【vuejs深入二】vue源码解析之一,基础源码结构和htmlParse解析器

写在前面

  一个好的架构需要经过血与火的历练,一个好的工程师需要经过无数项目的摧残。

  vuejs是一个优秀的前端mvvm框架,它的易用性和渐进式的理念可以使每一个前端开发人员感到舒服,感到easy。它内部的实现机制值得让我们深究,比如obServer的实现原理,为什么vue能够实现组件化等等,我们需要理解它内部的运行机制,代码结构,这样才能更深入的理解vue的优秀之处,能更好的贴合业务实际写出更恰当的代码。

  说明

    在展开本章之前,博主需要对自己看的源码文件进行一个简短的说明:

      博主最终选择首先阅读 Vue.js v2.1.3 这个版本的文件,什么文件呢? 不是基于es6的。 单独导入的。

      

    为什么大费周章要看这样的前端版本呢? 我给出的理由是,首先阅读目前浏览器中运行的js更符合渐进阅读的原则,有些es6的代码其实是js的语法糖,个人觉得语法糖吃的太多会长蛀虫,失了真正语言的精髓。当然完全使用es6博主完全没有意见,事实上博主工作中首选es6。但是在目前看来,先理解浏览器中的代码工作机制,再看es6的代码效果会更好,更贴切实际应用。并且博主会基于这个版本临摹一个简单点的vue,当理解充分后引入es6进行深入学习。

Vue.js的架构一

  

 

  一张图可以简略的了解vue的架构,当我们new Vue的时候,实际new的是Vue$3这个构造函数,紧接着,经过一系列判断处理,调用_init函数。 _init哪儿来的呢?

  通过initMinxin的调用,给当前Vue$3的prototype混入一个_init方法:

  

  在这个_init中经过六个步骤的操作,最终完成nw Vue()的操作:

  

  1.mergeOptions 合并策略对象,作用是合并父子组件options,它的作用是控制输出。即宽松输入,严格输出,通过一系列合并改装策略,将选项属性最终挂载到vm.$options上完成输出操作。

  2.initProxy初始化代理Proxy,它是为了后期的_render,使render时this指向proxy对象

  3.initLifecycle 初始化生命周期  这里很有意思

  4.initEvent 初始化事件,初始化生命周期之后,紧接着初始化事件处理,再紧接着代码里就可以看出来了,callHook调用事件。我们日常使用的beforeCreate、created分别在这调用

   5.initState 初始化data和props,我们的observer 发布订阅系统在这里实现。

  6.initRender 开始render

vue源码解析之一 htmlParse

  Virtual dom

    用过vue和react的人对虚拟dom这个概念应该大都不会太陌生了,它将真实的dom转换为AST节点,也就是转化成对象树的形式,当我们通过api操作dom时实际上是操作虚拟对象树,再由框架通过算法完成真实dom的转换,spa页面也是因为Virtual dom的出现渐渐出现在我们前端开发的选择中,今天博主暂时不过多介绍,这里我们来看看最基础的几个问题,html是怎么被解析成object的?指令的操作,变量的转换,运算符的操作。其实就是模板引擎的实现方式是怎样的?

  htmlparser

    在vue的源码中我们可以看到,vue中有一个parse函数:

    

    注释上的意思,这里将html格式的字符串转换为AST。

    整个vuejs文件八千行,这个parse函数功能占用了一千两百多行,可见这套转换逻辑在vue中的关键性,重要性,博主把它源代码抽了出来,可以直接调用:

    

var hasProto = '__proto__' in {};

// Browser environment sniffing
var inBrowser =
  typeof window !== 'undefined' &&
  Object.prototype.toString.call(window) !== '[object Object]';

var UA = inBrowser && window.navigator.userAgent.toLowerCase();
var isIE = UA && /msie|trident/.test(UA);
var isIE9 = UA && UA.indexOf('msie 9.0') > 0;
var isEdge = UA && UA.indexOf('edge/') > 0;
var isAndroid = UA && UA.indexOf('android') > 0;
var isIOS = UA && /iphone|ipad|ipod|ios/.test(UA);
function makeMap(keys,expectsLowerCase){
  var _map = {};
  for(var i=0;i<keys.length;i++){
    _map[keys[i]] = true;
  }
  return expectsLowerCase?
        function(val){return _map[val.toLowerCase()]}:
        function(val){return _map[val]}
}

function makeAttrsMap (attrs) {
  var map = {};
  for (var i = 0, l = attrs.length; i < l; i++) {
    if ("development" !== 'production' && map[attrs[i].name] && !isIE) {
      warn$1('duplicate attribute: ' + attrs[i].name);
    }
    map[attrs[i].name] = attrs[i].value;
  }
  return map
}

function isForbiddenTag (el) {
  return (
    el.tag === 'style' ||
    (el.tag === 'script' && (
      !el.attrsMap.type ||
      el.attrsMap.type === 'text/javascript'
    ))
  )
}

function processPre (el) {
  if (getAndRemoveAttr(el, 'v-pre') != null) {
    el.pre = true;
  }
}
/**
 * Create a cached version of a pure function.
 */
function cached (fn) {
  var cache = Object.create(null);
  return function cachedFn (str) {
    var hit = cache[str];
    return hit || (cache[str] = fn(str))
  }
}

function decode (html) {
  decoder = decoder || document.createElement('div');
  decoder.innerHTML = html;
  return decoder.textContent
}

