LeetCode: Path Sum II 解题报告

Path Sum II

Given a binary tree and a sum, find all root-to-leaf paths where each path's sum equals the given sum.

For example:
Given the below binary tree and sum = 22,

              5
             / \
            4   8
           /   / \
          11  13  4
         /  \    / \
        7    2  5   1

return

[
   [5,4,11,2],
   [5,8,4,5]
]

SOLUTION 1:

使用递归解决,先把下一个可能要加的节点加入到path中,再使用递归依次计算即可。

 1 /**
 2  * Definition for binary tree
 3  * public class TreeNode {
 4  *     int val;
 5  *     TreeNode left;
 6  *     TreeNode right;
 7  *     TreeNode(int x) { val = x; }
 8  * }
 9  */
10 public class Solution {
11     public List<List<Integer>> pathSum(TreeNode root, int sum) {
12         List<List<Integer>> ret = new ArrayList<List<Integer>>();
13         
14         List<Integer> path = new ArrayList<Integer>();
15         if (root == null) {
16             return ret;
17         }
18         
19         path.add(root.val);
20         sum -= root.val;
21         
22         dfs(root, sum, path, ret);
23         
24         return ret;
25     }
26     
27     public void dfs(TreeNode root, int sum, List<Integer> path, List<List<Integer>> ret) {
28         if (root == null) {
29             return;
30         }
31         
32         if (sum == 0 && root.left == null && root.right == null) {
33             ret.add(new ArrayList<Integer>(path));
34             return;
35         }
36         
37         if (root.left != null) {
38             path.add(root.left.val);
39             dfs(root.left, sum - root.left.val, path, ret);
40             path.remove(path.size() - 1);
41         }
42         
43         if (root.right != null) {
44             path.add(root.right.val);
45             dfs(root.right, sum - root.right.val, path, ret);
46             path.remove(path.size() - 1);
47         }
48     }
49 }
View Code

SOLUTION 2:

使用递归解决,如果只考虑加入当前节点,会更加简单易理解。递归的base case就是:

1. 当null的时候返回。

2. 当前节点是叶子 并且sum与root的值相同,则增加一个可能的解。

3. 如果没有解,将sum 减掉当前root的值,并且向左树,右树递归即可。

 1 // SOLUTION 2
 2     public List<List<Integer>> pathSum(TreeNode root, int sum) {
 3         List<List<Integer>> ret = new ArrayList<List<Integer>>();
 4         
 5         List<Integer> path = new ArrayList<Integer>();
 6         if (root == null) {
 7             return ret;
 8         }
 9         
10         dfs2(root, sum, path, ret);
11         
12         return ret;
13     }
14     
15     public void dfs2(TreeNode root, int sum, List<Integer> path, List<List<Integer>> ret) {
16         if (root == null) {
17             return;
18         }
19         
20         path.add(root.val);
21         sum -= root.val;
22         if (sum == 0 && root.left == null && root.right == null) {
23             ret.add(new ArrayList<Integer>(path));
24         } else {
25             dfs2(root.left, sum, path, ret);
26             dfs2(root.right, sum, path, ret);
27         }
28         
29         path.remove(path.size() - 1);
30     }
View Code

 

posted on 2015-03-30 09:17  Yu's Garden  阅读(623)  评论(0编辑  收藏

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