# filebeat.yml（中文配置详解）

################### Filebeat Configuration Example #########################

############################# Filebeat ######################################
filebeat:
# List of prospectors to fetch data.
prospectors:
# Each - is a prospector. Below are the prospector specific configurations
-
# Paths that should be crawled and fetched. Glob based paths.
# To fetch all ".log" files from a specific level of subdirectories
# /var/log/*/*.log can be used.
# For each file found under this path, a harvester is started.
# Make sure not file is defined twice as this can lead to unexpected behaviour.
# 指定要监控的日志，可以指定具体得文件或者目录
paths:
#- c:\programdata\elasticsearch\logs\*

# Configure the file encoding for reading files with international characters
# following the W3C recommendation for HTML5 (http://www.w3.org/TR/encoding).
# Some sample encodings:
#   plain, utf-8, utf-16be-bom, utf-16be, utf-16le, big5, gb18030, gbk,
#    hz-gb-2312, euc-kr, euc-jp, iso-2022-jp, shift-jis, ...
# 指定被监控的文件的编码类型，使用plain和utf-8都是可以处理中文日志的
#encoding: plain

# Type of the files. Based on this the way the file is read is decided.
# The different types cannot be mixed in one prospector
#
# Possible options are:
# * log: Reads every line of the log file (default)
# * stdin: Reads the standard in
# 指定文件的输入类型log(默认)或者stdin
input_type: log

# Exclude lines. A list of regular expressions to match. It drops the lines that are
# matching any regular expression from the list. The include_lines is called before
# 在输入中排除符合正则表达式列表的那些行。
# exclude_lines. By default, no lines are dropped.
# exclude_lines: ["^DBG"]

# Include lines. A list of regular expressions to match. It exports the lines that are
# matching any regular expression from the list. The include_lines is called before
# exclude_lines. By default, all the lines are exported.
# 包含输入中符合正则表达式列表的那些行（默认包含所有行），include_lines执行完毕之后会执行exclude_lines
# include_lines: ["^ERR", "^WARN"]

# Exclude files. A list of regular expressions to match. Filebeat drops the files that
# are matching any regular expression from the list. By default, no files are dropped.
# 忽略掉符合正则表达式列表的文件
# exclude_files: [".gz\$"]

# Optional additional fields. These field can be freely picked
# to add additional information to the crawled log files for filtering
# 向输出的每一条日志添加额外的信息，比如“level:debug”，方便后续对日志进行分组统计。
# 默认情况下，会在输出信息的fields子目录下以指定的新增fields建立子目录，例如fields.level
# 这个得意思就是会在es中多添加一个字段，格式为 "filelds":{"level":"debug"}
#fields:
#  level: debug
#  review: 1

# Set to true to store the additional fields as top level fields instead
# of under the "fields" sub-dictionary. In case of name conflicts with the
# fields added by Filebeat itself, the custom fields overwrite the default
# fields.
# 如果该选项设置为true，则新增fields成为顶级目录，而不是将其放在fields目录下。
# 自定义的field会覆盖filebeat默认的field
# 如果设置为true，则在es中新增的字段格式为："level":"debug"
#fields_under_root: false

# Ignore files which were modified more then the defined timespan in the past.
# In case all files on your system must be read you can set this value very large.
# Time strings like 2h (2 hours), 5m (5 minutes) can be used.
# 可以指定Filebeat忽略指定时间段以外修改的日志内容，比如2h（两个小时）或者5m(5分钟)。
#ignore_older: 0

# Close older closes the file handler for which were not modified
# for longer then close_older
# Time strings like 2h (2 hours), 5m (5 minutes) can be used.
# 如果一个文件在某个时间段内没有发生过更新，则关闭监控的文件handle。默认1h
#close_older: 1h

# Type to be published in the 'type' field. For Elasticsearch output,
# the type defines the document type these entries should be stored
# in. Default: log
# 设定Elasticsearch输出时的document的type字段 可以用来给日志进行分类。Default: log
#document_type: log

# Scan frequency in seconds.
# How often these files should be checked for changes. In case it is set
# to 0s, it is done as often as possible. Default: 10s
# Filebeat以多快的频率去prospector指定的目录下面检测文件更新（比如是否有新增文件）
# 如果设置为0s，则Filebeat会尽可能快地感知更新（占用的CPU会变高）。默认是10s
#scan_frequency: 10s

# Defines the buffer size every harvester uses when fetching the file
# 每个harvester监控文件时，使用的buffer的大小
#harvester_buffer_size: 16384