// Regular Expressions for parsing tags and attributes
var singleAttrIdentifier = /([^\s"'<>/=]+)/;
var singleAttrAssign = /(?:=)/;
var singleAttrValues = [
  // attr value double quotes
  /"([^"]*)"+/.source,
  // attr value, single quotes
  /'([^']*)'+/.source,
  // attr value, no quotes
  /([^\s"'=<>`]+)/.source
];
var attribute = new RegExp(
  '^\\s*' + singleAttrIdentifier.source +
  '(?:\\s*(' + singleAttrAssign.source + ')' +
  '\\s*(?:' + singleAttrValues.join('|') + '))?'
);

// could use https://www.w3.org/TR/1999/REC-xml-names-19990114/#NT-QName
// but for Vue templates we can enforce a simple charset
var ncname = '[a-zA-Z_][\\w\\-\\.]*';
var qnameCapture = '((?:' + ncname + '\\:)?' + ncname + ')';
var startTagOpen = new RegExp('^<' + qnameCapture);
var startTagClose = /^\s*(\/?)>/;
var endTag = new RegExp('^<\\/' + qnameCapture + '[^>]*>');
var doctype = /^<!DOCTYPE [^>]+>/i;
var comment = /^<!--/;
var conditionalComment = /^<!\[/;

var IS_REGEX_CAPTURING_BROKEN = false;
'x'.replace(/x(.)?/g, function (m, g) {
  IS_REGEX_CAPTURING_BROKEN = g === '';
});

// Special Elements (can contain anything)
var isScriptOrStyle = makeMap('script,style', true);
var hasLang = function (attr) { return attr.name === 'lang' && attr.value !== 'html'; };
var isSpecialTag = function (tag, isSFC, stack) {
  if (isScriptOrStyle(tag)) {
    return true
  }
  if (isSFC && stack.length === 1) {
    // top-level template that has no pre-processor
    if (tag === 'template' && !stack[0].attrs.some(hasLang)) {
      return false
    } else {
      return true
    }
  }
  return false
};

var reCache = {};

var ltRE = /&lt;/g;
var gtRE = /&gt;/g;
var nlRE = /&#10;/g;
var ampRE = /&amp;/g;
var quoteRE = /&quot;/g;

function decodeAttr (value, shouldDecodeNewlines) {
  if (shouldDecodeNewlines) {
    value = value.replace(nlRE, '\n');
  }
  return value
    .replace(ltRE, '<')
    .replace(gtRE, '>')
    .replace(ampRE, '&')
    .replace(quoteRE, '"')
}

function parseHTML (html, options) {
  var stack = [];
  var expectHTML = options.expectHTML;
  var isUnaryTag$$1 = options.isUnaryTag || no;
  var index = 0;
  var last, lastTag;
  while (html) {
    last = html;
    // Make sure we're not in a script or style element
    if (!lastTag || !isSpecialTag(lastTag, options.sfc, stack)) {
      var textEnd = html.indexOf('<');
      if (textEnd === 0) {
        // Comment:
        if (comment.test(html)) {
          var commentEnd = html.indexOf('-->');

          if (commentEnd >= 0) {
            advance(commentEnd + 3);
            continue
          }
        }

        // http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conditional_comment#Downlevel-revealed_conditional_comment
        if (conditionalComment.test(html)) {
          var conditionalEnd = html.indexOf(']>');

          if (conditionalEnd >= 0) {
            advance(conditionalEnd + 2);
            continue
          }
        }

        // Doctype:
        var doctypeMatch = html.match(doctype);
        if (doctypeMatch) {
          advance(doctypeMatch[0].length);
          continue
        }

        // End tag:
        var endTagMatch = html.match(endTag);
        if (endTagMatch) {
          var curIndex = index;
          advance(endTagMatch[0].length);
          parseEndTag(endTagMatch[0], endTagMatch[1], curIndex, index);
          continue
        }

