SpringCloud与微服务Ⅸ --- Zuul路由网关

一.Zool是什么

Zuul包含了对请求路由和过滤两个最主要的功能:

其中路由功能负责将外部请求转发到具体的微服务实例上,是实现外部访问统一入口的基础而过滤器功能则负责对请求的处理过程进行干预,是实现请求校验、服务聚合等功能的基础。

Zuul和Eureka进行整合,将Zuul自身注册为Eureka服务治理下的应用,同时从Eureka中获得其他微服务的消息,也即以后的访问微服务都是通过Zuul跳转后获得。

Zuul为我们提供了代理、路由、过滤等三大功能。

https://github.com/Netflix/zuul/wiki

 

二.路由的基本配置

新建模块microservice-zuul-gateway-9527项目。

pom文件

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <parent>
        <groupId>com.wang.springcloud</groupId>
        <artifactId>microservice</artifactId>
        <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    </parent>

    <artifactId>microservice-zuul-gateway-9527</artifactId>

    <dependencies>
        <!-- zuul路由网关 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-zuul</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-eureka</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <!-- actuator监控 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-actuator</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <!-- hystrix容错 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-hystrix</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-config</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <!-- 日常标配 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.wang.springcloud</groupId>
            <artifactId>microservice-api</artifactId>
            <version>${project.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-jetty</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <!-- 热部署插件 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>springloaded</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-devtools</artifactId>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
</project>

yml配置文件

server:
  port: 9527
spring:
  application:
    name: microservice-zuul-gateway
eureka:
  client:
    service-url:
      defaultZone: http://localhost:7001/eureka,http://localhost:7002/eureka,http://localhost:7003/eureka
  instance:
    instance-id: gateway-9527.com
    prefer-ip-address: true
info:
  app.name: microservice
  company.name: www.gateway.com
  build.artifactId: microservice-zuul-gateway-9527
  build.version: 1.0-SNAPSHOT

修改host文件

修改域名映射,找到系统的host文件(C:\Windows\System32\Drivers\etc ),新增如下映射关系:

127.0.0.1 myzuul.com

启动类注解:

package com.wang.springcloud;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.cloud.netflix.zuul.EnableZuulProxy;

@SpringBootApplication
@EnableZuulProxy
public class ZuulGateWay9527 {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(ZuulGateWay9527.class,args);
    }
}

启动测试:

启动3个集群,一个服务提供者,一个路由项目。

使用路由访问:http://myzuul.com:9527/microservice-dept/dept/get/2

 

 

三.路由访问的映射规则

修改路由的访问路径,隐藏真实的路由,对外暴露一个虚拟的路由,防止泄露微服务的名称等信息。

修改microservice-zuul-gateway-9527项目。

yml修改

zuul:
  ignored-services: microservice-dept #隐藏该微服务名称
  routes:
    mydept.serviceId: microservice-dept
    mydept.path: /mydept/**

修改完毕后访问:http://myzuul.com:9527/mydept/dept/get/2

若要禁止掉所有真实微服务名称:

zuul:
  ignored-services: "*"    #隐藏所有微服务名称

设置统一公共前缀

zuul:
  prefix: /wang

配置完成后重启编译然后访问:http://myzuul.com:9527/wang/mydept/dept/get/2

完整的yml配置

server:
  port: 9527
spring:
  application:
    name: microservice-zuul-gateway
eureka:
  client:
    service-url:
      defaultZone: http://localhost:7001/eureka,http://localhost:7002/eureka,http://localhost:7003/eureka
  instance:
    instance-id: gateway-9527.com
    prefer-ip-address: true


zuul:
  prefix: /wang
  ignored-services: "*" #忽略真实服务名
  routes:
    mydept.serviceId: microservice-dept
    mydept.path: /mydept/**


info:
  app.name: microservice
  company.name: www.gateway.com
  build.artifactId: microservice-zuul-gateway-9527
  build.version: 1.0-SNAPSHOT

 

posted @ 2019-02-24 21:19  薛定谔病态猫  阅读(521)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报