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重新想象 Windows 8 Store Apps (9) - 控件之 ScrollViewer 基础

Posted on 2013-03-07 08:27 webabcd 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏

[源码下载]


重新想象 Windows 8 Store Apps (9) - 控件之 ScrollViewer 基础



作者:webabcd


介绍
重新想象 Windows 8 Store Apps 之 ScrollViewer

  • 演示 ScrollViewer 的基本应用
  • 演示 ScrollBar 的基本应用
  • 演示 ScrollContentPresenter 的基本应用



示例
1、ScrollViewer 的基本应用
ScrollViewer/Demo.xaml

<Page
    x:Class="XamlDemo.Controls.ScrollViewer.Demo"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:local="using:XamlDemo.Controls.ScrollViewer"
    xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
    xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
    mc:Ignorable="d">

    <Grid Background="Transparent">
        <StackPanel Margin="120 0 0 0">
            
            <TextBlock Name="lblMsg" />

            <!--
                ScrollViewer - 滚动视图控件
                    Content - 滚动视图内的内容
                    IsDeferredScrollingEnabled - 是否启用延迟滚动,在滚动内容过多时,启用延迟混动可以改善性能,默认值为 false
                    HorizontalScrollMode - 水平滚动条的行为方式,Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls.ScrollMode枚举(Disabled, Enabled, Auto)
                    VerticalScrollMode - 垂直滚动条的行为方式
                    HorizontalScrollBarVisibility - 水平滚动条的可见性,Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls.ScrollBarVisibility枚举(Disabled, Auto, Hidden, Visible)
                    VerticalScrollBarVisibility - 垂直滚动条的可见性
                    ViewChanged - 发生滚动时所触发的事件
            -->
            <ScrollViewer Name="scrollViewer" Width="400" Height="400" Margin="0 10 0 0" HorizontalAlignment="Left"
                          IsDeferredScrollingEnabled="False"
                          ViewChanged="scrollViewer_ViewChanged_1"
                          HorizontalScrollMode="Enabled" VerticalScrollMode="Enabled"
                          HorizontalScrollBarVisibility="Visible" VerticalScrollBarVisibility="Visible">
                <ScrollViewer.Content>
                    <Image Source="/Assets/Logo.png" Width="1000" />
                </ScrollViewer.Content>
            </ScrollViewer>
            
            <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal">
                <!--使 ScrollViewer 里的内容滚动到相对于 ScrollViewer 居中-->
                <Button Content="居中" Click="Button_Click_1" />
            </StackPanel>
           
        </StackPanel>
    </Grid>
</Page>

ScrollViewer/Demo.xaml.cs

/*
 * ScrollViewer - 滚动视图控件
 * 
 * 本例用于演示 ScrollViewer 的基本用法
 */

using Windows.UI.Xaml;
using Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls;

namespace XamlDemo.Controls.ScrollViewer
{
    public sealed partial class Demo : Page
    {
        public Demo()
        {
            this.InitializeComponent();
        }

        private void scrollViewer_ViewChanged_1(object sender, ScrollViewerViewChangedEventArgs e)
        {
            lblMsg.Text = "";

            /*
             * ScrollViewer - 滚动视图控件
             *     ComputedHorizontalScrollBarVisibility - 当前水平滚动条的可见性,比如当 HorizontalScrollBarVisibility 设置为 Auton 时,可以通过 ComputedHorizontalScrollBarVisibility 来判断当前水平滚动条是否可见
             *     ComputedVerticalScrollBarVisibility - 当前垂直滚动条的可见性
             *     ExtentWidth - ScrollViewer 内的内容的宽
             *     ExtentHeight - ScrollViewer 内的内容的高
             *     ViewportWidth - 可视区的宽
             *     ViewportHeight - 可视区的高
             *     HorizontalOffset - 滚动内容的水平方向的偏移量
             *     VerticalOffset - 滚动内容的垂直方向的偏移量
             *     ScrollableWidth - 可滚动区域的水平方向的大小
             *     ScrollableHeight - 可滚动区域的垂直方向的大小
             *     
             *     ScrollToHorizontalOffset() - 滚动到指定的水平偏移位置
             *     ScrollToVerticalOffset() - 滚动到指定的垂直偏移位置
             */

            lblMsg.Text += "ComputedHorizontalScrollBarVisibility: " + scrollViewer.ComputedHorizontalScrollBarVisibility;
            lblMsg.Text += "\r\n";
            lblMsg.Text += "ComputedVerticalScrollBarVisibility: " + scrollViewer.ComputedVerticalScrollBarVisibility;
            lblMsg.Text += "\r\n";
            lblMsg.Text += "ExtentWidth: " + scrollViewer.ExtentWidth;
            lblMsg.Text += "\r\n";
            lblMsg.Text += "ExtentHeight: " + scrollViewer.ExtentHeight;
            lblMsg.Text += "\r\n";
            lblMsg.Text += "ViewportWidth: " + scrollViewer.ViewportWidth;
            lblMsg.Text += "\r\n";
            lblMsg.Text += "ViewportHeight: " + scrollViewer.ViewportHeight;
            lblMsg.Text += "\r\n";
            lblMsg.Text += "HorizontalOffset: " + scrollViewer.HorizontalOffset;
            lblMsg.Text += "\r\n";
            lblMsg.Text += "VerticalOffset: " + scrollViewer.VerticalOffset;
            lblMsg.Text += "\r\n";
            lblMsg.Text += "ScrollableWidth: " + scrollViewer.ScrollableWidth;
            lblMsg.Text += "\r\n";
            lblMsg.Text += "ScrollableHeight: " + scrollViewer.ScrollableHeight;
            lblMsg.Text += "\r\n";
        }