        // Start tag:
        var startTagMatch = parseStartTag();
        if (startTagMatch) {
          handleStartTag(startTagMatch);
          continue
        }
      }

      var text = (void 0), rest$1 = (void 0), next = (void 0);
      if (textEnd > 0) {
        rest$1 = html.slice(textEnd);
        while (
          !endTag.test(rest$1) &&
          !startTagOpen.test(rest$1) &&
          !comment.test(rest$1) &&
          !conditionalComment.test(rest$1)
        ) {
          // < in plain text, be forgiving and treat it as text
          next = rest$1.indexOf('<', 1);
          if (next < 0) { break }
          textEnd += next;
          rest$1 = html.slice(textEnd);
        }
        text = html.substring(0, textEnd);
        advance(textEnd);
      }

      if (textEnd < 0) {
        text = html;
        html = '';
      }

      if (options.chars && text) {
        options.chars(text);
      }
    } else {
      var stackedTag = lastTag.toLowerCase();
      var reStackedTag = reCache[stackedTag] || (reCache[stackedTag] = new RegExp('([\\s\\S]*?)(</' + stackedTag + '[^>]*>)', 'i'));
      var endTagLength = 0;
      var rest = html.replace(reStackedTag, function (all, text, endTag) {
        endTagLength = endTag.length;
        if (stackedTag !== 'script' && stackedTag !== 'style' && stackedTag !== 'noscript') {
          text = text
            .replace(/<!--([\s\S]*?)-->/g, '$1')
            .replace(/<!\[CDATA\[([\s\S]*?)]]>/g, '$1');
        }
        if (options.chars) {
          options.chars(text);
        }
        return ''
      });
      index += html.length - rest.length;
      html = rest;
      parseEndTag('</' + stackedTag + '>', stackedTag, index - endTagLength, index);
    }

    if (html === last && options.chars) {
      options.chars(html);
      break
    }
  }

  // Clean up any remaining tags
  parseEndTag();

  function advance (n) {
    index += n;
    html = html.substring(n);
  }

  function parseStartTag () {
    var start = html.match(startTagOpen);
    if (start) {
      var match = {
        tagName: start[1],
        attrs: [],
        start: index
      };
      advance(start[0].length);
      var end, attr;
      while (!(end = html.match(startTagClose)) && (attr = html.match(attribute))) {
        advance(attr[0].length);
        match.attrs.push(attr);
      }
      if (end) {
        match.unarySlash = end[1];
        advance(end[0].length);
        match.end = index;
        return match
      }
    }
  }

  function handleStartTag (match) {
    var tagName = match.tagName;
    var unarySlash = match.unarySlash;

    if (expectHTML) {
      if (lastTag === 'p' && isNonPhrasingTag(tagName)) {
        parseEndTag('', lastTag);
      }
      if (canBeLeftOpenTag(tagName) && lastTag === tagName) {
        parseEndTag('', tagName);
      }
    }

    var unary = isUnaryTag$$1(tagName) || tagName === 'html' && lastTag === 'head' || !!unarySlash;

    var l = match.attrs.length;
    var attrs = new Array(l);
    for (var i = 0; i < l; i++) {
      var args = match.attrs[i];
      // hackish work around FF bug https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=369778
      if (IS_REGEX_CAPTURING_BROKEN && args[0].indexOf('""') === -1) {
        if (args[3] === '') { delete args[3]; }
        if (args[4] === '') { delete args[4]; }
        if (args[5] === '') { delete args[5]; }
      }
      var value = args[3] || args[4] || args[5] || '';
      attrs[i] = {
        name: args[1],
        value: decodeAttr(
          value,
          options.shouldDecodeNewlines
        )
      };
    }

    if (!unary) {
      stack.push({ tag: tagName, attrs: attrs });
      lastTag = tagName;
      unarySlash = '';
    }

    if (options.start) {
      options.start(tagName, attrs, unary, match.start, match.end);
    }
  }

  function parseEndTag (tag, tagName, start, end) {
    var pos;
    if (start == null) { start = index; }
    if (end == null) { end = index; }

    // Find the closest opened tag of the same type
    if (tagName) {
      var needle = tagName.toLowerCase();
      for (pos = stack.length - 1; pos >= 0; pos--) {
        if (stack[pos].tag.toLowerCase() === needle) {
          break
        }
      }
    } else {
      // If no tag name is provided, clean shop
      pos = 0;
    }

    if (pos >= 0) {
      // Close all the open elements, up the stack
      for (var i = stack.length - 1; i >= pos; i--) {
        if (options.end) {
          options.end(stack[i].tag, start, end);
        }
      }

      // Remove the open elements from the stack
      stack.length = pos;
      lastTag = pos && stack[pos - 1].tag;
    } else if (tagName.toLowerCase() === 'br') {
      if (options.start) {
        options.start(tagName, [], true, start, end);
      }
    } else if (tagName.toLowerCase() === 'p') {
      if (options.start) {
        options.start(tagName, [], false, start, end);
      }
      if (options.end) {
        options.end(tagName, start, end);
      }
    }
  }
}

