pytest文档55-plugins插件开发

前言

前面一篇已经学会了使用hook函数改变pytest运行的结果,代码写在conftest.py文件,实际上就是本地的插件了。
当有一天你公司的小伙伴觉得你写的还不错,或者更多的小伙伴想要你这个功能,于是你就想着放到github上,写成一个插件,方便小伙伴使用pip去安装。

插件开发

先新建一个工程,工程名称就是插件名称,一般以pytest-开头命名,目录结构如下

  • setup.py 在安装python的相关模块和库时,我们一般使用pip install 模块名或者python setup.py install,前者是在线安装,会安装该包的相关依赖包;
    后者是下载源码包然后在本地安装,不会安装该包的相关依赖包

  • README.rst README 文档,告诉用户如何使用你的插件,具体能实现什么功能

  • pytest_change_report.py 也就是之前conftest.py里面写的hook函数实现的功能

  • tests 用于测试本插件的相关功能,属于自测的内容

  • tests/conftest.py 开启需要的插件pytester

  • tests/test_change_report.py 测试插件的代码

setup.py

在安装python的相关模块和库时,我们一般使用pip install 模块名或者python setup.py install,前者是在线安装,会安装该包的相关依赖包;
后者是下载源码包然后在本地安装,不会安装该包的相关依赖包.
setup.py 描述安装包相关的信息

from setuptools import setup

"""The setup script.
# 作者-上海悠悠 QQ交流群:717225969
# blog地址 https://www.cnblogs.com/yoyoketang/
"""

setup(
    name='pytest-change-report',
    url='https://github.com/yoyoketang/pytest-change-report',
    version='1.0',
    author="yoyo",
    author_email='283340479@qq.com',
    description='turn . into √,turn F into x',
    long_description='print result on terminal turn . into √,turn F into x using hook',
    classifiers=[
        'Framework :: Pytest',
        'Programming Language :: Python',
        'Topic :: Software Development :: Testing',
        'Programming Language :: Python :: 3.6',
    ],
    license='proprietary',
    py_modules=['pytest_change_report'],
    keywords=[
        'pytest', 'py.test', 'pytest-change-report',
    ],

    install_requires=[
        'pytest'
    ],
    entry_points={
        'pytest11': [
            'change-report = pytest_change_report',
        ]
    }
)

pytest_change_report.py

插件的核心功能,也就是之前在conftest.py用hook函数实现的功能。
我们现在实现的功能:
1.把测试的结果.改成√,F改成x
2.命令行加个--change参数开关,默认不开启,当加上参数`--change on·的时候才生效

import pytest
# 作者-上海悠悠 QQ交流群:717225969
# blog地址 https://www.cnblogs.com/yoyoketang/


def pytest_addoption(parser):
    parser.addoption(
        "--change",
        action="store",
        default="off",
        help="'Default 'off' for change, option: on or off"
    )


def pytest_report_teststatus(report, config):
    '''turn . into √,turn F into x, turn E into 0'''
    if config.getoption("--change") == "on":
        if report.when == 'call' and report.failed:
            return (report.outcome, 'x', 'failed')
        if report.when == 'call' and report.passed:
            return (report.outcome, '√', 'passed')

测试插件

当插件功能实现完成后,需要在tests目录测试自己写的插件

tests/conftest.py 文件开启pytester,专门用于测试插件的

'''pytester is needed for testing plgugins.'''


pytest_plugins = ['pytester']

tests/test_change_report.py 文件写测试用例

import pytest
# 作者-上海悠悠 QQ交流群:717225969
# blog地址 https://www.cnblogs.com/yoyoketang/

def test_raw_report(testdir):
    """Make sure that our plugin works."""
    # create a temporary pytest test file
    testdir.makepyfile(
        """
        def test_01():
            a = "hello"
            b = "hello"
            assert a == b

        def test_02():
            a = "hello"
            b = "hello world"
            assert a == b
         """
            )

    # run all tests with pytest
    result = testdir.runpytest()

    # check that 1 test passed, 1 test failed.
    result.assert_outcomes(passed=1, failed=1)
    result.stdout.fnmatch_lines(["*.F*", ])

def test_change_on_report(testdir):
    """Make sure that our plugin works."""
    # create a temporary pytest test file
    testdir.makepyfile(
        """
        def test_01():
            a = "hello"
            b = "hello"
            assert a == b

        def test_02():
            a = "hello"
            b = "hello world"
            assert a == b
         """
            )

    # run all tests with pytest
    result = testdir.runpytest("--change", "on")

    # check that 1 test passed, 1 test failed.
    result.stdout.fnmatch_lines(['*√x*', ])


def test_change_off_report(testdir):
    """Make sure that our plugin works."""
    # create a temporary pytest test file
    testdir.makepyfile(
        """
        def test_01():
            a = "hello"
            b = "hello"
            assert a == b

        def test_02():
            a = "hello"
            b = "hello world"
            assert a == b
         """
            )

    # run all tests with pytest
    result = testdir.runpytest("--change", "off")

    # check that 1 test passed, 1 test failed.
    result.stdout.fnmatch_lines(['*.F*', ])


def test_change_default_report(testdir):
    """Make sure that our plugin works."""
    # create a temporary pytest test file
    testdir.makepyfile(
        """
        def test_01():
            a = "hello"
            b = "hello"
            assert a == b

        def test_02():
            a = "hello"
            b = "hello world"
            assert a == b
         """
            )

