服务器安全基线检查

!!!超强警告!!!


该脚本修改范围与权限很大,请仔细阅读是否适用自己的系统,以避免对正常使用造成影响。
该脚本修改范围与权限很大,请仔细阅读是否适用自己的系统,以避免对正常使用造成影响。
该脚本修改范围与权限很大,请仔细阅读是否适用自己的系统,以避免对正常使用造成影响。

#! /bin/bash # Linux 服务器安全基线检测 # 更新记录: # 2017.09.25 完成初版编辑 by tdcqma # 2017.09.26 调通各个脚本检查项,添加检查类别与项目,并优化输出格式 by tdcqma echo -e "\n\n ***** Linux server baseline scan ***** \n\n" # 设置hstory时间戳 echo "[1] 设置hstory时间戳" histroy_time_user=`cat /etc/profile|grep HISTTIMEFORMAT` if [ ! -z "histroy_time_user" ];then echo -e 'export HISTTIMEFORMAT="%F %T `whoami`" ' >> /etc/profile echo -e `source /etc/profile` fi echo -e " -----------\n 设置成功!\n -----------\n" #暂锁默认自带账户 echo -e "[2] 暂锁默认自带账户\n" passwd -l dbus passwd -l vcsa passwd -l games passwd -l nobody passwd -l avahi passwd -l haldaemon passwd -l gopher passwd -l ftp passwd -l mailnull passwd -l mail passwd -l shutdown passwd -l halt passwd -l uucp passwd -l operator passwd -l sync passwd -l adm passwd -l lp echo -e "\n -----------\n 设置成功!\n -----------\n" #设置密码复杂度,ucredit/lcredit大小写,ocredit标点符号,dcredit数字,retry输入次数,difok新旧重复度 echo -e "[3] 设置密码复杂度\n" if [ -z "`cat /etc/pam.d/system-auth | grep -v "^#" | grep "pam_cracklib.so"`" ];then sed -i '/password required pam_deny.so/a\password required pam_cracklib.so try_first_pass minlen=8 ucredit=-1 lcredit=-1 ocredit=-1 dcredit=-1 retry=3 difok=5' /etc/pam.d/system-auth fi echo -e " -----------\n 设置成功!\n -----------\n" #设置连续登录失败暂锁机制,deny最大次数,unlock_time解锁时间(秒),但根据/lib/security 实际情况来 echo -e "[4] 设置连续登录失败暂锁机制\n" if [ -z "`cat /etc/pam.d/system-auth | grep -v "^#" | grep "pam_tally2.so"`" ];then if [ -z "`cat /etc/pam.d/system-auth | grep -v "^#" | grep "pam_tally2.so" | grep auth`" ];then sed -i '/auth include system-auth/a\auth required pam_tally2.so deny=5 unlock_time=600 even_deny_root root_unlock_time=600' /etc/pam.d/system-auth fi if [ -z "`cat /etc/pam.d/system-auth | grep -v "^#" | grep "pam_tally2.so" | grep account`" ]; then sed -i '/account include system-auth/a\account required pam_tally2.so' /etc/pam.d/system-auth fi fi if [ -z "`cat /etc/pam.d/sshd | grep -v "^#" | grep "pam_tally2.so"`" ];then if [ -z "`cat /etc/pam.d/sshd | grep -v "^#" | grep "pam_tally2.so" | grep auth`" ];then sed -i '/auth required pam_deny.so/a\auth required pam_tally2.so deny=5 unlock_time=600 even_deny_root root_unlock_time=600' /etc/pam.d/sshd fi if [ -z "`cat /etc/pam.d/sshd | grep -v "^#" | grep "pam_tally2.so"` | grep account" ];then sed -i '/account required pam_unix.so/a\account required pam_tally2.so' /etc/pam.d/sshd fi fi echo -e " -----------\n 设置成功!\n -----------\n" #检查密码重复使用次数 echo -e "[5] 检查密码重复使用次数\n" if [ -z "`cat /etc/pam.d/system-auth | grep password | grep remember`" ];then sed -i '/password sufficient pam_unix.so/s/$/& remember=5/' /etc/pam.d/system-auth fi echo -e " -----------\n 设置成功!