Gitlab添加K8S集群

介绍如何在Gitlab项目中添加K8S集群,以便使用K8S集群部署gitlab-runner帮我们运行gitlab的CI/CD。

参考官方文档:https://docs.gitlab.com/ee/user/project/clusters/add_remove_clusters.html#add-existing-cluster

1.登入gitlab后,进入自己的项目主页,菜单栏 Operations => Kubernetes => Add Kubernetes cluster,选择页签 Add existing cluster。

2.只需要获取响应的值填录到该表单即可。Kubernetes cluster name集群名称随意填,Project namespace可不填。

2.1 获取API URL

运行以下命令得到输出值:

kubectl cluster-info | grep 'Kubernetes master' | awk '/http/ {print $NF}'

2.2 获取CA Certificate

运行以下命令得到输出值:

kubectl get secrets # 获取一个类似default-token-xxxxx的名称,填写在下面这个命令<secret name>
kubectl get secret <secret name> -o jsonpath="{['data']['ca\.crt']}" | base64 --decode

2.3 获取Token

创建文件gitlab-admin-service-account.yaml:

vim gitlab-admin-service-account.yaml

apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: gitlab
  namespace: kube-system
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: gitlab-admin
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: cluster-admin
subjects:
  - kind: ServiceAccount
    name: gitlab
    namespace: kube-system

kubectl apply -f gitlab-admin-service-account.yaml
kubectl -n kube-system describe secret $(kubectl -n kube-system get secret | grep gitlab | awk '{print $1}')

添加完成之后,可以在集群中安装你想用的插件了,例如gitlab-runner。

官方操作步骤:

Add existing cluster

If you have an existing Kubernetes cluster, you can add it to a project, group, or instance.

NOTE: Note: Kubernetes integration is not supported for arm64 clusters. See the issue Helm Tiller fails to install on arm64 cluster for details.

Existing Kubernetes cluster

To add a Kubernetes cluster to your project, group, or instance:

  1. Navigate to your:

    1. Project's {cloud-gear} Operations > Kubernetes page, for a project-level cluster.
    2. Group's {cloud-gear} Kubernetes page, for a group-level cluster.
    3. Admin Area > {cloud-gear} Kubernetes page, for an instance-level cluster.
  2. Click Add Kubernetes cluster.

  3. Click the Add existing cluster tab and fill in the details:

    1. Kubernetes cluster name (required) - The name you wish to give the cluster.

    2. Environment scope (required) - The associated environment to this cluster.

    3. API URL (required) - It's the URL that GitLab uses to access the Kubernetes API. Kubernetes exposes several APIs, we want the "base" URL that is common to all of them. For example, https://kubernetes.example.com rather than https://kubernetes.example.com/api/v1.

      Get the API URL by running this command:

      kubectl cluster-info | grep 'Kubernetes master' | awk '/http/ {print $NF}'
      
    4. CA certificate (required) - A valid Kubernetes certificate is needed to authenticate to the cluster. We will use the certificate created by default.

      1. List the secrets with kubectl get secrets, and one should be named similar to default-token-xxxxx. Copy that token name for use below.

      2. Get the certificate by running this command:

        kubectl get secret <secret name> -o jsonpath="{['data']['ca\.crt']}" | base64 --decode
        

        NOTE: Note: If the command returns the entire certificate chain, you need copy the root ca certificate at the bottom of the chain.

    5. Token - GitLab authenticates against Kubernetes using service tokens, which are scoped to a particular namespace. The token used should belong to a service account with cluster-admin privileges. To create this service account:

      1. Create a file called gitlab-admin-service-account.yaml with contents:

        apiVersion: v1
        kind: ServiceAccount
        metadata:
          name: gitlab
          namespace: kube-system
        ---
        apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
        kind: ClusterRoleBinding
        metadata:
          name: gitlab-admin
        roleRef:
          apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
          kind: ClusterRole
          name: cluster-admin
        subjects:
          - kind: ServiceAccount
            name: gitlab
            namespace: kube-system
        
      2. Apply the service account and cluster role binding to your cluster:

        kubectl apply -f gitlab-admin-service-account.yaml
        

        You will need the container.clusterRoleBindings.create permission to create cluster-level roles. If you do not have this permission, you can alternatively enable Basic Authentication and then run the kubectl apply command as an admin:

        kubectl apply -f gitlab-admin-service-account.yaml --username=admin --password=<password>
        

        NOTE: Note: Basic Authentication can be turned on and the password credentials can be obtained using the Google Cloud Console.

        Output:

        serviceaccount "gitlab" created
        clusterrolebinding "gitlab-admin" created
        
      3. Retrieve the token for the gitlab service account:

        kubectl -n kube-system describe secret $(kubectl -n kube-system get secret | grep gitlab | awk '{print $1}')
        

        Copy the <authentication_token> value from the output:

        Name:         gitlab-token-b5zv4
        Namespace:    kube-system
        Labels:       <none>
        Annotations:  kubernetes.io/service-account.name=gitlab
                     kubernetes.io/service-account.uid=bcfe66ac-39be-11e8-97e8-026dce96b6e8
        
        Type:  kubernetes.io/service-account-token
        
        Data
        ====
        ca.crt:     1025 bytes
        namespace:  11 bytes
        token:      <authentication_token>
        

      NOTE: Note: For GKE clusters, you will need the container.clusterRoleBindings.create permission to create a cluster role binding. You can follow the Google Cloud documentation to grant access.

    6. GitLab-managed cluster - Leave this checked if you want GitLab to manage namespaces and service accounts for this cluster. See the Managed clusters section for more information.

    7. Project namespace (optional) - You don't have to fill it in; by leaving it blank, GitLab will create one for you. Also:

      • Each project should have a unique namespace.
      • The project namespace is not necessarily the namespace of the secret, if you're using a secret with broader permissions, like the secret from default.
      • You should not use default as the project namespace.
      • If you or someone created a secret specifically for the project, usually with limited permissions, the secret's namespace and project namespace may be the same.
  4. Finally, click the Create Kubernetes cluster button.

After a couple of minutes, your cluster will be ready to go. You can now proceed to install some pre-defined applications.

posted @ 2020-10-20 09:50  三度  阅读(692)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报