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重新想象 Windows 8 Store Apps (45) - 多线程之异步编程: IAsyncAction, IAsyncOperation, IAsyncActionWithProgress, IAsyncOperationWithProgress

Posted on 2013-07-25 08:33 webabcd 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏

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重新想象 Windows 8 Store Apps (45) - 多线程之异步编程: IAsyncAction, IAsyncOperation, IAsyncActionWithProgress, IAsyncOperationWithProgress



作者:webabcd


介绍
重新想象 Windows 8 Store Apps 之 异步编程

  • IAsyncAction - 无返回值,无进度值
  • IAsyncOperation - 有返回值,无进度值
  • IAsyncActionWithProgress - 无返回值,有进度值
  • IAsyncOperationWithProgress - 有返回值,有进度值



示例
1、演示 IAsyncAction(无返回值,无进度值)的用法
Thread/Async/IAsyncActionDemo.xaml

<Page
    x:Class="XamlDemo.Thread.Async.IAsyncActionDemo"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:local="using:XamlDemo.Thread.Async"
    xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
    xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
    mc:Ignorable="d">

    <Grid Background="Transparent">
        <StackPanel Margin="120 0 0 0">

            <TextBlock Name="lblMsg" FontSize="14.667" />

            <Button Name="btnCreateAsyncAction" Content="执行一个 IAsyncAction" Click="btnCreateAsyncAction_Click_1" Margin="0 10 0 0" />

            <Button Name="btnCancelAsyncAction" Content="取消" Click="btnCancelAsyncAction_Click_1" Margin="0 10 0 0" />

        </StackPanel>
    </Grid>
</Page>

Thread/Async/IAsyncActionDemo.xaml.cs

/*
 * 演示 IAsyncAction(无返回值,无进度值)的用法
 * 
 * 注:
 * 1、WinRT 中的异步功能均源自 IAsyncInfo
 * 2、IAsyncAction, IAsyncOperation<TResult>, IAsyncActionWithProgress<TProgress>, IAsyncOperationWithProgress<TResult, TProgress> 均继承自 IAsyncInfo
 * 
 * 
 * 另:
 * Windows.System.Threading.ThreadPool.RunAsync() - 返回的就是 IAsyncAction
 */

using System.Runtime.InteropServices.WindowsRuntime;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Windows.Foundation;
using Windows.UI.Xaml;
using Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls;

namespace XamlDemo.Thread.Async
{
    public sealed partial class IAsyncActionDemo : Page
    {
        private IAsyncAction _action;

        public IAsyncActionDemo()
        {
            this.InitializeComponent();
        }

        private IAsyncAction GetAsyncAction()
        {
            // 通过 System.Runtime.InteropServices.WindowsRuntime.AsyncInfo 创建 IAsyncAction
            return AsyncInfo.Run(
                (token) => // CancellationToken token
                    Task.Run(
                        () =>
                        {
                            token.WaitHandle.WaitOne(3000);
                            token.ThrowIfCancellationRequested();
                        },
                        token));
        }

        private void btnCreateAsyncAction_Click_1(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            _action = GetAsyncAction();

            // 可以 await _action 

            // IAsyncAction 完成后
            _action.Completed =
                (asyncInfo, asyncStatus) => // IAsyncAction asyncInfo, AsyncStatus asyncStatus
                {
                    // AsyncStatus 包括:Started, Completed, Canceled, Error
                    lblMsg.Text = "完成了,AsyncStatus: " + asyncStatus.ToString();
                };

            lblMsg.Text = "开始执行,3 秒后完成";
        }

        // 取消 IAsyncAction
        private void btnCancelAsyncAction_Click_1(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            if (_action != null)
                _action.Cancel();
        }
    }
}


2、演示 IAsyncOperation<TResult>(有返回值,无进度值)的用法
Thread/Async/IAsyncOperationDemo.xaml

<Page
    x:Class="XamlDemo.Thread.Async.IAsyncOperationDemo"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:local="using:XamlDemo.Thread.Async"
    xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
    xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
    mc:Ignorable="d">

    <Grid Background="Transparent">
        <StackPanel Margin="120 0 0 0">

            <TextBlock Name="lblMsg" FontSize="14.667" />

            <Button Name="btnCreateAsyncOperation" Content="执行一个 IAsyncOperation" Click="btnCreateAsyncOperation_Click_1" Margin="0 10 0 0" />

            <Button Name="btnCancelAsyncOperation" Content="取消" Click="btnCancelAsyncOperation_Click_1" Margin="0 10 0 0" />

