C# 获取 mp3文件信息

C# 获取 mp3文件信息【包括:文件大小、歌曲长度、歌手、专辑】

 

第一种方式:[代码已验证]

// http://bbs.csdn.net/topics/390392612

  string file = @"E:\滴答.mp3";

            ShellClass sh = new ShellClass();

            Folder dir = sh.NameSpace(Path.GetDirectoryName(file));

            FolderItem item = dir.ParseName(Path.GetFileName(file));

            string str = dir.GetDetailsOf(item, 27) ; // 获取歌曲时长。

            MessageBox.Show(str);
 

// 如果执行过程中,出现是错误提示,通过Shell32 的 Embed Interop Types 属性设置为 False 即可;

 

 

 shell 获取 文件详细信息

首先引用COM组件
Microsoft Shell Controls And Automation
这里需要注意
DLL的属性Embed Interop Type 设为False
否则会引起互操作类型异常

代码如下
ShellClass sh = new ShellClass();
Folder dir = sh.NameSpace(Path.GetDirectoryName(sFile));
FolderItem item = dir.ParseName(Path.GetFileName(sFile));
string det = dir.GetDetailsOf(item, iCol);

iCol 对应文件详细属性汇总
ID  => DETAIL-NAME
0   => Name
1   => Size     // MP3 文件大小
2   => Type
3   => Date modified
4   => Date created
5   => Date accessed
6   => Attributes
7   => Offline status
8   => Offline availability
9   => Perceived type
10  => Owner
11  => Kinds
12  => Date taken
13  => Artists   // MP3 歌手
14  => Album     // MP3 专辑
15  => Year
16  => Genre
17  => Conductors
18  => Tags
19  => Rating
20  => Authors
21  => Title     // MP3 歌曲名
22  => Subject
23  => Categories
24  => Comments
25  => Copyright
26  => #
27  => Length    // MP3 时长
28  => Bit rate
29  => Protected
30  => Camera model
31  => Dimensions
32  => Camera maker
33  => Company
34  => File description
35  => Program name
36  => Duration
37  => Is online
38  => Is recurring
39  => Location
40  => Optional attendee addresses
41  => Optional attendees
42  => Organizer address
43  => Organizer name
44  => Reminder time
45  => Required attendee addresses
46  => Required attendees
47  => Resources
48  => Free/busy status
49  => Total size
50  => Account name
51  => Computer
52  => Anniversary
53  => Assistant's name
54  => Assistant's phone
55  => Birthday
56  => Business address
57  => Business city
58  => Business country/region
59  => Business P.O. box
60  => Business postal code
61  => Business state or province
62  => Business street
63  => Business fax
64  => Business home page
65  => Business phone
66  => Callback number
67  => Car phone
68  => Children
69  => Company main phone
70  => Department
71  => E-mail Address
72  => E-mail2
73  => E-mail3
74  => E-mail list
75  => E-mail display name
76  => File as
77  => First name
78  => Full name
79  => Gender
80  => Given name
81  => Hobbies
82  => Home address
83  => Home city
84  => Home country/region
85  => Home P.O. box
86  => Home postal code

  

 

 

 

 

 

//第二种方式: 读取文件结构获取 MP3文件信息 [代码未验证]

 public struct Mp3Info
    {
        public string identify;//TAG,三个字节     
        public string Title;//歌曲名,30个字节     
        public string Artist;//歌手名,30个字节     
        public string Album;//所属唱片,30个字节      
        public string Year;//年,4个字符     
        public string Comment;//注释,28个字节      
        public char reserved1;//保留位,一个字节        
        public char reserved2;//保留位,一个字节        
        public char reserved3;//保留位,一个字节     
    }     
    /// <summary>
    /// mp3类
    /// </summary>
    public class clsMP3
    {
        public void fLogSave(Page _sender, Hashtable _htUser)
        {
            