/*  */

function parseFilters (exp) {
  var inSingle = false;
  var inDouble = false;
  var inTemplateString = false;
  var inRegex = false;
  var curly = 0;
  var square = 0;
  var paren = 0;
  var lastFilterIndex = 0;
  var c, prev, i, expression, filters;

  for (i = 0; i < exp.length; i++) {
    prev = c;
    c = exp.charCodeAt(i);
    if (inSingle) {
      if (c === 0x27 && prev !== 0x5C) { inSingle = false; }
    } else if (inDouble) {
      if (c === 0x22 && prev !== 0x5C) { inDouble = false; }
    } else if (inTemplateString) {
      if (c === 0x60 && prev !== 0x5C) { inTemplateString = false; }
    } else if (inRegex) {
      if (c === 0x2f && prev !== 0x5C) { inRegex = false; }
    } else if (
      c === 0x7C && // pipe
      exp.charCodeAt(i + 1) !== 0x7C &&
      exp.charCodeAt(i - 1) !== 0x7C &&
      !curly && !square && !paren
    ) {
      if (expression === undefined) {
        // first filter, end of expression
        lastFilterIndex = i + 1;
        expression = exp.slice(0, i).trim();
      } else {
        pushFilter();
      }
    } else {
      switch (c) {
        case 0x22: inDouble = true; break         // "
        case 0x27: inSingle = true; break         // '
        case 0x60: inTemplateString = true; break // `
        case 0x2f: inRegex = true; break          // /
        case 0x28: paren++; break                 // (
        case 0x29: paren--; break                 // )
        case 0x5B: square++; break                // [
        case 0x5D: square--; break                // ]
        case 0x7B: curly++; break                 // {
        case 0x7D: curly--; break                 // }
      }
    }
  }

  if (expression === undefined) {
    expression = exp.slice(0, i).trim();
  } else if (lastFilterIndex !== 0) {
    pushFilter();
  }

  function pushFilter () {
    (filters || (filters = [])).push(exp.slice(lastFilterIndex, i).trim());
    lastFilterIndex = i + 1;
  }

  if (filters) {
    for (i = 0; i < filters.length; i++) {
      expression = wrapFilter(expression, filters[i]);
    }
  }

  return expression
}

function wrapFilter (exp, filter) {
  var i = filter.indexOf('(');
  if (i < 0) {
    // _f: resolveFilter
    return ("_f(\"" + filter + "\")(" + exp + ")")
  } else {
    var name = filter.slice(0, i);
    var args = filter.slice(i + 1);
    return ("_f(\"" + name + "\")(" + exp + "," + args)
  }
}

/*  */

var defaultTagRE = /\{\{((?:.|\n)+?)\}\}/g;
var regexEscapeRE = /[-.*+?^${}()|[\]/\\]/g;

var buildRegex = cached(function (delimiters) {
  var open = delimiters[0].replace(regexEscapeRE, '\\$&');
  var close = delimiters[1].replace(regexEscapeRE, '\\$&');
  return new RegExp(open + '((?:.|\\n)+?)' + close, 'g')
});

function parseText (
  text,
  delimiters
) {
  var tagRE = delimiters ? buildRegex(delimiters) : defaultTagRE;
  if (!tagRE.test(text)) {
    return
  }
  var tokens = [];
  var lastIndex = tagRE.lastIndex = 0;
  var match, index;
  while ((match = tagRE.exec(text))) {
    index = match.index;
    // push text token
    if (index > lastIndex) {
      tokens.push(JSON.stringify(text.slice(lastIndex, index)));
    }
    // tag token
    var exp = parseFilters(match[1].trim());
    tokens.push(("_s(" + exp + ")"));
    lastIndex = index + match[0].length;
  }
  if (lastIndex < text.length) {
    tokens.push(JSON.stringify(text.slice(lastIndex)));
  }
  return tokens.join('+')
}

/*  */

function baseWarn (msg) {
  console.error(("[Vue parser]: " + msg));
}

function pluckModuleFunction (
  modules,
  key
) {
  return modules
    ? modules.map(function (m) { return m[key]; }).filter(function (_) { return _; })
    : []
}

function addProp (el, name, value) {
  (el.props || (el.props = [])).push({ name: name, value: value });
}

function addAttr (el, name, value) {
  (el.attrs || (el.attrs = [])).push({ name: name, value: value });
}

function addDirective (
  el,
  name,
  rawName,
  value,
  arg,
  modifiers
) {
  (el.directives || (el.directives = [])).push({ name: name, rawName: rawName, value: value, arg: arg, modifiers: modifiers });
}

function addHandler (
  el,
  name,
  value,
  modifiers,
  important
) {
  // check capture modifier
  if (modifiers && modifiers.capture) {
    delete modifiers.capture;
    name = '!' + name; // mark the event as captured
  }
  var events;
  if (modifiers && modifiers.native) {
    delete modifiers.native;
    events = el.nativeEvents || (el.nativeEvents = {});
  } else {
    events = el.events || (el.events = {});
  }
  var newHandler = { value: value, modifiers: modifiers };
  var handlers = events[name];
  /* istanbul ignore if */
  if (Array.isArray(handlers)) {
    important ? handlers.unshift(newHandler) : handlers.push(newHandler);
  } else if (handlers) {
    events[name] = important ? [newHandler, handlers] : [handlers, newHandler];
  } else {
    events[name] = newHandler;
  }
}

