# 实验三 朴素贝叶斯算法及应用

import numpy as np
import pandas as pd
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
%matplotlib inline
from sklearn.datasets import load_iris
from sklearn.model_selection import train_test_split
from collections import Counter
import math
data
def create_data():
iris = load_iris()
df = pd.DataFrame(iris.data, columns=iris.feature_names)
df['label'] = iris.target
df.columns = [
'sepal length', 'sepal width', 'petal length', 'petal width', 'label'
]
data = np.array(df.iloc[:100, :])
# print(data)
return data[:, :-1], data[:, -1]
X, y = create_data()
X_train, X_test, y_train, y_test = train_test_split(X, y, test_size=0.3)
X_test[0], y_test[0]
class NaiveBayes:
def __init__(self):
self.model = None
数学期望
@staticmethod
def mean(X):
return sum(X) / float(len(X))
标准差（方差）
def stdev(self, X):
avg = self.mean(X)
return math.sqrt(sum([pow(x - avg, 2) for x in X]) / float(len(X)))
概率密度函数
def gaussian_probability(self, x, mean, stdev):
exponent = math.exp(-(math.pow(x - mean, 2) /
(2 * math.pow(stdev, 2))))
return (1 / (math.sqrt(2 * math.pi) * stdev)) * exponent
处理X_train
def summarize(self, train_data):
summaries = [(self.mean(i), self.stdev(i)) for i in zip(*train_data)]
return summaries
分类别求出数学期望和标准差
def fit(self, X, y):
labels = list(set(y))
data = {label: [] for label in labels}
for f, label in zip(X, y):
data[label].append(f)
self.model = {
label: self.summarize(value)
for label, value in data.items()
}
return 'gaussianNB train done!'
计算概率
def calculate_probabilities(self, input_data):
# summaries:{0.0: [(5.0, 0.37),(3.42, 0.40)], 1.0: [(5.8, 0.449),(2.7, 0.27)]}
# input_data:[1.1, 2.2]
probabilities = {}
for label, value in self.model.items():
probabilities[label] = 1
for i in range(len(value)):
mean, stdev = value[i]
probabilities[label] *= self.gaussian_probability(
input_data[i], mean, stdev)
return probabilities
类别
def predict(self, X_test):
# {0.0: 2.9680340789325763e-27, 1.0: 3.5749783019849535e-26}
label = sorted(
self.calculate_probabilities(X_test).items(),
key=lambda x: x[-1])[-1][0]
return label
def score(self, X_test, y_test):
right = 0
for X, y in zip(X_test, y_test):
label = self.predict(X)
if label == y:
right += 1
return right / float(len(X_test))
model = NaiveBayes()
model.fit(X_train, y_train)
print(model.predict([4.4, 3.2, 1.3, 0.2]))
model.score(X_test, y_test)
from sklearn.naive_bayes import GaussianNB
clf = GaussianNB()
clf.fit(X_train, y_train)
clf.score(X_test, y_test)
clf.predict([[4.4, 3.2, 1.3, 0.2]])
from sklearn.naive_bayes import BernoulliNB, MultinomialNB # 伯努利模型和多项式模型


#GaussianNB 高斯朴素贝叶斯,特征的可能性被假设为高斯
class NaiveBayes:
def __init__(self):
self.model = None

# 数学期望
@staticmethod
def mean(X):
return sum(X) / float(len(X))

# 标准差（方差）
def stdev(self, X):
avg = self.mean(X)
return math.sqrt(sum([pow(x - avg, 2) for x in X]) / float(len(X)))

# 概率密度函数
def gaussian_probability(self, x, mean, stdev):
exponent = math.exp(-(math.pow(x - mean, 2) /(2 * math.pow(stdev, 2))))
return (1 / (math.sqrt(2 * math.pi) * stdev)) * exponent

# 处理X_train
def summarize(self, train_data):
summaries = [(self.mean(i), self.stdev(i)) for i in zip(*train_data)]
return summaries

# 分类别求出数学期望和标准差
def fit(self, X, y):
labels = list(set(y))
data = {label: [] for label in labels}
for f, label in zip(X, y):
data[label].append(f)
self.model = {label: self.summarize(value)for label, value in data.items()}
return 'gaussianNB train done!'

# 计算概率
def calculate_probabilities(self, input_data):
# summaries:{0.0: [(5.0, 0.37),(3.42, 0.40)], 1.0: [(5.8, 0.449),(2.7, 0.27)]}
# input_data:[1.1, 2.2]
probabilities = {}
for label, value in self.model.items():
probabilities[label] = 1
for i in range(len(value)):
mean, stdev = value[i]
probabilities[label] *= self.gaussian_probability(input_data[i], mean, stdev)
return probabilities

# 类别
def predict(self, X_test):
# {0.0: 2.9680340789325763e-27, 1.0: 3.5749783019849535e-26}
label = sorted(self.calculate_probabilities(X_test).items(),key=lambda x: x[-1])[-1][0]
return label

def score(self, X_test, y_test):
right = 0
for X, y in zip(X_test, y_test):
label = self.predict(X)
if label == y:
right += 1

return right / float(len(X_test))
model = NaiveBayes()#生成一个算法对象
model.fit(X_train, y_train)#将训练数据代入算法中

#生成scikit-learn结果与上面手写函数的结果对比
from sklearn.naive_bayes import GaussianNB  #导入模型
clf = GaussianNB()
clf.fit(X_train, y_train)#训练数据

clf.score(X_test, y_test)

clf.predict([[4.4, 3.2, 1.3, 0.2]])


posted @ 2021-06-28 16:33  li小老虎  阅读(33)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报