# 实验5 继承和多态

1.实验任务1

#include <iostream>
#include <map>
#include <string>

int main() {
using namespace std;

{4, "Good"},
{3, "Average"},
{2, "Fair"},
{1, "Poor"}};

else
cout << "Invalid input. The number must be between 1 and 5.\n";
}
}

#include <iostream>
#include <map>
#include <string>
#include <algorithm>

int main() {
using namespace std;

map<int, string> dec_hex_dict{{10, "A"},
{11, "B"},
{12, "C"},
{13, "D"},
{14, "E"},
{15, "F"}};

for(int i = 10; i < 16; ++i)
cout << dec_hex_dict[i];
cout << endl;

string s1, s2, s3;

s1 = "FF17";
cout << "s1: " << s1 << endl;
reverse(s1.begin(), s1.end());   // s1鏈韩瀹炵幇閫嗚浆
cout << "s1: " << s1 << endl;

s2 = string(s1.rbegin(), s1.rend());  // s1鏈韩娌″彉锛屼娇鐢ㄥ弽鍚戣凯浠ｅ櫒鍜屾瀯閫犲嚱鏁帮紝鏋勯€犳柊涓?
cout << "s1: " << s1 << endl;
cout << "s2: " << s2 << endl;
}

2.实验任务2

graph.hpp

#pragma once

#include <iostream>
#include <typeinfo>

// definition of Graph
// abstract class
class Graph {
public:
virtual void draw() = 0;  // pure virtual function
private:
std::string bgcolor;
};

// definition of Rectangle
// derived from Graph
class Rectangle: public Graph {
public:
void draw() { std::cout << "draw a rectangle.\n"; }
};
// definition of Circle
// derived from Graph
class Circle: public Graph {
public:
void draw() { std::cout << "draw a circle.\n"; }
};

#include <iostream>
#include "graph.hpp"

// definition of func(): as a call interface
void func(Graph *ptr) {
std::cout << "pointer type: " << typeid(ptr).name() << "\n";
std::cout << "RTTI type: " << typeid(*ptr).name() << "\n";

ptr -> draw();
}

void test() {
Rectangle r1;
func( &r1 );

std::cout << std::endl;

Circle c1;
func( &c1 );
}

int main() {
test();
}

3.实验任务3

Complex.hpp

#pragma once

#include <iostream>

// Complex declaration
class Complex {
public:
Complex(double r = 0, double i = 0): real{r}, imag{i} {}
Complex(const Complex &c): real{c.real}, imag{c.imag} {}
~Complex() = default;

double get_real() const { return real; }
double get_imag() const { return imag; }

Complex& operator+=(const Complex &c);

friend std::ostream& operator<<(std::ostream &out, const Complex &c);
friend std::istream& operator>>(std::istream &in, Complex &c);

private:
double real, imag;
};

// ------------member function -----------------
// overload operator+= as member function
// support such operation as: c1 += c2
Complex& Complex::operator+=(const Complex &c){
real += c.real;
imag += c.imag;

return *this;
}

//------------normal function------------------
// overload operator+ as normal function
// support such operation as: c1 + c2
Complex operator+(const Complex &c1, const Complex &c2) {
return Complex(c1.get_real() + c2.get_real(),
c1.get_imag() + c2.get_imag());
}

// overload operator== as normal function
bool operator==(const Complex &c1, const Complex &c2) {
return (c1.get_real() == c2.get_real() && c1.get_imag() == c2.get_imag());
}

// overload operator<< as friend function
// support such operation as: cout << c1 << endl;
std::ostream& operator<<(std::ostream &out, const Complex &c) {
if(c.imag == 0)
out << c.imag;
else if(c.imag > 0)
out << c.real << " + " << c.imag << "i";
else
out << c.real << " - " << -c.imag << "i";

return out;
}

// overload operator>> as friend function
// support such operation as: cin >> c1 >> c2;
std::istream& operator>>(std::istream &in, Complex &c) {
in >> c.real >> c.imag;

return in;
}

#include <iostream>
#include "Complex.hpp"

void test() {
using namespace std;

