SpringBoot+MyBatis配置多数据源

SpringBoot 可以支持多数据源,这是一个非常值得学习的功能,但是从现在主流的微服务的架构模式中,每个应用都具有唯一且准确的功能,多数据源的需求很难用到,考虑到实际情况远远比理论复杂的多,这里还是深入学习一个Mybatis的多数据源的配置,代码偏向于实战,提供Git地址,以供下载测试.https://gitee.com/zhoutao825638/Sprinboot_mybatis_ds.git

数据库脚本

我们首先声明记录一下数据库脚本创建了两个数据库,test1和test2 ,并且分别在不同的数据库中创建了student和lesson表.

CREATE DATABASE `test1` DEFAULT CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci;  ;
USE `test1`;
CREATE TABLE `student`(
  `id` VARCHAR(12) PRIMARY KEY,
  `name` VARCHAR(36) NOT NULL ,
  `age` INTEGER  DEFAULT 0
);

-- 插入数据
INSERT INTO test1.student (id, name, age) VALUES ('1', '张梦为', 1);
INSERT INTO test1.student (id, name, age) VALUES ('2', '上官婉儿', 2);
INSERT INTO test1.student (id, name, age) VALUES ('3', '唐因', 2);


CREATE DATABASE `test2` DEFAULT CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci;  ;
USE `test2`;
CREATE TABLE `lesson`(
  `id` VARCHAR(12) PRIMARY KEY,
  `name` VARCHAR(36) NOT NULL ,
  `credit` FLOAT  DEFAULT 0,
  `teacher` VARCHAR(36) DEFAULT 0
);
-- 插入数据
INSERT INTO test2.lesson (id, name, credit, teacher) VALUES ('1', '大学物理', 5, '张思瑞');
INSERT INTO test2.lesson (id, name, credit, teacher) VALUES ('2', '高等数学', 5, '李佛');

创建Spring 应用

使用IDEA 可以非常简单的创建一个应用,这里我使用了Gradle构建项目,其依赖如下:

lombok 是一个不错的插件,推荐使用,如果不使用lombok的话,下面的代码需要添加set/get方法

    compile('org.mybatis.spring.boot:mybatis-spring-boot-starter:1.3.2')
    compile group: 'org.mybatis.spring.boot', name: 'mybatis-spring-boot-starter', version: '1.3.2'
    compile group: 'mysql', name: 'mysql-connector-java', version: '5.1.47'
    compileOnly('org.projectlombok:lombok')
    testCompile('org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-test')
    compile('org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-web')

配置完成之后,在应用的入口中,我们需要修改一下

@SpringBootApplication(exclude = {DataSourceAutoConfiguration.class})

这是因为SpringBoot会自动根据依赖来自动配置,但是我们的数据源配置被我们自己自定义配置了,此时SpringBoot 无法完成自动化配置,因此就会报错,所以此处我们需要排除DataSourceAutoConfiguration的自动配置.

配置数据源

这里我们配置来两个数据源 一个是test1,一个test2,修改application.properties文件


-- 数据源 Frist
spring.datasource.first.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/test1?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=utf-8
spring.datasource.first.username=root
spring.datasource.first.password=
spring.datasource.first.driverClassName=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver

-- 数据源 Second
spring.datasource.second.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/test2?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=utf-8
spring.datasource.second.username=root
spring.datasource.second.password=
spring.datasource.second.driverClassName=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver

创建配置文件封装类

为了更合理的使用配置文件,这里我们没有使用之前的@Value,而是自己封装一个PropertiesConfig类对象.如下

@Data注解需要添加Lombok插件并开启,需要不想安装的话,请为下面的四个成员变量提供set/get方法即可

数据源First配置文件封装

package com.zhoutao123.springboot.muldatasources.config;


import lombok.Data;
import org.springframework.boot.context.properties.ConfigurationProperties;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

@Data
@Component
@ConfigurationProperties(prefix = "spring.datasource.first")
public class FirstDataBaseProperties {
  String url;
  String username;
  String password;
  String driverClassName;
}

数据源Second配置文件封装

package com.zhoutao123.springboot.muldatasources.config;

import lombok.Data;
import org.springframework.boot.context.properties.ConfigurationProperties;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;


@Data
@Component
@ConfigurationProperties(prefix = "spring.datasource.second")
public class SecondDataBaseProperties {
  String url;
  String username;
  String password;
  String driverClassName;
}

完成数据源配置

这里需要完成DataSource/SqlSessionFactory/SessionTemp等对象的注入,需要注意的是,不管配置多少个数据源,其中的一个数据源配置的Bean必须使用@Primary完成注解.

