【mysql】Mysql的profile的使用 --- Profilling mysql的性能分析工具

分析SQL执行带来的开销是优化SQL的重要手段。

 

在MySQL数据库中,可以通过配置profiling参数来启用SQL剖析。该参数可以在全局和session级别来设置。对于全局级别则作用于整个MySQL实例,而session级别紧影响当前session。

 

该参数开启后,后续执行的SQL语句都将记录其资源开销,诸如IO,上下文切换,CPU,Memory等等。根据这些开销进一步分析当前SQL瓶颈从而进行优化与调整。 【时间单位为 s】

 

1.有关profile的解释
--当前版本
mysql> show variables like 'version';
+---------------+------------+
| Variable_name | Value      |
+---------------+------------+
| version       | 5.5.29-log |
+---------------+------------+
 
--查看profiling系统变量
mysql> show variables like '%profil%';
+------------------------+-------+
| Variable_name          | Value |
+------------------------+-------+
| profiling              | OFF   |   --开启SQL语句剖析功能。0或OFF表示关闭(默认模式)。1或ON表示开启
| profiling_history_size | 15    |   --设置保留profiling的数目,缺省为15(即使用show profiles;命令展示的默认是最近执行的15条sql的记录),范围为0至100,为0时将禁用profiling。这个参数在MySQL 5.6.8过期,在后期版本中会被移除。
+------------------------+-------+
 
如果将profiling_history_size参数设置为0,同样具有关闭MySQL的profiling效果。
 
--获取profile的帮助
mysql> help profile;
Name: 'SHOW PROFILE'
Description:
Syntax:
SHOW PROFILE [type [, type] ... ]
    [FOR QUERY n]      --如果不指定,只是显示最近执行的语句;如果指定会显示语句n,n对应query_id的值
    [LIMIT row_count [OFFSET offset]]
  
type:
    ALL                --显示所有的开销信息
  | BLOCK IO           --显示块IO相关开销
  | CONTEXT SWITCHES   --上下文切换相关开销
  | CPU                --显示CPU相关开销信息
  | IPC                --显示发送和接收相关开销信息
  | MEMORY             --显示内存相关开销信息
  | PAGE FAULTS        --显示页面错误相关开销信息
  | SOURCE             --显示和Source_function,Source_file,Source_line相关的开销信息
  | SWAPS              --显示交换次数相关开销的信息
 
Profiling由会话级别参数profiling控制。缺省是显示状态和持续时间。
上面描述从5.6.7开始该命令将会被移除,用Performance Schema instead代替
 
2、开启porfiling
 
--启用session级别的profiling
mysql> set profiling=1;
Query OK, 0 rows affected, 1 warning (0.00 sec)
  
--验证修改后的结果
mysql> show variables like '%profil%';
+------------------------+-------+
| Variable_name          | Value |
+------------------------+-------+
| profiling              | ON    |
| profiling_history_size | 15    |
+------------------------+-------+
  
--执行SQL查询
mysql> show databases;
mysql> show tables;
mysql> select count(*) from emp
  
--查看当前session所有已产生的profile【注意,要显示Query_ID 和 Query列,需要使用的命令是 show profiles;】
mysql> show profiles;
+----------+------------+-------------------------------------------------------+
| Query_ID | Duration   | Query                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|        1 | 0.00037700 | show variables like '%profil%'                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               |
|        2 | 0.00029500 | show databases                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               |
|        3 | 0.00030800 | show tables                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  |
|        4 | 0.00135700 | select count(*) from emp
+----------+------------+-------------------------------------------------------+
 
