Ubuntu安装MariaDB10.8.3

1、安装依赖

sudo apt install -y software-properties-common devscripts equivs cmake libncurses-dev

2、设置用户和权限

sudo groupadd mysql
sudo useradd mysql -g mysql
sudo mkdir -p /usr/local/mysql
sudo mkdir -p /usr/local/db/mysql/data
sudo mkdir -p /auth_pam_tool_dir
sudo touch /auth_pam_tool_dir/auth_pam_tool

sudo chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql
sudo chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/db/mysql/data
sudo chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql/.
sudo chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/db/mysql/data/.
sudo chown -R mysql:mysql /auth_pam_tool_dir

3、设置环境变量

sudo vi /etc/profile
PATH=/usr/local/mysql/bin:/usr/local/mysql/lib:$PATH
export PATH
source /etc/profile

4、安装(将 mariadb-10.8.3.tar.gz 放到 /usr/local 下)

sudo tar zxvf mariadb-10.8.3.tar.gz
cd /usr/local/mariadb-10.8.3/
sudo cmake -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql -DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/usr/local/mysql/mysql.sock -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8mb4 -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8mb4_general_ci -DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1 -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/usr/local/db/mysql/data -DMYSQL_USER=mysql -DMYSQL_TCP_PORT=22066

在之后的make过程中会自动下载pcre2,但下载的过程很慢。现在手工下载比较快(注:每个版本的MariaDB需要的pcre2也不同)

cd /usr/local/mariadb-10.8.3/extra/pcre2/src/
sudo wget https://dsideal.obs.cn-north-1.myhuaweicloud.com/pcre2-10.40.zip

开始make

cd -
sudo make -j8
sudo make install

5、设置配置文件

sudo vi /etc/my.cnf
[client]
port = 22066
socket = /usr/local/mysql/mysqld.sock

# The MySQL server
[mysqld]
port = 22066
socket = /usr/local/mysql/mysqld.sock
datadir = /usr/local/db/mysql/data
skip-external-locking
skip-name-resolve
skip-grant-tables
back_log = 100
max_connections = 2048
max_connect_errors = 30
table_open_cache = 2048
open_files_limit = 16384
max_allowed_packet = 16M
read_buffer_size = 8M
read_rnd_buffer_size = 32M
sort_buffer_size = 2M
join_buffer_size = 2M
thread_cache_size = 16
query_cache_size = 128M
query_cache_limit = 4M
slow_query_log = 1
long_query_time = 2
lower_case_table_names = 1
innodb_file_per_table = 1
max_allowed_packet = 64M
server-id = 1
log-bin = mysql-bin
expire_logs_days = 7
binlog_format = ROW

innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:10M:autoextend
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 2G
innodb_write_io_threads = 8
innodb_read_io_threads = 8
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 2
innodb_log_buffer_size = 16M
innodb_log_file_size = 170M
innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 60

6、初始化数据库和复制启动脚本

cd /usr/local/mysql
sudo scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/usr/local/db/mysql/data
sudo cp /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysql

重新加载服务的配置文件

sudo systemctl daemon-reload

启动

sudo systemctl start mysql

自启

sudo systemctl enable mysql

7、设置root密码

mysql
flush privileges;
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO root@"%" IDENTIFIED BY "123456";
flush privileges;

完成后,将my.cnf配置文件中的skip-grant-tables配置去掉,重启服务

 

posted @ 2022-06-23 14:08  缤纷世界  阅读(4)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报