Windows phone 8 学习笔记(5) 图块与通知

基于metro风格的Windows phone 8 应用提到了图块的概念,它就是指启动菜单中的快速启动图标。一般一个应用必须有一个默认图块,还可以有若干个次要图块。另外,通知与图块的关系比较密切,我们可以通过在接受到消息时动态更新图块来达到适时的效果。我们本节把图块和通知放在一起讲。

快速导航:
    一、图块
    二、图块更新计划
    三、本地通知
    四、推送通知

一、图块

1)定义默认图块

默认图块只能在清单文件中定义它,并且选定的图块模板后就不能再改变,除非重新发布应用,但是我们可以更新同类型的模板。应用安装后默认状态不会出现在开始菜单,需要在程序清单中右键选择固定到开始屏幕项。

图块模板类型:
    1.图标模版:它可以包含大小两种图标,三种图块都可以用。必须为包含透明背景的png格式metro风格图片。
    2.翻转模版:在中型、大型图块中可以实现翻转效果。
    3.循环模板:在中型、大型图块中实现多张背景图轮流切换。

2)创建更新图块

图块的创建和更新可以通过两种方式,分别是定义模版xml或通过代码构建,下面的代码演示了如何创建和更新图块。

[C#]
    public partial class MainPage : PhoneApplicationPage
    {
        // 构造函数
        public MainPage()
        {
            InitializeComponent();

            // 用于本地化 ApplicationBar 的示例代码
            //BuildLocalizedApplicationBar();
        }


        protected override void OnNavigatedTo(NavigationEventArgs e)
        {
            base.OnNavigatedTo(e);
        }

        private void Button_Click_1(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            CreateTitle();
        }


        private void ShowTitle()
        {
            var tilte = ShellTile.ActiveTiles.FirstOrDefault();
            if (tilte != null)
            {
                MessageBox.Show(tilte.NavigationUri.ToString());
            }
        }

        //图标图块
        IconicTileData iconicTileData = new IconicTileData()
        {
            Title = "标题",
            Count = 5,
            WideContent1 = "第一行文本",
            WideContent2 = "第二行文本",
            WideContent3 = "第三行文本",
            SmallIconImage = new Uri("/Assets/Tiles/IconLarge.png", UriKind.Relative),
            IconImage = new Uri("/Assets/Tiles/IconSamall.png", UriKind.Relative),
            //透明度设置为255才会显示自定义颜色背景,否则显示为系统背景
            BackgroundColor = new Color { A = 255, R = 0, G = 148, B = 255 }
        };

        //图标图块模板
        string iconicTileXml = @"<?xml version=""1.0"" encoding=""utf-8""?>
                        <wp:Notification xmlns:wp=""WPNotification"" Version=""2.0"">
                          <wp:Tile Id=""titleid1"" Template=""IconicTile"">
                            <wp:SmallIconImage>/Assets/Tiles/IconLarge.png</wp:SmallIconImage>
                            <wp:IconImage>/Assets/Tiles/IconSamall.png</wp:IconImage>
                            <wp:WideContent1>第一行文本</wp:WideContent1>
                            <wp:WideContent2 Action=""Clear"">第二行文本</wp:WideContent2>
                            <wp:WideContent3>第三行文本</wp:WideContent3>
                            <wp:Count>6</wp:Count>
                            <wp:Title>标题</wp:Title>
                            <wp:BackgroundColor>#FF524742</wp:BackgroundColor>
                          </wp:Tile>
                        </wp:Notification>";

        //可用于清除Count(如果加了Action="Clear",则清除该项的显示)
        string iconicTileXml2 = @"<?xml version=""1.0"" encoding=""utf-8""?>
                        <wp:Notification xmlns:wp=""WPNotification"" Version=""2.0"">
                          <wp:Tile Id=""titleid1"" Template=""IconicTile"">
                            <wp:Count Action=""Clear"">0</wp:Count>
                          </wp:Tile>
                        </wp:Notification>";

        //翻转图块
        FlipTileData flipTileData = new FlipTileData()
        {
            Title = "标题",
            BackTitle = "背面标题",
            BackContent = "背面的文本内容部分",
            WideBackContent = "在宽图块背面的文本内容",
            Count = 5,
            SmallBackgroundImage = new Uri("/Assets/Tiles/Samall.png", UriKind.Relative),
            BackgroundImage = new Uri("/Assets/Tiles/Medium.png", UriKind.Relative),
            //不设置背景图像则显示为系统背景色
            //BackBackgroundImage = new Uri("Assets/Tiles/FlipCycleTileMedium.png", UriKind.Relative),