        </StackPanel>
    </Grid>
</Page>

Thread/Async/IAsyncOperationDemo.xaml.cs

/*
 * 演示 IAsyncOperation<TResult>(有返回值,无进度值)的用法
 * 
 * 注:
 * 1、WinRT 中的异步功能均源自 IAsyncInfo
 * 2、IAsyncAction, IAsyncOperation<TResult>, IAsyncActionWithProgress<TProgress>, IAsyncOperationWithProgress<TResult, TProgress> 均继承自 IAsyncInfo
 */

using System;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices.WindowsRuntime;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Windows.Foundation;
using Windows.UI.Xaml;
using Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls;

namespace XamlDemo.Thread.Async
{
    public sealed partial class IAsyncOperationDemo : Page
    {
        private IAsyncOperation<int> _operation;

        public IAsyncOperationDemo()
        {
            this.InitializeComponent();
        }

        private IAsyncOperation<int> GetAsyncOperation(int x, int y)
        {
            // 通过 System.Runtime.InteropServices.WindowsRuntime.AsyncInfo 创建 IAsyncOperation<TResult>
            return AsyncInfo.Run<int>(
               (token) => // CancellationToken token
                   Task.Run<int>(
                       () =>
                       {
                           token.WaitHandle.WaitOne(3000);
                           token.ThrowIfCancellationRequested();

                           // 返回结果
                           return x * y;
                       },
                       token));
        }

        private void btnCreateAsyncOperation_Click_1(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            _operation = GetAsyncOperation(10, 10);

            // 可以 await _operation 

            // IAsyncOperation<TResult> 完成后
            _operation.Completed =
                (asyncInfo, asyncStatus) => // IAsyncAction asyncInfo, AsyncStatus asyncStatus
                {
                    // AsyncStatus 包括:Started, Completed, Canceled, Error
                    lblMsg.Text = "完成了,AsyncStatus: " + asyncStatus.ToString();

                    if (asyncStatus == AsyncStatus.Completed)
                    {
                        lblMsg.Text += Environment.NewLine;
                        // 获取异步操作的返回结果
                        lblMsg.Text += "结果: " + asyncInfo.GetResults().ToString();
                    }
                };

            lblMsg.Text = "开始执行,3 秒后完成";
        }

        // 取消 IAsyncOperation<TResult>
        private void btnCancelAsyncOperation_Click_1(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            if (_operation != null)
                _operation.Cancel();
        }
    }
}


3、演示 IAsyncActionWithProgress<TProgress>(无返回值,有进度值)的用法
Thread/Async/IAsyncActionWithProgressDemo.xaml

<Page
    x:Class="XamlDemo.Thread.Async.IAsyncActionWithProgressDemo"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:local="using:XamlDemo.Thread.Async"
    xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
    xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
    mc:Ignorable="d">

    <Grid Background="Transparent">
        <StackPanel Margin="120 0 0 0">

            <TextBlock Name="lblMsg" FontSize="14.667" />
            <TextBlock Name="lblProgress" FontSize="14.667" />

            <Button Name="btnCreateAsyncActionWithProgress" Content="执行一个 IAsyncActionWithProgress" Click="btnCreateAsyncActionWithProgress_Click_1" Margin="0 10 0 0" />

            <Button Name="btnCancelAsyncActionWithProgress" Content="取消" Click="btnCancelAsyncActionWithProgress_Click_1" Margin="0 10 0 0" />

        </StackPanel>
    </Grid>
</Page>

Thread/Async/IAsyncActionWithProgressDemo.xaml.cs

/*
 * 演示 IAsyncActionWithProgress<TProgress>(无返回值,有进度值)的用法
 * 
 * 注:
 * 1、WinRT 中的异步功能均源自 IAsyncInfo
 * 2、IAsyncAction, IAsyncOperation<TResult>, IAsyncActionWithProgress<TProgress>, IAsyncOperationWithProgress<TResult, TProgress> 均继承自 IAsyncInfo
 */

using System.Runtime.InteropServices.WindowsRuntime;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Windows.Foundation;
using Windows.UI.Xaml;
using Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls;

namespace XamlDemo.Thread.Async
{
    public sealed partial class IAsyncActionWithProgressDemo : Page
    {
        private IAsyncActionWithProgress<int> _action;

        public IAsyncActionWithProgressDemo()
        {
            this.InitializeComponent();
        }

        private IAsyncActionWithProgress<int> GetAsyncActionWithProgress()
        {
            // 通过 System.Runtime.InteropServices.WindowsRuntime.AsyncInfo 创建 IAsyncActionWithProgress<TProgress>
            return AsyncInfo.Run<int>(
                (token, progress) => // CancellationToken token, IProgress<TProgress> progress
                    Task.Run(
                        () =>
                        {
                            // 报告进度(进度是一个 int 值)
                            progress.Report(0);

                            int percent = 0;
                            while (percent < 100)
                            {
                                token.WaitHandle.WaitOne(100);
                                token.ThrowIfCancellationRequested();

                                percent++;

                                // 报告进度(进度是一个 int 值)
                                progress.Report(percent);
                            }
                        },
                        token));
        }

        private void btnCreateAsyncActionWithProgress_Click_1(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            _action = GetAsyncActionWithProgress();

            // 可以 await _action 

            // IAsyncActionWithProgress<TProgress> 完成后
            _action.Completed =
                (asyncInfo, asyncStatus) => // IAsyncAction asyncInfo, AsyncStatus asyncStatus
                {
                    // AsyncStatus 包括:Started, Completed, Canceled, Error
                    lblMsg.Text = "完成了,AsyncStatus: " + asyncStatus.ToString();
                };

