typescript中类和接口的区别

类和接口的区别:接口中只声明成员方法,不做实现;类声明并实现方法。
//属性接口
interface Config {
    color ?: string;
    width: number;
    [propName: string]: any;
}
function test(value: Config){
    console.log(value);
}
test({
    color: 'white', //color属性可以省略不写
    width: 600,
    height: 50
});
//函数类型接口
interface FunctionConfig {
    (source: string, subString: string): string;
}

let myFunction: FunctionConfig;
myFunction = function(s1: string, s2: string): string{
    return (s1+s2);
};
console.log(myFunction('hello', ',www'));
//可索引接口
interface UserArray {
    [index: number]: string;
}
let arr1: UserArray = ['aaa', 'bbb'];
console.log(arr1);

类:

//
class A {
    name: string;
    constructor(message: string) {
        this.name = message;
    }
    sayName(){
        return this.name;
    }
}
class B extends A {
    constructor(name: string){
        super(name);
    }
    sayHi(){
        return 'Hello,'+this.name;
    }
}
let a = new A('John');
let b = new B('Sunny');
console.log(a.sayName());
console.log(b.sayName());
console.log(b.sayHi());
//公有属性、私有属性、受保护的修饰符
abstract class C {
    constructor(public name: string){}
    public sayHi(){
        return 'History';
    }
}
class D extends C {
    static origin = 11;
    constructor (name: string){
        super(name);
    }
    public sayName() {
        return this.name+D.origin;
    }
}
let d = new D('hello');
console.log(d.sayName());
//抽象类-抽象类一般不会被实例化,做为其他派生类的基类使用
//抽象类中的抽象方法不包含具体的实现,并且必须在派生类中实现
abstract class Media {
    constructor(public name: string){}
    abstract sayName(): void;
}
class Phone extends Media {
    constructor(name: string){
        super(name);
    }
    sayName(){
        return 'Haha'+this.name;
    }
}
let e = new Phone('John');
console.log(e.sayName());

 

posted @ 2020-02-13 11:53  shirliey  阅读(...)  评论(...编辑  收藏