task: TerraformTaskV2@2
206           inputs:
207             provider: 'azurerm'
208             command: 'plan'
209             environmentServiceNameAzureRM: 'Microsoft Azure Subscription(XXXX-XXX-XX-XX-XXX)'
210             workingDirectory: '$(System.DefaultWorkingDirectory)/src/model/'
211         - task: TerraformTaskV2@2
212           inputs:
213             provider: 'azurerm'
214             command: 'destroy'
215             commandOptions: '-auto-approve'
216             environmentServiceNameAzureRM: 'Microsoft Azure Subscription(XXXX-XXX-XX-XX-XXX)'
217             workingDirectory: '$(System.DefaultWorkingDirectory)/src/model/'

添加秘密变量,点击 “ Variables=》New variable”

输入机密的名称和值

Name:“terraform_rg”

Value:“Web_Test_TF_RG”

点击 “OK” 确认添加操作

 按照以上方式一次添加以下机密信息

terraform_rg:"Web_Test_TF_RG"

storage_account:"cnbatetfstorage"

storage_account_container:"tf-state001"

container_key:"cnbate.tf.stats"

keyvault:"cnbate-terraform-kv001"

keyvault_sc:"terraform-stste-storage-key"

完成以上信息后,点击 ”Run” 手动触发当前 Pipeline

选择分支 ‘“remote_stats”,点击 “Run”

接下来我们就会看到整个流程步骤,以及当前运行运行的步骤,如果需要审批,流程就会暂停,等待审批完成后,再执行后续操作

点击 “Approve” 同意审批,进行下一步执行 TF Code 执行部署计划

OK,成功!!!部署完成。是✨😁ヾ(≧▽≦*)o

三,结尾

   对于今天实验的操作,大家可以多多练习,参考作者的 github 仓库。今天的内容需要在Azure DevOps 上进行操作的,大家要多加练习。至于 Terraform 代码方面没有过多的讲解,主要是因为结合之前部署Azure 资源,大家都会Terraform 有了一定的理解了。所以大家可以自行下载,进行分析修改。

参考资料:Terraform 官方Azure Pipeline 文档

Terraform_Cnbate_Traffic_Manager github Address:https://github.com/yunqian44/Terraform_Cnbate_Traffic_Manager

欢迎大家关注博主的博客:https://allenmasters.com/

作者:Allen 

版权:转载请在文章明显位置注明作者及出处。如发现错误,欢迎批评指正。

posted @ 2022-01-13 23:25  Grant_Allen  阅读(363)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报