C# byte数组与Image的相互转换

功能需求:

1、把一张图片(png bmp jpeg bmp gif)转换为byte数组存放到数据库。

2、把从数据库读取的byte数组转换为Image对象,赋值给相应的控件显示。

3、从图片byte数组得到对应图片的格式,生成一张图片保存到磁盘上。

这里的Image是System.Drawing.Image。

         //Get an image from file
        Image image = Image.FromFile("D:\\test.jpg");
        Bitmap bitmap = new Bitmap("D:\\test.jpg");

以下三个函数分别实现了上述三个需求:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Drawing.Imaging;
using System.IO;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;

namespace NetUtilityLib
{
    public static class ImageHelper
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// Convert Image to Byte[]
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="image"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static byte[] ImageToBytes(Image image)
        {
            ImageFormat format = image.RawFormat;
            using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream())
            {
                if (format.Equals(ImageFormat.Jpeg))
                {
                    image.Save(ms, ImageFormat.Jpeg);
                }
                else if (format.Equals(ImageFormat.Png))
                {
                    image.Save(ms, ImageFormat.Png);
                }
                else if (format.Equals(ImageFormat.Bmp))
                {
                    image.Save(ms, ImageFormat.Bmp);
                }
                else if (format.Equals(ImageFormat.Gif))
                {
                    image.Save(ms, ImageFormat.Gif);
                }
                else if (format.Equals(ImageFormat.Icon))
                {
                    image.Save(ms, ImageFormat.Icon);
                }
                byte[] buffer = new byte[ms.Length];
                //Image.Save()会改变MemoryStream的Position,需要重新Seek到Begin
                ms.Seek(0, SeekOrigin.Begin);
                ms.Read(buffer, 0, buffer.Length);
                return buffer;
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Convert Byte[] to Image
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="buffer"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static Image BytesToImage(byte[] buffer)
        {
            MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream(buffer);
            Image image = System.Drawing.Image.FromStream(ms);
            return image;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Convert Byte[] to a picture and Store it in file
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="fileName"></param>
        /// <param name="buffer"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static string CreateImageFromBytes(string fileName, byte[] buffer)
        {
            string file = fileName;
            Image image = BytesToImage(buffer);
            ImageFormat format = image.RawFormat;
            if (format.Equals(ImageFormat.Jpeg))
            {
                file += ".jpeg";
            }
            else if (format.Equals(ImageFormat.Png))
            {
                file += ".png";
            }
            else if (format.Equals(ImageFormat.Bmp))
            {
                file += ".bmp";
            }
            else if (format.Equals(ImageFormat.Gif))
            {
                file += ".gif";
            }
            else if (format.Equals(ImageFormat.Icon))
            {
                file += ".icon";
            }
            System.IO.FileInfo info = new System.IO.FileInfo(file);
            System.IO.Directory.CreateDirectory(info.Directory.FullName);
            File.WriteAllBytes(file, buffer);
            return file;
        }
    }
}

 

 

 

posted @ 2013-10-19 21:53 阿凡卢 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