            WideBackgroundImage = new Uri("/Assets/Tiles/Large.png", UriKind.Relative),
            //WideBackBackgroundImage = new Uri("/Assets/Tiles/IconicTileMediumLarge.png", UriKind.Relative)
        };
        //翻转图块模板
        string flipTileXml = @"<?xml version=""1.0"" encoding=""utf-8""?>
                        <wp:Notification xmlns:wp=""WPNotification"" Version=""2.0"">
                            <wp:Tile Id=""titleid2"" Template=""FlipTile"">
                            <wp:SmallBackgroundImage>/Assets/Tiles/Samall.png</wp:SmallBackgroundImage>
                            <wp:WideBackgroundImage>/Assets/Tiles/Large.png</wp:WideBackgroundImage>
                            <wp:WideBackBackgroundImage>/Assets/Tiles/IconicTileMediumLarge.png</wp:WideBackBackgroundImage>
                            <wp:WideBackContent>在宽图块背面的文本内容</wp:WideBackContent>
                            <wp:BackgroundImage>/Assets/Tiles/Medium.png</wp:BackgroundImage>
                            <wp:Count>6</wp:Count>
                            <wp:Title>标题</wp:Title>
                            <wp:BackBackgroundImage>Assets/Tiles/FlipCycleTileMedium.png</wp:BackBackgroundImage>
                            <wp:BackTitle>背面标题</wp:BackTitle>
                            <wp:BackContent>背面的文本内容部分</wp:BackContent>
                            </wp:Tile>
                        </wp:Notification>";


        //循环图块
        CycleTileData cycleTileData = new CycleTileData()
        {
            Title = "标题",
            Count = 10,
            SmallBackgroundImage = new Uri("/Assets/Tiles/Samall.png", UriKind.Relative),
            CycleImages = new Uri[]
                        {
                            new Uri("/Assets/Tiles/Title1.png", UriKind.Relative), 
                            new Uri("/Assets/Tiles/Title2.png", UriKind.Relative), 
                            new Uri("/Assets/Tiles/Title3.png", UriKind.Relative), 
                        }
        };
        //循环图块模板
        string cycleTileXml = @"<?xml version=""1.0"" encoding=""utf-8""?>
                        <wp:Notification xmlns:wp=""WPNotification"" Version=""2.0"">
                          <wp:Tile Id=""titleid3"" Template=""CycleTile"">
                            <wp:SmallBackgroundImage>/Assets/Tiles/Samall.png</wp:SmallBackgroundImage>
                            <wp:CycleImage1>/Assets/Tiles/Title1.png</wp:CycleImage1>
                            <wp:CycleImage2>/Assets/Tiles/Title2.png</wp:CycleImage2>
                            <wp:CycleImage3>/Assets/Tiles/Title3.png</wp:CycleImage3>
                            <wp:Count>6</wp:Count>
                            <wp:Title>标题</wp:Title>
                          </wp:Tile>
                        </wp:Notification>";


        private void CreateTitle()
        {

            //添加一个次要图块
            ShellTile.Create(new Uri("/Page1.xaml", UriKind.Relative), iconicTileData, true);
            //通过xml模板添加
            ShellTile.Create(new Uri("/Page1.xaml", UriKind.Relative), new IconicTileData(iconicTileXml), true);
        }

        private void ClearCount()
        {
            //清除Count
            ShellTile.ActiveTiles.ElementAt(1).Update(new IconicTileData(iconicTileXml2));
        }

        private void UpdateTitle()
        {
            //更新默认图块的内容,我们定义的翻转模版,这里不能修改模版类型
            ShellTile.ActiveTiles.FirstOrDefault().Update(flipTileData);
        }

    }

 

二、图块更新计划

我们可以定义一个更新计划,定期的更新图块的背景图像。当应用退出以后,这个更新计划依然能够在后台运行。它的实现代码如下:

[C#]  
        ShellTileSchedule SampleTileSchedule = new ShellTileSchedule();
        //计划是否已经执行
        bool TileScheduleRunning = false;