Complex c1;
cout << "Enter c1: ";
cin >> c1;
cout << "c1 = " << c1 << endl;

Complex c2{1.5, 3}, c3{c2};
cout << "c2 = " << c2 << endl;
cout << "c3 = " << c3 << endl;
cout << "c2 == c3: " << boolalpha << (c2 == c3) << endl;

cout << "c1 + c2 = " << c1 + c2 << endl;
c1 += c2;
cout << "c1 = " << c1 << endl;
cout << c1.get_real() << " " << c1.get_imag() << endl;
}

int main() {
test();
}

4.实验任务4

pets.hpp

#pragma once
#include<iostream>
#include<string>
using namespace std;
class MachinePets{
public:
MachinePets(const string &s);
const string get_nickname();
virtual string talk()=0;
private:
string nickname;
};

class PetCats:public MachinePets{
public:
PetCats(const string s);
string talk();
};

class PetDogs:public MachinePets{
public:
PetDogs(const string s);
string talk();
};

MachinePets::MachinePets(const string &s):nickname(s){
}

const string MachinePets::get_nickname(){
return nickname;
}

string MachinePets::talk(){
string t;
t="wang wang wang";
return t;
}

PetCats::PetCats(const string s):MachinePets(s){
}

string PetCats::talk(){
string t;
t="miao wu~";
return t;
}

PetDogs::PetDogs(const string s):MachinePets(s){
}

string PetDogs::talk(){
string t;
t="wang wang~";
return t;
}

#include <iostream>
#include "pets.hpp"

void play(MachinePets &obj) {
std::cout << obj.get_nickname() << " says " << obj.talk() << std::endl;
}

void test() {
PetCats cat("miku");
PetDogs dog("da huang");

play( cat );
play( dog );
}

int main() {
test();
}

5.实验任务5

Person.hpp

#pragma once
#include<iostream>
#include<iomanip>
#include<string>
using namespace std;

class Person{
public:
Person ():name{0},telephone{0},email{0}{};
Person (string n,string t,string e=" "):name{n},telephone{t},email{e}{};
Person (const Person &x){name=x.name;telephone=x.telephone;email=x.email;};
~Person()=default;

string get_name()const{return name;};
string get_telephone()const{return telephone;};
string get_email()const{return email;};

void update_telephone();
void update_email();

friend ostream& operator<<(ostream &os,const Person &p);
friend istream& operator>>(istream &is, Person &p);

private:
string name;
string telephone;
string email;
};

void Person::update_telephone()
{
cout<<"Enter the telephone number:";
string newtelephone;
cin.clear();
cin>>newtelephone;
telephone=newtelephone;
cout<<"telephone number has been update..."<<endl;
}

void Person::update_email()
{
string newemail;
cin.clear();
cin>>newemail;
email=newemail;
}
ostream& operator<<(ostream &os,const Person &p){
os.setf(ios::left);
os<<setw(25)<<p.name
<<setw(25)<<p.telephone
<<setw(25)<<p.email;
return os;
}

istream& operator>>(istream &is, Person &p)
{
getline(is, p.name);
getline(is,p.telephone);
getline(is,p.email) ;
cin.get();
return is;
}

bool operator==(const Person &p1,const Person &p2)
{
return (p1.get_name()==p2.get_name()&&p1.get_telephone()==p2.get_telephone());
}

#include <iostream>
#include <fstream>
#include <vector>
#include "Person.hpp"

void test() {
using namespace std;

vector<Person> phone_book;
Person p;

cout << "Enter person's contact until press Ctrl + Z" << endl;
while(cin >> p)
phone_book.push_back(p);

cout << "\nupdate someone's contact: \n";
phone_book.at(0).update_telephone();
phone_book.at(0).update_email();

cout << "\ndisplay all contacts' info\n";
for(auto &phone: phone_book)
cout << phone << endl;

cout << "\ntest whether the same contact\n";
cout << boolalpha << (phone_book.at(0) == phone_book.at(1)) << endl;
}

int main() {
test();
}

6.实验任务6

container.h

#pragma once
//=======================
//        container.h
//=======================

