代码改变世界

Oracle存储过程获取YYYY-MM-DD的时间格式

2014-12-18 20:23  AlfredZhao  阅读(9113)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报

环境:Oracle 10g,11g

问题重现:PL/SQL中命令窗口下,发现存储过程得到的时间格式不符合预期要求。

SQL> select sysdate from dual;

SYSDATE
-----------
2014-12-18

Executed in 0 seconds

SQL> set serveroutput on
SQL> declare
2 pro_date date;
3 begin
4 select sysdate into pro_date from dual;
5 dbms_output.put_line(pro_date);
6 end;
7 /

18-12月-14

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed

Executed in 0.016 seconds

处理方法1:将结果转换成字符串格式:

SQL> 
SQL> declare
2 pro_date date;
3 begin
4 select sysdate into pro_date from dual;
5 dbms_output.put_line(to_char(pro_date,'yyyy-mm-dd'));
6 end;
7 /

2014-12-18

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed

Executed in 0.016 seconds

SQL> 
SQL> declare
2 pro_date date;
3 begin
4 select sysdate into pro_date from dual;
5 dbms_output.put_line(pro_date);
6 end;
7 /

18-12月-14

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed

Executed in 0 seconds

处理方法2:改变会话的NLS_DATE_FORMAT

SQL> alter session set nls_date_format='yyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss';

Session altered

Executed in 0.015 seconds

SQL> 
SQL> declare
2 pro_date date;
3 begin
4 select sysdate into pro_date from dual;
5 dbms_output.put_line(pro_date);
6 end;
7 /

2014-12-18 11:18:15

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed

Executed in 0 seconds

SQL> alter session set nls_date_format='yyyy-mm-dd';

Session altered

Executed in 0 seconds

SQL> 
SQL> declare
2 pro_date date;
3 begin
4 select sysdate into pro_date from dual;
5 dbms_output.put_line(pro_date);
6 end;
7 /

2014-12-18

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed

Executed in 0 seconds

总结:在Oracle存储过程想要获取YYYY-MM-DD的时间格式,可以转换成字符串处理,可以临时指定会话的NLS_DATE_FORMAT变量,还可以整体修改客户端的环境变量。