        //开始执行计划
        private void Button_Click_1(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            //指定计划执行一次还是多次
            SampleTileSchedule.Recurrence = UpdateRecurrence.Interval;
            //指定计划的更新间隔时间
            SampleTileSchedule.Interval = UpdateInterval.EveryHour;
            //指定计划的执行次数,如果未设置,则为不确定次数
            SampleTileSchedule.MaxUpdateCount = 50;
            //指定计划的开始时间
            SampleTileSchedule.StartTime = DateTime.Now;
            //获取背景图像的网络URI
            SampleTileSchedule.RemoteImageUri = new Uri(@"http://images.cnblogs.com/cnblogs_com/lipan/319399/o_Large.png");
            SampleTileSchedule.Start();
        }

        //停止计划
        private void Button_Click_2(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            if (TileScheduleRunning) SampleTileSchedule.Stop();
        }

 

三、本地通知

通知分为本地通知和推送通知。我们可以通过本地通知实现本地消息和提醒功能。

1)本地消息和提醒

我们可以定义提醒和闹钟的功能,在应用退出以后,当计划的提醒时间达到时,提醒或者闹钟功能将自动别触发,其中闹钟的功能我们还可以自定义铃声。下面看看代码实现的过程。

[XAML]
        <Grid x:Name="ContentPanel" Grid.Row="1" Margin="12,0,12,0">
            <ListBox x:Name="listbox1" Width="440" MaxHeight="420" Margin="10,44,0,150">
                <ListBox.ItemTemplate>
                    <DataTemplate>
                        <Grid>
                        <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal" Background="Blue" Width="440">
                            
                            <TextBlock Width="120" Text="{Binding Title}" />
                            <TextBlock Text="{Binding BeginTime}" />
                            <TextBlock Text="{Binding RecurrenceType}" />
                            <TextBlock Text=" " />
                            <TextBlock Text="{Binding IsScheduled}" />
                            <TextBlock Text=" " />
                            <Button Margin="0" Tag="{Binding Name}" Click="deleteButton_Click" Content="X" BorderBrush="Red" Background="Red" Foreground="{StaticResource PhoneBackgroundBrush}" VerticalAlignment="Top" BorderThickness="0" Width="50" Padding="0,0,0,0"></Button>
                        </StackPanel>
                        </Grid>
                    </DataTemplate>
                </ListBox.ItemTemplate>
                <ListBox.ItemContainerStyle>
                    <Style TargetType="ListBoxItem">
                        <Setter Property="Margin" Value="5"/>
                    </Style>
                </ListBox.ItemContainerStyle>
            </ListBox>
            <TextBlock HorizontalAlignment="Left" Margin="10,12,0,0" TextWrapping="Wrap" VerticalAlignment="Top" Text="已注册的本地消息提醒:">
            </TextBlock>
            <TextBox x:Name="textbox1" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Height="72" Margin="10,555,0,0" TextWrapping="Wrap" Text="标题" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="125"/>
            <RadioButton x:Name="radioButton1" IsChecked="True" GroupName="radioButtonGroup" Content="Reminder" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Margin="135,532,0,0" VerticalAlignment="Top"/>
            <RadioButton x:Name="radioButton2"  GroupName="radioButtonGroup" Content="Alarm" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Margin="134,604,0,0" VerticalAlignment="Top"/>
            <Button Content="注册" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Margin="328,569,0,0" VerticalAlignment="Top" Click="Button_Click_1"/>
        </Grid>
[C#]
    public partial class Page1 : PhoneApplicationPage
    {
        public Page1()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
        }
        IEnumerable<ScheduledNotification> notifications;
        protected override void OnNavigatedTo(NavigationEventArgs e)
        {
            ListboxInit();
            base.OnNavigatedTo(e);
        }

        private void ListboxInit()
        {
            //返回系统所有已注册的通知
            notifications = ScheduledActionService.GetActions<ScheduledNotification>();
            listbox1.ItemsSource = notifications;
        }
        //删除一个通知
        private void deleteButton_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            string name = (string)((Button)sender).Tag;
            ScheduledActionService.Remove(name);
            ListboxInit();
        }