        private void Button_Click_1(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            scrollViewer.ScrollToHorizontalOffset(scrollViewer.ScrollableWidth / 2);
            scrollViewer.ScrollToVerticalOffset(scrollViewer.ScrollableHeight / 2);
        }
    }
}


2、ScrollBar 的基本应用
ScrollViewer/ScrollBarDemo.xaml

<Page
    x:Class="XamlDemo.Controls.ScrollViewer.ScrollBarDemo"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:local="using:XamlDemo.Controls.ScrollViewer"
    xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
    xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
    mc:Ignorable="d">
    
    <Grid Background="Transparent">
        <StackPanel Margin="120,0,0,0">
            
            <TextBlock Name="lblMsg" FontSize="14.667" HorizontalAlignment="Left" />
            <ScrollViewer Name="scrollViewer" Width="400" Height="200" HorizontalAlignment="Left">
                <Image Source="/Assets/Logo.png" Width="1000" />
            </ScrollViewer>
            
        </StackPanel>
    </Grid>
</Page>

ScrollViewer/ScrollBarDemo.xaml.cs

/*
 * ScrollBar - 滚动条控件
 * 
 * 本例通过访问 ScrollViewer 内的名为 VerticalScrollBar 的 ScrollBar 控件,来简要说明 ScrollBar 控件
 */

using Windows.UI.Xaml;
using Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls;
using Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls.Primitives;
using XamlDemo.Common;

namespace XamlDemo.Controls.ScrollViewer
{
    public sealed partial class ScrollBarDemo : Page
    {
        public ScrollBarDemo()
        {
            this.InitializeComponent();

            this.Loaded += ScrollBarDemo_Loaded;
        }

        void ScrollBarDemo_Loaded(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            // 找到 ScrollViewer 内的名为 VerticalScrollBar 的 ScrollBar 控件,即 ScrollViewer 内的垂直滚动条
            var scrollBar = Helper.GetVisualChild<ScrollBar>(scrollViewer, "VerticalScrollBar");
            // ValueChanged - 当滚动条的值发生改变是所触发的事件
            scrollBar.ValueChanged += scrollBar_ValueChanged;
        }

        void scrollBar_ValueChanged(object sender, RangeBaseValueChangedEventArgs e)
        {
            // 显示垂直滚动条的当前值
            lblMsg.Text = e.NewValue.ToString();
        }
    }
}


3、ScrollContentPresenter 的基本应用
ScrollViewer/ScrollContentPresenterDemo.xaml

<Page
    x:Class="XamlDemo.Controls.ScrollViewer.ScrollContentPresenterDemo"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:local="using:XamlDemo.Controls.ScrollViewer"
    xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
    xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
    mc:Ignorable="d">

    <Grid Background="Transparent">
        <StackPanel Margin="120 0 0 0">

            <ScrollViewer Name="scrollViewer" Width="400" Height="400" Background="Blue" HorizontalAlignment="Left"
                          HorizontalScrollMode="Enabled" VerticalScrollMode="Enabled"
                          HorizontalScrollBarVisibility="Visible" VerticalScrollBarVisibility="Visible">
                <ScrollViewer.Content>
                    <Image Source="/Assets/Logo.png" Width="1000" />
                </ScrollViewer.Content>
            </ScrollViewer>

        </StackPanel>
    </Grid>
</Page>

ScrollViewer/ScrollContentPresenterDemo.xaml.cs

/*
 * ScrollContentPresenter - ScrollViewer 的内容呈现器(类似的有 ContentPresenter, ItemsPresenter)
 * 
 * ScrollContentPresenter 用来呈现 ScrollViewer 的 Content
 */

using Windows.UI.Xaml;
using Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls;
using XamlDemo.Common;

namespace XamlDemo.Controls.ScrollViewer
{
    public sealed partial class ScrollContentPresenterDemo : Page
    {
        public ScrollContentPresenterDemo()
        {
            this.InitializeComponent();

            this.Loaded += ScrollContentPresenterDemo_Loaded;
        }

        void ScrollContentPresenterDemo_Loaded(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            // 找到 ScrollViewer 内的名为 ScrollContentPresenter 的 ScrollContentPresenter 控件
            var scrollContentPresenter = Helper.GetVisualChild<ScrollContentPresenter>(scrollViewer, "ScrollContentPresenter");
            
            scrollContentPresenter.Margin = new Thickness(100);
        }
    }
}



OK
[源码下载]