\n -----------\n" #设置操作超时锁定 echo -e "[6] 设置操作超时锁定\n" if [ -z "`cat /etc/profile | grep -v "^#" | grep TMOUT`" ];then echo -e "\nexport TMOUT=1800" >> /etc/profile fi echo -e " -----------\n 设置成功!\n -----------\n" #修改密码时效 echo -e "[7] 设置修改密码时效\n" sed -i '/PASS_WARN_AGE/s/7/10/' /etc/login.defs sed -i '/PASS_MIN_LEN/s/5/8/' /etc/login.defs #sed -i '/PASS_MAX_DAYS/s/99999/90/' /etc/login.defs sed -i '/PASS_MIN_DAYS/s/0/6/' /etc/login.defs echo -e " -----------\n 设置成功!\n -----------\n" #修改默认访问权限 echo -e "[8] 设置修改默认访问权限\n" sed -i '/UMASK/s/077/027/' /etc/login.defs echo -e " -----------\n 设置成功!\n -----------\n" #设置重要文件目录权限 echo -e "[9] 设置修改重要文件目录权限\n" chmod 644 /etc/passwd chmod 600 /etc/xinetd.conf &>/dev/null chmod 600 /etc/inetd.conf &>/dev/null chmod 644 /etc/group &>/dev/null chmod 000 /etc/shadow &>/dev/null chmod 644 /etc/services &>/dev/null chmod 600 /etc/security &>/dev/null chmod 750 /etc/ &>/dev/null #启动了nscd服务导致设置权限以后无法登陆 chmod 750 /etc/rc6.d &>/dev/null chmod 750 /tmp &>/dev/null chmod 750 /etc/rc0.d/ &>/dev/null chmod 750 /etc/rc1.d/ &>/dev/null chmod 750 /etc/rc2.d/ &>/dev/null chmod 750 /etc/rc4.d &>/dev/null chmod 750 /etc/rc5.d/ &>/dev/null chmod 750 /etc/rc3.d chmod 750 /etc/rc.d/init.d/ chmod 600 /etc/grub.conf chmod 600 /boot/grub/grub.conf chmod 600 /etc/lilo.conf &>/dev/null chmod 700 /bin/ping chmod 700 /usr/bin/finger &>/dev/null chmod 700 /usr/bin/who chmod 700 /usr/bin/w chmod 700 /usr/bin/locate chmod 700 /usr/bin/whereis chmod 700 /sbin/ifconfig chmod 700 /usr/bin/pico &>/dev/null chmod 700 /bin/vi chmod 700 /usr/bin/which chmod 700 /usr/bin/gcc chmod 700 /usr/bin/make chmod 700 /bin/rpm echo -e " -----------\n 设置成功!\n -----------\n" #检查用户umask设置 echo -e "[10] 设置修改用户umask配置\n" sed -i '/umask/s/002/077/' /etc/csh.cshrc sed -i '/umask/s/002/077/' /etc/bashrc sed -i '/umask/s/002/077/' /etc/profile csh_login=`cat /etc/csh.login | grep -i "umask"` if [ -z "$csh_login" ];then echo -e "/numask 077" >>/etc/csh.login fi echo -e " -----------\n 设置成功!\n -----------\n" #检查是否设置ssh登录前告警banner echo -e "[11] 设置SSH登录前告警Banner\n" sshbanner="/etc/ssh_banner" if [ ! -f "$sshbanner" ];then touch /etc/ssh_banner chown bin:bin /etc/ssh_banner chmod 644 /etc/ssh_banner echo -e "Authorized only.All activity will be monitored and reported" > /etc/ssh_banner echo -e "Banner /etc/ssh_banner" >> /etc/ssh/sshd_config /etc/init.d/sshd restart fi echo -e " -----------\n 设置成功!\n -----------\n" #设置最大失败尝试登陆次数 echo -e "[12] 设置最大失败尝试登录次数\n" sed -i "s/#MaxAuthTries 6/MaxAuthTries 6/" /etc/ssh/sshd_config #使用dns反向解析 sed -i "s/#UseDNS yes/UseDNS no/" /etc/ssh/sshd_config echo -e " -----------\n 设置成功!\n -----------\n" #FTP关闭 echo -e "[13] 设置关闭FTP\n" ftpstatus= echo -e "`/etc/init.d/vsftpd status`|grep stop" if [ ! -z "ftpstatus" ];then echo -e `/etc/init.d/vsftpd stop` fi echo -e " -----------\n 设置成功!