数据采集第四次作业

1.作业①:

码云地址:https://gitee.com/wjz51/wjz/tree/master/project_4/4_1

1.1 要求:

熟练掌握 scrapy 中 Item、Pipeline 数据的序列化输出方法; Scrapy+Xpath+MySQL数据库存储技术路线爬取当当网站图书数据

1.2 解题思路:

1.2.1 spider部分

lis = selector.xpath("//li['@ddt-pit'][starts-with(@class,'line')]")
for li in lis:
    title = li.xpath("./a[position()=1]/@title").extract_first()
    price =li.xpath("./p[@class='price']/span[@class='search_now_price']/text()").extract_first()
    author = li.xpath("./p[@class='search_book_author']/span[position()=1]/a/@title").extract_first()
    date =li.xpath("./p[@class='search_book_author']/span[position()=last()- 1]/text()").extract_first()
    publisher = li.xpath("./p[@class='search_book_author']/span[position()=last()]/a/@title ").extract_first()
    detail = li.xpath("./p[@class='detail']/text()").extract_first()

detail有时没有,为None,解决如下:

item = DangdangItem()
item["title"] = title.strip() if title else ""
item["author"] = author.strip() if author else ""
item["date"] = date.strip()[1:] if date else ""
item["publisher"] = publisher.strip() if publisher else ""
item["price"] = price.strip() if price else ""
item["detail"] = detail.strip() if detail else ""

1.2.2 items部分

class DangdangItem(scrapy.Item):
    # define the fields for your item here like:
    title = scrapy.Field()
    author = scrapy.Field()
    date = scrapy.Field()
    publisher = scrapy.Field()
    detail = scrapy.Field()
    price = scrapy.Field()

1.2.3 settings部分

添加以下内容:

ITEM_PIPELINES = {
	'dangdang.pipelines.DangdangPipeline': 300,
}

1.2.4 pipelines部分

class DangdangPipeline:
    def open_spider(self, spider):#打开数据库
        print("opened")
        try:
            self.con = pymysql.connect(host="127.0.0.1", port=3306, user="root",
            passwd = "Wjz20010501", db = "mydb", charset = "utf8")
            self.cursor = self.con.cursor(pymysql.cursors.DictCursor)
            self.cursor.execute("delete from books")
            self.opened = True
            self.count = 0
        except Exception as err:
            print(err)
            self.opened = False

    def close_spider(self, spider):#关闭数据库
        if self.opened:
            self.con.commit()
            self.con.close()
            self.opened = False
        print("closed")
        print("总共爬取", self.count, "本书籍")

    def process_item(self, item, spider):#向数据库中插入数据
        try:
            print(item["title"])
            print(item["author"])
            print(item["publisher"])
            print(item["date"])
            print(item["price"])
            print(item["detail"])
            print()
            if self.opened:
                self.cursor.execute("insert into books (bTitle,bAuthor,bPublisher,bDate,bPrice,bDetail) values(%s,%s,%s,%s,%s,%s)",
                                    (item["title"],item["author"],item["publisher"],item["date"],item["price"],item["detail"]))
                self.count += 1
        except Exception as err:
            print(err)
        return item

1.3 运行结果:

MySQL数据库结果:

1.4 心得体会:

该作业我再次熟悉了scrapy操作,以及学会并使用MySQL数据库存储。

2.作业②:

码云地址:https://gitee.com/wjz51/wjz/tree/master/project_4/4_2

2.1 要求:

熟练掌握 scrapy 中 Item、Pipeline 数据的序列化输出方法;使用scrapy框架+Xpath+MySQL数据库存储技术路线爬取外汇网站数据。

2.2 解题思路:

2.2.1 spider部分

trs = response.xpath("//table[@width='740']//tr")
for i in range(1, len(trs)):
      item = ZsbankItem()
      #currency
      curr = trs[i].xpath("./td[1]/text()").get()
      curr = curr.split()
      item["cur"] = curr[0]
      #tsp
      tspp = trs[i].xpath("./td[4]/text()").get()
      tspp = tspp.split()
      item["tsp"] = tspp[0]
      #csp
      cspp = trs[i].xpath("./td[5]/text()").get()
      cspp = cspp.split()
      item["csp"] = cspp[0]
      #tbp
      tbpp = trs[i].xpath("./td[6]/text()").get()
      tbpp = tbpp.split()
      item["tbp"] = tbpp[0]
      #cbp
      cbpp = trs[i].xpath("./td[7]/text()").get()
      cbpp = cbpp.split()
      item["cbp"] = cbpp[0]
      #time
      timee = trs[i].xpath("./td[8]/text()").get()
      timee = timee.split()
      item["time"] = timee[0]

