Python开发过程问题集锦(Continuous updating)

 

 

1.问题:在Python3进行CNN测试时,出现了

(from warn module)UserWarning: Anti-aliasing will be enabled by default in skimage 0.15 to avoid aliasing
 artifacts when down-sampling images. warn("Anti-aliasing will be enabled by default in 
skimage 0.15 to "

问题原因:因为其默认安装的skimage0.15的版本跟我的Python版本在进行图片采样时发生冲突

解决方法:卸载skimage 0.15,安装skimage 0.13.0。

pip3 uninstall scikit-image
pip3 install scikit-image==0.13.0

 

2.问题:启动程序时出现以下错误

from numpy.lib.arraypad import _validate_lengths
ImportError: cannot import name '_validate_lengths' from 'numpy.lib.arraypad'

 

问题原因:这是在解决skimage0.15版本后出现的问题。找不到_validate_lengths函数,在arraypad.py文件中确实找不到对应的函数,所以找到以前配置过的环境中对应的文件,拷贝这个缺失的函数。

解决方法:打开终端,进入Python环境,输入以下代码,查看Python3.7安装位置。

import sys
print(sys.path)

找到arraypad.py的位置 user/lib/python3.7/site-packages/numpy/lib/arraypad.py,打开文件后,在954后添加以下代码,保存退出,问题解决。

def _normalize_shape(ndarray, shape, cast_to_int=True):
    """
    Private function which does some checks and normalizes the possibly
    much simpler representations of ‘pad_width‘, ‘stat_length‘,
    ‘constant_values‘, ‘end_values‘.

    Parameters
    ----------
    narray : ndarray
        Input ndarray
    shape : {sequence, array_like, float, int}, optional
        The width of padding (pad_width), the number of elements on the
        edge of the narray used for statistics (stat_length), the constant
        value(s) to use when filling padded regions (constant_values), or the
        endpoint target(s) for linear ramps (end_values).
        ((before_1, after_1), ... (before_N, after_N)) unique number of
        elements for each axis where `N` is rank of `narray`.
        ((before, after),) yields same before and after constants for each
        axis.
        (constant,) or val is a shortcut for before = after = constant for
        all axes.
    cast_to_int : bool, optional
        Controls if values in ``shape`` will be rounded and cast to int
        before being returned.

    Returns
    -------
    normalized_shape : tuple of tuples
        val                               => ((val, val), (val, val), ...)
        [[val1, val2], [val3, val4], ...] => ((val1, val2), (val3, val4), ...)
        ((val1, val2), (val3, val4), ...) => no change
        [[val1, val2], ]                  => ((val1, val2), (val1, val2), ...)
        ((val1, val2), )                  => ((val1, val2), (val1, val2), ...)
        [[val ,     ], ]                  => ((val, val), (val, val), ...)
        ((val ,     ), )                  => ((val, val), (val, val), ...)

    """
    ndims = ndarray.ndim

    # Shortcut shape=None
    if shape is None:
        return ((None, None), ) * ndims

    # Convert any input `info` to a NumPy array
    shape_arr = np.asarray(shape)

    try:
        shape_arr = np.broadcast_to(shape_arr, (ndims, 2))
    except ValueError:
        fmt = "Unable to create correctly shaped tuple from %s"
        raise ValueError(fmt % (shape,))

    # Cast if necessary
    if cast_to_int is True:
        shape_arr = np.round(shape_arr).astype(int)

    # Convert list of lists to tuple of tuples
    return tuple(tuple(axis) for axis in shape_arr.tolist())


def _validate_lengths(narray, number_elements):
    """
    Private function which does some checks and reformats pad_width and
    stat_length using _normalize_shape.

    Parameters
    ----------
    narray : ndarray
        Input ndarray
    number_elements : {sequence, int}, optional
        The width of padding (pad_width) or the number of elements on the edge
        of the narray used for statistics (stat_length).
        ((before_1, after_1), ... (before_N, after_N)) unique number of
        elements for each axis.
        ((before, after),) yields same before and after constants for each
        axis.
        (constant,) or int is a shortcut for before = after = constant for all
        axes.

    Returns
    -------
    _validate_lengths : tuple of tuples
        int                               => ((int, int), (int, int), ...)
        [[int1, int2], [int3, int4], ...] => ((int1, int2), (int3, int4), ...)
        ((int1, int2), (int3, int4), ...) => no change
        [[int1, int2], ]                  => ((int1, int2), (int1, int2), ...)
        ((int1, int2), )                  => ((int1, int2), (int1, int2), ...)
        [[int ,     ], ]                  => ((int, int), (int, int), ...)
        ((int ,     ), )                  => ((int, int), (int, int), ...)

    """
    normshp = _normalize_shape(narray, number_elements)
    for i in normshp:
        chk = [1 if x is None else x for x in i]
        chk = [1 if x >= 0 else -1 for x in chk]
        if (chk[0] < 0) or (chk[1] < 0):
            fmt = "%s cannot contain negative values."
            raise ValueError(fmt % (number_elements,))
    return normshp
View Code

3.问题:Pycharm运行程序时出现如下错误

问题原因:PyCharm没有停下项目的情况下,关闭IDE.或者是之前的项目没有停掉,又一次运行了本项目.

解决方法:很简单,杀死进程.

ps aux  # 用ps -A查看所有进程

找到程序进程

杀死进程: 
kill -9 PID # PID是进程号

 

很想高飞,但我不能;不想天空,剩我一人。
posted @ 2019-01-19 21:24  黎先生  阅读(5818)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报