function getBindingAttr (
  el,
  name,
  getStatic
) {
  var dynamicValue =
    getAndRemoveAttr(el, ':' + name) ||
    getAndRemoveAttr(el, 'v-bind:' + name);
  if (dynamicValue != null) {
    return parseFilters(dynamicValue)
  } else if (getStatic !== false) {
    var staticValue = getAndRemoveAttr(el, name);
    if (staticValue != null) {
      return JSON.stringify(staticValue)
    }
  }
}

function getAndRemoveAttr (el, name) {
  var val;
  if ((val = el.attrsMap[name]) != null) {
    var list = el.attrsList;
    for (var i = 0, l = list.length; i < l; i++) {
      if (list[i].name === name) {
        list.splice(i, 1);
        break
      }
    }
  }
  return val
}

var len;
var str;
var chr;
var index$1;
var expressionPos;
var expressionEndPos;

/**
 * parse directive model to do the array update transform. a[idx] = val => $$a.splice($$idx, 1, val)
 *
 * for loop possible cases:
 *
 * - test
 * - test[idx]
 * - test[test1[idx]]
 * - test["a"][idx]
 * - xxx.test[a[a].test1[idx]]
 * - test.xxx.a["asa"][test1[idx]]
 *
 */

function parseModel (val) {
  str = val;
  len = str.length;
  index$1 = expressionPos = expressionEndPos = 0;

  if (val.indexOf('[') < 0 || val.lastIndexOf(']') < len - 1) {
    return {
      exp: val,
      idx: null
    }
  }

  while (!eof()) {
    chr = next();
    /* istanbul ignore if */
    if (isStringStart(chr)) {
      parseString(chr);
    } else if (chr === 0x5B) {
      parseBracket(chr);
    }
  }

  return {
    exp: val.substring(0, expressionPos),
    idx: val.substring(expressionPos + 1, expressionEndPos)
  }
}

function next () {
  return str.charCodeAt(++index$1)
}

function eof () {
  return index$1 >= len
}

function isStringStart (chr) {
  return chr === 0x22 || chr === 0x27
}

function parseBracket (chr) {
  var inBracket = 1;
  expressionPos = index$1;
  while (!eof()) {
    chr = next();
    if (isStringStart(chr)) {
      parseString(chr);
      continue
    }
    if (chr === 0x5B) { inBracket++; }
    if (chr === 0x5D) { inBracket--; }
    if (inBracket === 0) {
      expressionEndPos = index$1;
      break
    }
  }
}

function parseString (chr) {
  var stringQuote = chr;
  while (!eof()) {
    chr = next();
    if (chr === stringQuote) {
      break
    }
  }
}

/*  */

var dirRE = /^v-|^@|^:/;
var forAliasRE = /(.*?)\s+(?:in|of)\s+(.*)/;
var forIteratorRE = /\((\{[^}]*\}|[^,]*),([^,]*)(?:,([^,]*))?\)/;
var bindRE = /^:|^v-bind:/;
var onRE = /^@|^v-on:/;
var argRE = /:(.*)$/;
var modifierRE = /\.[^.]+/g;

var decodeHTMLCached = cached(decode);

// configurable state
var warn$1;
var platformGetTagNamespace;
var platformMustUseProp;
var platformIsPreTag;
var preTransforms;
var transforms;
var postTransforms;
var delimiters;
var no = function(){
  return false;
};
/**
 * Convert HTML string to AST.
 */
function parse (
  template,
  options
) {
  warn$1 = options.warn || baseWarn;
  platformGetTagNamespace = options.getTagNamespace || no;
  platformMustUseProp = options.mustUseProp || no;
  platformIsPreTag = options.isPreTag || no;
  preTransforms = pluckModuleFunction(options.modules, 'preTransformNode');
  transforms = pluckModuleFunction(options.modules, 'transformNode');
  postTransforms = pluckModuleFunction(options.modules, 'postTransformNode');
  delimiters = options.delimiters;
  var stack = [];
  var preserveWhitespace = options.preserveWhitespace !== false;
  var root;
  var currentParent;
  var inVPre = false;
  var inPre = false;
  var warned = false;
  parseHTML(template, {
    expectHTML: options.expectHTML,
    isUnaryTag: options.isUnaryTag,
    shouldDecodeNewlines: options.shouldDecodeNewlines,
    start: function start (tag, attrs, unary) {
      // check namespace.
      // inherit parent ns if there is one
      var ns = (currentParent && currentParent.ns) || platformGetTagNamespace(tag);