2.2.2 items部分

class ZsbankItem(scrapy.Item):
    # define the fields for your item here like:
    cur = scrapy.Field()
    tsp = scrapy.Field()
    csp = scrapy.Field()
    tbp = scrapy.Field()
    cbp = scrapy.Field()
    time = scrapy.Field()

2.2.3 settings部分

添加以下内容:

ITEM_PIPELINES = {
	'dangdang.pipelines.DangdangPipeline': 300,
}

2.2.4 pipelines部分

class ZsbankPipeline:
    cnt=0
    def open_spider(self, spider):#打开数据库
        print("opened")
        try:
            self.con = pymysql.connect(host="127.0.0.1", port=3306, user="root",
            passwd = "Wjz20010501", db = "mydb", charset = "utf8")
            self.cursor = self.con.cursor(pymysql.cursors.DictCursor)
            self.cursor.execute("delete from bank")
            self.opened = True

        except Exception as err:
            print(err)
            self.opened = False

    def close_spider(self, spider):#关闭数据库
        if self.opened:
            self.con.commit()
            self.con.close()
            self.opened = False
        print("closed")

    def process_item(self, item, spider):#向数据库中插入数据
        try:
            if self.opened:
                ZsbankPipeline.cnt +=1
                id = str(ZsbankPipeline.cnt)
                self.cursor.execute("insert into bank (Id,Currency,TSP,CSP,TBP,CBP,Time) values(%s,%s,%s,%s,%s,%s,%s)",
                                    (id,item["cur"], item["tsp"], item["csp"], item["tbp"], item["cbp"],item["time"]))

        except Exception as err:
            print(err)
        return item

2.3 运行结果:

MySQL数据库结果:

2.4 心得体会:

该作业我可以熟练应用scrapy以及更加娴熟的使用MySQL数据库

3. 作业③:

码云地址:https://gitee.com/wjz51/wjz/blob/master/project_4/4_3.py

3.1 要求:

熟练掌握 Selenium 查找HTML元素、爬取Ajax网页数据、等待HTML元素等内容;

使用Selenium框架+ MySQL数据库存储技术路线爬取“沪深A股”、“上证A股”、“深证A股”3个板块的股票数据信息。

3.2 解题思路:

3.2.1 xpath部分

 trs = self.driver.find_elements_by_xpath('//*[@id="table_wrapper-table"]/tbody/tr')
 for tr in trs:
     try:
         dm = tr.find_element_by_xpath("./td[2]/a").text
         name = tr.find_element_by_xpath("./td[3]/a").text
         new = tr.find_element_by_xpath("./td[5]/span").text
         zdf = tr.find_element_by_xpath("./td[6]/span").text
         zde = tr.find_element_by_xpath("./td[7]/span").text
         cjl = tr.find_element_by_xpath("./td[8]").text
         cje = tr.find_element_by_xpath("./td[9]").text
         zf = tr.find_element_by_xpath("./td[10]").text
         zg = tr.find_element_by_xpath("./td[11]/span").text
         zd = tr.find_element_by_xpath("./td[12]/span").text
         jk = tr.find_element_by_xpath("./td[13]/span").text
         zs = tr.find_element_by_xpath("./td[14]").text

3.2.2 板块部分和翻页处理

我是选择每个板块爬取两页数据,当page=2或=4时改变板块,其余情况进行翻页操作

if(self.page<6):
      if(self.page==2):
      		self.driver.get('http://quote.eastmoney.com/center/gridlist.html#sh_a_board')
      elif(self.page==4):
      		self.driver.get('http://quote.eastmoney.com/center/gridlist.html#sz_a_board')
      else:
            nextpage = self.driver.find_element_by_xpath("//a[@class='next paginate_button']")
            nextpage.click()

      self.page = self.page + 1
      time.sleep(10)
      self.processSpider()

3.3 运行结果:

MySQL数据库结果:

控制台输出结果:

3.4 心得体会:

该作业我再次熟悉了selenium,以及熟练使用翻页处理和切换板块

切换板块时出现element is not attached to the page document,原因是页面数据未加载完全,解决方法是time.sleep(10)

 

posted @ 2021-11-15 17:09  王老大要去吃香喝辣  阅读(34)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报