Centos7源码编译安装PHP7.2(生产环境)

  1. 安装PHP依赖包,否则在编译的过程中可能会出现各种报错

    # Centos 安装epel-release源并将系统包更新到最新版本
    $ yum install epel-release-y
    $ yum update
    
    # 安装PHP依赖组件(包括Nginx依赖)
    $ yum -y install wget vim pcre pcre-devel openssl openssl-devel libicu-devel gcc gcc-c++ autoconf libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel zlib zlib-devel glibc glibc-devel glib2 glib2-devel ncurses ncurses-devel curl curl-devel krb5-devel libidn libidn-devel openldap openldap-devel nss_ldap jemalloc-devel cmake boost-devel bison automake libevent libevent-devel gd gd-devel libtool* libmcrypt libmcrypt-devel mcrypt mhash libxslt libxslt-devel readline readline-devel gmp gmp-devel libcurl libcurl-devel openjpeg-devel
    
  2. 创建用户和组,下载PHP安装包并解压

    $ cd /tmp
    $ groupadd www
    $ useradd -g www www
    $ wget http://am1.php.net/distributions/php-7.2.1.tar.gz
    $ tar xvf php-7.2.1.tar.gz
    $ cd php-7.2.1
    
  3. 设置变量并开始源码编译

    $ cp -frp /usr/lib64/libldap* /usr/lib/
    $ ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php \
    --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc \
    --enable-fpm \
    --with-fpm-user=www \
    --with-fpm-group=www \
    --enable-mysqlnd \
    --with-mysqli=mysqlnd \
    --with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd \
    --enable-mysqlnd-compression-support \
    --with-iconv-dir \
    --with-freetype-dir \
    --with-jpeg-dir \
    --with-png-dir \
    --with-zlib \
    --with-libxml-dir \
    --enable-xml \
    --disable-rpath \
    --enable-bcmath \
    --enable-shmop \
    --enable-sysvsem \
    --enable-inline-optimization \
    --with-curl \
    --enable-mbregex \
    --enable-mbstring \
    --enable-intl \
    --with-mcrypt \
    --with-libmbfl \
    --enable-ftp \
    --with-gd \
    --enable-gd-native-ttf \
    --with-openssl \
    --with-mhash \
    --enable-pcntl \
    --enable-sockets \
    --with-xmlrpc \
    --enable-zip \
    --enable-soap \
    --with-gettext \
    --disable-fileinfo \
    --enable-opcache \
    --with-pear \
    --enable-maintainer-zts \
    --with-ldap=shared \
    --without-gdbm \
    

    注:如果报错请根据报错情况安装依赖包

  4. 编译安装

    # make 加上 j 参数 指定并行的job数量 提高编译速度
    $ make -j 4 && make install
    
  5. 完成安装后配置php.ini文件:

    $ cp php.ini-development /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
    $ cp /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
    $ cp /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
    
  6. 修改参数

    1. 修改php.ini

      1. $ vim /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
        
        expose_php = Off
        short_open_tag = ON
        max_execution_time = 300
        max_input_time = 300
        memory_limit = 128M
        post_max_size = 32M
        date.timezone = Asia/Shanghai
        mbstring.func_overload=2
        extension = "/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-zts-20160303/ldap.so"
        

        注:ldap是一个轻量级目录访问协议,不安装也可以,详情见:https://ldap.com/

      2. 设置OPcache缓存(在php.ini添加下面内容)

        [opcache]
        zend_extension=/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-zts-20160303/opcache.so
        opcache.memory_consumption=128
        opcache.interned_strings_buffer=8
        opcache.max_accelerated_files=4000
        opcache.revalidate_freq=60
        opcache.fast_shutdown=1
        opcache.enable_cli=1
        
      3. 添加禁用函数列表

        disable_functions = passthru,exec,system,chroot,scandir,chgrp,chown,shell_exec,proc_open,proc_get_status,ini_alter,ini_alter,ini_restore,dl,openlog,syslog,readlink,symlink,popepassthru,stream_socket_server,escapeshellcmd,dll,popen,disk_free_space,checkdnsrr,checkdnsrr,getservbyname,getservbyport,disk_total_space,posix_ctermid,posix_get_last_error,posix_getcwd, posix_getegid,posix_geteuid,posix_getgid, posix_getgrgid,posix_getgrnam,posix_getgroups,posix_getlogin,posix_getpgid,posix_getpgrp,posix_getpid, posix_getppid,posix_getpwnam,posix_getpwuid, posix_getrlimit, posix_getsid,posix_getuid,posix_isatty, posix_kill,posix_mkfifo,posix_setegid,posix_seteuid,posix_setgid, posix_setpgid,posix_setsid,posix_setuid,posix_strerror,posix_times,posix_ttyname,posix_uname
        
    2. 配置www.conf

      1. 取消以下注释并修改

        listen = /var/run/www/php-cgi.sock
        listen.owner = www
        listen.group = www
        listen.mode = 0660
        listen.allowed_clients = 127.0.0.1
        pm = dynamic
        listen.backlog = -1
        pm.max_children = 180
        pm.start_servers = 50
        pm.min_spare_servers = 50
        pm.max_spare_servers = 180
        request_terminate_timeout = 120
        request_slowlog_timeout = 50
        slowlog = var/log/slow.log
        
      2. 创建php-cgi.sock存放目录

        $ mkdir /var/run/www/
        $ chown -R www:www /var/run/www
        
      3. 配置php-fpm.conf

        pid = /usr/local/php/var/run/php-fpm.pid
        
  7. 创建system系统单元文件php-fpm启动脚本:

    $ vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/php-fpm.service
    
    # 添加 如下变量内容
    [Unit]
    Description=The PHP FastCGI Process Manager
    After=syslog.target network.target
     
    [Service]
    Type=simple
    PIDFile=/usr/local/php/var/run/php-fpm.pid
    ExecStart=/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm --nodaemonize --fpm-config /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
    ExecReload=/bin/kill -USR2 $MAINPID
     
    [Install]
    WantedBy=multi-user.target
    

    注:关于systemctl命令可以参考:Systemd 入门教程

  8. 启动php-fpm服务并加入开机自启动:

    $ systemctl enable php-fpm.service
    $ systemctl restart php-fpm.service
    
  9. 之后就可以使用下面命令开启关闭php-fpm服务了

    service php-fpm start/restart/stop
    

注:本文转自详解Centos7源码编译安装 php7.2之生产篇,如需转载请注明出处https://www.cnblogs.com/zhuchenglin/p/11773409.html

posted @ 2019-10-31 20:06  lin_zone  阅读(239)  评论(0编辑  收藏