// The so-called inventory of a player in RPG games
// contains two items, heal and magic water

#ifndef _CONTAINER // Conditional compilation
#define _CONTAINER

class container        // Inventory
{
protected:
int numOfHeal;            // number of heal
int numOfMW;            // number of magic water
public:
container();            // constuctor
void set(int heal_n, int mw_n);    // set the items numbers
int nOfHeal();            // get the number of heal
int nOfMW();            // get the number of magic water
void display();            // display the items;
bool useHeal();            // use heal
bool useMW();            // use magic water
};

#endif

container.cpp

//=======================
//        container.cpp
//=======================
#include"container.h"
#include<iostream>
using namespace std;
// default constructor initialise the inventory as empty
container::container()
{
set(0, 0);
}

// set the item numbers
void container::set(int heal_n, int mw_n)
{
numOfHeal = heal_n;
numOfMW = mw_n;
}

// get the number of heal
int container::nOfHeal()
{
return numOfHeal;
}

// get the number of magic water
int container::nOfMW()
{
return numOfMW;
}

// display the items;
void container::display()
{
cout << "Your bag contains: " << endl;
cout << "Heal(HP+100): " << numOfHeal << endl;
cout << "Magic Water (MP+80): " << numOfMW << endl;
}

//use heal
bool container::useHeal()
{
numOfHeal--;
return 1;        // use heal successfully
}

//use magic water
bool container::useMW()
{
numOfMW--;
return 1;        // use magic water successfully
}

player.h

//=======================
//        player.h
//=======================

// The base class of player
// including the general properties and methods related to a character

#ifndef _PLAYER
#define _PLAYER
#include<iostream>
#include <iomanip>        // use for setting field width
#include <time.h>        // use for generating random factor
#include "container.h"
using namespace std;
enum job { sw, ar, mg };    /* define 3 jobs by enumerate type
sword man, archer, mage */
class player
{
friend void showinfo(player& p1, player& p2);
friend class swordsman;

protected:
int HP, HPmax, MP, MPmax, AP, DP, speed, EXP, LV;
// General properties of all characters
string name;    // character name
job role;        /* character's job, one of swordman, archer and mage,
as defined by the enumerate type */
container bag;    // character's inventory

public:
virtual bool attack(player& p) = 0;    // normal attack
virtual bool specialatt(player& p) = 0;    //special attack
virtual void isLevelUp() = 0;            // level up judgement
/* Attention!
These three methods are called "Pure virtual functions".
They have only declaration, but no definition.
The class with pure virtual functions are called "Abstract class", which can only be used to inherited, but not to constructor objects.
The detailed definition of these pure virtual functions will be given in subclasses. */

void reFill();        // character's HP and MP resume
bool death();        // report whether character is dead
bool useHeal();        // consume heal, irrelevant to job
bool useMW();        // consume magic water, irrelevant to job
void transfer(player& p);    // possess opponent's items after victory
void showRole();    // display character's job

private:
bool playerdeath;            // whether character is dead, doesn't need to be accessed or inherited
};

#endif

player.cpp

//=======================
//        player.cpp
//=======================
#include<iostream>
#include<iomanip>
#include"player.h"
using namespace std;
// character's HP and MP resume
void player::reFill()
{
HP = HPmax;        // HP and MP fully recovered
MP = MPmax;
}

// report whether character is dead
bool player::death()
{
return playerdeath;
}

// check whether character is dead
{
if (HP <= 0)        // HP less than 0, character is dead
{
cout << name << " is Dead." << endl;
system("pause");
playerdeath = 1;    // give the label of death value 1
}
}