# Maximum number of bytes a single log event can have
# All bytes after max_bytes are discarded and not sent. The default is 10MB.
# This is especially useful for multiline log messages which can get large.
# 日志文件中增加一行算一个日志事件，max_bytes限制在一次日志事件中最多上传的字节数，多出的字节会被丢弃
#max_bytes: 10485760

# Mutiline can be used for log messages spanning multiple lines. This is common
# for Java Stack Traces or C-Line Continuation
# 适用于日志中每一条日志占据多行的情况，比如各种语言的报错信息调用栈
#multiline:

# The regexp Pattern that has to be matched. The example pattern matches all lines starting with [
# 多行日志开始的那一行匹配的pattern
#pattern: ^\[

# Defines if the pattern set under pattern should be negated or not. Default is false.
# 是否需要对pattern条件转置使用，不翻转设为true，反转设置为false。  【建议设置为true】
#negate: false

# Match can be set to "after" or "before". It is used to define if lines should be append to a pattern
# that was (not) matched before or after or as long as a pattern is not matched based on negate.
# Note: After is the equivalent to previous and before is the equivalent to to next in Logstash
# 匹配pattern后，与前面（before）还是后面（after）的内容合并为一条日志
#match: after

# The maximum number of lines that are combined to one event.
# In case there are more the max_lines the additional lines are discarded.
# Default is 500
# 合并的最多行数（包含匹配pattern的那一行）
#max_lines: 500

# After the defined timeout, an multiline event is sent even if no new pattern was found to start a new event
# Default is 5s.
# 到了timeout之后，即使没有匹配一个新的pattern（发生一个新的事件），也把已经匹配的日志事件发送出去
#timeout: 5s

# Setting tail_files to true means filebeat starts readding new files at the end
# instead of the beginning. If this is used in combination with log rotation
# this can mean that the first entries of a new file are skipped.
# 如果设置为true，Filebeat从文件尾开始监控文件新增内容，把新增的每一行文件作为一个事件依次发送，
# 而不是从文件开始处重新发送所有内容
#tail_files: false

# Backoff values define how agressively filebeat crawls new files for updates
# The default values can be used in most cases. Backoff defines how long it is waited
# to check a file again after EOF is reached. Default is 1s which means the file
# is checked every second if new lines were added. This leads to a near real time crawling.
# Every time a new line appears, backoff is reset to the initial value.
# Filebeat检测到某个文件到了EOF（文件结尾）之后，每次等待多久再去检测文件是否有更新，默认为1s
#backoff: 1s

# Max backoff defines what the maximum backoff time is. After having backed off multiple times
# from checking the files, the waiting time will never exceed max_backoff idenependent of the
# backoff factor. Having it set to 10s means in the worst case a new line can be added to a log
# file after having backed off multiple times, it takes a maximum of 10s to read the new line
# Filebeat检测到某个文件到了EOF之后，等待检测文件更新的最大时间，默认是10秒
#max_backoff: 10s

# The backoff factor defines how fast the algorithm backs off. The bigger the backoff factor,
# the faster the max_backoff value is reached. If this value is set to 1, no backoff will happen.
# The backoff value will be multiplied each time with the backoff_factor until max_backoff is reached
# 定义到达max_backoff的速度，默认因子是2，到达max_backoff后，变成每次等待max_backoff那么长的时间才backoff一次，
# 直到文件有更新才会重置为backoff
# 根据现在的默认配置是这样的，每隔1s检测一下文件变化，如果连续检测两次之后文件还没有变化，下一次检测间隔时间变为10s
#backoff_factor: 2

# This option closes a file, as soon as the file name changes.
# This config option is recommended on windows only. Filebeat keeps the files it's reading open. This can cause
# issues when the file is removed, as the file will not be fully removed until also Filebeat closes
# the reading. Filebeat closes the file handler after ignore_older. During this time no new file with the
# same name can be created. Turning this feature on the other hand can lead to loss of data
# on rotate files. It can happen that after file rotation the beginning of the new
# file is skipped, as the reading starts at the end. We recommend to leave this option on false
# but lower the ignore_older value to release files faster.
# 这个选项关闭一个文件,当文件名称的变化。#该配置选项建议只在windows
#force_close_files: false

#-
# Configuration to use stdin input
#input_type: stdin

# General filebeat configuration options
#
# Event count spool threshold - forces network flush if exceeded
# spooler的大小，spooler中的事件数量超过这个阈值的时候会清空发送出去（不论是否到达超时时间）
#spool_size: 2048