      // handle IE svg bug
      /* istanbul ignore if */
      if (isIE && ns === 'svg') {
        attrs = guardIESVGBug(attrs);
      }

      var element = {
        type: 1,
        tag: tag,
        attrsList: attrs,
        attrsMap: makeAttrsMap(attrs),
        parent: currentParent,
        children: []
      };
      if (ns) {
        element.ns = ns;
      }

      if (isForbiddenTag(element) && !isServerRendering()) {
        element.forbidden = true;
        "development" !== 'production' && warn$1(
          'Templates should only be responsible for mapping the state to the ' +
          'UI. Avoid placing tags with side-effects in your templates, such as ' +
          "<" + tag + ">."
        );
      }

      // apply pre-transforms
      for (var i = 0; i < preTransforms.length; i++) {
        preTransforms[i](element, options);
      }

      if (!inVPre) {
        processPre(element);
        if (element.pre) {
          inVPre = true;
        }
      }
      if (platformIsPreTag(element.tag)) {
        inPre = true;
      }
      if (inVPre) {
        processRawAttrs(element);
      } else {
        processFor(element);
        processIf(element);
        processOnce(element);
        processKey(element);

        // determine whether this is a plain element after
        // removing structural attributes
        element.plain = !element.key && !attrs.length;

        processRef(element);
        processSlot(element);
        processComponent(element);
        for (var i$1 = 0; i$1 < transforms.length; i$1++) {
          transforms[i$1](element, options);
        }
        processAttrs(element);
      }

      function checkRootConstraints (el) {
        if ("development" !== 'production' && !warned) {
          if (el.tag === 'slot' || el.tag === 'template') {
            warned = true;
            warn$1(
              "Cannot use <" + (el.tag) + "> as component root element because it may " +
              'contain multiple nodes:\n' + template
            );
          }
          if (el.attrsMap.hasOwnProperty('v-for')) {
            warned = true;
            warn$1(
              'Cannot use v-for on stateful component root element because ' +
              'it renders multiple elements:\n' + template
            );
          }
        }
      }

      // tree management
      if (!root) {
        root = element;
        checkRootConstraints(root);
      } else if (!stack.length) {
        // allow root elements with v-if, v-else-if and v-else
        if (root.if && (element.elseif || element.else)) {
          checkRootConstraints(element);
          addIfCondition(root, {
            exp: element.elseif,
            block: element
          });
        } else if ("development" !== 'production' && !warned) {
          warned = true;
          warn$1(
            "Component template should contain exactly one root element:" +
            "\n\n" + template + "\n\n" +
            "If you are using v-if on multiple elements, " +
            "use v-else-if to chain them instead."
          );
        }
      }
      if (currentParent && !element.forbidden) {
        if (element.elseif || element.else) {
          processIfConditions(element, currentParent);
        } else if (element.slotScope) { // scoped slot
          currentParent.plain = false;
          var name = element.slotTarget || 'default';(currentParent.scopedSlots || (currentParent.scopedSlots = {}))[name] = element;
        } else {
          currentParent.children.push(element);
          element.parent = currentParent;
        }
      }
      if (!unary) {
        currentParent = element;
        stack.push(element);
      }
      // apply post-transforms
      for (var i$2 = 0; i$2 < postTransforms.length; i$2++) {
        postTransforms[i$2](element, options);
      }
    },

    end: function end () {
      // remove trailing whitespace
      var element = stack[stack.length - 1];
      var lastNode = element.children[element.children.length - 1];
      if (lastNode && lastNode.type === 3 && lastNode.text === ' ') {
        element.children.pop();
      }
      // pop stack
      stack.length -= 1;
      currentParent = stack[stack.length - 1];
      // check pre state
      if (element.pre) {
        inVPre = false;
      }
      if (platformIsPreTag(element.tag)) {
        inPre = false;
      }
    },

    chars: function chars (text) {
      if (!currentParent) {
        if ("development" !== 'production' && !warned && text === template) {
          warned = true;
          warn$1(
            'Component template requires a root element, rather than just text:\n\n' + template
          );
        }
        return
      }
      // IE textarea placeholder bug
      /* istanbul ignore if */
      if (isIE &&
          currentParent.tag === 'textarea' &&
          currentParent.attrsMap.placeholder === text) {
        return
      }
      text = inPre || text.trim()
        ? decodeHTMLCached(text)
        // only preserve whitespace if its not right after a starting tag
        : preserveWhitespace && currentParent.children.length ? ' ' : '';
      if (text) {
        var expression;
        if (!inVPre && text !== ' ' && (expression = parseText(text, delimiters))) {
          currentParent.children.push({
            type: 2,
            expression: expression,
            text: text
          });
        } else {
          currentParent.children.push({
            type: 3,
            text: text
          });
        }
      }
    }
  });
  return root
}