// consume heal, irrelevant to job
bool player::useHeal()
{
if (bag.nOfHeal() > 0)
{
HP = HP + 100;
if (HP > HPmax)        // HP cannot be larger than maximum value
HP = HPmax;        // so assign it to HPmax, if necessary
cout << name << " used Heal, HP increased by 100." << endl;
bag.useHeal();        // use heal
system("pause");
return 1;    // usage of heal succeed
}
else                // If no more heal in bag, cannot use
{
cout << "Sorry, you don't have heal to use." << endl;
system("pause");
return 0;    // usage of heal failed
}
}

// consume magic water, irrelevant to job
bool player::useMW()
{
if (bag.nOfMW() > 0)
{
MP = MP + 100;
if (MP > MPmax)
MP = MPmax;
cout << name << " used Magic Water, MP increased by 100." << endl;
bag.useMW();
system("pause");
return 1;    // usage of magic water succeed
}
else
{
cout << "Sorry, you don't have magic water to use." << endl;
system("pause");
return 0;    // usage of magic water failed
}
}

// possess opponent's items after victory
void player::transfer(player& p)
{
cout << name << " got" << p.bag.nOfHeal() << " Heal, and " << p.bag.nOfMW() << " Magic Water." << endl;
system("pause");
HP += p.bag.nOfHeal();
MP += p.bag.nOfMW();
// set the character's bag, get opponent's items
}

// display character's job
void player::showRole()
{
switch (role)
{
case sw:
cout << "Swordsman";
break;
case ar:
cout << "Archer";
break;
case mg:
cout << "Mage";
break;
default:
break;
}
}

// display character's job
void showinfo(player& p1, player& p2)
{
system("cls");
cout << "##############################################################" << endl;
cout << "# Player" << setw(10) << p1.name << "   LV. " << setw(3) << p1.LV
<< "  # Opponent" << setw(10) << p2.name << "   LV. " << setw(3) << p2.LV << " #" << endl;
cout << "# HP " << setw(3) << (p1.HP <= 999 ? p1.HP : 999) << '/' << setw(3) << (p1.HPmax <= 999 ? p1.HPmax : 999)
<< " | MP " << setw(3) << (p1.MP <= 999 ? p1.MP : 999) << '/' << setw(3) << (p1.MPmax <= 999 ? p1.MPmax : 999)
<< "     # HP " << setw(3) << (p2.HP <= 999 ? p2.HP : 999) << '/' << setw(3) << (p2.HPmax <= 999 ? p2.HPmax : 999)
<< " | MP " << setw(3) << (p2.MP <= 999 ? p2.MP : 999) << '/' << setw(3) << (p2.MPmax <= 999 ? p2.MPmax : 999) << "      #" << endl;
cout << "# AP " << setw(3) << (p1.AP <= 999 ? p1.AP : 999)
<< " | DP " << setw(3) << (p1.DP <= 999 ? p1.DP : 999)
<< " | speed " << setw(3) << (p1.speed <= 999 ? p1.speed : 999)
<< " # AP " << setw(3) << (p2.AP <= 999 ? p2.AP : 999)
<< " | DP " << setw(3) << (p2.DP <= 999 ? p2.DP : 999)
<< " | speed " << setw(3) << (p2.speed <= 999 ? p2.speed : 999) << "  #" << endl;
cout << "# EXP" << setw(7) << p1.EXP << " Job: " << setw(7);
p1.showRole();
cout << "   # EXP" << setw(7) << p2.EXP << " Job: " << setw(7);
p2.showRole();
cout << "    #" << endl;
cout << "--------------------------------------------------------------" << endl;
p1.bag.display();
cout << "##############################################################" << endl;
}

swordsman.h

#pragma once
//=======================
//        swordsman.h
//=======================

// Derived from base class player
// For the job Swordsman

#include "player.h"
class swordsman : public player    // subclass swordsman publicly inherited from base player
{
public:
swordsman(int lv_in = 1, string name_in = "Not Given");
// constructor with default level of 1 and name of "Not given"
void isLevelUp();
bool attack(player& p);
bool specialatt(player& p);
/* These three are derived from the pure virtual functions of base class
The definition of them will be given in this subclass. */
void AI(player& p);                // Computer opponent
};

swordsman.cpp

//=======================
//        swordsman.cpp
//=======================
#include<iostream>
#include"swordsman.h"
using namespace std;
// constructor. default values don't need to be repeated here
swordsman::swordsman(int lv_in, string name_in)
{
role = sw;    // enumerate type of job
LV = lv_in;
name = name_in;

