欢迎来到我的博客小站。  交流请加我微信好友: studyjava。  也欢迎关注公众号:Java学习之道 Fork me on GitHub

文件输入输出流工具: IOUtils使用总结

序言

以前写文件的复制很麻烦,需要各种输入流,然后读取line,输出到输出流...其实apache.commons.io里面提供了输入流输出流的常用工具方法,非常方便。下面就结合源码,看看IOUTils都有什么用处吧!

本文系转载,原作者:xingoo

出处:http://www.cnblogs.com/xing901022/p/5978989.html

常用的静态变量

在IOUtils中还是有很多常用的一些变量的,比如换行符等等

public static final char DIR_SEPARATOR_UNIX = '/';
public static final char DIR_SEPARATOR_WINDOWS = '\\';
public static final char DIR_SEPARATOR;
public static final String LINE_SEPARATOR_UNIX = "\n";
public static final String LINE_SEPARATOR_WINDOWS = "\r\n";
public static final String LINE_SEPARATOR;
static {
    DIR_SEPARATOR = File.separatorChar;
    StringBuilderWriter buf = new StringBuilderWriter(4);
    PrintWriter out = new PrintWriter(buf);
    out.println();
    LINE_SEPARATOR = buf.toString();
    out.close();
}

常用方法

copy

这个方法可以拷贝流,算是这个工具类中使用最多的方法了。支持多种数据间的拷贝:

copy(inputstream,outputstream)
copy(inputstream,writer)
copy(inputstream,writer,encoding)
copy(reader,outputstream)
copy(reader,writer)
copy(reader,writer,encoding)

copy内部使用的其实还是copyLarge方法。因为copy能拷贝Integer.MAX_VALUE的字节数据,即2^31-1。

copyLarge

这个方法适合拷贝较大的数据流,比如2G以上。

copyLarge(reader,writer) 默认会用1024*4的buffer来读取
copyLarge(reader,writer,buffer)

内部的细节可以参考:

 public static long copyLarge(Reader input, Writer output, char [] buffer) throws IOException {
        long count = 0;
        int n = 0;
        while (EOF != (n = input.read(buffer))) {
            output.write(buffer, 0, n);
            count += n;
        }
        return count;
    }

这个方法会用一个固定大小的Buffer,持续不断的读取数据,然后写入到输出流中。

read

从一个流中读取内容

read(inputstream,byte[])
read(inputstream,byte[],offset,length) 
//offset是buffer的偏移值,length是读取的长度

read(reader,char[])
read(reader,char[],offset,length)

这里我写了个小例子,可以测试read方法的效果:

@Test
    public void readTest(){
        try{
            byte[] bytes = new byte[4];
            InputStream is = IOUtils.toInputStream("hello world");
            IOUtils.read(is, bytes);
            System.out.println(new String(bytes));
            bytes = new byte[10];
            is = IOUtils.toInputStream("hello world");
            IOUtils.read(is, bytes, 2, 4);
            System.out.println(new String(bytes));
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

得到的结果是:

hell
□□hell□□□□

readFully

这个方法会读取指定长度的流,如果读取的长度不够,就会抛出异常

readFully(inputstream,byte[])
readFully(inputstream,byte[],offset,length)
readFully(reader,charp[])
readFully(reader,char[],offset,length)

比如:

@Test
    public void readFullyTest(){
        byte[] bytes = new byte[4];
        InputStream is  = IOUtils.toInputStream("hello world");
        try {
            IOUtils.readFully(is,bytes);
            System.out.println(new String(bytes));
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

输出

hell

但是如果读取20个byte,就会出错了

java.io.EOFException: Length to read: 20 actual: 11
    at org.apache.commons.io.IOUtils.readFully(IOUtils.java:2539)
    at org.apache.commons.io.IOUtils.readFully(IOUtils.java:2558)
    at test.java.IOUtilsTest.readFullyTest(IOUtilsTest.java:22)
    ...

readLines

readLines方法可以从流中读取内容,并转换为String的list

readLines(inputstream)
readLines(inputstream,charset)
readLines(inputstream,encoding)
readLines(reader)

这个方法极大简化了之前原始的读取方法:

 @Test
    public void readLinesTest(){
        try{
            InputStream is = new FileInputStream("D://test1.txt");
            List<String> lines = IOUtils.readLines(is);
            for(String line : lines){
                System.out.println(line);
            }
        } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

输出内容:


hello
world

nihao
ioutils

skip

这个方法用于跳过指定长度的流,

skip(inputstream,skip_length)
skip(ReadableByteChannel,skip_length)
skip(reader,skip_length)

例如:

@Test
    public void skipTest(){
        InputStream is = IOUtils.toInputStream("hello world");
        try {
            IOUtils.skip(is,4);
            System.out.println(IOUtils.toString(is,"utf-8"));
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

skipFully

这个方法类似skip,只是如果忽略的长度大于现有的长度,就会抛出异常

skipFully(inputstream,toSkip)
skipFully(readableByteChannel,toSkip)
skipFully(inputstream,toSkip)

