20191105 2019-2020《Python程序设计》实验四 实验报告

课程:《Python 程序设计》
班级: 1911
姓名: 龙飞宇
学号: 20191105
实验教师:王志强
实验日期:2020年6月14日
必修/选修: 公选课

1. 实验内容

爬下豆瓣读书标签下的所有图书,按评分排名依次存储。

2. 实验过程及结果

# -*- coding: UTF-8 -*-

import sys
import time
import urllib
import urllib2
import requests
import numpy as np
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
from openpyxl import Workbook

reload(sys)
sys.setdefaultencoding('utf8')

# Some User Agents
hds = [{'User-Agent': 'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows; U; Windows NT 6.1; en-US; rv:1.9.1.6) Gecko/20091201 Firefox/3.5.6'}, \
{
'User-Agent': 'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.2) AppleWebKit/535.11 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/17.0.963.12 Safari/535.11'}, \
{'User-Agent': 'Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; MSIE 10.0; Windows NT 6.2; Trident/6.0)'}]


def book_spider(book_tag):
page_num = 0;
book_list = []
try_times = 0

while (1):
# url='http://www.douban.com/tag/%E5%B0%8F%E8%AF%B4/book?start=0' # For Test
url = 'http://www.douban.com/tag/' + urllib.quote(book_tag) + '/book?start=' + str(page_num * 15)
time.sleep(np.random.rand() * 5)

# Last Version
try:
req = urllib2.Request(url, headers=hds[page_num % len(hds)])
source_code = urllib2.urlopen(req).read()
plain_text = str(source_code)
except (urllib2.HTTPError, urllib2.URLError), e:
print
e
continue

##Previous Version, IP is easy to be Forbidden
# source_code = requests.get(url)
# plain_text = source_code.text

soup = BeautifulSoup(plain_text)
list_soup = soup.find('div', {'class': 'mod book-list'})

try_times += 1;
if list_soup == None and try_times < 200:
continue
elif list_soup == None or len(list_soup) <= 1:
break # Break when no informatoin got after 200 times requesting

for book_info in list_soup.findAll('dd'):
title = book_info.find('a', {'class': 'title'}).string.strip()
desc = book_info.find('div', {'class': 'desc'}).string.strip()
desc_list = desc.split('/')
book_url = book_info.find('a', {'class': 'title'}).get('href')

try:
author_info = '作者/译者: ' + '/'.join(desc_list[0:-3])
except:
author_info = '作者/译者: 暂无'
try:
pub_info = '出版信息: ' + '/'.join(desc_list[-3:])
except:
pub_info = '出版信息: 暂无'
try:
rating = book_info.find('span', {'class': 'rating_nums'}).string.strip()
except:
rating = '0.0'
try:
# people_num = book_info.findAll('span')[2].string.strip()
people_num = get_people_num(book_url)
people_num = people_num.strip('人评价')
except:
people_num = '0'

book_list.append([title, rating, people_num, author_info, pub_info])
try_times = 0 # set 0 when got valid information
page_num += 1
print
'Downloading Information From Page %d' % page_num
return book_list


def get_people_num(url):
# url='http://book.douban.com/subject/6082808/?from=tag_all' # For Test
try:
req = urllib2.Request(url, headers=hds[np.random.randint(0, len(hds))])
source_code = urllib2.urlopen(req).read()
plain_text = str(source_code)
except (urllib2.HTTPError, urllib2.URLError), e:
print
e
soup = BeautifulSoup(plain_text)
people_num = soup.find('div', {'class': 'rating_sum'}).findAll('span')[1].string.strip()
return people_num


def do_spider(book_tag_lists):
book_lists = []
for book_tag in book_tag_lists:
book_list = book_spider(book_tag)
book_list = sorted(book_list, key=lambda x: x[1], reverse=True)
book_lists.append(book_list)
return book_lists


def print_book_lists_excel(book_lists, book_tag_lists):
wb = Workbook(optimized_write=True)
ws = []
for i in range(len(book_tag_lists)):
ws.append(wb.create_sheet(title=book_tag_lists[i].decode())) # utf8->unicode
for i in range(len(book_tag_lists)):
ws[i].append(['序号', '书名', '评分', '评价人数', '作者', '出版社'])
count = 1
for bl in book_lists[i]:
ws[i].append([count, bl[0], float(bl[1]), int(bl[2]), bl[3], bl[4]])
count += 1
save_path = 'book_list'
for i in range(len(book_tag_lists)):
save_path += ('-' + book_tag_lists[i].decode())
save_path += '.xlsx'
wb.save(save_path)


if __name__ == '__main__':
# book_tag_lists = ['心理','判断与决策','算法','数据结构','经济','历史']
# book_tag_lists = ['传记','哲学','编程','创业','理财','社会学','佛教']
# book_tag_lists = ['思想','科技','科学','web','股票','爱情','两性']
# book_tag_lists = ['计算机','机器学习','linux','android','数据库','互联网']
# book_tag_lists = ['数学']
# book_tag_lists = ['摄影','设计','音乐','旅行','教育','成长','情感','育儿','健康','养生']
# book_tag_lists = ['商业','理财','管理']
# book_tag_lists = ['名著']
# book_tag_lists = ['科普','经典','生活','心灵','文学']
# book_tag_lists = ['科幻','思维','金融']
book_tag_lists = ['个人管理', '时间管理', '投资', '文化', '宗教']
book_lists = do_spider(book_tag_lists)

3.总结
从刚开始学的for,while循环,到元组,函数再到爬虫可视化,虽然每次实验都会遇到困难,但每次都通过自己的努力来解决所获得的成就感是巨大的。在刚开课的时候,老师说了这一句话“我教的再好也不如自己去学到了多少知识”。
越来越能体会到这句话,在学习中不能一味的依靠别人解决问题,想要变得更强,就要自己学会独立解决问题,因为并不是任何时候都有人帮你。我也希望老师通过独特的教学方式也让之后报这门选修的同学们领悟到要独立自主学习的重要。


posted @ 2020-06-18 22:08  龙飞宇  阅读(271)  评论(0编辑  收藏