MySQL初体验--安装MySQL

操作系统版本:redhat 6.7 64位

[root@mysql ~]# cat /etc/redhat-release
Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 6.7 (Santiago)

数据库版本:MySQL5.7

下载地址:https://downloads.mysql.com/archives/community/

我下载的包为:mysql-5.7.24-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.gz

 

(一)安装前的准备

(1)查看服务器上是否已经安装了MySQL。RedHat Linux系统安装时,如果选择了MySQL数据库,那么服务器上会存在MySQL数据库,需要先卸载。

# 查看是否存在mysql安装包
[root@mysql etc]# rpm -qa| grep mysql
mysql-community-common-5.7.21-1.el7.x86_64

# 如果存在,需要先卸载
[root@mysql etc]# rpm -e mysql-community-common-5.7.21-1.el7.x86_64

 

(2)查看服务器上是否存在mariadb数据库。mariadb是MySQL的一个分支,需要卸载

[root@mysql mysql]# rpm -qa |grep mariadb

 

(3) 删除/etc/my.cnf文件。该文件类似Oracle的参数文件

[root@mysql mysql]# rm /etc/my.cnf
rm: cannot remove `/etc/my.cnf': No such file or directory

 

(4)创建mysql用户来管理数据库

[root@mysql mysql]# cat /etc/passwd|grep mysql
mysql:x:27:27:MySQL Server:/var/lib/mysql:/bin/bash
[root@mysql mysql]# cat /etc/group |grep mysql
mysql:x:27:
如果没有,则创建用户组和用户
[root@mysql mysql]# groupadd mysql
[root@mysql mysql]# useradd -g mysql mysql

修改mysql用户密码:

[root@mysql mysql]# passwd mysql
Changing password for user mysql.
New password: 
BAD PASSWORD: it is too short
BAD PASSWORD: is too simple
Retype new password: 
passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.

 

(二)安装MySQL数据库

mysql安装路径:/usr/local/mysql/

数据存放位置::/usr/local/mysql/data

(1)解压MySQL安装包

[root@mysql mysql]# tar -xzvf mysql-5.7.24-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.gz

(2)将解压后的文件拷贝到安装路径下

[root@mysql mysql]# mv mysql-5.7.24-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64 /usr/local/mysql/

(3)修改文件的权限

[root@mysql mysql]# cd /usr/local/
[root@mysql local]# ls
bin  etc  games  include  lib  lib64  libexec  mysql  sbin  share  src
[root@mysql local]# chown -R mysql mysql/
[root@mysql local]# chgrp -R mysql mysql/

(4)创建存放data的文件夹

[root@mysql mysql]# mkdir data
[root@mysql mysql]# chown -R mysql:mysql data

(5)在/etc下创建mysql的参数文件my.cnf

[root@mysql etc]# vim my.cnf

[mysql]
# 设置mysql客户端默认字符集
default-character-set=utf8

[mysqld]
skip-name-resolve

# 设置3306端口
port = 3306 

# 设置mysql的安装目录
basedir=/usr/local/mysql

# 设置mysql数据库的数据的存放目录
datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data

# 允许最大连接数
max_connections=200

# 服务端使用的字符集默认为8比特编码的latin1字符集
character-set-server=utf8

# 创建新表时将使用的默认存储引擎
default-storage-engine=INNODB 

lower_case_table_names=1

max_allowed_packet=16M

(6)安装数据库

[root@mysql bin]# pwd
/usr/local/mysql/bin
[root@mysql bin]# ./mysql_install_db --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql/ --datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data
2019-04-20 22:17:08 [WARNING] mysql_install_db is deprecated. Please consider switching to mysqld --initialize
2019-04-20 22:17:14 [WARNING] The bootstrap log isn't empty:
2019-04-20 22:17:14 [WARNING] 2019-04-20T14:17:08.662276Z 0 [Warning] --bootstrap is deprecated. Please consider using 
2019-04-20T14:17:08.663008Z 0 [Warning] Changed limits: max_open_files: 1024 (requested 5000)
2019-04-20T14:17:08.663018Z 0 [Warning] Changed limits: table_open_cache: 407 (requested 2000)

(6)设置启动项
[root@mysql mysql]# ls
bin  COPYING  data  docs  include  lib  man  README  share  support-files
[root@mysql mysql]# cd ./support-files/mysql
mysqld_multi.server  mysql-log-rotate     mysql.server         
[root@mysql mysql]# cp ./support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld
[root@mysql mysql]# chown 777 /etc/my.cnf
[root@mysql mysql]# chmod a+x /etc/init.d/mysqld

(7)开启数据库
[root@mysql mysql]# /etc/init.d/mysqld start
Starting MySQL.                                            [  OK  ]
 
查看数据库状态
[root@mysql mysql]# service mysqld status
MySQL running (39674)                                      [  OK  ]

# 或者
[root@mysql mysql]# ps -ef|grep mysql
mysql     39674      1  0 22:53 pts/0    00:00:01 /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data --plugin-dir=/usr/local/mysql/lib/plugin --log-error=mysql.err --pid-file=/usr/local/mysql/data/mysql.pid --port=3306
root      40719   3339  0 23:13 pts/0    00:00:00 grep mysql
 
(8)修改数据库的初始root密码
(8.1)查看初始密码
[root@mysql mysql]# cat /root/.mysql_secret 
# Password set for user 'root@localhost' at 2019-04-20 22:17:08 
bkro9k_?=jrM
 
(8.2)使用初始密码登录数据库,修改初始密码为123456

[root@mysql mysql]# mysql -uroot -p 
Enter password: 
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 2
Server version: 5.7.24


mysql> set password=password('123456');
Query OK, 0 rows affected, 1 warning (0.00 sec)

(9)确认数据库状态,运行正常

mysql> show databases;
+--------------------+
| Database           |
+--------------------+
| information_schema |
| mysql              |
| performance_schema |
| sys                |
+--------------------+
4 rows in set (0.00 sec)
安装完成。
 
posted @ 2019-04-20 23:24 gegeman 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