随笔- 19  评论- 17  文章- 226 

Prometheus监控k8s(8)-prometheus配置pod和svc的自动发现和监控

pod和svc的自动发现和监控

按照之前的方法来部署prometheus监控ingress-Nginx和redis我们实际发现,一个一个去配置job很麻烦,不如自动发现pod和svc,把新生成的pod和svc等资源,自动加入到系统的pod和svc监控中去。

实际上我们使用的官方k8s部署prometheus已经帮我们完成,如果其他方法安装的prometheus没有自动发现,也可以把这些生成自动发现。例如PrometheusOprater方式

https://www.qikqiak.com/k8s-book/docs/60.Prometheus%20Operator%E9%AB%98%E7%BA%A7%E9%85%8D%E7%BD%AE.html

 

cat prometheus/prometheus-configmap.yaml
….
- job_name: kubernetes-service-endpoints
      kubernetes_sd_configs:
      - role: endpoints
      relabel_configs:
      - action: keep
        regex: true
        source_labels:
        - __meta_kubernetes_service_annotation_prometheus_io_scrape
      - action: replace
        regex: (https?)
        source_labels:
        - __meta_kubernetes_service_annotation_prometheus_io_scheme
        target_label: __scheme__
      - action: replace
        regex: (.+)
        source_labels:
        - __meta_kubernetes_service_annotation_prometheus_io_path
        target_label: __metrics_path__
      - action: replace
        regex: ([^:]+)(?::\d+)?;(\d+)
        replacement: $1:$2
        source_labels:
        - __address__
        - __meta_kubernetes_service_annotation_prometheus_io_port
        target_label: __address__
      - action: labelmap
        regex: __meta_kubernetes_service_label_(.+)
      - action: replace
        source_labels:
        - __meta_kubernetes_namespace
        target_label: kubernetes_namespace
      - action: replace
        source_labels:
        - __meta_kubernetes_service_name
        target_label: kubernetes_name

…..
    - job_name: kubernetes-pods
      kubernetes_sd_configs:
      - role: pod
      relabel_configs:
      - action: keep
        regex: true
        source_labels:
        - __meta_kubernetes_pod_annotation_prometheus_io_scrape
      - action: replace
        regex: (.+)
        source_labels:
        - __meta_kubernetes_pod_annotation_prometheus_io_path
        target_label: __metrics_path__
      - action: replace
        regex: ([^:]+)(?::\d+)?;(\d+)
        replacement: $1:$2
        source_labels:
        - __address__
        - __meta_kubernetes_pod_annotation_prometheus_io_port
        target_label: __address__
      - action: labelmap
        regex: __meta_kubernetes_pod_label_(.+)
      - action: replace
        source_labels:
        - __meta_kubernetes_namespace
        target_label: kubernetes_namespace
      - action: replace
        source_labels:
        - __meta_kubernetes_pod_name
        target_label: kubernetes_pod_name

 

 

要想自动发现集群中的 Service,就需要我们在 Service 的annotation区域添加:prometheus.io/scrape=true的声明

 

要想自动发现集群中的 pod,也需要我们在 pod 的annotation区域添加:prometheus.io/scrape=true的声明

 

例如我们把之前的redis监控给修改一下,做成pod和svc,自动发现

 

# cat prome-redis.yaml
apiVersion: extensions/v1beta1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: redis
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  template:
    metadata:
      annotations:
        prometheus.io/scrape: "true"
        prometheus.io/port: "9121"
      labels:
        app: redis
    spec:
      containers:
      - name: redis
        image: redis:4
        resources:
          requests:
            cpu: 100m
            memory: 100Mi
        ports:
        - containerPort: 6379
      - name: redis-exporter
        image: oliver006/redis_exporter:latest
        resources:
          requests:
            cpu: 100m
            memory: 100Mi
        ports:
        - containerPort: 9121
---
kind: Service
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  annotations:
    prometheus.io/scrape: "true"
    prometheus.io/port: "9121"
  name: redis
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  selector:
    app: redis
  ports:
  - name: redis
    port: 6379
    targetPort: 6379
  - name: prom
    port: 9121
    targetPort: 9121

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

当然会产生重复,因为采集点是一样的:9121,实际配置一个就行了,看起来系统配置的pod自动发现更全面。

 

posted on 2019-10-11 10:07  光阴8023  阅读(2517)  评论(0编辑  收藏