基于tornado实现的web聊天室

目录结构:

# -*- coding:utf-8 -*-
import uuid
import json
import tornado.ioloop
import tornado.web
import tornado.websocket


class IndexHandler(tornado.web.RequestHandler):
    def get(self):
        self.render('index.html')


class ChatHandler(tornado.websocket.WebSocketHandler):
    # 用户存储当前聊天室用户
    waiters = set()
    # 用于存储历时消息
    messages = []

    def open(self):
        """
        客户端连接成功时,自动执行
        :return: 
        """
        ChatHandler.waiters.add(self)
        uid = str(uuid.uuid4())
        self.write_message(uid)

        for msg in ChatHandler.messages:
            content = self.render_string('message.html', **msg)
            self.write_message(content)

    def on_message(self, message):
        """
        客户端连发送消息时,自动执行
        :param message: 
        :return: 
        """
        msg = json.loads(message)
        ChatHandler.messages.append(msg)

        for client in ChatHandler.waiters:
            content = client.render_string('message.html', **msg)
            client.write_message(content)

    def on_close(self):
        """
        客户端关闭连接时,,自动执行
        :return: 
        """
        ChatHandler.waiters.remove(self)


def run():
    settings = {
        'template_path': 'templates',
        'static_path': 'static',
    }
    application = tornado.web.Application([
        (r"/", IndexHandler),
        (r"/chat", ChatHandler),
    ], **settings)
    application.listen(8888,address='0.0.0.0')
    tornado.ioloop.IOLoop.instance().start()


if __name__ == "__main__":
    run()
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>Python聊天室</title>
</head>
<body>
    <div>
        <input type="text" id="txt"/>
        <input type="button" id="btn" value="提交" onclick="sendMsg();"/>
        <input type="button" id="close" value="关闭连接" onclick="closeConn();"/>
    </div>
    <div id="container" style="border: 1px solid #dddddd;margin: 20px;min-height: 500px;">

    </div>

    <script src="/static/jquery-2.1.4.min.js"></script>
    <script type="text/javascript">
        $(function () {
            wsUpdater.start();
        });

        var wsUpdater = {
            socket: null,
            uid: null,
            start: function() {
                var url = "ws://192.168.20.200:8888/chat";
                wsUpdater.socket = new WebSocket(url);
                wsUpdater.socket.onmessage = function(event) {

                    if(wsUpdater.uid){
                        wsUpdater.showMessage(event.data);
                    }else{
                        wsUpdater.uid = event.data;
                    }
                }
            },
            showMessage: function(content) {
                $('#container').append(content);
            }
        };

        function sendMsg() {
            var msg = {
                uid: wsUpdater.uid,
                message: $("#txt").val()
            };
            wsUpdater.socket.send(JSON.stringify(msg));
       $("#txt").val("") }
</script> </body> </html>
<div style="border: 1px solid #dddddd;margin: 10px;">
    <div>游客{{uid}}</div>
    <div style="margin-left: 20px;">{{message}}</div>
</div>

 

posted @ 2018-03-08 21:13 前方、有光 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