c#.net 生成清晰缩略图的解决方案

Bitmap类的GetThumbnailImage方法可以从指定的图像文件中生成缩略图,但是这种方式生成的缩略图清晰度不稳定,有时生成的缩略图的质量很差——模糊不清!

为什么会这样?为什么生成的图片是模糊的?

像JPEG这样格式的图像可能把缩略图存在同一个文件中。如果我们使用System.Drawing.Bitmap的GetThumbnailImage方法会检测文件中是否存在缩略图,如果找到该缩略图,它就会返回你所设定的宽高的缩略图版本。如果图像的缩略图的版本比你要求的大小要小,就会发生如下问题:生成的缩略图就会变得模糊,我们知道拉伸一个图像会导致图像质量的下降。

解决方案:

解决方法十分简单!我们利用System.Drawing.Image对象来装载源图像,  把图像缩放到你需要的比例,而又能保持高质量,接着保存就搞定了!

下面通过ASP .NET C#来演示代码片段:

 

//你应该包含这些名称空间

using System.Drawing; 

using System.Drawing.Drawing2D

//下面开始


//本例中假定了两个变量:

String src="c:/myImages/a.jpg";   //源图像文件的绝对路径

String dest="c:/myImages/a_th.jpg";    //生成的缩略图图像文件的绝对路径

int thumbWidth=132;    //要生成的缩略图的宽度

System.Drawing.Image image = System.Drawing.Image.FromFile(src); //利用Image对象装载源图像

//接着创建一个System.Drawing.Bitmap对象,并设置你希望的缩略图的宽度和高度。

int srcWidth=image.Width;
int srcHeight=image.Height;
int thumbHeight=(srcHeight/srcWidth)*thumbWidth;
Bitmap bmp = new Bitmap(thumbWidth, thumbHeight);

//从Bitmap创建一个System.Drawing.Graphics对象,用来绘制高质量的缩小图。

System.Drawing.Graphics gr = System.Drawing.Graphics.FromImage(bmp);

//设置 System.Drawing.Graphics对象的SmoothingMode属性为HighQuality

gr.SmoothingMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.SmoothingMode.HighQuality;

//下面这个也设成高质量

gr.CompositingQuality = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.CompositingQuality.HighQuality;

//下面这个设成High

gr.InterpolationMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.InterpolationMode.High;

//把原始图像绘制成上面所设置宽高的缩小图

System.Drawing.Rectangle rectDestination = new System.Drawing.Rectangle(0, 0, thumbWidth, thumbHeight);
gr.DrawImage(image, rectDestination, 0, 0, srcWidth, srcHeight, GraphicsUnit.Pixel);

//保存图像,大功告成!

bmp.Save(dest);

//最后别忘了释放资源
bmp.Dispose();
image.Dispose();

参考:


[记录]高品质图像保存代码
 

[C#]

/**//// <param name="fileName">图像名</param>
/// <param name="quality">品质</param>
public static void SaveImage(string fileName, int quality)
{
   
    Bitmap  myBitmap= new Bitmap(fileName);

  
    System.Drawing.Imaging.EncoderParameters myEncoderParameters =
        new System.Drawing.Imaging.EncoderParameters(1);

    System.Drawing.Imaging.EncoderParameter myEncoderParameter =
        new System.Drawing.Imaging.EncoderParameter(
        System.Drawing.Imaging.Encoder.Quality, quality);
 
    myEncoderParameters.Param[0] = myEncoderParameter;

 
    System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageCodecInfo myImageCodecInfo;
    myImageCodecInfo = GetEncoderInfo("image/jpeg");

  
    string ext = myImageCodecInfo.FilenameExtension.Split(';')[0];
    ext = System.IO.Path.GetExtension(ext).ToLower();

    string saveName= System.IO.Path.ChangeExtension(fileName, ext);

    //保存
    myBitmap.Save(saveName, myImageCodecInfo, myEncoderParameters);
}

//获取MimeType
private static System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageCodecInfo
    GetEncoderInfo(string mineType)
{
   
    System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageCodecInfo [] myEncoders=
        System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageCodecInfo.GetImageEncoders();
   
    foreach (System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageCodecInfo myEncoder in myEncoders)
        if (myEncoder.MimeType == mineType)
            return myEncoder;
    return null;
}


[VB.NET]


Public Shared  Sub SaveImage()Sub SaveImage(ByVal fileName As String, _
        ByVal quality As Integer)
   
    Dim myBitmap As Bitmap =  New Bitmap(fileName)
 
   
    Dim myEncoderParameters As _
        New System.Drawing.Imaging.EncoderParameters(1)
   
    Dim myEncoderParameter As _
        New System.Drawing.Imaging.EncoderParameter( _
        System.Drawing.Imaging.Encoder.Quality,quality)
   
    myEncoderParameters.Param(0) = myEncoderParameter

   
    Dim myImageCodecInfo As System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageCodecInfo
    myImageCodecInfo = GetEncoderInfo("image/jpeg")
 
   
    Dim ext As String =  myImageCodecInfo.FilenameExtension.Split(";"c)(0)
    ext = System.IO.Path.GetExtension(ext).ToLower()
 
   
    Dim saveName As String = _
        System.IO.Path.ChangeExtension(fileName, ext)
 
    '保存
    myBitmap.Save(saveName, myImageCodecInfo, myEncoderParameters)
End Sub
 
'获取MimeType
Private Shared Function GetEncoderInfo()Function GetEncoderInfo(ByVal mineType As String) _
        As System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageCodecInfo
   
    Dim myEncoders() As System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageCodecInfo = _
        System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageCodecInfo.GetImageEncoders()
   
    Dim myEncoder As System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageCodecInfo
    For Each myEncoder In myEncoders
        If myEncoder.MimeType = mineType Then
            Return myEncoder
        End If
    Next
    Return Nothing
End Function


本文来自CSDN博客,转载请标明出处:http://blog.csdn.net/swazn_yj/archive/2009/08/23/4474589.aspx

posted @ 2010-12-24 01:53  scgw  阅读(11021)  评论(0编辑  收藏