centos7下使用docker安装nginx

需要环境docker,此处不做介绍。

1. docker拉取官方nginx镜像

docker pull nginx

2. 等待下载完成后,我们就可以在本地镜像列表里查到 REPOSITORY 为 nginx 的镜像。

[root@WSyHRQ171356 ~]# docker images
REPOSITORY          TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
nginx               latest              62f816a209e6        8 days ago          109MB

3. 创建目录 nginx/html、nginx/conf、nginx/logs, 用于存放后面静态页面、配置文件、日志文件的相关东西。

[root@WSyHRQ171356 /]# mkdir -p /nginx/html/ /nginx/conf/ /nginx/logs/

4. 创建配置文件nginx.conf

[root@WSyHRQ171356 /]# vi /nginx/conf/nginx.conf

粘贴入如下内容:

#user  nobody;
worker_processes  1;

#error_log  logs/error.log;
#error_log  logs/error.log  notice;
#error_log  logs/error.log  info;

#pid        logs/nginx.pid;

events {
    worker_connections  1024;
}

http {
    include       /etc/nginx/mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;

    sendfile        on;
    #tcp_nopush     on;

    #keepalive_timeout  0;
    keepalive_timeout  65;

    gzip  on;

    server {
        listen       80;
        server_name  127.0.0.1;

        location / {
            root   /usr/share/nginx/html;
            index  index.html index.htm;
        }

        error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
        location = /50x.html {
            root   /usr/share/nginx/html;
        }
    }

}

5. 创建配置文件mime.types

[root@WSyHRQ171356 /]# vi /nginx/conf/mime.types

粘贴入如下内容:

types {
    text/html                                        html htm shtml;
    text/css                                         css;
    text/xml                                         xml;
    image/gif                                        gif;
    image/jpeg                                       jpeg jpg;
    application/javascript                           js;
    application/atom+xml                             atom;
    application/rss+xml                              rss;

    text/mathml                                      mml;
    text/plain                                       txt;
    text/vnd.sun.j2me.app-descriptor                 jad;
    text/vnd.wap.wml                                 wml;
    text/x-component                                 htc;

    image/png                                        png;
    image/svg+xml                                    svg svgz;
    image/tiff                                       tif tiff;
    image/vnd.wap.wbmp                               wbmp;
    image/webp                                       webp;
    image/x-icon                                     ico;
    image/x-jng                                      jng;
    image/x-ms-bmp                                   bmp;

    application/font-woff                            woff;
    application/java-archive                         jar war ear;
    application/json                                 json;
    application/mac-binhex40                         hqx;
    application/msword                               doc;
    application/pdf                                  pdf;
    application/postscript                           ps eps ai;
    application/rtf                                  rtf;
    application/vnd.apple.mpegurl                    m3u8;
    application/vnd.google-earth.kml+xml             kml;
    application/vnd.google-earth.kmz                 kmz;
    application/vnd.ms-excel                         xls;
    application/vnd.ms-fontobject                    eot;
    application/vnd.ms-powerpoint                    ppt;
    application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.graphics      odg;
    application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.presentation  odp;
    application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.spreadsheet   ods;
    application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.text          odt;
    application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.presentation
                                                     pptx;
    application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet
                                                     xlsx;
    application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document
                                                     docx;
    application/vnd.wap.wmlc                         wmlc;
    application/x-7z-compressed                      7z;
    application/x-cocoa                              cco;
    application/x-java-archive-diff                  jardiff;
    application/x-java-jnlp-file                     jnlp;
    application/x-makeself                           run;
    application/x-perl                               pl pm;
    application/x-pilot                              prc pdb;
    application/x-rar-compressed                     rar;
    application/x-redhat-package-manager             rpm;
    application/x-sea                                sea;
    application/x-shockwave-flash                    swf;
    application/x-stuffit                            sit;
    application/x-tcl                                tcl tk;
    application/x-x509-ca-cert                       der pem crt;
    application/x-xpinstall                          xpi;
    application/xhtml+xml                            xhtml;
    application/xspf+xml                             xspf;
    application/zip                                  zip;

    application/octet-stream                         bin exe dll;
    application/octet-stream                         deb;
    application/octet-stream                         dmg;
    application/octet-stream                         iso img;
    application/octet-stream                         msi msp msm;

    audio/midi                                       mid midi kar;
    audio/mpeg                                       mp3;
    audio/ogg                                        ogg;
    audio/x-m4a                                      m4a;
    audio/x-realaudio                                ra;

    video/3gpp                                       3gpp 3gp;
    video/mp2t                                       ts;
    video/mp4                                        mp4;
    video/mpeg                                       mpeg mpg;
    video/quicktime                                  mov;
    video/webm                                       webm;
    video/x-flv                                      flv;
    video/x-m4v                                      m4v;
    video/x-mng                                      mng;
    video/x-ms-asf                                   asx asf;
    video/x-ms-wmv                                   wmv;
    video/x-msvideo                                  avi;
}

6. 新建静态页面文件index.html用于测试nginx启动状态:

[root@WSyHRQ171356 /]# vi /nginx/html/index.html

内容如下:

<html>
    <h1>
        Docker is very Good!
    </h1>
</html>

7. 使用 nginx 镜像运行容器

[root@WSyHRQ171356 /]# docker run -d -p 80:80 --name nginx -v /nginx/html:/usr/share/nginx/html -v /nginx/conf:/etc/nginx -v /nginx/logs:/var/log/nginx nginx

命令说明:

  • -d后台运行容器

  • -p 80:80:将容器的80端口映射到主机的80端口

  • --name nginx:将容器命名为nginx

  • -v /nginx/html:/usr/share/nginx/html:将主机中/nginx/html目录挂载到容器的/usr/share/nginx/html目录

  • -v /nginx/conf:/etc/nginx:将主机中/nginx/conf目录挂载到容器的/etc/nginx目录

  • -v /nginx/logs:/var/log/nginx:将主机中/nginx/logs目录挂载到容器的/var/log/nginx目录

8. 查看容器启动情况

[root@WSyHRQ171356 /]# docker ps
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE               COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS              PORTS                NAMES
8892da7cdcfc        nginx               "nginx -g 'daemon of…"   About an hour ago   Up 39 minutes       0.0.0.0:80->80/tcp   nginx

9. 通过浏览器访问如下,完成nginx安装

 

posted @ 2018-11-15 16:03  007少侠  阅读(4121)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报
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