        //新增一个通知
        private void Button_Click_1(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            String name = System.Guid.NewGuid().ToString();
            if (radioButton1.IsChecked == true)
            {
                //名称,唯一标识
                Reminder reminder = new Reminder(name);
                //消息标题
                reminder.Title = textbox1.Text;
                reminder.Content = "这里是提醒的正文部分。";
                //消息重现类型
                reminder.RecurrenceType = RecurrenceInterval.Daily;
                //开始时间
                reminder.BeginTime = DateTime.Now + new TimeSpan(0, 0, 30);
                //结束时间
                reminder.ExpirationTime = DateTime.Now + new TimeSpan(0, 0, 45);
                //从提醒启动应用程序时的启动URI
                reminder.NavigationUri = new Uri("/Page2.xaml?a=test", UriKind.Relative);
                //注册
                ScheduledActionService.Add(reminder);
            }
            else
            {
                //可以自定义铃声的通知
                Alarm alarm = new Alarm(name);
                alarm.Content = "这里是闹钟的正文部分。";
                //提醒时播放的文件
                alarm.Sound = new Uri("/1.mp3", UriKind.Relative);
                //消息重现类型
                alarm.RecurrenceType = RecurrenceInterval.Daily;
                //开始时间
                alarm.BeginTime = DateTime.Now + new TimeSpan(0, 0, 30);
                //结束时间
                alarm.ExpirationTime = DateTime.Now + new TimeSpan(0, 1, 30);
                //注册
                ScheduledActionService.Add(alarm);
            }
            ListboxInit();
        }
    }

2)本地Toast

通过本地Toast可以在实现Toast消息弹出,但是当应用运行时则不会弹出,所以一般在后台计划中被调用。详细情况请见《Windows phone 8 学习笔记 多任务 后台代理》

 

四、推送通知

推送通知都需要借助于微软推送云服务器,因为一般来讲,应用退出以后是不会保留后台服务去等待接受消息的,这种做法比较费电。推送通知的做法是,当有消息推送过来的时候,由系统去统一完成消息的接收,用户选择性的去启动应用。

1. 推送通知的类型

推送通知主要有三种类型,如下:
    1.磁贴通知:消息到达时,将会更新应用的默认图块,这样直观的现实当前应用有更新内容。
    2.Toast推送通知:消息到达时,将会在屏幕上方弹出一个Toast提示,用户单击即可启动应用。
    3.raw通知:这个通知在应用运行的前提下,提供灵活的消息处理,但是非允许状态下将无法接受消息。

2. 推送通知的实现

要实现推送通知,首先我们需要建立推送通道。在Windows phone 中建立推送通道,并且得到通道的URI。代码如下:

[C# Windows phone]
        //磁贴通知
        private void TileInit()
        {
            //推送服务通道
            HttpNotificationChannel pushChannel;

            //通道名称
            string channelName = "TileSampleChannel";

            InitializeComponent();

            //尝试发现是否已经创建
            pushChannel = HttpNotificationChannel.Find(channelName);

            var newChannel = false;
            //没有发现,新建一个
            if (pushChannel == null)
            {
                pushChannel = new HttpNotificationChannel(channelName);
                newChannel = true;
            }

            //通知通道关联URI改变时:
            pushChannel.ChannelUriUpdated += new EventHandler<NotificationChannelUriEventArgs>(PushChannel_ChannelUriUpdated);
            //出错时:
            pushChannel.ErrorOccurred += new EventHandler<NotificationChannelErrorEventArgs>(PushChannel_ErrorOccurred);

            if (newChannel)
            {
                pushChannel.Open();
                //将通知订阅绑定到默认图块
                pushChannel.BindToShellTile();
            }
            else
            {
                MessageBox.Show(String.Format("通道URI: {0}", pushChannel.ChannelUri.ToString()));
            }
        }

        //Toast通知
        private void ToastInit()
        {
            //推送服务通道
            HttpNotificationChannel pushChannel;

            //通道名称
            string channelName = "ToastSampleChannel";

            InitializeComponent();

            //尝试发现是否已经创建
            pushChannel = HttpNotificationChannel.Find(channelName);

            var newChannel = false;
            //没有发现,新建一个
            if (pushChannel == null)
            {
                pushChannel = new HttpNotificationChannel(channelName);
                newChannel = true;
            }

            //通知通道关联URI改变时:
            pushChannel.ChannelUriUpdated += new EventHandler<NotificationChannelUriEventArgs>(PushChannel_ChannelUriUpdated);
            //出错时:
            pushChannel.ErrorOccurred += new EventHandler<NotificationChannelErrorEventArgs>(PushChannel_ErrorOccurred);

            //收到Toast消息时:(如果程序未启动则弹出Toast,否则触发该事件)
            pushChannel.ShellToastNotificationReceived += new EventHandler<NotificationEventArgs>(PushChannel_ShellToastNotificationReceived);

            if (newChannel)
            {
                pushChannel.Open();
                //将通知订阅绑定到ShellToast
                pushChannel.BindToShellToast();
            }
            else
            {
                MessageBox.Show(String.Format("通道URI: {0}", pushChannel.ChannelUri.ToString()));
            }
        }

