JavaWeb_(Struts2框架)拦截器interceptor

 

 

  此系列博文基于同一个项目已上传至github  传送门

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  JavaWeb_(Struts2框架)拦截器interceptor  传送门

 

 

创建拦截器的两种方式

  第一种:继承MethodFilterInterceptor父类【推荐】

package com.Gary.web.intercept;

import com.opensymphony.xwork2.ActionInvocation;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor;

//第一种创建拦截器的方式
public class MyIntercept extends MethodFilterInterceptor{

    @Override
    protected String doIntercept(ActionInvocation invocation) throws Exception {
        

        //放行
        return invocation.invoke();
    }

}
MyIntercept.java

  

  第二种:实现Interceptor接口

package com.Gary.web.intercept;

import com.opensymphony.xwork2.ActionInvocation;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.Interceptor;

//第二种创建拦截器的方法
public class Intercept implements Interceptor{

    @Override
    public void destroy() {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        
    }

    @Override
    public void init() {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        
    }

    @Override
    public String intercept(ActionInvocation invocation) throws Exception {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        //放行
        return invocation.invoke();
    }

}
Intercept.java

 

  在struts.xml中配置拦截器

    <interceptors>
            <!-- 注册拦截器 -->
            <interceptor name="myIntercept" class="com.Gary.web.intercept.MyIntercept"></interceptor>
            <!-- 注册拦截器栈 -->
            <interceptor-stack name="myStack">
                <!-- 引入自己创建的拦截器 -->
                <interceptor-ref name="myIntercept"></interceptor-ref>
                <!-- 引入strtus给你写好的拦截器(20个拦截器) -->
                <interceptor-ref name="defaultStack"></interceptor-ref>
            </interceptor-stack>
        </interceptors>
        
        <!-- 指定包中的默认拦截器栈 -->
        <default-interceptor-ref name="myStack"></default-interceptor-ref>

 

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE struts PUBLIC
    "-//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Struts Configuration 2.5//EN"
    "http://struts.apache.org/dtds/struts-2.5.dtd">
    
    
    
    
<struts>

    <constant name="struts.devMode" value="true"></constant>
    <constant name="struts.enable.DynamicMethodInvocation" value="true"></constant>

    <!-- name:配置包名 namespace:给action的访问路径定义一个命名空间 -->
    <package name="MyPackage" namespace="/" extends="struts-default">
    
        
        <interceptors>
            <!-- 注册拦截器 -->
            <interceptor name="myIntercept" class="com.Gary.web.intercept.MyIntercept"></interceptor>
            <!-- 注册拦截器栈 -->
            <interceptor-stack name="myStack">
                <!-- 引入自己创建的拦截器 -->
                <interceptor-ref name="myIntercept"></interceptor-ref>
                <!-- 引入strtus给你写好的拦截器(20个拦截器) -->
                <interceptor-ref name="defaultStack"></interceptor-ref>
            </interceptor-stack>
        </interceptors>
        
        <!-- 指定包中的默认拦截器栈 -->
        <default-interceptor-ref name="myStack"></default-interceptor-ref>
    
        <!-- 增加动态方法调用的安全性 -->
        <global-allowed-methods>regex:.*</global-allowed-methods>
    
        <!-- action:配置action类
            name:决定了action访问的资源名称  servlet:url-pattern 
            class:action的完整类名
            method:指定调用action中的哪个方法来去处理请求  -->
            
        <action name="LoginAction_*" class="com.Gary.web.UserAction" method="{1}">
            <!-- 默认为转发  redirect设置为重定向  -->
            <result name="success" type="redirect">/index.html</result>
            <!-- 默认为转发 -->
            <result name="error">/login.jsp</result>
        </action>


        <action name="LoginActionDefault" class="com.Gary.web.DefaultAction" method="execute">
        
        </action>
        
        <action name="LoginActionImpl_*" class="com.Gary.web.ImplAction" method="{1}">
            <!-- 转发到LoginActionDefault -->
            <result name="defaultAction" type="chain">LoginActionDefault</result>

            <!-- 重定向到Action(LoginAction_*) -->
            <result name="toLogin" type="redirectAction">
                <param name="actionName">LoginAction_login</param>
                
                <param name="username">${username}</param>
                <param name="password">${password}</param>
            </result>
            
        </action>
    </package>
    
    
    <package name="PastePackage" namespace="/" extends="struts-default">
        <global-allowed-methods>regex:.*</global-allowed-methods>
        <action name="PasteAction_*" class="com.Gary.web.PasteAction" method="{1}">
            <result name="index">/index.jsp</result>
        </action>
    
    </package>
    
    
    
    
    
</struts>
struts.xml

 

  配置拦截器(拦截器只能控制访问Action,不能控制访问jsp)

