[HDU 1111]--Secret Code

 

题目链接:http://acm.hdu.edu.cn/showproblem.php?pid=1111

Problem Description
The Sarcophagus itself is locked by a secret numerical code. When somebody wants to open it, he must know the code and set it exactly on the top of the Sarcophagus. A very intricate mechanism then opens the cover. If an incorrect code is entered, the tickets inside would catch fire immediately and they would have been lost forever. The code (consisting of up to 100 integers) was hidden in the Alexandrian Library but unfortunately, as you probably know, the library burned down completely.

But an almost unknown archaeologist has obtained a copy of the code something during the 18th century. He was afraid that the code could get to the ``wrong people'' so he has encoded the numbers in a very special way. He took a random complex number B that was greater (in absolute value) than any of the encoded numbers. Then he counted the numbers as the digits of the system with basis B. That means the sequence of numbers an, an-1, ..., a1, a0 was encoded as the number X = a0 + a1B + a2B2 + ...+ anBn.

Your goal is to decrypt the secret code, i.e. to express a given number X in the number system to the base B. In other words, given the numbers X and Byou are to determine the ``digit'' a0 through an.
 

 

Input
The input consists of T test cases. The number of them (T) is given on the first line of the input file. Each test case consists of one single line containing four integer numbers Xr, Xi, Br, Bi (|Xr|,|Xi| <= 1000000, |Br|,|Bi| <= 16). These numbers indicate the real and complex components of numbers X and B, i.e. X = Xr + i.Xi, B = Br + i.Bi. B is the basis of the system (|B| > 1), X is the number you have to express.
 

 

Output
Your program must output a single line for each test case. The line should contain the ``digits'' an, an-1, ..., a1, a0, separated by commas. The following conditions must be satisfied:
for all i in {0, 1, 2, ...n}: 0 <= ai < |B|
X = a0 + a1B + a2B2 + ...+ anBn
if n > 0 then an <> 0
n <= 100
If there are no numbers meeting these criteria, output the sentence "The code cannot be decrypted.". If there are more possibilities, print any of them.
 

 

Sample Input
4
-935 2475 -11 -15
1 0 -3 -2
93 16 3 2
191 -192 11 -12
 

 

Sample Output
8,11,18
1
The code cannot be decrypted.
16,15
 

 

Source
 
 
题目大意:给你两个复数x,b(xr,xi,br,bi对应实数,虚数部分)求一个序列a满足 X = a0 + a1B + a2B^2 + ...+ anB^n 
 
 
思路:这题是一直被坑啊,在我们学校一直wa,  怀疑数据问题跑到杭电上去刷(事实证明我想多了(。・_・。)ノ)
首先先来科普一下
秦九韶算法:

把一个n次多项式f(x)=a[n]x^n+a[n-1]x^(n-1)+......+a[1]x+a[0]

改写成如下形式:

f(x)=a[n]x^n+a[n-1]x^(n-1))+......+a[1]x+a[0]

     =(a[n]x^(n-1)+a[n-1]x^(n-2)+......+a[1])x+a[0]

     =((a[n]x^(n-2)+a[n-1]x^(n-3)+......+a[2])x+a[1])x+a[0]  

      =......  =(......((a[n]x+a[n-1])x+a[n-2])x+......+a[1])x+a[0].

求多项式的值时,首先计算最内层括号内一次多项式的值,即 v[1]=a[n]x+a[n-1]然后由内向外逐层计算一次多项式的值,即  v[2]=v[1]x+a[n-2]                v[3]=v[2]x+a[n-3]    ......   v[n]=v[n-1]x+a[0]这样,求n次多项式f(x)的值就转化为求n个一次多项式的值。(注:中括号里的数表示下标)上述方法称为秦九韶算法。直到今天,这种算法仍是多项式求值比较先进的算法

 

复数的除法::令t=c*c+d*d,(a+bi)/(c+di)=(ac+bd)/t+(bc-ad)/ti

然后深搜枚举a0~an,每次减去ai之后除以b后,剩下的就又有一个常数,直到0为止。除法的时候,由于要保证整除(就是上面的ac+bd和bc-ad是t的倍数),可以减少很多时间

 

代码如下

 1 #include <stdio.h>
 2 typedef __int64 LL;
 3 LL xr, xi, br, bi, sq, ans[101];
 4 int flag, k;
 5 //---------秦九韶算法----------
 6 void dfs(int step, LL real, LL com){
 7     LL tx, ty;
 8     if (step > 100 || flag) return;
 9     if (!real && !com){
10         flag = 1;
11         k = step;
12         return;
13     }
14     //复数除法 --t=c*c+d*d, (a+bi)/(c+di)=(ac+bd)/t+(bc-ad)/ti----
15     for (int i = 0; i*i < sq; i++){
16         tx = (real - i)*br + com*bi;
17         ty = -(real - i)*bi + com*br;
18         ans[step] = i;
19         if (!(tx%sq) && !(ty%sq))
20             dfs(step + 1, tx / sq, ty / sq);
21         if (flag) return;
22     }
23 }
24 int main(){
25     int i, t;
26     scanf("%d", &t);
27     while (t--){
28         flag = 0;
29         scanf("%I64d%I64d%I64d%I64d", &xr, &xi, &br, &bi);
30         sq = br*br + bi*bi;
31         dfs(0, xr, xi);
32         if (!flag)
33             printf("The code cannot be decrypted.\n");
34         else{
35             printf("%d", ans[k - 1]);
36             for (i = k - 2; i >= 0; i--)
37                 printf(",%I64d", ans[i]);
38             printf("\n");
39         }
40     }
41     return 0;
42 }
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如果这是你所爱的,就不要让自己后悔~~~
posted @ 2015-05-30 22:15  繁夜  阅读(267)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报