        //Row通知
        private void RawInit()
        {
            //推送服务通道
            HttpNotificationChannel pushChannel;

            //通道名称
            string channelName = "RawSampleChannel";

            InitializeComponent();

            //尝试发现是否已经创建
            pushChannel = HttpNotificationChannel.Find(channelName);

            var newChannel = false;
            //没有发现,新建一个
            if (pushChannel == null)
            {
                pushChannel = new HttpNotificationChannel(channelName);
                newChannel = true;
            }

            //通知通道关联URI改变时:
            pushChannel.ChannelUriUpdated += new EventHandler<NotificationChannelUriEventArgs>(PushChannel_ChannelUriUpdated);
            //出错时:
            pushChannel.ErrorOccurred += new EventHandler<NotificationChannelErrorEventArgs>(PushChannel_ErrorOccurred);

            //收到Raw通知时:(只有应用运行时才触发本事件)
            pushChannel.HttpNotificationReceived += new EventHandler<HttpNotificationEventArgs>(PushChannel_HttpNotificationReceived);


            if (newChannel)
            {
                pushChannel.Open();
                //这里并没有绑定操作
            }
            else
            {
                MessageBox.Show(String.Format("通道URI: {0}", pushChannel.ChannelUri.ToString()));
            }
        }


        //URI更新时
        void PushChannel_ChannelUriUpdated(object sender, NotificationChannelUriEventArgs e)
        {
            Dispatcher.BeginInvoke(() =>
            {
                MessageBox.Show(String.Format("通道URI: {0}", e.ChannelUri.ToString()));
            });
        }

        //遇到错误时
        void PushChannel_ErrorOccurred(object sender, NotificationChannelErrorEventArgs e)
        {
            //处理错误
        }

        //收到Toast通知时
        void PushChannel_ShellToastNotificationReceived(object sender, NotificationEventArgs e)
        {
            StringBuilder message = new StringBuilder();
            string relativeUri = string.Empty;

            message.AppendFormat("收到 Toast {0}:\n", DateTime.Now.ToShortTimeString());
            foreach (string key in e.Collection.Keys)
            {
                message.AppendFormat("{0}: {1}\n", key, e.Collection[key]);
                if (key.ToLower() == "wp:param") relativeUri = e.Collection[key];
            }
            Dispatcher.BeginInvoke(() => MessageBox.Show(message.ToString()));
        }

        //收到Raw通知时:
        void PushChannel_HttpNotificationReceived(object sender, HttpNotificationEventArgs e)
        {
            string message;

            using (System.IO.StreamReader reader = new System.IO.StreamReader(e.Notification.Body))
            {
                message = reader.ReadToEnd();
            }

            Dispatcher.BeginInvoke(() =>
                MessageBox.Show(String.Format("收到 Row {0}:\n{1}",
                    DateTime.Now.ToShortTimeString(), message))
                    );
        }

得到推送URI后,我们需要一个web服务端,这个服务端就是我们用来向自己的应用发送推送消息的地方,如果web端用.net实现,那么实现方式如下:

[C# .Net] 
        //发送磁贴消息
        private void SendTile()
        {
            try
            {

                string subscriptionUri = TextBoxUri.Text.ToString();

                HttpWebRequest httpWebRequest = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(subscriptionUri);
                httpWebRequest.Method = "POST";

                string tileMessage = "<?xml version=\"1.0\" encoding=\"utf-8\"?>" +
                "<wp:Notification xmlns:wp=\"WPNotification\">" +
                    "<wp:Tile>" +
                      "<wp:BackgroundImage>/Assets/Tiles/FlipCycleTileMedium.png</wp:BackgroundImage>" +
                      "<wp:Count>5</wp:Count>" +
                      "<wp:Title>标题</wp:Title>" +
                      "<wp:BackBackgroundImage></wp:BackBackgroundImage>" +
                      "<wp:BackTitle>背面标题</wp:BackTitle>" +
                      "<wp:BackContent>背面文本内容</wp:BackContent>" +
                   "</wp:Tile> " +
                "</wp:Notification>";

                byte[] notificationMessage = Encoding.Default.GetBytes(tileMessage);

                httpWebRequest.ContentLength = notificationMessage.Length;
                httpWebRequest.ContentType = "text/xml";
                //X-WindowsPhone-Target设置为token
                httpWebRequest.Headers.Add("X-WindowsPhone-Target", "token");
                //Tile消息类型为 1
                httpWebRequest.Headers.Add("X-NotificationClass", "1");


                using (Stream requestStream = httpWebRequest.GetRequestStream())
                {
                    requestStream.Write(notificationMessage, 0, notificationMessage.Length);
                }

