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重新想象 Windows 8 Store Apps (37) - 契约: Settings Contract

Posted on 2013-06-27 08:13 webabcd 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏

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重新想象 Windows 8 Store Apps (37) - 契约: Settings Contract



作者:webabcd


介绍
重新想象 Windows 8 Store Apps 之 契约

  • Settings Contract - 右侧边栏称之为 Charm,其中的“设置”称之为 Settings Contract



示例
演示 Settings Contract 的应用
Contracts/SettingsContract/Demo.xaml

<Page
    x:Class="XamlDemo.Contracts.SettingsContract.Demo"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
    xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
    mc:Ignorable="d">

    <Grid Background="Transparent">
        <StackPanel Margin="120 0 0 0">

            <Button Name="btnAddSettings" Content="注册 SettingsPane 的 CommandsRequested 事件" Click="btnAddSettings_Click_1" />

            <Button Name="btnShowSettings" Content="打开 SettingsPane" Click="btnShowSettings_Click_1" Margin="0 10 0 0" />

            <TextBlock Name="lblMsg" FontSize="14.667" TextWrapping="Wrap" Margin="0 10 0 0" />
            
        </StackPanel>
    </Grid>
</Page>

Contracts/SettingsContract/Demo.xaml.cs

/*
 * Settings Contract - 右侧边栏称之为 Charm,其中的“设置”称之为 Settings Contract
 * 
 * SettingsPane - 设置面板
 *     GetForCurrentView() - 获取当前的 SettingsPane
 *     Show() - 打开 SettingsPane
 *     CommandsRequested - 每次打开 SettingsPane 时所触发的事件(两个类型为 SettingsPane 和 SettingsPaneCommandsRequestedEventArgs 的参数)
 *     
 * UICommandInvokedHandler - 单击设置面板中的设置项时引发的事件的回调函数,是一个委托(一个类型为 IUICommand 的参数,SettingsCommand 实现了此接口)
 * 
 * SettingsCommand - 设置面板中的设置项
 *     Id - 设置项的 ID,标识用
 *     Label - 设置项的名称,显示用
 *     Invoked - 指定单机设置项后,引发的事件的处理程序
 *     
 * SettingsPaneCommandsRequestedEventArgs - CommandsRequested 事件中的事件参数
 *     Request - 返回 SettingsPaneCommandsRequest 类型的数据
 *     
 * SettingsPaneCommandsRequest - 包含了 CommandsRequested 事件中的可用属性
 *     ApplicationCommands - SettingsCommand 集合
 */

using System;
using Windows.UI.ApplicationSettings;
using Windows.UI.Popups;
using Windows.UI.Xaml;
using Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls;
using Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls.Primitives;
using Windows.UI.Xaml.Media.Animation;
using Windows.UI.Xaml.Navigation;

namespace XamlDemo.Contracts.SettingsContract
{
    public sealed partial class Demo : Page
    {
        // 弹出自定义的详细设置页时,所用到的弹出框
        private Popup _settingsPopup = new Popup();
        // 是否注册了 SettingsPane 的 CommandsRequested 事件
        private bool _commandsRequestedRegistered = false;

        public Demo()
        {
            this.InitializeComponent();
        }

        protected override void OnNavigatedFrom(NavigationEventArgs e)
        {
            base.OnNavigatedFrom(e);

            // 离开此页则去掉 CommandsRequested 监听
            if (this._commandsRequestedRegistered)
            {
                SettingsPane.GetForCurrentView().CommandsRequested -= onCommandsRequested;
                _commandsRequestedRegistered = false;
            }
        }

        // 添加设置项,即初始化自定义的设置项
        private void btnAddSettings_Click_1(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            if (!_commandsRequestedRegistered)
            {
                // 注册 SettingsPane 的 CommandsRequested 事件
                SettingsPane.GetForCurrentView().CommandsRequested += onCommandsRequested;
                _commandsRequestedRegistered = true;
            }
            else
            {
                lblMsg.Text += "已经为 SettingsPane 注册了 CommandsRequested 事件";
                lblMsg.Text += Environment.NewLine;
            }
        }

        // 显示 SettingsPane
        private void btnShowSettings_Click_1(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            SettingsPane.Show();
        }

        void onCommandsRequested(SettingsPane settingsPane, SettingsPaneCommandsRequestedEventArgs eventArgs)
        {
            // 初始化 SettingsPane 中的设置项
            UICommandInvokedHandler handler = new UICommandInvokedHandler(onSettingsCommand);

            SettingsCommand aboutCommand = new SettingsCommand("about", "关于", handler);
            eventArgs.Request.ApplicationCommands.Add(aboutCommand);

