WebApp移动开发之页面配置

1 创建主屏幕图标 (Creating a home screen icon ,for ios)

//57*57
<link rel="apple-touch-icon" href="/custom_icon.png"/>
<link rel="apple-touch-icon" href="touch-icon-iphone.png" />
<link rel="apple-touch-icon" sizes="72x72" href="touch-icon-ipad.png" />
<link rel="apple-touch-icon" sizes="114x114" href="touch-icon-iphone4.png" />
<link rel="apple-touch-icon" sizes="144x144" href="touch-icon-ipad-retina.png" />

developer.apple.com/library/IOs/#documentation/AppleApplications/Reference/SafariWebContent/ConfiguringWebApplications/ConfiguringWebApplications.html

developer.apple.com/library/IOs/#documentation/UserExperience/Conceptual/MobileHIG/IconsImages/IconsImages.html#//apple_ref/doc/uid/TP40006556-CH14

2 启动画面图像 (Creating a splash screen, for ios)

<!-- iPhone SPLASHSCREEN-->
<link href="apple-touch-startup-image-320x460.png" media="(device-width: 320px)" rel="apple-touch-startup-image" />
<!-- iPhone (Retina) SPLASHSCREEN-->
<link href="apple-touch-startup-image-640x920.png" media="(device-width: 320px) and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 2)" rel="apple-touch-startup-image" />
<!-- iPad (portrait) SPLASHSCREEN-->
<link href="apple-touch-startup-image-768x1004.png" media="(device-width: 768px) and (orientation: portrait)" rel="apple-touch-startup-image" />
<!-- iPad (landscape) SPLASHSCREEN-->
<link href="apple-touch-startup-image-748x1024.png" media="(device-width: 768px) and (orientation: landscape)" rel="apple-touch-startup-image" />
<!-- iPad (Retina, portrait) SPLASHSCREEN-->
<link href="apple-touch-startup-image-1536x2008.png" media="(device-width: 1536px) and (orientation: portrait) and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 2)" rel="apple-touch-startup-image" />
<!-- iPad (Retina, landscape) SPLASHSCREEN-->
<link href="apple-touch-startup-image-1496x2048.png" media="(device-width: 1536px)  and (orientation: landscape) and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 2)" rel="apple-touch-startup-image" />

developer.apple.com/library/IOs/documentation/AppleApplications/Reference/SafariWebContent/ConfiguringWebApplications/ConfiguringWebApplications.html#//apple_ref/doc/uid/TP40002051-CH3-SW6

stackoverflow.com/questions/4687698/mulitple-apple-touch-startup-image-resolutions-for-ios-web-app-esp-for-ipad

3 全屏 (Making it full-screen, for ios)– 更像本地App

<meta name="apple-mobile-web-app-capable" content="yes" />

developer.apple.com/library/IOs/documentation/AppleApplications/Reference/SafariWebContent/ConfiguringWebApplications/ConfiguringWebApplications.html#//apple_ref/doc/uid/TP40002051-CH3-SW2

4 改变状态栏 (Changing the phone status bar, for ios)

<!--content属性default, black and black-translucent-->
<meta name="apple-mobile-web-app-status-bar-style" content="black" />

developer.apple.com/library/IOs/documentation/AppleApplications/Reference/SafariWebContent/ConfiguringWebApplications/ConfiguringWebApplications.html#//apple_ref/doc/uid/TP40002051-CH3-SW1

5 阻止缩放 (Preventing scaling)

<meta name="viewport" content="user-scalable=no, width=device-width" />

6 阻止弹性滚动(Preventing elastic scrolling)

<script>
function BlockMove(event) {
    //Tell Safari not to move the window.
    event.preventDefault() ;
}
</script>

<body ontouchmove="BlockMove(event);" >
  ...
</body>

7 检测屏幕是否旋转(Detect whether device supports orientationchange event, otherwise fall back to the resize event)

//Detect whether device supports orientationchange event, otherwise fall back to
//the resize event.
var supportsOrientationChange = "onorientationchange" in window,
    orientationEvent = supportsOrientationChange ? "orientationchange" : "resize";

window.addEventListener(orientationEvent, function() {
    alert('HOLY ROTATING SCREENS BATMAN:' + window.orientation + " " + screen.width);
}, false);

davidbcalhoun.com/2010/dealing-with-device-orientation

8 禁止webapp跳转到safari(for ios)

// Mobile Safari in standalone mode
if (("standalone" in window.navigator) && window.navigator.standalone) {

        // If you want to prevent remote links in standalone web apps opening Mobile Safari, change 'remotes' to true
    var noddy,
        remotes = false;

    document.addEventListener('click', function(event) {
        noddy = event.target;
        //Bubble up until we hit link or top HTML element. Warning: BODY element is not compulsory so better to stop on HTML
        while (noddy.nodeName !== "A" && noddy.nodeName !== "HTML") {
            noddy = noddy.parentNode;
        }

        if ('href' in noddy && noddy.href.indexOf('http') !== -1 && (noddy.href.indexOf(document.location.host) !== -1 || remotes)) {
            event.preventDefault();
            document.location.href = noddy.href;
        }

    }, false);
}

9 禁用手机号码链接(for ios)

<meta name="format-detection" content="telephone=no" />

10 阻止旋转屏幕时自动调整字体大小

body{-webkit-text-size-adjust:none;}

11 iOS中禁止用户选中文字

body{-webkit-user-select:none;}

12 iOS中如何禁止用户保存图片 复制图片

body{-webkit-touch-calloutt:none;}

13 语音输入

<input type="text" x-webkit-speech />

14 文件上传, 从相机捕获媒体

<input type="file" accept = "image/*; capture=camera" />
<input type="file" accept = "video/*; capture=camcorder" />
<input type="file" accept = "audio/*; capture=microphone" />

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posted @ 2014-02-25 15:29  无赖君子  阅读(553)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报