全链路追踪spring-cloud-sleuth-zipkin

微服务架构下 多个服务之间相互调用,在解决问题的时候,请求链路的追踪是十分有必要的,鉴于项目中采用的spring cloud架构,所以为了方便使用,便于接入等

项目中采用了spring cloud sleuth + zipkin 。现总结如下:

    spring cloud sleuth + zipkin  总共分为几个角色:

        1、信息上传(上传方式:RABBIT、KAFKA,WEB)

        2、信息存储(mysql、es 等)

        3、信息展示 (web查询界面)

     测试环境中采用了最简单 client端通过http上传到server,server存储到mysql中

一、client端

      加入依赖

      compile('org.springframework.cloud:spring-cloud-starter-zipkin')

      增加配置:     

spring:
  zipkin:
  enabled: true
  base-url: http://zipkin-server
  sender:
    type: web
sleuth:
  sampler:
    percentage: 1.0

         客户端采用type:web方式,上传到 base-url:zipkin-server (zipkin-server 注册到Euraka可以实现多个实例的负载均衡)采样频率 percentage: 1.0 (即100%上传)

二、server端

        1)引入依赖:

compile('io.zipkin.java:zipkin-server')
compile('io.zipkin.java:zipkin-autoconfigure-ui')
compile('io.zipkin.java:zipkin-autoconfigure-storage-mysql')

        2)增加EnableZipkinServer 注解:

1 @EnableEurekaClient
2 @SpringBootApplication
3 @EnableZipkinServer
4 public class ZipkinServerApplication {
5     public static void main(String[] args) {
6         SpringApplication.run(ZipkinServerApplication.class, args);
7     }
8 }

      3)初始化数据库:

CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS zipkin_spans (
  `trace_id_high` BIGINT NOT NULL DEFAULT 0 COMMENT 'If non zero, this means the trace uses 128 bit traceIds instead of 64 bit',
  `trace_id` BIGINT NOT NULL,
  `id` BIGINT NOT NULL,
  `name` VARCHAR(255) NOT NULL,
  `parent_id` BIGINT,
  `debug` BIT(1),
  `start_ts` BIGINT COMMENT 'Span.timestamp(): epoch micros used for endTs query and to implement TTL',
  `duration` BIGINT COMMENT 'Span.duration(): micros used for minDuration and maxDuration query'
) ENGINE=InnoDB ROW_FORMAT=COMPRESSED CHARACTER SET=utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci;

ALTER TABLE zipkin_spans ADD UNIQUE KEY(`trace_id_high`, `trace_id`, `id`) COMMENT 'ignore insert on duplicate';
ALTER TABLE zipkin_spans ADD INDEX(`trace_id_high`, `trace_id`, `id`) COMMENT 'for joining with zipkin_annotations';
ALTER TABLE zipkin_spans ADD INDEX(`trace_id_high`, `trace_id`) COMMENT 'for getTracesByIds';
ALTER TABLE zipkin_spans ADD INDEX(`name`) COMMENT 'for getTraces and getSpanNames';
ALTER TABLE zipkin_spans ADD INDEX(`start_ts`) COMMENT 'for getTraces ordering and range';

CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS zipkin_annotations (
  `trace_id_high` BIGINT NOT NULL DEFAULT 0 COMMENT 'If non zero, this means the trace uses 128 bit traceIds instead of 64 bit',
  `trace_id` BIGINT NOT NULL COMMENT 'coincides with zipkin_spans.trace_id',
  `span_id` BIGINT NOT NULL COMMENT 'coincides with zipkin_spans.id',
  `a_key` VARCHAR(255) NOT NULL COMMENT 'BinaryAnnotation.key or Annotation.value if type == -1',
  `a_value` BLOB COMMENT 'BinaryAnnotation.value(), which must be smaller than 64KB',
  `a_type` INT NOT NULL COMMENT 'BinaryAnnotation.type() or -1 if Annotation',
  `a_timestamp` BIGINT COMMENT 'Used to implement TTL; Annotation.timestamp or zipkin_spans.timestamp',
  `endpoint_ipv4` INT COMMENT 'Null when Binary/Annotation.endpoint is null',
  `endpoint_ipv6` BINARY(16) COMMENT 'Null when Binary/Annotation.endpoint is null, or no IPv6 address',
  `endpoint_port` SMALLINT COMMENT 'Null when Binary/Annotation.endpoint is null',
  `endpoint_service_name` VARCHAR(255) COMMENT 'Null when Binary/Annotation.endpoint is null'
) ENGINE=InnoDB ROW_FORMAT=COMPRESSED CHARACTER SET=utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci;

ALTER TABLE zipkin_annotations ADD UNIQUE KEY(`trace_id_high`, `trace_id`, `span_id`, `a_key`, `a_timestamp`) COMMENT 'Ignore insert on duplicate';
ALTER TABLE zipkin_annotations ADD INDEX(`trace_id_high`, `trace_id`, `span_id`) COMMENT 'for joining with zipkin_spans';
ALTER TABLE zipkin_annotations ADD INDEX(`trace_id_high`, `trace_id`) COMMENT 'for getTraces/ByIds';
ALTER TABLE zipkin_annotations ADD INDEX(`endpoint_service_name`) COMMENT 'for getTraces and getServiceNames';
ALTER TABLE zipkin_annotations ADD INDEX(`a_type`) COMMENT 'for getTraces';
ALTER TABLE zipkin_annotations ADD INDEX(`a_key`) COMMENT 'for getTraces';
ALTER TABLE zipkin_annotations ADD INDEX(`trace_id`, `span_id`, `a_key`) COMMENT 'for dependencies job';

CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS zipkin_dependencies (
  `day` DATE NOT NULL,
  `parent` VARCHAR(255) NOT NULL,
  `child` VARCHAR(255) NOT NULL,
  `call_count` BIGINT,
  `error_count` BIGINT
) ENGINE=InnoDB ROW_FORMAT=COMPRESSED CHARACTER SET=utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci;

ALTER TABLE zipkin_dependencies ADD UNIQUE KEY(`day`, `parent`, `child`);

     4)配置数据库 (略)

     5)为了控制访问权限, 采用Spring security最简单的basic认证

Configuration
@EnableWebSecurity
public class WebSecurityConfig extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter {

    @Value("${visit.username}")
    private String userName;
    @Value("${visit.password}")
    private String password;

    @Override
    protected void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
        http.csrf().disable()
                .authorizeRequests()
                .antMatchers("/health").permitAll()
                .antMatchers("/zipkin").hasRole("ADMIN")
                .anyRequest().authenticated()
                .and()
                .httpBasic();


    }

     6)将服务发布到k8s集群中,同是采用 NodePord方式 暴露端口出去,不用通过网关就可以访问

  三、信息查询

      1、主页 可以按条件过滤

        

        可以按条件进行过滤~ 请求路径方法 等,这里最重要的是可以网关中加入自定义 tag 例如手机号 用户号等自定义信息 ~  

       2、详细信息服务之间的调用链路

            

 

      

posted @ 2018-10-20 10:57  浮生若云  阅读(5153)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报