            SettingsCommand contactCommand = new SettingsCommand("contactUs", "联系我们", handler);
            eventArgs.Request.ApplicationCommands.Add(contactCommand);

            SettingsCommand flyoutCommand = new SettingsCommand("flyout", "弹出一个类“设置”风格的详细设置页", handler);
            eventArgs.Request.ApplicationCommands.Add(flyoutCommand);
        }

        // 响应 SettingsPane 中的各个自定义设置项的命令
        void onSettingsCommand(IUICommand command)
        {
            SettingsCommand settingsCommand = (SettingsCommand)command;
            lblMsg.Text += string.Format("commandId:{0} - label:{1}", settingsCommand.Id.ToString(), settingsCommand.Label);
            lblMsg.Text += Environment.NewLine;

            // 通过 SettingsCommand.Id 来判断用户单机了哪个设置项
            if (settingsCommand.Id.ToString() == "flyout")
            {
                // 详细设置页的宽度
                double settingsPageWidth = 600;

                // 设置用于携带详细设置页的 Popup 的基本属性
                _settingsPopup.IsLightDismissEnabled = true;
                _settingsPopup.Width = settingsPageWidth;
                _settingsPopup.Height = Window.Current.Bounds.Height;

                // 为弹出框增加 PaneThemeTransition 的效果
                _settingsPopup.ChildTransitions = new TransitionCollection();
                _settingsPopup.ChildTransitions.Add(new PaneThemeTransition()
                {
                    Edge = EdgeTransitionLocation.Right
                });

                // 实例化自定义的详细设置页,并将其放到 Popup 内
                CustomSettingsPage mySettingsPage = new CustomSettingsPage();
                mySettingsPage.Width = settingsPageWidth;
                mySettingsPage.Height = Window.Current.Bounds.Height;
                _settingsPopup.Child = mySettingsPage;

                // 指定 Popup 的显示位置
                _settingsPopup.HorizontalOffset = Window.Current.Bounds.Width - settingsPageWidth;
                _settingsPopup.VerticalOffset = 0;
                _settingsPopup.IsOpen = true;
            }
        }
    }
}


自定义的详细设置页
Contracts/SettingsContract/CustomSettingsPage.xaml

<Page
    x:Class="XamlDemo.Contracts.SettingsContract.CustomSettingsPage"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:local="using:XamlDemo.Contracts.SettingsContract"
    xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
    xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
    mc:Ignorable="d">

    <Page.Resources>
        <!--
            详细设置页的左上角的返回按钮的样式
        -->
        <Style x:Key="SettingsBackButtonStyle" TargetType="Button">
            <Setter Property="MinWidth" Value="0"/>
            <Setter Property="FontFamily" Value="Segoe UI Symbol"/>
            <Setter Property="FontWeight" Value="Normal"/>
            <Setter Property="FontSize" Value="26.66667"/>
            <Setter Property="AutomationProperties.AutomationId" Value="BackButton"/>
            <Setter Property="AutomationProperties.Name" Value="Back"/>
            <Setter Property="AutomationProperties.ItemType" Value="Navigation Button"/>
            <Setter Property="Template">
                <Setter.Value>
                    <ControlTemplate TargetType="Button">
                        <Grid x:Name="RootGrid" Width="30" Height="30">
                            <Grid Margin="-6,-6,0,0">
                                <TextBlock x:Name="BackgroundGlyph" Text="&#xE0D4;" Foreground="Transparent"/>
                                <TextBlock x:Name="NormalGlyph" Text="{StaticResource BackButtonSnappedGlyph}" Foreground="White"/>
                                <TextBlock x:Name="ArrowGlyph" Text="&#xE0C4;" Foreground="#00b2f0" Opacity="0"/>
                            </Grid>
                            <Rectangle x:Name="FocusVisualWhite" IsHitTestVisible="False" Stroke="{StaticResource FocusVisualWhiteStrokeThemeBrush}" StrokeEndLineCap="Square" StrokeDashArray="1,1" Opacity="0" StrokeDashOffset="1.5" />
                            <Rectangle x:Name="FocusVisualBlack" IsHitTestVisible="False" Stroke="{StaticResource FocusVisualBlackStrokeThemeBrush}" StrokeEndLineCap="Square" StrokeDashArray="1,1" Opacity="0" StrokeDashOffset="0.5" />
                            <VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
                                <VisualStateGroup x:Name="CommonStates">
                                    <VisualState x:Name="Normal" />
                                    <VisualState x:Name="PointerOver">
                                        <Storyboard>
                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="BackgroundGlyph" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Foreground">
                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="{StaticResource BackButtonPointerOverBackgroundThemeBrush}"/>
                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                        </Storyboard>
                                    </VisualState>
                                    <VisualState x:Name="Pressed">
                                        <Storyboard>
                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="BackgroundGlyph" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Foreground">
                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="White"/>
                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                            <DoubleAnimation Storyboard.TargetName="ArrowGlyph" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Opacity" To="1" Duration="0"/>
                                            <DoubleAnimation Storyboard.TargetName="NormalGlyph" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Opacity" To="0" Duration="0"/>
                                        </Storyboard>
                                    </VisualState>
                                    <VisualState x:Name="Disabled">
                                        <Storyboard>
                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="RootGrid" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Visibility">
                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="Collapsed"/>
                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                        </Storyboard>
                                    </VisualState>
                                </VisualStateGroup>
                                <VisualStateGroup x:Name="FocusStates">
                                    <VisualState x:Name="Focused">
                                        <Storyboard>
                                            <DoubleAnimation Storyboard.TargetName="FocusVisualWhite" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Opacity" To="1" Duration="0"/>
                                            <DoubleAnimation Storyboard.TargetName="FocusVisualBlack" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Opacity" To="1" Duration="0"/>
                                        </Storyboard>
                                    </VisualState>
                                    <VisualState x:Name="Unfocused" />
                                    <VisualState x:Name="PointerFocused" />
                                </VisualStateGroup>
                            </VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
                        </Grid>
                    </ControlTemplate>
                </Setter.Value>
            </Setter>
        </Style>
    </Page.Resources>

