基于websocket实现的web聊天室

# -*- coding:utf-8 -*-
import socket
import base64
import hashlib


def get_headers(data):
    """
    将请求头格式化成字典
    :param data:
    :return:
    """
    header_dict = {}
    data = str(data, encoding='utf-8')

    header, body = data.split('\r\n\r\n', 1)
    header_list = header.split('\r\n')
    for i in range(0, len(header_list)):
        if i == 0:
            if len(header_list[i].split(' ')) == 3:
                header_dict['method'], header_dict['url'], header_dict['protocol'] = header_list[i].split(' ')
        else:
            k, v = header_list[i].split(':', 1)
            header_dict[k] = v.strip()
    return header_dict      #返回格式化后的字典


def send_msg(conn, msg_bytes):
    """
    WebSocket服务端向客户端发送消息
    :param conn: 客户端连接到服务器端的socket对象,即: conn,address = socket.accept()
    :param msg_bytes: 向客户端发送的字节
    :return:做了一个125,126,127的处理,然后跟魔法字符串拼接之后返回
    """
    import struct

    token = b"\x81"
    length = len(msg_bytes)
    if length < 126:
        token += struct.pack("B", length)
    elif length <= 0xFFFF:
        token += struct.pack("!BH", 126, length)
    else:
        token += struct.pack("!BQ", 127, length)

    msg = token + msg_bytes       #token+魔法字符串
    conn.send(msg)
    return True


def run():
    sock = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
    sock.setsockopt(socket.SOL_SOCKET, socket.SO_REUSEADDR, 1)
    sock.bind(('127.0.0.1', 8003))
    sock.listen(5)

    conn, address = sock.accept()
    data = conn.recv(1024)             #服务端接收的数据
    headers = get_headers(data)        #处理后的请求头信息
    response_tpl = "HTTP/1.1 101 Switching Protocols\r\n" \
                   "Upgrade:websocket\r\n" \
                   "Connection:Upgrade\r\n" \
                   "Sec-WebSocket-Accept:%s\r\n" \
                   "WebSocket-Location:ws://%s%s\r\n\r\n"

    value = headers['Sec-WebSocket-Key'] + '258EAFA5-E914-47DA-95CA-C5AB0DC85B11'    #魔法字符串
    ac = base64.b64encode(hashlib.sha1(value.encode('utf-8')).digest())               #两次加密
    response_str = response_tpl % (ac.decode('utf-8'), headers['Host'], headers['url'])
    conn.send(bytes(response_str, encoding='utf-8'))

    while True:
        try:
            info = conn.recv(8096)
        except Exception as e:
            info = None
        if not info:
            break

        """
        10010101
        01111111
        00010101
        """
        payload_len = info[1] & 127
        if payload_len == 126:
            extend_payload_len = info[2:4]
            mask = info[4:8]
            decoded = info[8:]
        elif payload_len == 127:
            extend_payload_len = info[2:10]
            mask = info[10:14]
            decoded = info[14:]
        else:
            extend_payload_len = None
            mask = info[2:6]
            decoded = info[6:]

        bytes_list = bytearray()
        for i in range(len(decoded)):
            chunk = decoded[i] ^ mask[i % 4]
            bytes_list.append(chunk)
        body = str(bytes_list, encoding='utf-8')
        print('原生消息', info)
        print('解密后',body)
        body ="服务端回复:"+body
        send_msg(conn, body.encode('utf-8'))
    sock.close()

if __name__ == '__main__':
    run()
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head lang="en">
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>基于websocket实现的聊天室</title>
</head>
<body>
    <div>
        <input type="text" id="txt"/>
        <input type="button" id="btn" value="提交" onclick="sendMsg();"/>
        <input type="button" id="close" value="关闭连接" onclick="closeConn();"/>
    </div>
    <div id="content"></div>

<script type="text/javascript">
    var socket = new WebSocket("ws://127.0.0.1:8003/chatsocket");

    socket.onopen = function () {
        /* 与服务器端连接成功后,自动执行 */

        var newTag = document.createElement('div');
        newTag.innerHTML = "【连接成功】";
        document.getElementById('content').appendChild(newTag);
    };

    socket.onmessage = function (event) {
        /* 服务器端向客户端发送数据时,自动执行 */
        var response = event.data;
        var newTag = document.createElement('div');
        newTag.innerHTML = response;
        document.getElementById('content').appendChild(newTag);
    };

    socket.onclose = function (event) {
        /* 服务器端主动断开连接时,自动执行 */
        var newTag = document.createElement('div');
        newTag.innerHTML = "【关闭连接】";
        document.getElementById('content').appendChild(newTag);
    };

    function sendMsg() {
        var txt = document.getElementById('txt');
        socket.send(txt.value);
        txt.value = "";
    }
    function closeConn() {
        socket.close();
        var newTag = document.createElement('div');
        newTag.innerHTML = "【关闭连接】";
        document.getElementById('content').appendChild(newTag);
    }

</script>
</body>
</html>

 

posted @ 2018-03-08 21:09 前方、有光 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