# Enable async publisher pipeline in filebeat (Experimental!)
# 是否采用异步发送模式（实验功能）
#publish_async: false

# Defines how often the spooler is flushed. After idle_timeout the spooler is
# Flush even though spool_size is not reached.
# spooler的超时时间，如果到了超时时间，spooler也会清空发送出去（不论是否到达容量的阈值）
#idle_timeout: 5s

# Name of the registry file. Per default it is put in the current working
# directory. In case the working directory is changed after when running
# filebeat again, indexing starts from the beginning again.
# 记录filebeat处理日志文件的位置的文件，默认是在启动的根目录下
#registry_file: .filebeat

# Full Path to directory with additional prospector configuration files. Each file must end with .yml
# These config files must have the full filebeat config part inside, but only
# the prospector part is processed. All global options like spool_size are ignored.
# The config_dir MUST point to a different directory then where the main filebeat config file is in.
# 如果要在本配置文件中引入其他位置的配置文件，可以写在这里（需要写完整路径），但是只处理prospector的部分
#config_dir:

###############################################################################
############################# Libbeat Config ##################################
# Base config file used by all other beats for using libbeat features

############################# Output ##########################################

# Configure what outputs to use when sending the data collected by the beat.
# Multiple outputs may be used.
output:

### Elasticsearch as output
elasticsearch:　　　　　　　　　　　　（这是默认的，filebeat收集后放到es里）（自行可以修改，比如我有时候想filebeat收集后，然后到redis，再到es，就可以注销这行）
# Array of hosts to connect to.
# Scheme and port can be left out and will be set to the default (http and 9200)
# In case you specify and additional path, the scheme is required: http://localhost:9200/path
# IPv6 addresses should always be defined as: https://[2001:db8::1]:9200
hosts: ["localhost:9200"]        （这是默认的，filebeat收集后放到es里）（自行可以修改，比如我有时候想filebeat收集后，然后到redis，再到es，就可以注销这行）
# Optional protocol and basic auth credentials. #protocol: "https" #username: "admin" #password: "s3cr3t" # Number of workers per Elasticsearch host. #worker: 1 # Optional index name. The default is "filebeat" and generates # [filebeat-]YYYY.MM.DD keys. #index: "filebeat" # A template is used to set the mapping in Elasticsearch # By default template loading is disabled and no template is loaded. # These settings can be adjusted to load your own template or overwrite existing ones #template: # Template name. By default the template name is filebeat. #name: "filebeat" # Path to template file #path: "filebeat.template.json" # Overwrite existing template #overwrite: false # Optional HTTP Path #path: "/elasticsearch" # Proxy server url #proxy_url: http://proxy:3128 # The number of times a particular Elasticsearch index operation is attempted. If # the indexing operation doesn't succeed after this many retries, the events are # dropped. The default is 3. #max_retries: 3 # The maximum number of events to bulk in a single Elasticsearch bulk API index request. # The default is 50. #bulk_max_size: 50 # Configure http request timeout before failing an request to Elasticsearch. #timeout: 90 # The number of seconds to wait for new events between two bulk API index requests. # If bulk_max_size is reached before this interval expires, addition bulk index # requests are made. #flush_interval: 1 # Boolean that sets if the topology is kept in Elasticsearch. The default is # false. This option makes sense only for Packetbeat. #save_topology: false # The time to live in seconds for the topology information that is stored in # Elasticsearch. The default is 15 seconds. #topology_expire: 15 # tls configuration. By default is off. #tls: # List of root certificates for HTTPS server verifications #certificate_authorities: ["/etc/pki/root/ca.pem"] # Certificate for TLS client authentication #certificate: "/etc/pki/client/cert.pem" # Client Certificate Key #certificate_key: "/etc/pki/client/cert.key" # Controls whether the client verifies server certificates and host name. # If insecure is set to true, all server host names and certificates will be # accepted. In this mode TLS based connections are susceptible to # man-in-the-middle attacks. Use only for testing. #insecure: true # Configure cipher suites to be used for TLS connections #cipher_suites: [] # Configure curve types for ECDHE based cipher suites #curve_types: [] # Configure minimum TLS version allowed for connection to logstash #min_version: 1.0 # Configure maximum TLS version allowed for connection to logstash #max_version: 1.2 ### Logstash as output #logstash: # The Logstash hosts #hosts: ["localhost:5044"] # Number of workers per Logstash host. #worker: 1 # The maximum number of events to bulk into a single batch window. The # default is 2048. #bulk_max_size: 