VSTO应用程序中加入键盘钩子

在VSTO应用程序中有时为了处理一些快捷按键操作等实现一些特殊的功能,此时需要对键盘进行挂钩,此时使用P/Invoke函数实现,参考如下:

VSTO加载和卸载时进行钩子的初始化和卸载

代码
KeyboardHook hook;
private void ThisAddIn_Startup(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
hook
= new KeyboardHook();
hook.InitHook();
}

private void ThisAddIn_Shutdown(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
hook.UnHook();
}
}
//钩子具体处理逻辑是:
class KeyboardHook
{
#region (invokestuff)
[DllImport(
"kernel32.dll")]
static extern uint GetCurrentThreadId();
[DllImport(
"user32.dll")]
static extern IntPtr SetWindowsHookEx(int code, HookProcKeyboard func, IntPtr hInstance, uint threadID);
[DllImport(
"user32.dll")]
static extern bool UnhookWindowsHookEx(IntPtr hhk);
[DllImport(
"user32.dll")]
static extern int CallNextHookEx(IntPtr hhk, int nCode, IntPtr wParam, IntPtr lParam);
#endregion

#region constans
private const int WH_KEYBOARD = 2;
private const int HC_ACTION = 0;
#endregion

delegate int HookProcKeyboard(int code, IntPtr wParam, IntPtr lParam);
private HookProcKeyboard KeyboardProcDelegate = null;
private IntPtr khook;
bool doing = false;

public void InitHook()
{
uint id = GetCurrentThreadId();
//init the keyboard hook with the thread id of the Visual Studio IDE
this.KeyboardProcDelegate = new HookProcKeyboard(this.KeyboardProc);
khook
= SetWindowsHookEx(WH_KEYBOARD, this.KeyboardProcDelegate, IntPtr.Zero, id);
}

public void UnHook()
{
if (khook != IntPtr.Zero)
{
UnhookWindowsHookEx(khook);
}
}

private int KeyboardProc(int code, IntPtr wParam, IntPtr lParam)
{
try
{
if (code != HC_ACTION)
{
return CallNextHookEx(khook, code, wParam, lParam);
}

if ((int)wParam == (int)Keys.Z && ((int)lParam & (int)Keys.Alt) != 0)
{
if (!doing)
{
doing
= true;
MessageBox.Show(
"Captured");
doing
= false;
}
}
}
catch
{
}

return CallNextHookEx(khook, code, wParam, lParam);
}
}

 

posted @ 2010-12-01 22:29  2012  阅读(1177)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报