            // IAsyncActionWithProgress<TProgress> 接收到进度后
            _action.Progress =
                (asyncInfo, progressInfo) => // IAsyncActionWithProgress<TProgress> asyncInfo, TProgress progressInfo
                {
                    // 进度是一个 int 值
                    lblProgress.Text = "进度: " + progressInfo.ToString();
                };

            lblMsg.Text = "开始执行";
        }

        // 取消 IAsyncActionWithProgress<TProgress>
        private void btnCancelAsyncActionWithProgress_Click_1(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            if (_action != null)
                _action.Cancel();
        }
    }
}


4、演示 IAsyncOperationWithProgress<TResult, TProgress>(有返回值,有进度值)的用法
Thread/Async/IAsyncOperationWithProgressDemo.xaml

<Page
    x:Class="XamlDemo.Thread.Async.IAsyncOperationWithProgressDemo"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:local="using:XamlDemo.Thread.Async"
    xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
    xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
    mc:Ignorable="d">

    <Grid Background="Transparent">
        <StackPanel Margin="120 0 0 0">

            <TextBlock Name="lblMsg" FontSize="14.667" />
            <TextBlock Name="lblProgress" FontSize="14.667" />

            <Button Name="btnCreateAsyncOperationWithProgress" Content="执行一个 IAsyncOperationWithProgress" Click="btnCreateAsyncOperationWithProgress_Click_1" Margin="0 10 0 0" />

            <Button Name="btnCancelAsyncOperationWithProgress" Content="取消" Click="btnCancelAsyncOperationWithProgress_Click_1" Margin="0 10 0 0" />

        </StackPanel>
    </Grid>
</Page>

Thread/Async/IAsyncOperationWithProgressDemo.xaml.cs

/*
 * 演示 IAsyncOperationWithProgress<TResult, TProgress>(有返回值,有进度值)的用法
 * 
 * 注:
 * 1、WinRT 中的异步功能均源自 IAsyncInfo
 * 2、IAsyncAction, IAsyncOperation<TResult>, IAsyncActionWithProgress<TProgress>, IAsyncOperationWithProgress<TResult, TProgress> 均继承自 IAsyncInfo
 * 
 * 
 * 另:
 * Windows.Web.Syndication.SyndicationClient.RetrieveFeedAsync() - 返回的就是 IAsyncOperationWithProgress<TResult, TProgress>
 */

using System;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices.WindowsRuntime;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Windows.Foundation;
using Windows.UI.Xaml;
using Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls;

namespace XamlDemo.Thread.Async
{
    public sealed partial class IAsyncOperationWithProgressDemo : Page
    {
        private IAsyncOperationWithProgress<string, int> _operation;

        public IAsyncOperationWithProgressDemo()
        {
            this.InitializeComponent();
        }

        private IAsyncOperationWithProgress<string, int> GetAsyncOperationWithProgress()
        {
            // 通过 System.Runtime.InteropServices.WindowsRuntime.AsyncInfo 创建 IAsyncOperationWithProgress<TResult, TProgress>
            return AsyncInfo.Run<string, int>(
                (token, progress) =>
                    Task.Run<string>(
                        () =>
                        {
                            // 报告进度(进度是一个 int 值)
                            progress.Report(0);

                            int percent = 0;
                            while (percent < 100)
                            {
                                token.WaitHandle.WaitOne(100);
                                token.ThrowIfCancellationRequested();

                                percent++;

                                // 报告进度(进度是一个 int 值)
                                progress.Report(percent);
                            }

                            // 返回结果
                            return "成功了";
                        },
                        token));
        }

        private void btnCreateAsyncOperationWithProgress_Click_1(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            _operation = GetAsyncOperationWithProgress();

            // 可以 await _operation 

            // IAsyncOperationWithProgress<TResult, TProgress> 完成后
            _operation.Completed =
                (asyncInfo, asyncStatus) => // IAsyncAction asyncInfo, AsyncStatus asyncStatus
                {
                    // AsyncStatus 包括:Started, Completed, Canceled, Error
                    lblMsg.Text = "完成了,AsyncStatus: " + asyncStatus.ToString();

                    if (asyncStatus == AsyncStatus.Completed)
                    {
                        lblMsg.Text += Environment.NewLine;
                        // 获取异步操作的返回结果
                        lblMsg.Text += "结果: " + asyncInfo.GetResults().ToString();
                    }
                };

            // IAsyncOperationWithProgress<TResult, TProgress> 接收到进度后
            _operation.Progress =
                (asyncInfo, progressInfo) => // IAsyncActionWithProgress<TProgress> asyncInfo, TProgress progressInfo
                {
                    // 进度是一个 int 值
                    lblProgress.Text = "进度: " + progressInfo.ToString();
                };

            lblMsg.Text = "开始执行";
        }

        // 取消 IAsyncOperationWithProgress<TResult, TProgress>
        private void btnCancelAsyncOperationWithProgress_Click_1(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            if (_operation != null)
                _operation.Cancel();
        }
    }
}



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[源码下载]