    <Grid Background="Transparent" Name="root">
        <Border BorderBrush="Red" BorderThickness="1,0,0,0">
            <Grid Background="White">
                <Grid.RowDefinitions>
                    <RowDefinition Height="80"/>
                    <RowDefinition Height="*" />
                </Grid.RowDefinitions>

                <Grid Background="#00b2f0" Grid.Row="0">
                    <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal" Margin="40, 32, 17, 13">
                        <!--返回按钮-->
                        <Button Name="btnBack" Click="btnBack_Click_1" Margin="0,3,0,0" Style="{StaticResource SettingsBackButtonStyle}"/>
                        <!--详细设置页的标题-->
                        <TextBlock Margin="10,0,0,0" FontFamily="Segoe UI" FontWeight="SemiLight" FontSize="24.6667" Text="Defaults" Foreground="White"/>
                    </StackPanel>
                </Grid>

                <ScrollViewer Grid.Row="1">
                    <!--详细设置页内的全部内容-->
                    <StackPanel>
                        <!--为详细设置页内的内容增加 EntranceThemeTransition 效果-->
                        <StackPanel.ChildrenTransitions>
                            <TransitionCollection>
                                <PaneThemeTransition Edge="Right" />
                            </TransitionCollection>
                        </StackPanel.ChildrenTransitions>
                        <TextBlock FontSize="56" Foreground="Black" LineHeight="100">
                            <Run>设置1</Run>
                            <LineBreak />
                            <Run>设置2</Run>
                            <LineBreak />
                            <Run>设置3</Run>
                            <LineBreak />
                            <Run>设置4</Run>
                            <LineBreak />
                            <Run>设置5</Run>
                            <LineBreak />
                            <Run>设置6</Run>
                            <LineBreak />
                            <Run>设置7</Run>
                            <LineBreak />
                            <Run>设置8</Run>
                            <LineBreak />
                            <Run>设置9</Run>
                        </TextBlock>
                    </StackPanel>
                </ScrollViewer>
            </Grid>
        </Border>
    </Grid>
</Page>

Contracts/SettingsContract/CustomSettingsPage.xaml.cs

/*
 * 自定义的详细设置页
 */

using Windows.UI.ApplicationSettings;
using Windows.UI.Xaml;
using Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls;
using Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls.Primitives;
using Windows.UI.Xaml.Media.Animation;
using Windows.UI.Xaml.Navigation;

namespace XamlDemo.Contracts.SettingsContract
{
    public sealed partial class CustomSettingsPage : Page
    {
        public CustomSettingsPage()
        {
            this.InitializeComponent();
        }

        private void btnBack_Click_1(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            // 详细设置页的容器是 Popup,找到这个 Popup 并关闭它,从而关闭详细设置页
            Popup parent = this.Parent as Popup;
            if (parent != null)
            {
                parent.IsOpen = false;
            }

            // 显示设置面板
            if (Windows.UI.ViewManagement.ApplicationView.Value != Windows.UI.ViewManagement.ApplicationViewState.Snapped)
            {
                SettingsPane.Show();
            }
        }
    }
}



OK
[源码下载]