【Spring】21、用spring目标对象处理Transaction rolled back because it has been marked as rollback-only

 在使用spring做事务管理时,很多人都会遇到这样一段异常:

org.springframework.transaction.UnexpectedRollbackException: Transaction rolled back because it has been marked as rollback-only   
at org.springframework.transaction.support.AbstractPlatformTransactionManager.commit(AbstractPlatformTransactionManager.java:718)   
at org.springframework.transaction.interceptor.TransactionAspectSupport.commitTransactionAfterReturning(TransactionAspectSupport.java:475)   
at org.springframework.transaction.interceptor.TransactionAspectSupport.invokeWithinTransaction(TransactionAspectSupport.java:270) at org.springframework.transaction.interceptor.TransactionInterceptor.invoke(TransactionInterceptor.java:94)   
at org.springframework.aop.framework.ReflectiveMethodInvocation.proceed(ReflectiveMethodInvocation.java:172) at org.springframework.transaction.interceptor.TransactionInterceptor$1.proceedWithInvocation(TransactionInterceptor.java:96)   
at org.springframework.transaction.interceptor.TransactionAspectSupport.invokeWithinTransaction(TransactionAspectSupport.java:260)   
at org.springframework.transaction.interceptor.TransactionInterceptor.invoke(TransactionInterceptor.java:94)   

出现上面问题的场景类似下面代码这样:

ITestAService:

package com.gigamore.platform.ac.service;  
import com.onlyou.framework.exception.BusinessException;  
public interface ITestAService {      
    void testA() throws BusinessException;  
}  

TestAService:

package com.gigamore.platform.ac.service;  
  
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;  
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;  
import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Transactional;  
  
import com.gigamore.platform.base.service.impl.BaseServiceImpl;  
import com.onlyou.framework.exception.BusinessException;  
@Service  
public class TestAService extends BaseServiceImpl implements ITestAService{  
    @Autowired  
    private TestBService testBService;  
    @Transactional  
    public void testA(){  
        try{  
            testBService.testB();  
        }catch(BusinessException e){  
            logger.info(e.getMessage());  
        }catch(Exception e){  
            logger.info(e.getMessage());  
        }  
    }  
}  

TestBService:

package com.gigamore.platform.ac.service;  
  
import java.util.Date;  
  
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;  
import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Propagation;  
import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Transactional;  
  
import com.gigamore.platform.ac.entity.LoanProjectEntity;  
import com.gigamore.platform.base.service.impl.BaseServiceImpl;  
import com.onlyou.framework.exception.BusinessException;  
@Service  
public class TestBService extends BaseServiceImpl{  
    @Transactional  
    public void testB(){  
        LoanProjectEntity project = this.selectByPrimaryKey(LoanProjectEntity.class, "2c9483e748321d4601485e1714d31412");  
        project.setUpdDataTm(new Date());  
        this.update(project);  
        throw new BusinessException("抛异常");  
    }  
}  

测试用例:

@Autowired  
    private ITestAService testAService;  
    @Test  
    public void testA() {  
        testAService.testA();  
    }  

testAService调用testBService的testB()方法,testB()方法里抛了一个BusinessException异常,但是testAService用try{}catch{}捕获异常并不往上层抛了。

看起来好像没什么问题,异常被捕获了。其实不然,在testAService调用testBService的testB()方法时,会经过一次spring事务控制切面,事务切面里本身会对testBService的testB()方法进行异常捕获: TransactionAspectSupport.invokeWithinTransaction

if (txAttr == null || !(tm instanceof CallbackPreferringPlatformTransactionManager)) {  
            // Standard transaction demarcation with getTransaction and commit/rollback calls.  
            TransactionInfo txInfo = createTransactionIfNecessary(tm, txAttr, joinpointIdentification);  
            Object retVal = null;  
            try {  
                // This is an around advice: Invoke the next interceptor in the chain.  
                // This will normally result in a target object being invoked.  
                retVal = invocation.proceedWithInvocation();  
            }  
            catch (Throwable ex) {  
                // target invocation exception  
                completeTransactionAfterThrowing(txInfo, ex);  
                throw ex;  
            }  
            finally {  
                cleanupTransactionInfo(txInfo);  
            }  
            commitTransactionAfterReturning(txInfo);  
            return retVal;  
        }  

     completeTransactionAfterThrowing(txInfo, ex)里面做了txInfo.getTransactionManager().rollback(txInfo.getTransactionStatus()),事务管理器做rollback, 把事务设置成rollback-only。 以上是testBService外层包装的事务切面做的事情。当testAService的testA()方法执行完,此时执行到testAService外层包装的事务切面,由于testA()方法执行过程没有抛出异常,所以事务正常提交,即执行的是commitTransactionAfterReturning(txInfo),事务对象txInfo对应的事务管理器进行提交事务,但事务已被设置为rollback-only,故spring对外抛出了Transaction rolled back because it has been marked as rollback-only异常。

解决办法:把TestBService的testB()方法的事务注解改成@Transactional(propagation = Propagation.NESTED),确实可以达到避免异常的效果。

posted @ 2017-07-26 17:51  leon66666  阅读(9135)  评论(0编辑  收藏