  在UserAction.java中当用户登陆成功时,放置user到ActionContext域中

boolean success = userService.findUser(user);
        
        if(success)
        {
            ActionContext.getContext().getSession().put("user", user);
            return "success";
        }else{
            ServletActionContext.getRequest().setAttribute("error", "用户名或密码错误!!!");
            return "error";
        }

 

  实现MyIntercept.java拦截器

protected String doIntercept(ActionInvocation invocation) throws Exception {
        
        System.out.println("MyIntercept");
        
        
        //获取session
        Map<String, Object> session = ActionContext.getContext().getSession();
        //获取session中的user
        Object object = session.get("user");
        //判断session中是否有数据
        if(object!=null)
        {
            //有,放行
            return invocation.invoke();
        }
        else
        {
            //没有,重定向到login.jsp
            return "toLogin";
        }
            
    }

 

  局部拦截器

        <action name="LoginActionDefault" class="com.Gary.web.DefaultAction" method="execute">
            <result name="tologin" type="redirect">/login.jsp</result>
        </action>

 

  全局拦截器:如果每一个action都要单独配置一个局部兰机器,就会显得很麻烦,这时就可以使用<global-results>标签配置全局拦截器

        <default-interceptor-ref name="myStack"></default-interceptor-ref>
        <global-results>
            <result name="toLogin" type="redirect">/login.jsp</result>
        </global-results>

 

  配置放行登陆方法login的拦截器

        <interceptors>
            <!-- 注册拦截器 -->
            <interceptor name="myIntercept" class="com.Gary.web.intercept.MyIntercept"></interceptor>
            <!-- 注册拦截器栈 -->
            <interceptor-stack name="myStack">
                <!-- 引入自己创建的拦截器 -->
                <interceptor-ref name="myIntercept">
                    <param name="excludeMethods">login</param>
                </interceptor-ref>
                <!-- 引入strtus给你写好的拦截器(20个拦截器) -->
                <interceptor-ref name="defaultStack"></interceptor-ref>
            </interceptor-stack>
        </interceptors>

 

  此时,当用户未登录时,拦截器会拦截LoginActionDefault请求,并重定向到login.jsp中。当用户登陆后,会放行LoginActionDefault请求,并在控制台输出通过System.err.println("这是一个普通的action");输出红色的【这是一个普通的action】

  

<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8" pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<%@taglib uri="/struts-tags" prefix="s"%>
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8" />
<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="css/index.css">
</head>
<div class="dvhead">
    <div class="dvlogo">
        <a href="index.html">你问我答</a>
    </div>
    <div class="dvsearch">10秒钟注册账号,找到你的同学</div>
    <div class="dvreg">
        已有账号,立即&nbsp;<a href="login.html">登录</a>
    </div>
</div>
<div class="dvContent">
    <div class="dvquesleft">

        <div class="dvqstitle">
            <image class="imgbean" src="images/bean.jpg"> <span class="qsTitle">问答</span> <span class="back"><ab href="">《《返回上一页</a></span>
        </div>
        <div class="dvtabhead">
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            <div class="dvtags">
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            </div>
            <div class="tab">
                <s:iterator value="pasteList" var="paste">
                    <div class="dvques">
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                            <div class="ques">回答数</div>
                        </div>
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                                <s:property value="offer"/>
                                <image src="images/bean.jpg" class="bean"> <span
                                 class="spanques"><s:property value="title"/></span>
                            </div>
                            <div class="qContent"><s:property value="content"/></div>
                            <div class="tags">
                                <span class="tag">excel</span><span class="tag">程序</span>
                            </div>
                            <div class="quesUser">
                                <image src="images/0.gif" class="imguser" />
                                <div class="userName">
                                    <s:property value="#user.username"/>
                                    <div class="liulan">浏览(9) 30分钟前</div>
                                </div>
                            </div>
                        </div>
                    </div>
                </s:iterator>

            </div>
            <div class="tab hidden">2</div>
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            <div class="tab hidden">4</div>
        </div>
    </div>
    <div class="dvquesright">
        <div>
            <buton class="btnques" onclick="location.href='add.html'">提个问题</buton>
        </div>
        <div class="dvorder">
            <div class="orderTitle">专家排行榜</div>
            <div class="users">
                <image class="userface" src="images/0.gif" />
                <div class="dvuser">
                    <div class="userTitle">陈有龙</div>
                    <div class="userdeital">大牛6级 豆:14006</div>
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="users">
                <image class="userface" src="images/1.gif" />
                <div class="dvuser">
                    <div class="userTitle">陈有龙</div>
                    <div class="userdeital">大牛6级 豆:14006</div>
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="users">
                <image class="userface" src="images/2.gif" />
                <div class="dvuser">
                    <div class="userTitle">陈有龙</div>
                    <div class="userdeital">大牛6级 豆:14006</div>
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="users">
                <image class="userface" src="images/3.gif" />
                <div class="dvuser">
                    <div class="userTitle">陈有龙</div>
                    <div class="userdeital">大牛6级 豆:14006</div>
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="users">
                <image class="userface" src="images/4.gif" />
                <div class="dvuser">
                    <div class="userTitle">陈有龙</div>
                    <div class="userdeital">大牛6级 豆:14006</div>
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="users">
                <image class="userface" src="images/5.gif" />
                <div class="dvuser">
                    <div class="userTitle">陈有龙</div>
                    <div class="userdeital">大牛6级 豆:14006</div>
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="users">
                <image class="userface" src="images/6.gif" />
                <div class="dvuser">
                    <div class="userTitle">陈有龙</div>
                    <div class="userdeital">大牛6级 豆:14006</div>
                </div>
            </div>