例如

@Test
    public void skipFullyTest(){
        InputStream is = IOUtils.toInputStream("hello world");
        try {
            IOUtils.skipFully(is,30);
            System.out.println(IOUtils.toString(is,"utf-8"));
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

write

这个方法可以把数据写入到输出流中

write(byte[] data, OutputStream output)
write(byte[] data, Writer output)
write(byte[] data, Writer output, Charset encoding)
write(byte[] data, Writer output, String encoding)
write(char[] data, OutputStream output)
write(char[] data, OutputStream output, Charset encoding)
write(char[] data, OutputStream output, String encoding)
write(char[] data, Writer output)
write(CharSequence data, OutputStream output)
write(CharSequence data, OutputStream output, Charset encoding)
write(CharSequence data, OutputStream output, String encoding)
write(CharSequence data, Writer output)
write(StringBuffer data, OutputStream output)
write(StringBuffer data, OutputStream output, String encoding)
write(StringBuffer data, Writer output)
write(String data, OutputStream output)
write(String data, OutputStream output, Charset encoding)
write(String data, OutputStream output, String encoding)
write(String data, Writer output)

例如

@Test
    public void writeTest(){
        try {
            OutputStream os = new FileOutputStream("E:/test.txt");
            IOUtils.write("hello write!",os);
        } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

writeLines

这个方法可以把string的List写入到输出流中

writeLines(Collection<?> lines, String lineEnding, OutputStream output)
writeLines(Collection<?> lines, String lineEnding, OutputStream output, Charset encoding)
writeLines(Collection<?> lines, String lineEnding, OutputStream output, String encoding)
writeLines(Collection<?> lines, String lineEnding, Writer writer)

例如

@Test
    public void writeLinesTest() throws IOException {
        List<String> lines = new ArrayList();
        lines.add("hello");
        lines.add("list");
        lines.add("to");
        lines.add("file");
        OutputStream os = new FileOutputStream("E:/test.txt");
        IOUtils.writeLines(lines,IOUtils.LINE_SEPARATOR,os);
    }

close

关闭URL连接

close(URLConnection conn)

closeQuietly

忽略nulls和异常,关闭某个流

close(URLConnection conn)
closeQuietly(Closeable... closeables)
closeQuietly(Closeable closeable)
closeQuietly(InputStream input)
closeQuietly(OutputStream output)
closeQuietly(Reader input)
closeQuietly(Selector selector)
closeQuietly(ServerSocket sock)
closeQuietly(Socket sock)
closeQuietly(Writer output)

contentEquals

比较两个流是否相同

contentEquals(InputStream input1, InputStream input2)
contentEquals(Reader input1, Reader input2)

例如

@Test
    public void contentEqualsTest(){
        InputStream is1 = IOUtils.toInputStream("hello123");
        InputStream is2 = IOUtils.toInputStream("hello123");
        try {
            System.out.println(IOUtils.contentEquals(is1,is2));
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

contentEqualsIgnoreEOL

比较两个流,忽略换行符

contentEqualsIgnoreEOL(Reader input1, Reader input2)

lineIterator

读取流,返回迭代器

lineIterator(InputStream input, Charset encoding)
lineIterator(InputStream input, String encoding)
lineIterator(Reader reader)

toBufferedInputStream

把流的全部内容放在另一个流中

toBufferedInputStream(InputStream input)
toBufferedInputStream(InputStream input, int size)

toBufferedReader

返回输入流

toBufferedReader(Reader reader)
toBufferedReader(Reader reader, int size)

toByteArray

返回字节数组

toByteArray(InputStream input)
toByteArray(InputStream input, int size)
toByteArray(InputStream input, long size)
toByteArray(Reader input)
toByteArray(Reader input, Charset encoding)
toByteArray(Reader input, String encoding)
toByteArray(String input)
toByteArray(URI uri)
toByteArray(URL url)
toByteArray(URLConnection urlConn)

toCharArray

返回字符数组

toCharArray(InputStream is)
toCharArray(InputStream is, Charset encoding)
toCharArray(InputStream is, String encoding)
toCharArray(Reader input)

toInputStream

返回输入流

toInputStream(CharSequence input)
toInputStream(CharSequence input, Charset encoding)
toInputStream(CharSequence input, String encoding)
toInputStream(String input)
toInputStream(String input, Charset encoding)
toInputStream(String input, String encoding)

toString

返回字符串

toString(byte[] input)
toString(byte[] input, String encoding)
toString(InputStream input)
toString(InputStream input, Charset encoding)
toString(InputStream input, String encoding)
toString(Reader input)
toString(URI uri)
toString(URI uri, Charset encoding)
toString(URI uri, String encoding)
toString(URL url)
toString(URL url, Charset encoding)
toString(URL url, String encoding)
如果,您希望更容易地发现我的博客,不妨收藏关注一下
原创公众号:Java学习之道
个人博客 : www.mmzsblog.cn


喜欢就推荐一下,因为你的参与是我在写作道路上的最强动力。
本文版权归作者淼淼之森和博客园共有,欢迎转载。
但须在文章页面明显位置给出原文连接,否则保留追究法律责任的权利。
posted @ 2019-01-04 11:41  淼淼之森  阅读(975)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报
  👉转载请注明出处和署名