function processRawAttrs (el) {
  var l = el.attrsList.length;
  if (l) {
    var attrs = el.attrs = new Array(l);
    for (var i = 0; i < l; i++) {
      attrs[i] = {
        name: el.attrsList[i].name,
        value: JSON.stringify(el.attrsList[i].value)
      };
    }
  } else if (!el.pre) {
    // non root node in pre blocks with no attributes
    el.plain = true;
  }
}

function processKey (el) {
  var exp = getBindingAttr(el, 'key');
  if (exp) {
    if ("development" !== 'production' && el.tag === 'template') {
      warn$1("<template> cannot be keyed. Place the key on real elements instead.");
    }
    el.key = exp;
  }
}

function processRef (el) {
  var ref = getBindingAttr(el, 'ref');
  if (ref) {
    el.ref = ref;
    el.refInFor = checkInFor(el);
  }
}

function processFor (el) {
  var exp;
  if ((exp = getAndRemoveAttr(el, 'v-for'))) {
    var inMatch = exp.match(forAliasRE);
    if (!inMatch) {
      "development" !== 'production' && warn$1(
        ("Invalid v-for expression: " + exp)
      );
      return
    }
    el.for = inMatch[2].trim();
    var alias = inMatch[1].trim();
    var iteratorMatch = alias.match(forIteratorRE);
    if (iteratorMatch) {
      el.alias = iteratorMatch[1].trim();
      el.iterator1 = iteratorMatch[2].trim();
      if (iteratorMatch[3]) {
        el.iterator2 = iteratorMatch[3].trim();
      }
    } else {
      el.alias = alias;
    }
  }
}

function processIf (el) {
  var exp = getAndRemoveAttr(el, 'v-if');
  if (exp) {
    el.if = exp;
    addIfCondition(el, {
      exp: exp,
      block: el
    });
  } else {
    if (getAndRemoveAttr(el, 'v-else') != null) {
      el.else = true;
    }
    var elseif = getAndRemoveAttr(el, 'v-else-if');
    if (elseif) {
      el.elseif = elseif;
    }
  }
}

function processIfConditions (el, parent) {
  var prev = findPrevElement(parent.children);
  if (prev && prev.if) {
    addIfCondition(prev, {
      exp: el.elseif,
      block: el
    });
  } else {
    warn$1(
      "v-" + (el.elseif ? ('else-if="' + el.elseif + '"') : 'else') + " " +
      "used on element <" + (el.tag) + "> without corresponding v-if."
    );
  }
}

function addIfCondition (el, condition) {
  if (!el.conditions) {
    el.conditions = [];
  }
  el.conditions.push(condition);
}

function processOnce (el) {
  var once = getAndRemoveAttr(el, 'v-once');
  if (once != null) {
    el.once = true;
  }
}

function processSlot (el) {
  if (el.tag === 'slot') {
    el.slotName = getBindingAttr(el, 'name');
    if ("development" !== 'production' && el.key) {
      warn$1(
        "`key` does not work on <slot> because slots are abstract outlets " +
        "and can possibly expand into multiple elements. " +
        "Use the key on a wrapping element instead."
      );
    }
  } else {
    var slotTarget = getBindingAttr(el, 'slot');
    if (slotTarget) {
      el.slotTarget = slotTarget === '""' ? '"default"' : slotTarget;
    }
    if (el.tag === 'template') {
      el.slotScope = getAndRemoveAttr(el, 'scope');
    }
  }
}

function processComponent (el) {
  var binding;
  if ((binding = getBindingAttr(el, 'is'))) {
    el.component = binding;
  }
  if (getAndRemoveAttr(el, 'inline-template') != null) {
    el.inlineTemplate = true;
  }
}

function processAttrs (el) {
  var list = el.attrsList;
  var i, l, name, rawName, value, arg, modifiers, isProp;
  for (i = 0, l = list.length; i < l; i++) {
    name = rawName = list[i].name;
    value = list[i].value;
    if (dirRE.test(name)) {
      // mark element as dynamic
      el.hasBindings = true;
      // modifiers
      modifiers = parseModifiers(name);
      if (modifiers) {
        name = name.replace(modifierRE, '');
      }
      if (bindRE.test(name)) { // v-bind
        name = name.replace(bindRE, '');
        value = parseFilters(value);
        if (modifiers) {
          if (modifiers.prop) {
            isProp = true;
            name = camelize(name);
            if (name === 'innerHtml') { name = 'innerHTML'; }
          }
          if (modifiers.camel) {
            name = camelize(name);
          }
        }
        if (isProp || platformMustUseProp(el.tag, name)) {
          addProp(el, name, value);
        } else {
          addAttr(el, name, value);
        }
      } else if (onRE.test(name)) { // v-on
        name = name.replace(onRE, '');
        addHandler(el, name, value, modifiers);
      } else { // normal directives
        name = name.replace(dirRE, '');
        // parse arg
        var argMatch = name.match(argRE);
        if (argMatch && (arg = argMatch[1])) {
          name = name.slice(0, -(arg.length + 1));
        }
        addDirective(el, name, rawName, value, arg, modifiers);
        if ("development" !== 'production' && name === 'model') {
          checkForAliasModel(el, value);
        }
      }
    } else {
      // literal attribute
      {
        var expression = parseText(value, delimiters);
        if (expression) {
          warn$1(
            name + "=\"" + value + "\": " +
            'Interpolation inside attributes has been removed. ' +
            'Use v-bind or the colon shorthand instead. For example, ' +
            'instead of <div id="{{ val }}">, use <div :id="val">.'
          );
        }
      }
      addAttr(el, name, JSON.stringify(value));
    }
  }
}