// Initialising the character's properties, based on his level
HPmax = 150 + 8 * (LV - 1);        // HP increases 8 point2 per level
HP = HPmax;
MPmax = 75 + 2 * (LV - 1);        // MP increases 2 points per level
MP = MPmax;
AP = 25 + 4 * (LV - 1);            // AP increases 4 points per level
DP = 25 + 4 * (LV - 1);            // DP increases 4 points per level
speed = 25 + 2 * (LV - 1);        // speed increases 2 points per level

playerdeath = 0;
EXP = LV * LV * 75;
bag.set(lv_in, lv_in);
}

void swordsman::isLevelUp()
{
if (EXP >= LV * LV * 75)
{
LV++;
AP += 4;
DP += 4;
HPmax += 8;
MPmax += 2;
speed += 2;
cout << name << " Level UP!" << endl;
cout << "HP improved 8 points to " << HPmax << endl;
cout << "MP improved 2 points to " << MPmax << endl;
cout << "Speed improved 2 points to " << speed << endl;
cout << "AP improved 4 points to " << AP << endl;
cout << "DP improved 5 points to " << DP << endl;
system("pause");
isLevelUp();    // recursively call this function, so the character can level up multiple times if got enough exp
}
}

bool swordsman::attack(player& p)
{
double HPtemp = 0;        // opponent's HP decrement
double EXPtemp = 0;        // player obtained exp
double hit = 1;            // attach factor, probably give critical attack
srand((unsigned)time(NULL));        // generating random seed based on system time

// If speed greater than opponent, you have some possibility to do double attack
if ((speed > p.speed) && (rand() % 100 < (speed - p.speed)))        // rand()%100 means generates a number no greater than 100
{
HPtemp = (int)((1.0 * AP / p.DP) * AP * 5 / (rand() % 4 + 10));        // opponent's HP decrement calculated based their AP/DP, and uncertain chance
cout << name << "'s quick strike hit " << p.name << ", " << p.name << "'s HP decreased " << HPtemp << endl;
p.HP = int(p.HP - HPtemp);
EXPtemp = (int)(HPtemp * 1.2);
}

// If speed smaller than opponent, the opponent has possibility to evade
if ((speed < p.speed) && (rand() % 50 < 1))
{
cout << name << "'s attack has been evaded by " << p.name << endl;
system("pause");
return 1;
}

// 10% chance give critical attack
if (rand() % 100 <= 10)
{
hit = 1.5;
cout << "Critical attack: ";
}

// Normal attack
HPtemp = (int)((1.0 * AP / p.DP) * AP * 5 / (rand() % 4 + 10));
cout << name << " uses bash, " << p.name << "'s HP decreases " << HPtemp << endl;
EXPtemp = (int)(EXPtemp + HPtemp * 1.2);
p.HP = (int)(p.HP - HPtemp);
cout << name << " obtained " << EXPtemp << " experience." << endl;
EXP = (int)(EXP + EXPtemp);
system("pause");
return 1;        // Attack success
}

bool swordsman::specialatt(player& p)
{
if (MP < 40)
{
cout << "You don't have enough magic points!" << endl;
system("pause");
return 0;        // Attack failed
}
else
{
MP -= 40;            // consume 40 MP to do special attack

if (rand() % 100 <= 10)
{
cout << name << "'s leap attack has been evaded by " << p.name << endl;
system("pause");
return 1;
}

double HPtemp = 0;
double EXPtemp = 0;
//double hit=1;
//srand(time(NULL));
HPtemp = (int)(AP * 1.2 + 20);        // not related to opponent's DP
EXPtemp = (int)(HPtemp * 1.5);        // special attack provides more experience
cout << name << " uses leap attack, " << p.name << "'s HP decreases " << HPtemp << endl;
cout << name << " obtained " << EXPtemp << " experience." << endl;
p.HP = (int)(p.HP - HPtemp);
EXP = (int)(EXP + EXPtemp);
system("pause");
}
return 1;    // special attack succeed
}