2048 # Set gzip compression level. #compression_level: 3 # Optional load balance the events between the Logstash hosts #loadbalance: true # Optional index name. The default index name depends on the each beat. # For Packetbeat, the default is set to packetbeat, for Topbeat # top topbeat and for Filebeat to filebeat. #index: filebeat # Optional TLS. By default is off. #tls: # List of root certificates for HTTPS server verifications #certificate_authorities: ["/etc/pki/root/ca.pem"] # Certificate for TLS client authentication #certificate: "/etc/pki/client/cert.pem" # Client Certificate Key #certificate_key: "/etc/pki/client/cert.key" # Controls whether the client verifies server certificates and host name. # If insecure is set to true, all server host names and certificates will be # accepted. In this mode TLS based connections are susceptible to # man-in-the-middle attacks. Use only for testing. #insecure: true # Configure cipher suites to be used for TLS connections #cipher_suites: [] # Configure curve types for ECDHE based cipher suites #curve_types: [] ### File as output #file: # Path to the directory where to save the generated files. The option is mandatory. #path: "/tmp/filebeat" # Name of the generated files. The default is filebeat and it generates files: filebeat, filebeat.1, filebeat.2, etc. #filename: filebeat # Maximum size in kilobytes of each file. When this size is reached, the files are # rotated. The default value is 10 MB. #rotate_every_kb: 10000 # Maximum number of files under path. When this number of files is reached, the # oldest file is deleted and the rest are shifted from last to first. The default # is 7 files. #number_of_files: 7 ### Console output # console: # Pretty print json event #pretty: false ############################# Shipper ######################################### shipper: # The name of the shipper that publishes the network data. It can be used to group # all the transactions sent by a single shipper in the web interface. # If this options is not defined, the hostname is used. #name: # The tags of the shipper are included in their own field with each # transaction published. Tags make it easy to group servers by different # logical properties. #tags: ["service-X", "web-tier"] # Uncomment the following if you want to ignore transactions created # by the server on which the shipper is installed. This option is useful # to remove duplicates if shippers are installed on multiple servers. #ignore_outgoing: true # How often (in seconds) shippers are publishing their IPs to the topology map. # The default is 10 seconds. #refresh_topology_freq: 10 # Expiration time (in seconds) of the IPs published by a shipper to the topology map. # All the IPs will be deleted afterwards. Note, that the value must be higher than # refresh_topology_freq. The default is 15 seconds. #topology_expire: 15 # Internal queue size for single events in processing pipeline #queue_size: 1000 # Configure local GeoIP database support. # If no paths are not configured geoip is disabled. #geoip: #paths: # - "/usr/share/GeoIP/GeoLiteCity.dat" # - "/usr/local/var/GeoIP/GeoLiteCity.dat" ############################# Logging ######################################### # There are three options for the log ouput: syslog, file, stderr. # Under Windos systems, the log files are per default sent to the file output, # under all other system per default to syslog. # 建议在开发时期开启日志并把日志调整为debug或者info级别，在生产环境下调整为error级别 # 开启日志 必须设置to_files 属性为true logging: # Send all logging output to syslog. On Windows default is false, otherwise # default is true. # 配置beats日志。日志可以写入到syslog也可以是轮滚日志文件。默认是syslog # tail -f /var/log/messages #to_syslog: true # Write all logging output to files. Beats automatically rotate files if rotateeverybytes # limit is reached. # 日志发送到轮滚文件 #to_files: false # To enable logging to files, to_files option has to be set to true # to_files设置为true才可以开启轮滚日志记录 files: # The directory where the log files will written to. # 指定日志路径 #path: /var/log/mybeat # The name of the files where the logs are written to. # 指定日志名称 #name: mybeat # Configure log file size limit. If limit is reached, log file will be # automatically rotated # 默认文件达到10M就会滚动生成新文件 rotateeverybytes: 10485760 # = 10MB # Number of rotated log files to keep. Oldest files will be deleted first. # 保留日志文件周期。 默认 7天。值范围为2 到 1024 #keepfiles: 7 # Enable debug output for selected components. To enable all selectors use ["*"] # Other available selectors are beat, publish, service # Multiple selectors can be chained. #selectors: [ ] # Sets log level. The default log level is error. # Available log levels are: critical, error, warning, info, debug # 日志级别，默认是error #level: error

posted on 2018-01-30 16:49 熊哥club 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