3、获取SQL语句的开销信息 --可以直接使用show profile来查看上一条SQL语句的开销信息 --注,show profile之类的语句不会被profiling,即自身不会产生Profiling mysql> show profile; +--------------------+----------+ | Status | Duration | +--------------------+----------+ | starting | 0.000997 | | Opening tables | 0.000015 | | System lock | 0.000003 | | Table lock | 0.000515 | | optimizing | 0.000093 | | statistics | 0.151343 | | preparing | 0.000082 | | executing | 0.000027 | | Sending data | 0.081436 | | init | 0.000024 | | optimizing | 0.000006 | | statistics | 0.000006 | | preparing | 0.000007 | | executing | 0.000005 | | Sending data | 0.000046 | | end | 0.000004 | | query end | 0.000003 | | freeing items | 0.000076 | | removing tmp table | 0.000006 | | closing tables | 0.000004 | | logging slow query | 0.000002 | | cleaning up | 0.000004 | +--------------------+----------+ --显示所有性能信息【这里的9 就是使用上面的 show profiles;命令获取到的 自己想要查看的哪个 sql语句的 Query_ID】 mysql> show profile all for query 9; +--------------------+----------+----------+------------+-------------------+---------------------+--------------+---------------+---------------+-------------------+-------------------+-------------------+-------+------------------+---------------+-------------+ | Status | Duration | CPU_user | CPU_system | Context_voluntary | Context_involuntary | Block_ops_in | Block_ops_out | Messages_sent | Messages_received | Page_faults_major | Page_faults_minor | Swaps | Source_function | Source_file | Source_line | +--------------------+----------+----------+------------+-------------------+---------------------+--------------+---------------+---------------+-------------------+-------------------+-------------------+-------+------------------+---------------+-------------+ | starting | 0.000997 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 1 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | NULL | NULL | NULL | | Opening tables | 0.000015 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | unknown function | sql_base.cc | 4622 | | System lock | 0.000003 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | unknown function | lock.cc | 260 | | Table lock | 0.000515 | 0.001000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | unknown function | lock.cc | 271 | | optimizing | 0.000093 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 1 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | unknown function | sql_select.cc | 835 | | statistics | 0.151343 | 0.124981 | 0.023996 | 1 | 155 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 39 | 0 | unknown function | sql_select.cc | 1026 | | preparing | 0.000082 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | unknown function | sql_select.cc | 1048 | | executing | 0.000027 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 1 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | unknown function | sql_select.cc | 1789 | | Sending data | 0.081436 | 0.072989 | 0.006999 | 0 | 82 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | unknown function | sql_select.cc | 2347 | | init | 0.000024 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | unknown function | sql_select.cc | 2537 | | optimizing | 0.000006 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | unknown function | sql_select.cc | 835 | | statistics | 0.000006 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | unknown function | sql_select.cc | 1026 | | preparing | 0.000007 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | unknown function | sql_select.cc | 1048 | | executing | 0.000005 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | unknown function | sql_select.cc | 1789 | | Sending data | 0.000046 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | unknown function | sql_select.cc | 2347 | | end | 0.000004 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | unknown function | sql_select.cc | 2583 | | query end | 0.000003 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | unknown function | sql_parse.cc | 5123 | | freeing items | 0.000076 | 0.001000 | 0.000000 | 1 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | unknown function | sql_parse.cc | 6147 | | removing tmp table | 0.000006 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | unknown function | sql_select.cc | 10929 | | closing tables | 0.000004 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | unknown function | sql_select.cc | 10954 | | logging slow query | 0.000002 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | unknown function | sql_parse.cc | 1735 | | cleaning up | 0.000004 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | 0 | unknown function | sql_parse.cc | 1703 | +--------------------+----------+----------+------------+-------------------+---------------------+--------------+---------------+---------------+-------------------+-------------------+-------------------+-------+------------------+---------------+-------------+ --获取指定查询的开销 mysql> show profile for query 9; +--------------------+----------+ | Status | Duration | +--------------------+----------+ | starting | 0.000997 | | Opening tables | 0.000015 | | System lock | 0.000003 | | Table lock | 0.000515 | | optimizing | 0.000093 | | statistics | 0.151343 | | preparing | 0.000082 | | executing | 0.000027 | | Sending data | 0.081436 | | init | 0.000024 | | optimizing | 0.000006 | | statistics | 0.000006 | | preparing | 0.000007 | | executing | 0.000005 | | Sending data | 0.000046 | | end | 0.000004 | | query end | 0.000003 | | freeing items | 0.000076 | | removing tmp table | 0.000006 | | closing tables | 0.000004 | | logging slow query | 0.000002 | | cleaning up | 0.000004 | +--------------------+----------+ mysql> show profile for query 9 limit 3; +----------------+----------+ | Status | Duration | +----------------+----------+ | starting | 0.000997 | | Opening tables | 0.000015 | | System lock | 0.000003 | +----------------+----------+ mysql> show profile for query 9 limit 3 offset 5; +------------+----------+ | Status | Duration | +------------+----------+ | statistics | 0.151343 | | preparing | 0.000082 | | executing | 0.000027 | +------------+----------+ --查看特定部分的开销,如下为CPU部分的开销 mysql> show profile cpu for query 9; +--------------------+----------+----------+------------+ | Status | Duration | CPU_user | CPU_system | +--------------------+----------+----------+------------+ | starting | 0.000997 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | | Opening tables | 0.000015 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | | System lock | 0.000003 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | | Table lock | 0.000515 | 0.001000 | 0.000000 | | optimizing | 0.000093 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | | statistics | 0.151343 | 0.124981 | 0.023996 | | preparing | 0.000082 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | | executing | 0.000027 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | | Sending data | 0.081436 | 0.072989 | 0.006999 | | init | 0.000024 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | | optimizing | 0.000006 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | | statistics | 0.000006 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | | preparing | 0.000007 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | | executing | 0.000005 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | | Sending data | 0.000046 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | | end | 0.000004 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | | query end | 0.000003 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | | freeing items | 0.000076 | 0.001000 | 0.000000 | | removing tmp table | 0.000006 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | | closing tables | 0.000004 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | | logging slow query | 0.000002 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | | cleaning up | 0.000004 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | +--------------------+----------+----------+------------+ --如下为MEMORY部分的开销 mysql> show profile memory for query 9 ; +--------------------+----------+ | Status | Duration | +--------------------+----------+ | starting | 0.000997 | | Opening tables | 0.000015 | | System lock | 0.000003 | | Table lock | 0.000515 | | optimizing | 0.000093 | | statistics | 0.151343 | | preparing | 0.000082 | | executing | 0.000027 | | Sending data | 0.081436 | | init | 0.000024 | | optimizing | 0.000006 | | statistics | 0.000006 | | preparing | 0.000007 | | executing | 0.000005 | | Sending data | 0.000046 | | end | 0.000004 | | query end | 0.000003 | | freeing items | 0.000076 | | removing tmp table | 0.000006 | | closing tables | 0.000004 | | logging slow query | 0.000002 | | cleaning up | 0.000004 | +--------------------+----------+ --同时查看不同资源开销 mysql> show profile block io,cpu for query 9; +--------------------+----------+----------+------------+--------------+---------------+ | Status | Duration | CPU_user | CPU_system | Block_ops_in | Block_ops_out | +--------------------+----------+----------+------------+--------------+---------------+ | starting | 0.000997 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | | Opening tables | 0.000015 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | | System lock | 0.000003 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | | Table lock | 0.000515 | 0.001000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | | optimizing | 0.000093 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | | statistics | 0.151343 | 0.124981 | 0.023996 | 0 | 0 | | preparing | 0.000082 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | | executing | 0.000027 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | | Sending data | 0.081436 | 0.072989 | 0.006999 | 0 | 0 | | init | 0.000024 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | | optimizing | 0.000006 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | | statistics | 0.000006 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | | preparing | 0.000007 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | | executing | 0.000005 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | | Sending data | 0.000046 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | | end | 0.000004 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | | query end | 0.000003 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | | freeing items | 0.000076 | 0.001000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | | removing tmp table | 0.000006 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | | closing tables | 0.000004 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | | logging slow query | 0.000002 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | | cleaning up | 0.000004 | 0.000000 | 0.000000 | 0 | 0 | +--------------------+----------+----------+------------+--------------+---------------+ --显示swap的次数。 mysql> show profile swaps for query 9; +--------------------+----------+-------+ | Status | Duration | Swaps | +--------------------+----------+-------+ | starting | 0.000997 | 0 | | Opening tables | 0.000015 | 0 | | System lock | 0.000003 | 0 | | Table lock | 0.000515 | 0 | | optimizing | 0.000093 | 0 | | statistics | 0.151343 | 0 | | preparing | 0.000082 | 0 | | executing | 0.000027 | 0 | | Sending data | 0.081436 | 0 | | init | 0.000024 | 0 | | optimizing | 0.000006 | 0 | | statistics | 0.000006 | 0 | | preparing | 0.000007 | 0 | | executing | 0.000005 | 0 | | Sending data | 0.000046 | 0 | | end | 0.000004 | 0 | | query end | 0.000003 | 0 | | freeing items | 0.000076 | 0 | | removing tmp table | 0.000006 | 0 | | closing tables | 0.000004 | 0 | | logging slow query | 0.000002 | 0 | | cleaning up | 0.000004 | 0 | +--------------------+----------+-------+ --下面的SQL语句用于查询query_id为9的SQL开销,且按最大耗用时间倒序排列 mysql> set @query_id=9; mysql> SELECT STATE, -> SUM(DURATION) AS Total_R, -> ROUND(100 * SUM(DURATION) / -> (SELECT SUM(DURATION) -> FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.PROFILING -> WHERE QUERY_ID = @query_id), -> 2) AS Pct_R, -> COUNT(*) AS Calls, -> SUM(DURATION) / COUNT(*) AS "R/Call" -> FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.PROFILING -> WHERE QUERY_ID = @query_id -> GROUP BY STATE -> ORDER BY Total_R DESC; +--------------------+----------+-------+-------+--------------+ | STATE | Total_R | Pct_R | Calls | R/Call | +--------------------+----------+-------+-------+--------------+ | statistics | 0.151349 | 64.49 | 2 | 0.0756745000 |--最大耗用时间部分为statistics | Sending data | 0.081482 | 34.72 | 2 | 0.0407410000 | | starting | 0.000997 | 0.42 | 1 | 0.0009970000 | | Table lock | 0.000515 | 0.22 | 1 | 0.0005150000 | | optimizing | 0.000099 | 0.04 | 2 | 0.0000495000 | | preparing | 0.000089 | 0.04 | 2 | 0.0000445000 | | freeing items | 0.000076 | 0.03 | 1 | 0.0000760000 | | executing | 0.000032 | 0.01 | 2 | 0.0000160000 | | init | 0.000024 | 0.01 | 1 | 0.0000240000 | | Opening tables | 0.000015 | 0.01 | 1 | 0.0000150000 | | removing tmp table | 0.000006 | 0.00 | 1 | 0.0000060000 | | cleaning up | 0.000004 | 0.00 | 1 | 0.0000040000 | | end | 0.000004 | 0.00 | 1 | 0.0000040000 | | closing tables | 0.000004 | 0.00 | 1 | 0.0000040000 | | query end | 0.000003 | 0.00 | 1 | 0.0000030000 | | System lock | 0.000003 | 0.00 | 1 | 0.0000030000 | | logging slow query | 0.000002 | 0.00 | 1 | 0.0000020000 | +--------------------+----------+-------+-------+--------------+ --开启profiling后,我们可以通过show profile等方式查看,其实质是这些开销信息被记录到information_schema.profiling表 --如下面的查询,部分信息省略 mysql> select * from profiling limit 3,3\G; *************************** 1. row *************************** QUERY_ID: 2 SEQ: 4 STATE: Table lock DURATION: 0.000007 CPU_USER: 0.000000 CPU_SYSTEM: 0.000000 CONTEXT_VOLUNTARY: 0 CONTEXT_INVOLUNTARY: 0 BLOCK_OPS_IN: 0 BLOCK_OPS_OUT: 0 MESSAGES_SENT: 0 MESSAGES_RECEIVED: 0 PAGE_FAULTS_MAJOR: 0 PAGE_FAULTS_MINOR: 0 SWAPS: 0 SOURCE_FUNCTION: unknown function SOURCE_FILE: lock.cc SOURCE_LINE: 271 *************************** 2. row *************************** QUERY_ID: 2 SEQ: 5 STATE: init DURATION: 0.000010 CPU_USER: 0.000000 CPU_SYSTEM: 0.000000 CONTEXT_VOLUNTARY: 0 CONTEXT_INVOLUNTARY: 0 BLOCK_OPS_IN: 0 BLOCK_OPS_OUT: 0 MESSAGES_SENT: 0 MESSAGES_RECEIVED: 0 PAGE_FAULTS_MAJOR: 0 PAGE_FAULTS_MINOR: 0 SWAPS: 0 SOURCE_FUNCTION: unknown function SOURCE_FILE: sql_select.cc SOURCE_LINE: 2537 *************************** 3. row *************************** QUERY_ID: 2 SEQ: 6 STATE: optimizing DURATION: 0.000003 CPU_USER: 0.000000 CPU_SYSTEM: 0.000000 CONTEXT_VOLUNTARY: 0 CONTEXT_INVOLUNTARY: 0 BLOCK_OPS_IN: 0 BLOCK_OPS_OUT: 0 MESSAGES_SENT: 0 MESSAGES_RECEIVED: 0 PAGE_FAULTS_MAJOR: 0 PAGE_FAULTS_MINOR: 0 SWAPS: 0 SOURCE_FUNCTION: unknown function SOURCE_FILE: sql_select.cc SOURCE_LINE: 835 3 rows in set (0.00 sec) ERROR: No query specified mysql> --停止profile,可以设置profiling参数,或者在session退出之后,profiling会被自动关闭 mysql> set profiling=off; Query OK, 0 rows affected, 1 warning (0.00 sec)

 

posted @ 2019-11-12 18:10  Angel挤一挤  阅读(...)  评论(...编辑  收藏