下面是两个数据源的配置,其中First使用了@Primary注解

MapperScan注解的basePackages 表示了其目录下的Mapper使用文件使用该数据源,如FirstDataSource中表示com.zhoutao123.springboot.muldatasources.mapper.first下的Maper文件将使用FirstDataSource.

package com.zhoutao123.springboot.muldatasources.config;

import org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSessionFactory;
import org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean;
import org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionTemplate;
import org.mybatis.spring.annotation.MapperScan;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Qualifier;
import org.springframework.boot.context.properties.ConfigurationProperties;
import org.springframework.boot.jdbc.DataSourceBuilder;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Primary;
import org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager;

import javax.sql.DataSource;

@Configuration
@MapperScan(basePackages = "com.zhoutao123.springboot.muldatasources.mapper.first",sqlSessionTemplateRef ="firstSqlSessionTemplate")
public class FirstDataSourceConfig {

  @Autowired
  private FirstDataBaseProperties prop;

  //    创建数据源
  @Bean(name = "firstDS")
  @ConfigurationProperties(prefix = "spring.datasource.first")
  @Primary
  public DataSource getFirstDataSource() {
    DataSource build =  DataSourceBuilder.create()
            .driverClassName(prop.driverClassName)
            .url(prop.url)
            .username(prop.username)
            .password(prop.password)
            .build();
    return build;
    }


  // 创建SessionFactory
  @Bean(name = "firstSqlSessionFactory")
  @Primary
  public SqlSessionFactory firstSqlSessionFactory(@Qualifier("firstDS") DataSource dataSource) throws Exception {
    SqlSessionFactoryBean  bean = new SqlSessionFactoryBean();
    bean.setDataSource(dataSource);
    return bean.getObject();
  }

  // 创建事务管理器

  @Bean("firstTransactionManger")
  @Primary
  public DataSourceTransactionManager firstTransactionManger(@Qualifier("firstDS") DataSource dataSource){
    return new DataSourceTransactionManager(dataSource);
  }

  // 创建SqlSessionTemplate

  @Bean(name = "firstSqlSessionTemplate")
  @Primary
  public SqlSessionTemplate firstSqlSessionTemplate(@Qualifier("firstSqlSessionFactory") SqlSessionFactory sqlSessionFactory){
    return new SqlSessionTemplate(sqlSessionFactory);
  }


  private Class getType(String type) {
    try {
      return Class.forName(type);
    } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
      e.printStackTrace();
    }
    return null;
  }


}

以及第二个数据源的配置

package com.zhoutao123.springboot.muldatasources.config;

import org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSessionFactory;
import org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean;
import org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionTemplate;
import org.mybatis.spring.annotation.MapperScan;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Qualifier;
import org.springframework.boot.context.properties.ConfigurationProperties;
import org.springframework.boot.jdbc.DataSourceBuilder;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager;

import javax.sql.DataSource;

@Configuration
@MapperScan(basePackages = "com.zhoutao123.springboot.muldatasources.mapper.second",sqlSessionTemplateRef ="secondSqlSessionTemplate")
public class SecondDataSourceConfig {

  @Autowired
  private SecondDataBaseProperties prop;

//    创建数据源
  @Bean(name = "secondDS")
  @ConfigurationProperties(prefix = "spring.datasource.second")
  public DataSource getSecondDataSource() {
    DataSource build =  DataSourceBuilder.create()
            .driverClassName(prop.driverClassName)
            .url(prop.url)
            .username(prop.username)
            .password(prop.password)
            .build();
    return build;
  }


  // 创建SessionFactory
  @Bean(name = "secondSqlSessionFactory")
  public SqlSessionFactory secondSqlSessionFactory(@Qualifier("secondDS") DataSource dataSource) throws Exception {
    SqlSessionFactoryBean  bean = new SqlSessionFactoryBean();
    bean.setDataSource(dataSource);
    return bean.getObject();
  }

