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实验 4:Open vSwitch 实验——Mininet 中使用 OVS 命令

一、实验目的

Mininet 安装之后,会连带安装 Open vSwitch,可以直接通过 Python 脚本调用Open vSwitch 命令,从而直接控制 Open vSwitch,通过实验了解调用控制的方法。

二、实验任务

在本实验中,使用 Mininet 基于 Python 的脚本,调用“ovs-vsctl”命令直接控制Open vSwitch。使用默认的交换机泛洪规则,设置更高的优先级规则进行预先定义 IP 报文的转发。在多个交换机中通过设置不同 TOS 值的数据包将通过不同的方式到达目的地址,验证主机间的连通性及到达目的地址的时间。

三、实验步骤

1. 实验环境

安装了 Ubuntu 18.04.5 Desktop amd64 的虚拟机

2. 实验过程

SDNLAB 实验参考资料:https://www.sdnlab.com/15083.html

(1)创建 ovsSingleBr.py 脚本并添加内容,代码参考 SDNLAB

#!/usr/bin/python
 
from mininet.net import Mininet
from mininet.node import Node
from mininet.link import Link
from mininet.log import  setLogLevel, info
 
def myNet():
    "Create network from scratch using Open vSwitch."
 
    info( "*** Creating nodes\n" )
    switch0 = Node( 's0', inNamespace=False )
 
    h0 = Node( 'h0' )
    h1 = Node( 'h1' )
    h2 = Node( 'h2' )
 
    info( "*** Creating links\n" )
    Link( h0, switch0)
    Link( h1, switch0)
    Link( h2, switch0)
 
    info( "*** Configuring hosts\n" )
    h0.setIP( '192.168.123.1/24' )
    h1.setIP( '192.168.123.2/24' )
    h2.setIP( '192.168.123.3/24' )
       
    info( "*** Starting network using Open vSwitch\n" )
    switch0.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl del-br dp0' )
    switch0.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl add-br dp0' )
 
    for intf in switch0.intfs.values():
        print intf
        print switch0.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl add-port dp0 %s' % intf )
 
    # Note: controller and switch are in root namespace, and we
    # can connect via loopback interface
    #switch0.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl set-controller dp0 tcp:127.0.0.1:6633' )
  
    print switch0.cmd(r'ovs-vsctl show')
 
    print switch0.cmd(r'ovs-ofctl add-flow dp0 idle_timeout=0,priority=1,in_port=1,actions=flood' ) 
    print switch0.cmd(r'ovs-ofctl add-flow dp0 idle_timeout=0,priority=1,in_port=2,actions=flood' )
    print switch0.cmd(r'ovs-ofctl add-flow dp0 idle_timeout=0,priority=1,in_port=3,actions=flood' )
  
    print switch0.cmd(r'ovs-ofctl add-flow dp0 idle_timeout=0,priority=10,ip,nw_dst=192.168.123.1,actions=output:1' ) 
    print switch0.cmd(r'ovs-ofctl add-flow dp0 idle_timeout=0,priority=10,ip,nw_dst=192.168.123.2,actions=output:2' ) 
    print switch0.cmd(r'ovs-ofctl add-flow dp0 idle_timeout=0,priority=10,ip,nw_dst=192.168.123.3,actions=output:3')
 
    #switch0.cmd('tcpdump -i s0-eth0 -U -w aaa &')
    #h0.cmd('tcpdump -i h0-eth0 -U -w aaa &')
    info( "*** Running test\n" )
    h0.cmdPrint( 'ping -c 3 ' + h1.IP() )
    h0.cmdPrint( 'ping -c 3 ' + h2.IP() )
 
    #print switch0.cmd( 'ovs-ofctl show dp0' )    
    #print switch0.cmd( 'ovs-ofctl dump-tables  dp0' )
    #print switch0.cmd( 'ovs-ofctl dump-ports   dp0' )
    #print switch0.cmd( 'ovs-ofctl dump-flows  dp0' )
    #print switch0.cmd( 'ovs-ofctl dump-aggregate  dp0' )
    #print switch0.cmd( 'ovs-ofctl queue-stats dp0' )
 
    info( "*** Stopping network\n" )
    switch0.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl del-br dp0' )
    switch0.deleteIntfs()
    info( '\n' )
 
if __name__ == '__main__':
    setLogLevel( 'info' )
    info( '*** Scratch network demo (kernel datapath)\n' )
    Mininet.init()
    myNet()

脚本对应的拓扑如上图所示,执行 ovsSingleBr.py,在没有控制器的情况下,在Mininet 脚本中通过调用 ovs 命令直接向 switch0 交换机下发流表,将入端口号为1/2/3 的数据包泛洪广播,并对目的地址为 192.168.123.1/2/3 的数据包分别从1/2/3 端口转发出去。之后测试 h0 ping h1,h0 ping h2,网络连通。
实验结果:

(2)创建 ovsMultiBr.py 脚本并添加内容,代码参考 SDNLAB


脚本对应的拓扑如上图所示,执行 ovsMultiBr.py,在没有控制器的情况下,在Mininet 脚本中通过调用 ovs 命令给多个交换机下发流表,通过 h0 ping h1 操作测试验证主机间的连通性,并通过-Q 参数设置不通的 tos 值查看主机间的连通性。通过验证发现,tos 值设置越大,时间使用越少。

#!/usr/bin/python
 
from mininet.net import Mininet
from mininet.node import Node
from mininet.link import TCLink
from mininet.log import  setLogLevel, info
 
def myNet():
    "Create network from scratch using Open vSwitch."
 
    info( "*** Creating nodes\n" )
    switch0 = Node( 's0', inNamespace=False )
    switch1 = Node( 's1', inNamespace=False )
    switch2 = Node( 's2', inNamespace=False )
    switch3 = Node( 's3', inNamespace=False )
    switch4 = Node( 's4', inNamespace=False )
    h0 = Node( 'h0' )
    h1 = Node( 'h1' )
 
    info( "*** Creating links\n" )
    linkopts0=dict(bw=100, delay='1ms', loss=0)
    linkopts1=dict(bw=1, delay='100ms', loss=0)
    linkopts2=dict(bw=10, delay='50ms', loss=0)
    linkopts3=dict(bw=100, delay='1ms', loss=0)
    TCLink( h0, switch0, **linkopts0)
    TCLink( switch0, switch1, **linkopts0)
    TCLink( switch0, switch2, **linkopts0)
    TCLink( switch0, switch3, **linkopts0)
    TCLink( switch1, switch4,**linkopts1)
    TCLink( switch2, switch4,**linkopts2)
    TCLink( switch3, switch4,**linkopts3)
    TCLink( h1, switch4, **linkopts0)
 
    info( "*** Configuring hosts\n" )
    h0.setIP( '192.168.123.1/24' )
    h1.setIP( '192.168.123.2/24' )
    info( str( h0 ) + '\n' )
    info( str( h1 ) + '\n' )
       
    info( "*** Starting network using Open vSwitch\n" )
    switch0.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl del-br dp0' )
    switch0.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl add-br dp0' )
    switch1.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl del-br dp1' )
    switch1.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl add-br dp1' )
    switch2.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl del-br dp2' )
    switch2.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl add-br dp2' )
    switch3.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl del-br dp3' )
    switch3.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl add-br dp3' )
    switch4.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl del-br dp4' )
    switch4.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl add-br dp4' )
 
    for intf in switch0.intfs.values():
        print intf
        print switch0.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl add-port dp0 %s' % intf )
 
    for intf in switch1.intfs.values():
        print intf
        print switch1.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl add-port dp1 %s' % intf )
 
    for intf in switch2.intfs.values():
        print intf
        print switch2.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl add-port dp2 %s' % intf )
 
    for intf in switch3.intfs.values():
        print intf
        print switch3.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl add-port dp3 %s' % intf )
 
    for intf in switch4.intfs.values():
        print intf
        print switch4.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl add-port dp4 %s' % intf )
   
    print switch1.cmd(r'ovs-ofctl add-flow dp1 idle_timeout=0,priority=1,in_port=1,actions=flood' )
    print switch1.cmd(r'ovs-ofctl add-flow dp1 idle_timeout=0,priority=1,in_port=1,actions=output:2' ) 
    print switch1.cmd(r'ovs-ofctl add-flow dp1 idle_timeout=0,priority=1,in_port=2,actions=output:1' )
    print switch2.cmd(r'ovs-ofctl add-flow dp2 idle_timeout=0,priority=1,in_port=1,actions=output:2' )
    print switch2.cmd(r'ovs-ofctl add-flow dp2 idle_timeout=0,priority=1,in_port=2,actions=output:1' )
    print switch3.cmd(r'ovs-ofctl add-flow dp3 idle_timeout=0,priority=1,in_port=1,actions=output:2' )    
    print switch3.cmd(r'ovs-ofctl add-flow dp3 idle_timeout=0,priority=1,in_port=2,actions=output:1' )
    print switch4.cmd(r'ovs-ofctl add-flow dp4 idle_timeout=0,priority=1,in_port=1,actions=output:4' )
    print switch4.cmd(r'ovs-ofctl add-flow dp4 idle_timeout=0,priority=1,in_port=2,actions=output:4' )
    print switch4.cmd(r'ovs-ofctl add-flow dp4 idle_timeout=0,priority=1,in_port=3,actions=output:4' )
    print switch4.cmd(r'ovs-ofctl add-flow dp4 idle_timeout=0,priority=1,in_port=4,actions=output:3' )
   