\n -----------\n" #检查重要文件属性设置 echo -e "[14] 设置重要文件属性\n" chattr +i /etc/passwd chattr +i /etc/shadow chattr +i /etc/group chattr +i /etc/gshadow chattr +a /root/.bash_history echo -e " -----------\n 设置成功!\n -----------\n" #审计服务开启 echo -e "[15] 设置开启审计服务\n" log_auditd= echo -e "`/etc/init.d/auditd status`|grep stop" if [ ! -z "log_auditd" ];then echo -e `/etc/init.d/auditd start` fi echo -e " -----------流量\n 设置成功!\n -----------\n" #日志审计设置 echo -e "[16] 设置日志审计\n" if [ ! -f "/etc/rsyslog.conf" ] && [ ! -f "/etc/syslog.conf" ] && [ ! -f "/etc/syslog-ng/syslog-ng.conf" ];then echo "{tput setaf 1}syslog not installed!!!${tput sgr0}" exit fi if [ ! -f "/var/log/cron" ];then touch /var/log/cron chmod 775 /var/log/cron fi if [ ! -f "/var/adm/messages" ];then mkdir /var/adm touch /var/adm/messages chmod 666 /var/adm/messages fi if [ -f "/etc/rsyslog.conf" ];then if [ -z "`cat /etc/rsyslog.conf | grep "^cron.*" | grep "/var/log/cron"`" ];then echo -e "cron.* /var/log/cron" >> /etc/rsyslog.conf fi if [ -z "`cat /etc/rsyslog.conf | grep "/var/adm/messages"`" ];then echo -e "*.err;kern.debug;daemon.notice /var/adm/messages" >>/etc/rsyslog.conf fi fi echo -e " -----------\n 设置成功!\n -----------\n" #禁止wheel组以外的用户su为root echo -e "[17] 设置禁止wheel组以外的用户su为root\n" if [ -z "`cat /etc/pam.d/su | grep -v "^#" | grep pam_wheel.so`" ];then if [ -z "`cat /etc/pam.d/su | grep -v "^#" | grep pam_rootok.so`" ];then sed -i 'auth sufficient pam_rootok.so' /etc/pam.d/su sed -i '/ pam_rootok.so/a\auth required pam_wheel.so group=wheel' /etc/pam.d/su else sed -i '/pam_rootok.so/a\auth required pam_wheel.so group=wheel' /etc/pam.d/su fi fi echo -e " -----------\n 设置成功!\n -----------\n" #禁止core dump 设置 echo -e "[18] 设置禁止coredump\n" chk_core=`grep core /etc/security/limits.conf | grep -v "^#"` if [ -z "$chk_core" ];then echo "* soft core 0" >> /etc/security/limits.conf echo "* hard core 0" >> /etc/security/limits.conf fi echo -e " -----------\n 设置成功!\n -----------\n" #uid和sgid权限文件并修改文件权限为755 echo -e "[19] 设置uid和sgid权限文件\n" find /usr/bin/chage /usr/bin/gpasswd /usr/bin/wall /usr/bin/chfn /usr/bin/chsh /usr/bin/newgrp /usr/bin/write /usr/sbin/usernetctl /bin/mount /bin/umount /bin/ping /sbin/netreport -type f -perm /600 | xargs chmod 755 /usr/bin/chage /usr/bin/gpasswd /usr/bin/wall /usr/bin/chfn /usr/bin/chsh /usr/bin/newgrp /usr/bin/write /usr/sbin/usernetctl /bin/mount /bin/umount /bin/ping /sbin/netreport echo -e " -----------\n 设置成功!\n -----------\n" echo -e " --All scan is over-- \n"

  以上脚本完成基于Linux发行版:Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 6.1

posted @ 2017-09-26 18:55  北海悟空  阅读(1385)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报