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公告

Create table Class([Student] nvarchar(2),[Course] nvarchar(2),[Score] int)
Insert Class
select N'张三',N'语文',78 union all
select N'张三',N'数学',87 union all
select N'张三',N'英语',82 union all
select N'张三',N'物理',90 union all
select N'李四',N'语文',65 union all
select N'李四',N'数学',77 union all
select N'李四',N'英语',65 union all
select N'李四',N'物理',85
Go
--2000方法:

declare @s nvarchar(4000)
set @s=''
Select     @s=@s+','+quotename([Course])+'=max(case when [Course]='+quotename([Course],'''')+' then [Score] else 0 end)'
from Class group by[Course]
exec('select [Student]'+@s+' from Class group by [Student]')

select
[Student],
[数学]=max(case when [Course]='数学' then [Score] else 0 end),
[物理]=max(case when [Course]='物理' then [Score] else 0 end),
[英语]=max(case when [Course]='英语' then [Score] else 0 end),
[语文]=max(case when [Course]='语文' then [Score] else 0 end)
from
Class
group by [Student]

GO
--------
SQL2005方法

declare @s nvarchar(4000)
Select     @s=isnull(@s+',','')+quotename([Course]) from Class group by[Course]
exec('select * from Class pivot (max([Score]) for [Course] in('+@s+'))b')

select *
from
Class
pivot
(max([Score]) for [Course] in([数学],[物理],[英语],[语文]))b
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