// Computer opponent
void swordsman::AI(player& p)
{
if ((HP < (int)((1.0 * p.AP / DP) * p.AP * 1.5)) && (HP + 100 <= 1.1 * HPmax) && (bag.nOfHeal() > 0) && (HP > (int)((1.0 * p.AP / DP) * p.AP * 0.5)))
// AI's HP cannot sustain 3 rounds && not too lavish && still has heal && won't be killed in next round
{
useHeal();
}
else
{
if (MP >= 40 && HP > 0.5 * HPmax && rand() % 100 <= 30)
// AI has enough MP, it has 30% to make special attack
{
specialatt(p);
}
else
{
if (MP < 40 && HP>0.5 * HPmax && bag.nOfMW())
// Not enough MP && HP is safe && still has magic water
{
useMW();
}
else
{
attack(p);    // normal attack
}
}
}
}

main.cpp

//=======================
//        main.cpp
//=======================

// main function for the RPG style game

#include <iostream>
#include <string>
#include "swordsman.h"
using namespace std;
int main()
{
string tempName = "0";
bool success = 0;        //flag for storing whether operation is successful
cout << "Please input player's name: ";
cin >> tempName;        // get player's name from keyboard input
player* human;// use pointer of base class, convenience for polymorphism
human = new swordsman(1, tempName);
int tempJob;        // temp choice for job selection
do
{
cout << "Please choose a job: 1 Swordsman, 2 Archer, 3 Mage" << endl;
cin >> tempJob;
system("cls");        // clear the screen
switch (tempJob)
{
case 1:
delete human;
human = new swordsman(1, tempName);    // create the character with user inputted name and job
success = 1;        // operation succeed
break;
default:
break;                // In this case, success=0, character creation failed
}
} while (success != 1);        // so the loop will ask user to re-create a character

int tempCom;            // temp command inputted by user
int nOpp = 0;                // the Nth opponent
for (int i = 1; nOpp < 5; i += 2)    // i is opponent's level
{
nOpp++;
system("cls");
cout << "STAGE" << nOpp << endl;
cout << "Your opponent, a Level " << i << " Swordsman." << endl;
system("pause");
swordsman enemy(i, "Warrior");    // Initialise an opponent, level i, name "Junior"
human->reFill();                // get HP/MP refill before start fight

while (!human->death() && !enemy.death())    // no died
{
success = 0;
while (success != 1)
{
showinfo(*human, enemy);                // show fighter's information
cout << "Please give command: " << endl;
cout << "1 Attack; 2 Special Attack; 3 Use Heal; 4 Use Magic Water; 0 Exit Game" << endl;
cin >> tempCom;
switch (tempCom)
{
case 0:
cout << "Are you sure to exit? Y/N" << endl;
char temp;
cin >> temp;
if (temp == 'Y' || temp == 'y')
return 0;
else
break;
case 1:
success = human->attack(enemy);
human->isLevelUp();
break;
case 2:
success = human->specialatt(enemy);
human->isLevelUp();
break;
case 3:
success = human->useHeal();
break;
case 4:
success = human->useMW();
break;
default:
break;
}
}
if (!enemy.death())        // If AI still alive
enemy.AI(*human);
else                            // AI died
{
cout << "YOU WIN" << endl;
human->transfer(enemy);        // player got all AI's items
}
if (human->death())
{
system("cls");
cout << endl << setw(50) << "GAME OVER" << endl;
delete human;        // player is dead, program is getting to its end, what should we do here?
system("pause");
return 0;
}
}
}
delete human;    // You win, program is getting to its end, what should we do here?
system("cls");
cout << "Congratulations! You defeated all opponents!!" << endl;
system("pause");
return 0;
}

posted @ 2022-11-25 14:58  阑夜风华  阅读(17)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报