        }
        //所以,我们只要把MP3文件的最后128个字节分段读出来并保存到该结构里就可以了。函数定义如下:     
        private byte[] getLast128(string FileName)
        {
            FileStream fs = new FileStream(FileName, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read);
            Stream stream = fs;
            stream.Seek(-128, SeekOrigin.End);
            const int seekPos = 128;
            int rl = 0;
            byte[] Info = new byte[seekPos];
            rl = stream.Read(Info, 0, seekPos);
            fs.Close();
            stream.Close();
            return Info;
        }
        //再对上面返回的字节数组分段取出,并保存到Mp3Info结构中返回:   
        private Mp3Info getMp3Info(byte[] Info)
        {
            Mp3Info mp3Info = new Mp3Info();
            string str = null;
            int i;
            int position = 0;//循环的起始值     
            int currentIndex = 0;//Info的当前索引值     
            //获取TAG标识(数组前3个)     
            for (i = currentIndex; i < currentIndex + 3; i++)
            {
                str = str + (char)Info[i];
                position++;
            }
            currentIndex = position;
            mp3Info.identify = str;
           //获取歌名(数组3-32)     
            str = null;
            byte[] bytTitle = new byte[30];//将歌名部分读到一个单独的数组中     
            int j = 0;
            for (i = currentIndex; i < currentIndex + 30; i++)
            {
                bytTitle[j] = Info[i];
                position++;
                j++;
            }
            currentIndex = position;
            mp3Info.Title = this.byteToString(bytTitle);
           //获取歌手名(数组33-62)     
            str = null;
            j = 0;
            byte[] bytArtist = new byte[30];//将歌手名部分读到一个单独的数组中     
            for (i = currentIndex; i < currentIndex + 30; i++)
            {
                bytArtist[j] = Info[i];
                position++;
                j++;
            }
            currentIndex = position;
            mp3Info.Artist = this.byteToString(bytArtist);
            //获取唱片名(数组63-92)     
            str = null;
            j = 0;
            byte[] bytAlbum = new byte[30];//将唱片名部分读到一个单独的数组中     
            for (i = currentIndex; i < currentIndex + 30; i++)
            {
                bytAlbum[j] = Info[i];
                position++;
                j++;
            }
            currentIndex = position;
            mp3Info.Album = this.byteToString(bytAlbum);
            //获取年 (数组93-96)    
            str = null;
            j = 0;
            byte[] bytYear = new byte[4];//将年部分读到一个单独的数组中     
            for (i = currentIndex; i < currentIndex + 4; i++)
            {
                bytYear[j] = Info[i];
                position++;
                j++;
            }
            currentIndex = position;
            mp3Info.Year = this.byteToString(bytYear);
            //获取注释(数组97-124)     
            str = null;
            j = 0;
            byte[] bytComment = new byte[28];//将注释部分读到一个单独的数组中     
            for (i = currentIndex; i < currentIndex + 25; i++)
            {
                bytComment[j] = Info[i];
                position++;
                j++;
            }
            currentIndex = position;
            mp3Info.Comment = this.byteToString(bytComment);
            //以下获取保留位(数组125-127)     
            mp3Info.reserved1 = (char)Info[++position];
            mp3Info.reserved2 = (char)Info[++position];
            mp3Info.reserved3 = (char)Info[++position];
            return mp3Info;
        }
        //上面程序用到下面的方法:     
        ///   <summary>     
        ///   将字节数组转换成字符串    
        ///   </summary>     
        ///   <param   name   =   "b">字节数组</param>     
        ///   <returns>返回转换后的字符串</returns>     
        private string byteToString(byte[] b)
        {
            Encoding enc = Encoding.GetEncoding("GB2312");
            string str = enc.GetString(b);
            str = str.Substring(0, str.IndexOf('\0') >= 0 ? str.IndexOf('\0') : str.Length);//去掉无用字符     
            return str;
        } 
    }

 

 



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posted @ 2014-03-04 17:50  把爱延续  阅读(11261)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报