    # run all tests with pytest
    result = testdir.runpytest("--change")

    # check stderr pytest: error: argument --change: expected one argument
    result.stderr.fnmatch_lines(['*argument --change: expected one argument*', ])


def test_verbose_report(testdir):
    """Make sure that our plugin works."""
    # create a temporary pytest test file
    testdir.makepyfile(
        """
        def test_01():
            a = "hello"
            b = "hello"
            assert a == b

        def test_02():
            a = "hello"
            b = "hello world"
            assert a == b
         """
            )

    # run all tests with pytest
    result = testdir.runpytest("-v")

    # check that 1 test passed, 1 test failed.
    result.stdout.fnmatch_lines(['*::test_01 PASSED*', '*::test_02 FAILED*'])



def test_change_verbose_report(testdir):
    """Make sure that our plugin works."""
    # create a temporary pytest test file
    testdir.makepyfile(
        """
        def test_01():
            a = "hello"
            b = "hello"
            assert a == b

        def test_02():
            a = "hello"
            b = "hello world"
            assert a == b
         """
            )

    # run all tests with pytest
    result = testdir.runpytest("--change", "on", "-v")

    # check that 1 test passed, 1 test failed.
    result.stdout.fnmatch_lines(['*::test_01 passed*', '*::test_02 failed*'])


def test_help(testdir):
    """Make sure that our plugin works."""
    # create a temporary pytest test file
    testdir.makepyfile(
        """
        def test_01():
            a = "hello"
            b = "hello"
            assert a == b
         """
            )

    # run all tests with pytest
    result = testdir.runpytest("--help")

    # check --help
    result.stdout.fnmatch_lines(["*--change=*", ])

本地安装插件

cd到插件的项目目录,使用pip安装

pip install .

>pip install .
Processing d:\soft\pytest-change-report
Using legacy setup.py install for pytest-change-report, since package 'wheel' is not installed.
Installing collected packages: pytest-change-report
  Attempting uninstall: pytest-change-report
    Found existing installation: pytest-change-report 1.0
    Uninstalling pytest-change-report-1.0:
      Successfully uninstalled pytest-change-report-1.0
    Running setup.py install for pytest-change-report ... done
Successfully installed pytest-change-report-1.0

安装完成后,在cmd输入 pip show pytest-change-report就可以看到前面setup.py里面的描述内容

>pip show pytest-change-report
Name: pytest-change-report
Version: 1.0
Summary: turn . into √,turn F into x
Home-page: https://github.com/yoyoketang/pytest-change-report
Author: yoyo
Author-email: 283340479@qq.com
License: proprietary
Location: e:\python36\lib\site-packages\pytest_change_report-1.0-py3.6.egg
Requires: pytest
Required-by:

安装完成后,输入pytest测试tests/test_change_report.py

>pytest
============================= test session starts =============================

collected 7 items

tests\test_change_report.py .......                                      [100%]

========================== 7 passed in 0.89 seconds ===========================

测试文件里面的用例全部通过

README.rst

最后需要写个 README.rst 使用教程文档,这样你写的插件就能被其它小伙伴学习和使用了。

==============
pytest-change-report: pytest plugin
==============


**This pytest plugin turn . into √,turn F into x**


Usage
=====

从github源码安装

   pip install git+https://github.com/yoyoketang/pytest-change-report.git

命令行运行示例

   pytest --change on


demo
====

先写pytest用例test_demo.py

    def test_01():
        a = "hello"
        b = "hello"
        assert a == b


    def test_02(login):
        a = "hello"
        b = "hello world"
        assert a == b

命令行执行pytest, 默认不会改变之前的报告内容

    >pytest test_demo.py
    ============================= test session starts =============================
    collected 2 items

    test_demo.py .F                                                          [100%]

    ================================== FAILURES ===================================
    ___________________________________ test_02 ___________________________________

        def test_02():
            a = "hello"
            b = "hello world"
    >       assert a == b
    E       AssertionError: assert 'hello' == 'hello world'
    E         - hello
    E         + hello world

    test_demo.py:10: AssertionError
    ===================== 1 failed, 1 passed in 0.11 seconds ======================

加上 --change on 参数后运行

    >pytest test_demo.py --change on
    ============================= test session starts =============================
    collected 2 items

    test_demo.py √x                                                          [100%]

    ================================== FAILURES ===================================
    ___________________________________ test_02 ___________________________________

        def test_02():
            a = "hello"
            b = "hello world"
    >       assert a == b
    E       AssertionError: assert 'hello' == 'hello world'
    E         - hello
    E         + hello world

    test_demo.py:10: AssertionError
    ===================== 1 failed, 1 passed in 0.08 seconds ======================



pytest.ini
==========

可以添加到pytest.ini配置文件,这样默认就会带上--change参数

      [pytest]
      --change = on

# 作者-上海悠悠 QQ交流群:717225969
# blog地址 https://www.cnblogs.com/yoyoketang/

提交github

最后把插件代码提交到github仓库,方便下载https://github.com/yoyoketang/pytest-change-report

posted @ 2020-09-09 17:07  上海-悠悠  阅读(1021)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报