        </div>

    </div>

</div>
<script type="text/javascript" src="js/jquery-1.7.2.min.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
    $(function()
    {

        $(".tabheads").click(function()
        {
            $(".tabheads").removeClass("tabcurrent").eq($(this).index()).addClass("tabcurrent");
            $(".tab").hide().eq($(this).index()).show();
        });
    });
</script>
<body>
</body>
</html>
index.jsp

 

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE struts PUBLIC
    "-//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Struts Configuration 2.5//EN"
    "http://struts.apache.org/dtds/struts-2.5.dtd">
    
    
    
    
<struts>

    <constant name="struts.devMode" value="true"></constant>
    <constant name="struts.enable.DynamicMethodInvocation" value="true"></constant>

    <!-- name:配置包名 namespace:给action的访问路径定义一个命名空间 -->
    <package name="MyPackage" namespace="/" extends="struts-default">
    
        
        <interceptors>
            <!-- 注册拦截器 -->
            <interceptor name="myIntercept" class="com.Gary.web.intercept.MyIntercept"></interceptor>
            <!-- 注册拦截器栈 -->
            <interceptor-stack name="myStack">
                <!-- 引入自己创建的拦截器 -->
                <interceptor-ref name="myIntercept">
                    <param name="excludeMethods">login</param>
                </interceptor-ref>
                <!-- 引入strtus给你写好的拦截器(20个拦截器) -->
                <interceptor-ref name="defaultStack"></interceptor-ref>
            </interceptor-stack>
        </interceptors>
        
        <!-- 指定包中的默认拦截器栈 -->
        <default-interceptor-ref name="myStack"></default-interceptor-ref>
        <global-results>
            <result name="toLogin" type="redirect">/login.jsp</result>
        </global-results>
    
        <!-- 增加动态方法调用的安全性 -->
        <global-allowed-methods>regex:.*</global-allowed-methods>
    
        <!-- action:配置action类
            name:决定了action访问的资源名称  servlet:url-pattern 
            class:action的完整类名
            method:指定调用action中的哪个方法来去处理请求  -->
            
        <action name="LoginAction_*" class="com.Gary.web.UserAction" method="{1}">
            <!-- 默认为转发  redirect设置为重定向  -->
            <result name="success" type="redirect">/index.html</result>
            <!-- 默认为转发 -->
            <result name="error">/login.jsp</result>
        </action>


        <action name="LoginActionDefault" class="com.Gary.web.DefaultAction" method="execute">
            
        </action>
        
        <action name="LoginActionImpl_*" class="com.Gary.web.ImplAction" method="{1}">
            <!-- 转发到LoginActionDefault -->
            <result name="defaultAction" type="chain">LoginActionDefault</result>

            <!-- 重定向到Action(LoginAction_*) -->
            <result name="toLogin" type="redirectAction">
                <param name="actionName">LoginAction_login</param>
                
                <param name="username">${username}</param>
                <param name="password">${password}</param>
            </result>
            
        </action>
    </package>
    
    
    <package name="PastePackage" namespace="/" extends="struts-default">
        <global-allowed-methods>regex:.*</global-allowed-methods>
        <action name="PasteAction_*" class="com.Gary.web.PasteAction" method="{1}">
            <result name="index">/index.jsp</result>
        </action>
    
    </package>
    
    
    
    
    
</struts>
struts.xml

 

package com.Gary.web.intercept;

import java.util.Map;

import com.opensymphony.xwork2.ActionContext;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.ActionInvocation;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor;

//第一种创建拦截器的方式
public class MyIntercept extends MethodFilterInterceptor{

    @Override
    protected String doIntercept(ActionInvocation invocation) throws Exception {
        
        System.out.println("MyIntercept");
        
        
        //获取session
        Map<String, Object> session = ActionContext.getContext().getSession();
        //获取session中的user
        Object object = session.get("user");
        //判断session中是否有数据
        if(object!=null)
        {
            //有,放行
            return invocation.invoke();
        }
        else
        {
            //没有,重定向到login.jsp
            return "toLogin";
        }
            
    }

}
MyIntercept.java

 

posted @ 2019-10-06 17:04 Cynical丶Gary 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