    #print switch0.cmd(r'ovs-ofctl add-flow dp0 idle_timeout=0,priority=10,ip,nw_dst=192.168.123.2,actions=output:4')
    print switch0.cmd(r'ovs-ofctl add-flow dp0 idle_timeout=0,priority=10,ip,nw_dst=192.168.123.2,nw_tos=0x10,actions=output:2') 
    print switch0.cmd(r'ovs-ofctl add-flow dp0 idle_timeout=0,priority=10,ip,nw_dst=192.168.123.2,nw_tos=0x20,actions=output:3')
    print switch0.cmd(r'ovs-ofctl add-flow dp0 idle_timeout=0,priority=10,ip,nw_dst=192.168.123.2,nw_tos=0x30,actions=output:4') 
    #print switch0.cmd(r'ovs-ofctl add-flow dp0 idle_timeout=0,priority=10,ip,nw_dst=192.168.123.1,actions=output:1')
 
    #switch0.cmd('tcpdump -i s0-eth0 -U -w aaa &')
    #h0.cmd('tcpdump -i h0-eth0 -U -w aaa &')
    info( "*** Running test\n" )
    h0.cmdPrint( 'ping -Q 0x10 -c 3 ' + h1.IP() )
    h0.cmdPrint( 'ping -Q 0x20 -c 3 ' + h1.IP() )
    h0.cmdPrint( 'ping -Q 0x30 -c 3 ' + h1.IP() )
    #h1.cmdPrint('iperf -s -p 12345 -u &')
    #h0.cmdPrint('iperf -c ' + h1.IP() +' -u -b 10m -p 12345 -t 10 -i 1')
 
    #print switch0.cmd( 'ovs-ofctl show dp0' )    
    #print switch1.cmd( 'ovs-ofctl show dp1' )
    #print switch2.cmd( 'ovs-ofctl show dp2' )
    #print switch3.cmd( 'ovs-ofctl show dp3' )
    #print switch4.cmd( 'ovs-ofctl show dp4' )  
    #print switch0.cmd( 'ovs-ofctl dump-tables  dp0' )
    #print switch0.cmd( 'ovs-ofctl dump-ports   dp0' )
    #print switch0.cmd( 'ovs-ofctl dump-flows  dp0' )
    #print switch0.cmd( 'ovs-ofctl dump-aggregate  dp0' )
    #print switch0.cmd( 'ovs-ofctl queue-stats dp0' )
 
    #print "Testing video transmission between h1 and h2"
    #h1.cmd('./myrtg_svc -u > myrd &')
    #h0.cmd('./mystg_svc -trace st 192.168.123.2')
 
    info( "*** Stopping network\n" )
    switch0.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl del-br dp0' )
    switch0.deleteIntfs()
    switch1.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl del-br dp1' )
    switch1.deleteIntfs()
    switch2.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl del-br dp2' )
    switch2.deleteIntfs()
    switch3.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl del-br dp3' )
    switch3.deleteIntfs()
    switch4.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl del-br dp4' )
    switch4.deleteIntfs()
    info( '\n' )
 
if __name__ == '__main__':
    setLogLevel( 'info' )
    info( '*** Scratch network demo (kernel datapath)\n' )
    Mininet.init()
    myNet()

实验结果:

(3)学习 ovsSingleBr.py 和 ovsMultiBr.py,在下图拓扑中实现一个 VLAN。

上述代码将 h0 和 h2 划分在 VLAN 0 中,h1 和 h3 划分在 VLAN 1 中,由于拓扑没有控制器,并且初始化时删除了交换机中的所有流表,因此除非下发流表,否则主机之间网络无法连通。请尝试修改代码,利用 ovs 命令直接下发 VLAN 设置的流表项,最终测试 h0 和 h2 互通,h1 和 h3 互通,其余主机均不通,结果如下图。
OVS 实现 VLAN 可参考博客:https://www.cnblogs.com/fjlinww/p/11791846.html

#!/usr/bin/python
 
from mininet.net import Mininet
from mininet.node import Node
from mininet.link import TCLink
from mininet.log import  setLogLevel, info
 
def myNet():
    "Create network from scratch using Open vSwitch."
 