                HttpWebResponse response = (HttpWebResponse)httpWebRequest.GetResponse();
                string notificationStatus = response.Headers["X-NotificationStatus"];
                string notificationChannelStatus = response.Headers["X-SubscriptionStatus"];
                string deviceConnectionStatus = response.Headers["X-DeviceConnectionStatus"];


            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
            }
        }

        //发送Toast消息
        private void SendToast()
        {
            try
            {
                //这个URI就是通道创建时由WP客户端获取到的,需要提交到服务端
                string uri = TextBoxUri.Text.ToString();

                HttpWebRequest httpWebRequest = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(uri);
                httpWebRequest.Method = "POST";

                string toastMessage = "<?xml version=\"1.0\" encoding=\"utf-8\"?>" +
                "<wp:Notification xmlns:wp=\"WPNotification\">" +
                   "<wp:Toast>" +
                        "<wp:Text1>标题</wp:Text1>" +
                        "<wp:Text2>内容部分</wp:Text2>" +
                        "<wp:Param>/Page2.xaml?NavigatedFrom=ToastNotification</wp:Param>" +
                   "</wp:Toast> " +
                "</wp:Notification>";

                byte[] notificationMessage = Encoding.Default.GetBytes(toastMessage);

                //设置请求头
                httpWebRequest.ContentLength = notificationMessage.Length;
                httpWebRequest.ContentType = "text/xml";
                //X-WindowsPhone-Target设置为toast
                httpWebRequest.Headers.Add("X-WindowsPhone-Target", "toast");
                //Toast消息类型为 2
                httpWebRequest.Headers.Add("X-NotificationClass", "2");

                using (Stream requestStream = httpWebRequest.GetRequestStream())
                {
                    requestStream.Write(notificationMessage, 0, notificationMessage.Length);
                }

                HttpWebResponse response = (HttpWebResponse)httpWebRequest.GetResponse();
                //获取相应头包含的状态信息
                string notificationStatus = response.Headers["X-NotificationStatus"];
                string notificationChannelStatus = response.Headers["X-SubscriptionStatus"];
                string deviceConnectionStatus = response.Headers["X-DeviceConnectionStatus"];

            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
            }
        }

        //发送Raw消息
        private void SendRaw()
        {
            try
            {

                string subscriptionUri = TextBoxUri.Text.ToString();

                HttpWebRequest httpWebRequest = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(subscriptionUri);
                httpWebRequest.Method = "POST";

                //这里的消息内容完全自定义,也可以为非xml
                string rawMessage = "<?xml version=\"1.0\" encoding=\"utf-8\"?>" +
                                "<root>" +
                                    "<Value1>a<Value1>" +
                                    "<Value2>b<Value2>" +
                                "</root>";

                byte[] notificationMessage = Encoding.Default.GetBytes(rawMessage);

                httpWebRequest.ContentLength = notificationMessage.Length;
                httpWebRequest.ContentType = "text/xml";
                //没有 X-WindowsPhone-Target 头
                //Raw消息类型为 3
                httpWebRequest.Headers.Add("X-NotificationClass", "3");

                using (Stream requestStream = httpWebRequest.GetRequestStream())
                {
                    requestStream.Write(notificationMessage, 0, notificationMessage.Length);
                }

                HttpWebResponse response = (HttpWebResponse)httpWebRequest.GetResponse();
                string notificationStatus = response.Headers["X-NotificationStatus"];
                string notificationChannelStatus = response.Headers["X-SubscriptionStatus"];
                string deviceConnectionStatus = response.Headers["X-DeviceConnectionStatus"];


            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
            }
        }

 

作者:[Lipan]
出处:[http://www.cnblogs.com/lipan/]
版权声明:本文的版权归作者与博客园共有。转载时须注明原文出处以及作者,并保留原文指向型链接,不得更改原文内容。否则作者将保留追究其法律责任。
posted @ 2013-06-05 08:24  lipan  阅读(3252)  评论(4编辑  收藏  举报