# Lucky Coins

## 题目连接：

http://acm.hdu.edu.cn/showproblem.php?pid=5985

## Description

Bob has collected a lot of coins in different kinds. He wants to know which kind of coins is lucky. He finds out a lucky kind of coins by the following way. He tosses all the coins simultaneously, and then removes the coins that come up tails. He then tosses all the remaining coins and removes the coins that come up tails. He repeats the previous step until there is one kind of coins remaining or there are no coins remaining. If there is one kind of coins remaining, then this kind of coins is lucky. Given the number of coins and the probability that the coins come up heads after tossing for each kind, your task is to calculate the probability for each kind of coins that will be lucky.

## Input

The first line is the number of test cases. For each test case, the first line contains an integer k representing the number of kinds. Each of the following k lines describes a kind of coins, which contains an integer and a real number representing the number of coins and the probability that the coins come up heads after tossing. It is guaranteed that the number of kinds is no more than 10, the total number of coins is no more than 1000000, and the probabilities that the coins come up heads after tossing are between 0.4 and 0.6.

## Output

For each test case, output a line containing k real numbers with the precision of 6 digits, which are the probabilities of each kind of coins that will be lucky.

3
1
1000000 0.5
2
1 0.4
1 0.6
3
2 0.4
2 0.5
2 0.6

## Sample Output

1.000000
0.210526 0.473684
0.124867 0.234823 0.420066

## 代码

#include<bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
const int maxn = 15;
int n;
double num[maxn],ans[maxn],p[maxn];
double count_die(int x,int y){
return pow(1-pow(p[x],y),num[x]);
}
double count_live(int x,int y){
return 1-count_die(x,y);
}
void solve(){
scanf("%d",&n);
memset(ans,0,sizeof(ans));
for(int i=0;i<n;i++)
cin>>num[i]>>p[i];
if(n==1){
printf("1.000000\n");
return;
}
for(int i=1;i<100;i++){
for(int j=0;j<n;j++){
double tmp = 1;
for(int k=0;k<n;k++){
if(k==j)continue;
tmp*=count_die(k,i);
}
ans[j]+=(count_live(j,i)-count_live(j,i+1))*tmp;
}
}
for(int i=0;i<n;i++)
if(i==0)printf("%.6f",ans[i]);
else printf(" %.6f",ans[i]);
printf("\n");
}
int main(){
int t;
scanf("%d",&t);
while(t--)solve();
}
posted @ 2017-07-11 16:19 qscqesze 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