    info( "*** Creating nodes\n" )
    switch0 = Node( 's0', inNamespace=False )
    switch1 = Node( 's1', inNamespace=False )
    h0 = Node( 'h0' )
    h1 = Node( 'h1' )
    h2 = Node( 'h2' )
    h3 = Node( 'h3' )
 
    info( "*** Creating links\n" )
    linkopts0=dict(bw=100, delay='1ms', loss=0)
    linkopts1=dict(bw=1, delay='100ms', loss=0)
    linkopts2=dict(bw=10, delay='50ms', loss=0)
    linkopts3=dict(bw=100, delay='1ms', loss=0)
    TCLink( switch0, switch1, **linkopts0)
    TCLink( h0, switch0, **linkopts0)
    TCLink( h1, switch0, **linkopts0)
    TCLink( h2, switch1, **linkopts0)
    TCLink( h3, switch1,**linkopts1)
 
    info( "*** Configuring hosts\n" )
    h0.setIP( '192.168.123.1/24' )
    h1.setIP( '192.168.123.2/24' )
    h2.setIP( '192.168.123.3/24' )
    h3.setIP( '192.168.123.4/24' )
    info( str( h0 ) + '\n' )
    info( str( h1 ) + '\n' )
    info( str( h2 ) + '\n' )
    info( str( h3 ) + '\n' )
       
    info( "*** Starting network using Open vSwitch\n" )
    switch0.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl del-br dp0' )
    switch0.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl add-br dp0' )
    switch1.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl del-br dp1' )
    switch1.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl add-br dp1' )

 
    for intf in switch0.intfs.values():
        print intf
        print switch0.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl add-port dp0 %s' % intf )
 
    for intf in switch1.intfs.values():
        print intf
        print switch1.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl add-port dp1 %s' % intf )
   
    print switch0.cmd(r'ovs-ofctl -O OpenFlow13 add-flow dp0 priority=1,in_port=1,actions=push_vlan:0x8100,set_field:4096-\>vlan_vid,output:3' )
    print switch0.cmd(r'ovs-ofctl -O OpenFlow13 add-flow dp0 priority=1,in_port=2,actions=push_vlan:0x8100,set_field:4097-\>vlan_vid,output:3' )
    print switch0.cmd(r'sudo ovs-ofctl -O OpenFlow13 add-flow dp0 priority=1,dl_vlan=0,actions=pop_vlan,output:1' )
    print switch0.cmd(r'sudo ovs-ofctl -O OpenFlow13 add-flow dp0 priority=1,dl_vlan=1,actions=pop_vlan,output:2' )
    print switch1.cmd(r'ovs-ofctl -O OpenFlow13 add-flow dp1 priority=1,in_port=1,actions=push_vlan:0x8100,set_field:4096-\>vlan_vid,output:3' )
    print switch1.cmd(r'ovs-ofctl -O OpenFlow13 add-flow dp1 priority=1,in_port=2,actions=push_vlan:0x8100,set_field:4097-\>vlan_vid,output:3' )
    print switch1.cmd(r'ovs-ofctl -O OpenFlow13 add-flow dp1 priority=1,dl_vlan=0,actions=pop_vlan,output:1' )
    print switch1.cmd(r'ovs-ofctl -O OpenFlow13 add-flow dp1 priority=1,dl_vlan=1,actions=pop_vlan,output:2' )

   
    #switch0.cmd('tcpdump -i s0-eth0 -U -w aaa &')
    #h0.cmd('tcpdump -i h0-eth0 -U -w aaa &')
    info( "*** Running test\n" )
    h0.cmdPrint( 'ping -Q 0x10 -c 3 ' + h1.IP() )
    h0.cmdPrint( 'ping -Q 0x20 -c 3 ' + h2.IP() )
    h0.cmdPrint( 'ping -Q 0x30 -c 3 ' + h3.IP() )
    h1.cmdPrint( 'ping -Q 0x10 -c 3 ' + h2.IP() )
    h1.cmdPrint( 'ping -Q 0x20 -c 3 ' + h3.IP() )
    h2.cmdPrint( 'ping -Q 0x30 -c 3 ' + h3.IP() )
    #h1.cmdPrint('iperf -s -p 12345 -u &')
    #h0.cmdPrint('iperf -c ' + h1.IP() +' -u -b 10m -p 12345 -t 10 -i 1')
 
    info( "*** Stopping network\n" )
    switch0.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl del-br dp0' )
    switch0.deleteIntfs()
    switch1.cmd( 'ovs-vsctl del-br dp1' )
    switch1.deleteIntfs()
    info( '\n' )
 
if __name__ == '__main__':
    setLogLevel( 'info' )
    info( '*** Scratch network demo (kernel datapath)\n' )
    Mininet.init()
    myNet()

实验结果:

posted @ 2020-09-23 21:16  青青大草原  阅读(20)  评论(0编辑  收藏