function checkInFor (el) {
  var parent = el;
  while (parent) {
    if (parent.for !== undefined) {
      return true
    }
    parent = parent.parent;
  }
  return false
}

function parseModifiers (name) {
  var match = name.match(modifierRE);
  if (match) {
    var ret = {};
    match.forEach(function (m) { ret[m.slice(1)] = true; });
    return ret
  }
}
View Code

大家可以自行测试,当我们运行

parse("<div></div>",{})

这段代码时,返回的结果是:

一个带有attrs和children等各种属性的ast对象。这个应该很好理解,比如我们现在可以将一个div表示成:

{
    tag:"div",
    attrs:[{name:"id",value:"div1"}],
   children:[]      
}

对应的dom就应该是:

<div id="div1"></div>

parse函数实现了这个转换的步骤,通过各种正则适配将html解析成ast对象;vue中有很多定制需求,比如代码:

function processFor (el) {
  var exp;
  if ((exp = getAndRemoveAttr(el, 'v-for'))) {
    var inMatch = exp.match(forAliasRE);
    if (!inMatch) {
      "development" !== 'production' && warn$1(
        ("Invalid v-for expression: " + exp)
      );
      return
    }
    el.for = inMatch[2].trim();
    var alias = inMatch[1].trim();
    var iteratorMatch = alias.match(forIteratorRE);
    if (iteratorMatch) {
      el.alias = iteratorMatch[1].trim();
      el.iterator1 = iteratorMatch[2].trim();
      if (iteratorMatch[3]) {
        el.iterator2 = iteratorMatch[3].trim();
      }
    } else {
      el.alias = alias;
    }
  }
}

这段代码就是我们所用的v-for指令的基础解析了:让我们看看执行parse("<div v-for='a in b'></div>",{}) 会发生什么呢?

报错提示我们div是根节点不能添加v-for指令,恩,平时vue-for写到根节点的同学应该也有吧,报错是这里发出的。

生成的ast属性上多了两个个key, alias 和 for ,alias是别名的意思,for当然是for的对象了,最后生成的vnode节点对象会有一个context,当前作用域引用,应该会从context中调用这个对象进行for循环。

看到这里其实你可以看出,还有很多指令的实现方式都在这里完成,大家可以复制上面我分离出来的源码细细把玩,甚至你可以基于这个parse实现一个小vue,指令什么的一应具全。 例如v-if:

function processIf (el) {
  var exp = getAndRemoveAttr(el, 'v-if');
  if (exp) {
    el.if = exp;
    addIfCondition(el, {
      exp: exp,
      block: el
    });
  } else {
    if (getAndRemoveAttr(el, 'v-else') != null) {
      el.else = true;
    }
    var elseif = getAndRemoveAttr(el, 'v-else-if');
    if (elseif) {
      el.elseif = elseif;
    }
  }
}

function processIfConditions (el, parent) {
  var prev = findPrevElement(parent.children);
  if (prev && prev.if) {
    addIfCondition(prev, {
      exp: el.elseif,
      block: el
    });
  } else {
    warn$1(
      "v-" + (el.elseif ? ('else-if="' + el.elseif + '"') : 'else') + " " +
      "used on element <" + (el.tag) + "> without corresponding v-if."
    );
  }
}

等等。

稍后,下一章节博主将要实现一个自己的parse,并记录我的实现逻辑,感兴趣的可以持续关注。我觉得可以通过这个出发点去统筹全局,理解vue的设计模型,在理解了observer绑定机制之后,再从parse开始解析,一直到生命周期,事件,等等。

写在后面

  mvvm框架和webpack的出现确实改变了前端的开发方式,使得学习前端变成了一门有着深入学问的课题。在我们日常开发中应该不断地学习,归纳,总结,寻找新的思想,对原有的代码有好的补充和好的改进。

       写的不好,谢谢大家观看。 后续有空会新增更多关于开发的知识分享。  

       如果你有什么疑问,你可以联系我,或者在下方评论。

    

posted @ 2018-04-25 17:37  张泰峰  阅读(6773)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报