常用HTTP状态码和CURL 000问题

  最近在测试CDN服务质量问题,测试过程中返回了一些不同的状态码,当然有一些常用的,也有一些不常用的。最奇葩的是在使用curl命令的时候出现000状态码,问了很多同事,对这个000的反应跟新事物是的。

一、生产环境常见的HTTP CODE

生产环境常见的HTTP状态码列表(List of HTTP status codes)为:

2XX成功:
200 - OK,服务器成功返回网页
  - Standard response for successful HTTP requests.

3XX重定向:
301 - Moved Permanently(永久跳转),请求的网页已永久跳转到新位置。
  - This and all future requests should be directed to the given.
302 - Moved Temporarily(临时跳转),请求的网页已临时跳转到新位置。

4XX客户端错误:
403 - Forbidden(禁止访问),服务器拒绝请求
  - forbidden request (matches a deny filter) => HTTP 403
  - The request was a legal request, but the server is refusing to respond to it.
404 - Not Found,服务器找不到请求的页面。
  - The requested resource could not be found but may be available again in the future.

5XX服务器错误:
500 - Internal Server Error(内部服务器错误)
  - internal error in haproxy => HTTP 500
  - A generic error message, given when no more specific message is suitable.
502 - Bad Gateway(坏的网关),一般是网关服务器请求后端服务时,后端服务没有按照http协议正确返回结果。
  - the server returned an invalid or incomplete response => HTTP 502
  - The server was acting as a gateway or proxy and received an invalid response from the upstream server.
503 - Service Unavailable(服务当前不可用),可能因为超载或停机维护。
  - no server was available to handle the request => HTTP 503
  - The server is currently unavailable (because it is overloaded or down for maintenance).
504 - Gateway Timeout(网关超时),一般是网关服务器请求后端服务时,后端服务没有在特定的时间内完成服务。
  - the server failed to reply in time => HTTP 504
  - The server was acting as a gateway or proxy and did not receive a timely response from the upstream server.

 

二、curl奇怪的返回值000。

经过测试发现在curl的时候出现000的情况有如下几种:

1.Failed DNS resolution (6)

$ curl -w "%{http_code}\n" http://example.invalid/ ; echo "Exit code: $?"
000
curl: (6) Could not resolve host: example.invalid
Exit code: 6

2.Connection refused (7)

$ curl -w "%{http_code}\n" http://localhost:81/ ; echo "Exit code: $?"
000
curl: (7) Failed to connect to localhost port 81: Connection refused
Exit code: 7

Connection timed out (28)

$ curl -w "%{http_code}\n" -m 5 http://10.255.255.1/ ; echo "Exit code: $?"
000
curl: (28) Connection timed out after 5001 milliseconds
Exit code: 28

Server actually returns 000 for some reason (0)

开启一个监听端口:

nc -l -p 65535 & <<EOF

HTTP/1.1 000 Fake Status Code

Content-Length: 0

Connection: close

EOF

客户端请求:

$ curl -w "%{http_code}\n" http://localhost:65535/ ; echo "Exit code: $?"
000
Exit code: 0

*注释:一般情况下遇到000,默认考虑为200,正常。

在测试过程中打印了000时的错误信息,错误为:Connection timed out。使用curl时,参数:-sS ,然后将curl的错误 2>> /tmp/err.log。

 

参考文章:
wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_HTTP_status_codes

http://superuser.com/questions/501690/curl-http-code-of-000

posted @ 2016-06-24 15:42 韩德田 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