mybatis自定义插件(拦截器)开发详解

mybatis插件(准确的说应该是around拦截器,因为接口名是interceptor,而且invocation.proceed要自己调用,配置中叫插件)功能非常强大,可以让我们无侵入式的对SQL的执行进行干涉,从SQL语句重写、参数注入、结果集返回等每个主要环节,典型的包括权限控制检查与注入、只读库映射、K/V翻译、动态改写SQL。

MyBatis默认支持对4大对象(Executor,StatementHandler,ParameterHandler,ResultSetHandler)上的方法执行拦截,具体支持的方法为:

  • Executor (update, query, flushStatements, commit, rollback, getTransaction, close, isClosed),主要用于sql重写。
  • ParameterHandler (getParameterObject, setParameters),用于参数处理。
  • ResultSetHandler (handleResultSets, handleOutputParameters),用于结果集二次处理。
  • StatementHandler (prepare, parameterize, batch, update, query),用于jdbc层的控制。

大多数情况下仅在Executor做插件比如SQL重写、结果集脱敏,ResultSetHandler和StatementHandler仅在高级场景中使用,而且某些场景中非常有价值。

四大对象的在sql执行过程中的调用链如下:

 

 

具体的方法定义可以参见每个类方法的签名,这里就不详细展开了。这四个类被创建后不是直接返回,而是创执行了interceptorChain.pluginAll(parameterHandler)才返回。如下所示:

//Configuration 中
public ParameterHandler newParameterHandler(MappedStatement mappedStatement, Object parameterObject, BoundSql boundSql) {
    ParameterHandler parameterHandler = mappedStatement.getLang().createParameterHandler(mappedStatement, parameterObject, boundSql);
    parameterHandler = (ParameterHandler) interceptorChain.pluginAll(parameterHandler);
    return parameterHandler;
}
​
public ResultSetHandler newResultSetHandler(Executor executor, MappedStatement mappedStatement, RowBounds rowBounds, ParameterHandler parameterHandler,
                                            ResultHandler resultHandler, BoundSql boundSql) {
    ResultSetHandler resultSetHandler = new DefaultResultSetHandler(executor, mappedStatement, parameterHandler, resultHandler, boundSql, rowBounds);
    resultSetHandler = (ResultSetHandler) interceptorChain.pluginAll(resultSetHandler);
    return resultSetHandler;
}
​
public StatementHandler newStatementHandler(Executor executor, MappedStatement mappedStatement, Object parameterObject, RowBounds rowBounds, ResultHandler resultHandler, BoundSql boundSql) {
    StatementHandler statementHandler = new RoutingStatementHandler(executor, mappedStatement, parameterObject, rowBounds, resultHandler, boundSql);
    statementHandler = (StatementHandler) interceptorChain.pluginAll(statementHandler);
    return statementHandler;
}
​
public Executor newExecutor(Transaction transaction) {
    return newExecutor(transaction, defaultExecutorType);
}
​
public Executor newExecutor(Transaction transaction, ExecutorType executorType) {
    executorType = executorType == null ? defaultExecutorType : executorType;
    executorType = executorType == null ? ExecutorType.SIMPLE : executorType;
    Executor executor;
    if (ExecutorType.BATCH == executorType) {
        executor = new BatchExecutor(this, transaction);
    } else if (ExecutorType.REUSE == executorType) {
        executor = new ReuseExecutor(this, transaction);
    } else {
        executor = new SimpleExecutor(this, transaction);
    }
    if (cacheEnabled) {
        executor = new CachingExecutor(executor);
    }
    executor = (Executor) interceptorChain.pluginAll(executor);
    return executor;
}

编写Interceptor的实现类

Executor拦截器

@Intercepts({
        // @Signature(type = Executor.class, method = /* org.apache.ibatis.executor.Executor中定义的方法,参数也要对应 */"update", args = { MappedStatement.class, Object.class}),
        @Signature(type = Executor.class, method = "query", args = { MappedStatement.class, Object.class,RowBounds.class, ResultHandler.class }) })
public class SelectPruningColumnPlugin implements Interceptor {
    public static final ThreadLocal<ColumnPruning> enablePruning = new ThreadLocal<ColumnPruning>(){
        @Override
        protected ColumnPruning initialValue()
        {
            return null;
        }
    };
    
    Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(SelectPruningColumnPlugin.class);
    
    static int MAPPED_STATEMENT_INDEX = 0;// 这是对应上面的args的序号
    static int PARAMETER_INDEX = 1;
    static int ROWBOUNDS_INDEX = 2;
    static int RESULT_HANDLER_INDEX = 3;
    @Override
    public Object intercept(Invocation invocation) throws Throwable {
        if (enablePruning.get() != null && enablePruning.get().isEnablePruning()) {
            Object[] queryArgs = invocation.getArgs();
            MappedStatement mappedStatement = (MappedStatement) queryArgs[MAPPED_STATEMENT_INDEX];
            Object parameter = queryArgs[PARAMETER_INDEX];
            BoundSql boundSql = mappedStatement.getBoundSql(parameter);
            String sql = boundSql.getSql();// 获取到SQL ,进行调整
            String name = mappedStatement.getId();
            logger.debug("拦截的方法名是:" + name + ",sql是" + sql + ",参数是" + JsonUtils.toJson(parameter));
            String execSql = pruningColumn(enablePruning.get().getReserveColumns(), sql);
            logger.debug("修改后的sql是:" + execSql);

            // 重新new一个查询语句对像
            BoundSql newBoundSql = new BoundSql(mappedStatement.getConfiguration(), execSql, boundSql.getParameterMappings(), boundSql.getParameterObject());
            // 把新的查询放到statement里
            MappedStatement newMs = copyFromMappedStatement(mappedStatement, new BoundSqlSqlSource(newBoundSql));
            for (ParameterMapping mapping : boundSql.getParameterMappings()) {
                String prop = mapping.getProperty();
                if (boundSql.hasAdditionalParameter(prop)) {
                    newBoundSql.setAdditionalParameter(prop, boundSql.getAdditionalParameter(prop));
                }
            }
            queryArgs[MAPPED_STATEMENT_INDEX] = newMs;
            // 因为涉及分页查询PageHelper插件,所以不能设置为null,需要业务上下文执行完成后设置为null
//            enablePruning.set(null);
        }
        Object result = invocation.proceed();
        return result;
    }
    @Override
    public Object plugin(Object target) {
        return Plugin.wrap(target, this);
    }
    @Override
    public void setProperties(Properties properties) {
    }

ResultSetHandler拦截器

@Intercepts({
        @Signature(type = ResultSetHandler.class, method = "handleResultSets", args = { Statement.class}) })
public class OptMapPlugin implements Interceptor {
    @Override
    public Object intercept(Invocation invocation) throws Throwable {
        Object target = invocation.getTarget();
        Statement stmt = (Statement) invocation.getArgs()[0];
        if (target instanceof DefaultResultSetHandler) {
            DefaultResultSetHandler resultSetHandler = (DefaultResultSetHandler) target;
            Class clz = resultSetHandler.getMappedStatement().getResultMaps().get(0).getType();
            if (clz == OptMap.class) {
                List<Object> resultList = new ArrayList<Object>();
                OptMap optMap = new OptMap();
                resultList.add(optMap);
                resultSet2OptMap(resultSetHandler.getConfiguration(),resultSetHandler,optMap,stmt.getResultSet());
                return resultList;
            }
            return invocation.proceed();
        }
        //如果没有进行拦截处理,则执行默认逻辑
        return invocation.proceed();
    }

 

最后将插件配置到mybatis-config.xml中,如下:

<!-- mybatis-config.xml  注册插件-->
<plugins>
    <plugin interceptor="io.yidoo.mybatis.plugin.SelectPruningColumnPlugin">
        <property name="someProperty" value="100"/>
    </plugin>
</plugins>

 

posted @ 2019-09-14 19:18  zhjh256  阅读(8559)  评论(1编辑  收藏  举报