  // 创建事务管理器

  @Bean("secondTransactionManger")
  public DataSourceTransactionManager secondTransactionManger(@Qualifier("secondDS") DataSource dataSource){
    return new DataSourceTransactionManager(dataSource);
  }

  // 创建SqlSessionTemplate

  @Bean(name = "secondSqlSessionTemplate")
  public SqlSessionTemplate secondSqlSessionTemplate(@Qualifier("secondSqlSessionFactory") SqlSessionFactory sqlSessionFactory){
    return new SqlSessionTemplate(sqlSessionFactory);
  }

  private Class getType(String type) {
    try {
      return Class.forName(type);
    } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
      e.printStackTrace();
    }
    return null;
  }
}

实现Mapper

根据数据源配置的MappScan目录来创建测试Mapper,代码如下,注意包名,放在正确的位置上.

返回模型

这里写了两个数据库映射模型,用于接受数据库数据,比较简单.

package com.zhoutao123.springboot.muldatasources.dao;

import lombok.Data;
import lombok.experimental.Accessors;

@Data
@Accessors(chain = true)
public class Lesson {

    private String id;

    private String name;

    private String teacher;

    private  float credit;
}

package com.zhoutao123.springboot.muldatasources.dao;


import lombok.Data;
import lombok.experimental.Accessors;

@Data
@Accessors(chain = true)
public class Student {

    private String id;

    private  String name;

    private String age;
}

创建映射Mapper

package com.zhoutao123.springboot.muldatasources.mapper.first;

import com.zhoutao123.springboot.muldatasources.dao.Student;
import org.apache.ibatis.annotations.Mapper;
import org.apache.ibatis.annotations.Select;

import java.util.List;


@Mapper
public interface StudentMapper {

	// 查询全部的学生
    @Select("SELECT * FROM student;")
    List<Student> getAllStudent();

}

package com.zhoutao123.springboot.muldatasources.mapper.second;

import com.zhoutao123.springboot.muldatasources.dao.Lesson;
import org.apache.ibatis.annotations.Mapper;
import org.apache.ibatis.annotations.Select;

import java.util.List;


@Mapper
public interface LessonMapper {

	//	 查询全部的课程
    @Select("SELECT * FROM lesson;")
    List<Lesson> getAllLesson();

}

测试接口

这里为了方便,写了一个测试接口和Application放在一起的,同时考虑到这边学习的主要目标是多数据源的配置,就没有Service层,Controller直接调用Mapper,真实项目不要这么写哈.

package com.zhoutao123.springboot.muldatasources;

import com.zhoutao123.springboot.muldatasources.config.FirstDataSourceConfig;
import com.zhoutao123.springboot.muldatasources.config.SecondDataSourceConfig;
import com.zhoutao123.springboot.muldatasources.dao.Lesson;
import com.zhoutao123.springboot.muldatasources.dao.Student;
import com.zhoutao123.springboot.muldatasources.mapper.first.StudentMapper;
import com.zhoutao123.springboot.muldatasources.mapper.second.LessonMapper;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.DataSourceAutoConfiguration;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.ComponentScan;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

import java.security.PublicKey;
import java.util.List;

// 排除数据源的自动配置
@SpringBootApplication(exclude = {DataSourceAutoConfiguration.class})
@RestController
public class MuldatasourcesApplication {

    @Autowired
    private StudentMapper studentMapper;

    @Autowired
    private LessonMapper lessonMapper;

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(MuldatasourcesApplication.class, args);
    }


    @GetMapping("/student")
    public List<Student> studentList(){
        return studentMapper.getAllStudent();
    }

    @GetMapping("/lesson")
    public List<Lesson> lessonList(){
        return lessonMapper.getAllLesson();
    }
}

测试结果

可以看到不同的数据库的数据被查询出来了,实现了多数据源的切换,此处的效果和数据库的读写分离有类似的效果,可以参考分析,学习.

posted @ 2019-02-15 10:43  燕归来兮  阅读(7394)  评论(1编辑  收藏  举报